John I, Count of La Marche

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John of Bourbon
Count of La Marche
JanBourbon katerinavEndome.jpg
John I and Catherine
Born 1344
Died 11 June 1393 (aged 48-49)
Noble family House of Bourbon
Spouse(s) Catherine of Vendôme
Issue
Father James I, Count of La Marche
Mother Jeanne of Châtillon

John of Bourbon (John I/VII, Count of La Marche and of Vendôme), (1344 11 June 1393, Vendôme) was the second son of James I, Count of La Marche and Jeanne of Châtillon.

Vendôme Subprefecture and commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Vendôme is a subprefecture of the department of Loir-et-Cher, France. It is also the department's third biggest commune with 16,716 inhabitants (2015).

James I, Count of La Marche Count of Ponthieu and Count of La Marche

James I of Bourbon was the son of Louis I, Duke of Bourbon and Mary of Avesnes. He was Count of Ponthieu from 1351 to 1360, and Count of La Marche from 1341 to his death.

Contents

Life

He was captured as a young man at the Battle of Poitiers, but ransomed.

After the death of his father and elder brother following the Battle of Brignais, John succeeded them as Count of La Marche.

Battle of Brignais

The Battle of Brignais was fought on 6 April 1362, between forces of the Kingdom of France under Count Jacques de Bourbon, from whom the later royal Bourbons descend, and the Tard-Venus Free Company, led by Petit Meschin and Seguin de Badefol.

He took an active part in the Hundred Years' War, and became Governor of Limousin after helping reconquer it from the English. Later he joined Bertrand du Guesclin in his campaign of 1366 in Castile. In 1374, his brother-in-law Bouchard VII, Count of Vendôme died, and John became Count of Vendôme and Castres in right of his wife.

Hundred Years War Series of conflicts and wars between England and France during the 14th and 15th-century

The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the French House of Valois, over the right to rule the Kingdom of France. Each side drew many allies into the war. It was one of the most notable conflicts of the Middle Ages, in which five generations of kings from two rival dynasties fought for the throne of the largest kingdom in Western Europe. The war marked both the height of chivalry and its subsequent decline, and the development of strong national identities in both countries.

A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, governor may be the title of a politician who governs a constituent state and may be either appointed or elected. The power of the individual governor can vary dramatically between political systems, with some governors having only nominal or largely ceremonial power, while others having a complete control over the entire government.

Bertrand du Guesclin Constable of France

Bertrand du Guesclin, nicknamed "The Eagle of Brittany" or "The Black Dog of Brocéliande", was a Breton knight and an important military commander in the French side during the Hundred Years' War. From 1370 to his death, he was Constable of France for King Charles V. Well known for his Fabian strategy, he took part in six pitched battles and won the four in which he held command.

He joined the campaign of Charles VI 1382 in Flanders (which culminated in the Battle of Roosebeke) and fought in 1392 in Brittany.

Charles VI of France 14th/15th-century French king

Charles VI, called the Beloved and the Mad, was King of France for 42 years from 1380 to his death in 1422, the fourth from the House of Valois.

Flanders Community and region of Belgium

Flanders is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium and one of the communities, regions and language areas of Belgium. However, there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history, and sometimes involving neighbouring countries. The demonym associated with Flanders is Fleming, while the corresponding adjective is Flemish. The official capital of Flanders is Brussels, although the Brussels Capital Region has an independent regional government, and the government of Flanders only oversees the community aspects of Flanders life in Brussels such as (Flemish) culture and education.

Battle of Roosebeke

The Battle of Roosebeke took place on 27 November 1382 on the Goudberg between a Flemish army under Philip van Artevelde and a French army under Louis II of Flanders who had called upon the help of the French king Charles VI after he had suffered a defeat during the Battle of Beverhoutsveld. The Flemish army was defeated, Philip van Artevelde was slain and his corpse was put on display.

He rebuilt the castles of Vendôme and Lavardin.

Marriage and children

On 28 September 1364, he married Catherine of Vendôme, countess of Vendôme (d. 1412) and daughter of John VI, Count of Vendôme. [1]

Catherine of Vendôme French countess

Catherine de Vendôme was a ruling countess of Vendôme and of Castres from 1372 until 1403.

John VI de Vendôme, Count of Vendôme and Castres (1354–1365) was a member of the House of Montoire and was son of Bouchard VI (1290–1354) and Alix de Bretagne (1297–1377).

He had seven children by Catherine:

Ancestors

Patrilineal descent

Notes

  1. R. C. Famiglietti, Tales of the Marriage Bed from Medieval France (1300-1500), (Picardy Press, 1992), 302.

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References

Preceded by
Peter II
Count of La Marche
1362–1393
Succeeded by
James II
Preceded by
Bouchard VII
Count of Castres
1374–1393
With: Catherine
Succeeded by
James II and Catherine
Count of Vendôme
1374–1393
With: Catherine
Succeeded by
Louis and Catherine