John III, Duke of Brittany

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John III
PohrebJana3Bretan.jpg
The funeral of John III
Duke of Brittany
Reign27 August 1312 30 April 1341
Predecessor Arthur II
Successordisputed between: John of Montfort
and Joanna with Charles I
Born8 March 1286
Château de Champtoceaux
Died30 April 1341(1341-04-30) (aged 55)
Caen
Burial
Notre-Dame des Carmes
SpouseIsabella of Valois
Isabella of Castile
Joan of Savoy
House Dreux
Father Arthur II, Duke of Brittany
Mother Marie, Viscountess of Limoges
Religion Roman Catholicism

John III the Good (in Breton Yann III, in French Jean III; 8 March 1286 30 April 1341) was Duke of Brittany, from 1312 to his death and 5th Earl of Richmond from 1334 to his death. He was the son of Duke Arthur II of Brittany and Mary of Limoges, his first wife. John was strongly opposed to his father's second marriage to Yolande of Dreux, Queen of Scotland and attempted to contest its legality.

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In 1297, John was married to his first wife Isabella of Valois, [1] eldest child of Charles, Count of Valois and his first wife Margaret of Naples. At the time of their marriage John was eleven years old and his bride five. She died childless in 1309. In 1310, John married his second wife, Isabella of Castile. She died childless in 1328.

In 1329, John married his third wife Joan of Savoy. He predeceased his third wife by three years and died childless. He was unwilling to cede the Duchy of Brittany to his half-brother John of Montfort, son of his hated step-mother Yolande of Dreux. He wished to leave the duchy to the french King Philip VI, but his nobles objected. The marriage of his niece Joanna of Dreux to Charles of Blois gave Charles a plausible claim to the duchy, but the matter was unresolved at John's death.

After his death, John of Montfort claimed his rights as duke of Brittany, but King Philip VI supported the Blois faction, and the Breton War of Succession (1341–1364) was triggered. The Breton Civil War was fought between the House of Blois and the House of Montfort. It became part of the Hundred Years' War, as England supported the Montfort faction, which won, against the House of Blois, which was supported by France.

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Harvey VII of Léon was a Breton lord, son of Harvey VI, Lord of Léon and his wife Joanna of Montmorency. He succeeded his father as Lord of Léon in 1337. He was also Lord of Noyon-sur-Andelle. The Lords of Léon were a junior branch of the Viscounts of Léon which was founded by Harvey I, second son of Guihomar IV, Viscount of Léon. Harvey VII won fame during the War of the Breton Succession.

References

  1. Michael Jones, Creation of Brittany: A Late Medieval State, (Hambledon Press, 1988), 210.
John III, Duke of Brittany
Cadet branch of the Capetian Dynasty
Born: 8 March 1286 Died: 30 April 1341
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Arthur II
Duke of Brittany
1312–1341
Succeeded by
Joan
Preceded by
Guy VII
Viscount of Limoges
1312–1331
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John of Brittany
Earl of Richmond
1334–1341
Succeeded by
Robert III of Artois