John II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken

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John II
Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Johann II von Pfalz-Zweibruecken.jpg
Born(1584-03-26)26 March 1584
Bergzabern
Died9 August 1635(1635-08-09) (aged 51)
Metz
Noble family Wittelsbach
Spouse(s)Catherine de Rohan
Louise Juliana of the Palatinate
Father John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Mother Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg

John II the Younger (German : Johann II. der Jüngere) (26 March 1584 9 August 1635) was the Duke of Zweibrücken from 1604 until 1635.

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol in Italy, the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

Contents

Life

John was born in Bergzabern in 1584 as the eldest son of John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and his wife, Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg. [1] [2] He succeeded his father in 1604 and in 1606 he took back possession of the lordship of Bischweiler in Alsace for the House of Wittelsbach from a vassal, Flach von Schwanzenberg. [2] In 1611 he executed his late father's dispositions in favour of his younger brothers, Friedrich Casimir and Johann Casimir, giving them, respectively, the appanages of Landsberg and Neukastell, retaining for his own realm most of Zweibrücken.

John I of Zweibrücken was Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken during 1569–1604.

Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg daughter of Duke Wilhelm of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Countess Palatine of Pfalz-Zweibrücken

Duchess Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg was the fifth child of Duke William "the rich" of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Maria of Austria, a daughter of Emperor Ferdinand I.

Alsace Place in Grand Est, France

Alsace is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.

From 1610 until 1612 he was the guardian of Frederick V, Elector Palatine. In this function he was briefly the deputy of the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II in 1612, and he minted coins with the Imperial two-headed eagle on reverse.

Holy Roman Empire Varying complex of lands that existed from 962 to 1806 in Central Europe

The Holy Roman Empire was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western and Central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars. The largest territory of the empire after 962 was the Kingdom of Germany, though it also came to include the neighboring Kingdom of Bohemia, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy, and numerous other territories.

His first wife having died in 1607, he remarried a cousin, daughter of the Elector Palatine at Heidelberg in May and two months later purchased the estate of Birlenbach (Bas-Rhin), which included dependent manors from Eberhard, Count of Ribeaupierre.

Heidelberg Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Heidelberg (German pronunciation: [ˈhaɪ̯dl̩bɛɐ̯k] is a university town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany. In the 2016 census, its population was 159,914, of which roughly a quarter consisted of students.

Bas-Rhin Department of France

Bas-Rhin is a department in Alsace which is a part of the Grand Est super-region of France. The name means "Lower Rhine", however, geographically speaking it belongs to the Upper Rhine region. It is the more populous and densely populated of the two departments of the traditional Alsace region, with 1,121,407 inhabitants in 2016. The prefecture and the General Council are based in Strasbourg. The INSEE and Post Code is 67.

John died in 1635 in Metz and was buried in the Alexander Church in Zweibrücken. [2]

Metz Prefecture and commune in Grand Est, France

Metz is a city in northeast France located at the confluence of the Moselle and the Seille rivers. Metz is the prefecture of the Moselle department and the seat of the parliament of the Grand Est region. Located near the tripoint along the junction of France, Germany, and Luxembourg, the city forms a central place of the European Greater Region and the SaarLorLux euroregion.

Zweibrücken Place in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Zweibrücken is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, on the Schwarzbach river.

Family and children

John married Catherine de Rohan (20 June 1578 - 10 May 1607), daughter of René II, Viscount of Rohan on 26 August 1604 and had the following daughter:

René II, Viscount of Rohan (1550–1586) the son of René I of Rohan-Gié, a descendant of Francis I, Duke of Brittany and his 2nd wife Isabella Stewart, and of Isabella d'Albret, daughter of John III of Navarre and Catherine of Navarre, Queen-regnant of Navarre.

  1. Magdalena Catherine (26 April 1607 - 20 January 1648), married to Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler

John married Louise Juliana (16 July 1594 - 28 April 1640), daughter of Frederick IV, Elector Palatine, on 13 May 1612 and had the following children:

  1. Elizabeth Louise Juliana (16 July 1613 - 29 March 1667), Abbess of Herford
  2. Catherine Elizabeth Charlotte (11 January 1615 - 21 March 1651), married to Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg
  3. Frederick (5 April 1616 - 9 July 1661)
  4. Anne Sybille (20 July 1617 - 9 November 1641)
  5. John Louis (22 July 1619 - 15 October 1647)
  6. Juliana Magdalena (23 April 1621 - 25 March 1672), married to Frederick Louis, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
  7. Maria Amalie (19 October 1622 - 11 June 1641)

Ancestors

John's ancestors in three generations
John II, Count Palatine of ZweibrückenFather:
John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Paternal Grandfather:
Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Louis II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Elisabeth of Hesse
Paternal Grandmother:
Anna of Hesse
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Christine of Saxony
Mother:
Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
Maternal Grandfather:
William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
Maternal Great-grandfather:
John III, Duke of Cleves
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Maria of Jülich-Berg
Maternal Grandmother:
Maria of Austria
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
John II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Born: 26 March 1584 Died: 9 August 1635
Preceded by
John I
Duke of Zweibrücken
16041635
Succeeded by
Frederick

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References

  1. Anselme, Père. ‘’Histoire de la Maison Royale de France’’, tome 4. Editions du Palais-Royal, 1967, Paris. pp. 71-72. (French).
  2. 1 2 3 Huberty, Michel; Giraud, Alain; Magdelaine, F.; B. (1985). L'Allemagne Dynastique, Tome IV -- Wittelsbach. France: Laballery. pp. 83, 106–107, 119–120. ISBN   2-901138-04-7.