John Horne Blackmore

Last updated

John Horne Blackmore
John Horne Blackmore.jpg
Member of Parliament
for Lethbridge
In office
October 14, 1935 March 31, 1958
Preceded by John Smith Stewart
Succeeded by Deane Gundlock
Personal details
Born(1890-03-27)27 March 1890
Sublett, Idaho
Died2 May 1971(1971-05-02) (aged 81)
Political party Social Credit
ProfessionTeacher, Principal

John Horne Blackmore (March 27, 1890 – May 2, 1971), a school teacher and principal by training, was the first leader of what became the Social Credit Party of Canada, a political party in Canada that promoted the social credit theories of monetary reform.

Contents

Life and career

Born in Sublett, Idaho, Blackmore was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada in the 1935 election as Member of Parliament representing Lethbridge, Alberta, for the fledgling Social Credit movement, which had swept to power in Alberta in the 1935 Alberta provincial election weeks earlier. He was chosen the party's parliamentary leader. In 1939 Social Credit merged into William Herridge's New Democracy movement with Herridge acknowledged as the new party's leader. However, Herridge failed to win a seat in the 1940 federal election and in the subsequent parliament Blackmore led the New Democracy MPs, all former Social Crediters, who had been elected.

Blackmore remained party leader until 1944 when Social Credit held its first national convention and acclaimed Solon Earl Low as leader. Blackmore remained an MP until he was defeated in the 1958 election in which Social Credit lost all of its MPs.

Blackmore was the first Mormon to be elected to the Canadian House of Commons and was excommunicated by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1947 for "teaching and advocating the doctrine of plural marriage" at secret meetings in southern Alberta. At such meetings, men debated whether Mormon leaders were wrong to have renounced Joseph Smith's revelation regarding polygamy. Though not a polygamist himself, Blackmore urged Parliament to repeal the anti-polygamy law and succeeded in removing specific references to Mormons in the law. His nephew, Winston Blackmore, is the leader of Canada's largest polygamist group and was charged by the RCMP with polygamy in 2009. He challenged the law's constitutionality. [1]

Blackmore was criticized for his views on Jews, and the Encyclopaedia Judaica said he "frequently gave public aid and comfort to anti-Semitism". [2] In 1953, it was reported that Blackmore was distributing the anti-Semitic Protocols of the Elders of Zion from his parliamentary office. [3]

Blackmore is a relative of author Flora Jessop and her sister, Ruby Jessop. [4]

Related Research Articles

The Progressive Party of Canada was a federal-level political party in Canada in the 1920s until 1930. It was linked with the provincial United Farmers parties in several provinces, and it spawned the Progressive Party of Saskatchewan, and the Progressive Party of Manitoba, which formed the government of that province. The Progressive Party was part of the farmers' political movement that included federal and provincial Progressive and United Farmers' parties.

The Canadian social credit movement is a Canadian political movement originally based on the Social Credit theory of Major C. H. Douglas. Its supporters were colloquially known as Socreds in English and créditistes in French. It gained popularity and its own political party in the 1930s, as a result of the Great Depression.

Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Latter-Day Saint denomination

The Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, which is designated as a cult and extremist group by the Southern Poverty Law Center, is one of the largest of the fundamentalist Mormon cults and one of the largest organizations in the United States having members who practice polygamy. The fundamentalist Mormon movement emerged in the early 20th century when its founding members were excommunicated from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, largely because of their refusal to abandon the practice of plural marriage after it was renounced in the "Second Manifesto" (1904).

The Alberta Social Credit Party was a provincial political party in Alberta, Canada, that was founded on social credit monetary policy put forward by Clifford Hugh Douglas and on conservative Christian social values. The Canadian social credit movement was largely an out-growth of the Alberta Social Credit Party. The Social Credit Party of Canada was strongest in Alberta, before developing a base in Quebec when Réal Caouette agreed to merge his Ralliement créditiste movement into the federal party. The British Columbia Social Credit Party formed the government for many years in neighbouring British Columbia, although this was effectively a coalition of centre-right forces in the province that had no interest in social credit monetary policies.

Social Credit Party of Canada Political party in Canada

The Social Credit Party of Canada, colloquially known as the Socreds, was a populist political party in Canada that promoted social credit theories of monetary reform. It was the federal wing of the Canadian social credit movement.

New Democracy was a political party in Canada founded by William Duncan Herridge in 1939. Herridge, a former Conservative party adviser who was Canada's Envoy to the United States from 1931–35 during the government of R. B. Bennett.

Solon Earl Low

Solon Earl Low was a Canadian politician, farmer, teacher, and school principal in the 20th century.

William Duncan Herridge

William Duncan Herridge, was a Canadian politician and diplomat.

1940 Canadian federal election

The 1940 Canadian federal election was the 19th general election in Canadian history. It was held March 26, 1940, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 19th Parliament of Canada. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King's Liberal Party was re-elected to their second consecutive majority government.

The Manitoba Social Credit Party was a political party in the Canadian province of Manitoba. In its early years, it espoused the monetary reform theories of social credit.

Bountiful, British Columbia Unofficial Settlement in British Columbia, Canada

Bountiful is a settlement in the Creston Valley of southeastern British Columbia, Canada, near Cranbrook and Creston. The closest community is Lister, British Columbia.

Lethbridge (electoral district)

Lethbridge is a federal electoral district in Alberta, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1917. It incorporates the City of Lethbridge and Lethbridge County.

Carolyn Jessop is a former Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints member who wrote Escape, an autobiographical account of her upbringing in the polygamist sect and later flight from that community. She is the cousin, by marriage, of Flora Jessop, another former FLDS member and advocate for abused children. Carolyn Jessop now lives in the Salt Lake City area with her children.

Polygamy is the practice of having more than one spouse. Specifically, polygyny is the practice of one man taking more than one wife while polyandry is the practice of one woman taking more than one husband. Polygamy is a common marriage pattern in some parts of the world. In North America, polygamy has not been a culturally normative or legally recognized institution since the continent's colonization by Europeans.

Otto Buchanan Elliot was a railway station agent, and one of the founding representatives of the Social Credit Party of Canada, a political party in Canada that promoted the social credit theories of monetary reform.

Winston Blackmore is the leader of a polygamous Latter Day Saint group in Bountiful, British Columbia, Canada. He is described as "Canada's best-known avowed polygamist". He has 150 children with his 27 "spiritual" wives, some of whom he has admitted were underage.

The Canadian social credit movement first contested the 1935 federal election in order to capitalize from the Alberta Social Credit League's surprise victory in Alberta's August 1935 provincial election. Social Credit supporters ran as the Western Social Credit League and John Horne Blackmore was appointed the movement's parliamentary leader following the election although Alberta Premier William Aberhart was generally regarded as the unofficial national leader of the movement.

Joseph Needham was a Saskatchewan politician, clergyman and public administrator.

Ruby Jessop is an American former member of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (FLDS) and child bride known for her family connections, her 2013 escape from an FLDS-controlled polygamous community, and the criminal probe prompted by her escape.

References

  1. "Polygamy issue runs deep in the Blackmore family" by Daphne Bramham, Vancouver Sun, 17 February 2009
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. Bramham, Daphne (03/12/2005). "Escape from Polygamy". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 08/02/2013.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Party created
House of Commons leader
of Social Credit

1935–1944
Succeeded by
Solon Earl Low
Parliament of Canada
Preceded by
John Smith Stewart
Member of Parliament Lethbridge
1935–1958
Succeeded by
Deane Gundlock