John Kaye (bishop)

Last updated

John Kaye
Bishop of Lincoln
John Kaye by Richard Rothwell.jpg
Portrait of Bp. John Kaye by Richard Rothwell (c.1832)
Diocese Lincoln
In office1827–1853
Predecessor George Pelham
Successor John Jackson
Other post(s) Bishop of Bristol (1820–1827)
Personal details
Born(1783-12-27)27 December 1783
Hammersmith, London
Died18 February 1853(1853-02-18) (aged 69)
BuriedSt Mary's, Riseholme, Lincs.
Nationality British
Denomination Anglican
Residence Riseholme Hall, Lincs.
Children William Kaye
Alma mater Christ's College, Cambridge

John Kaye (27 December 1783, Hammersmith – 18 February 1853, Riseholme, Lincolnshire) was an English churchman.


Early life and education

He was born the only son of Abraham Kaye in Hammersmith, London and educated at the school of Sir Charles Burney in Hammersmith and then Greenwich. He entered Christ's College, Cambridge and graduated Senior wrangler in 1804. [1] He was the 21st Master of Christ's College from 1814 to 1830. [2] Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University in 1814, [3]

In 1816, Kaye was elected Regius Professor of Divinity and he revived public lectures on theology, with an focus on the study of ecclesiastical history and the Early Church Fathers. His first series of lectures, The Ecclesiastical History of the Second and Third Centuries, illustrated from the Writings of Tertullian was published at Cambridge in 1825, and was followed by published lectures on Justin Martyr (1829), Clement of Alexandria (1835) and The Council of Nicæa in connection with the Life of Athanasius (posthumously, 1853). [4]

He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1811.[ citation needed ]

Ecclesiastical career

The episcopal palace at Riseholme Hall Riseholme Hall, Riseholme (geograph 3395060).jpg
The episcopal palace at Riseholme Hall
Lithograph of Lincoln Cathedral, made by Frederick Mackenzie in 1853, the year of Bp. John Kaye's death Lincoln Minster. - South West View from County Hospital (BM 1898,0201.1).jpg
Lithograph of Lincoln Cathedral, made by Frederick Mackenzie in 1853, the year of Bp. John Kaye's death

Kaye was appointed Bishop of Bristol in 1820, and remained there until his translation in 1827 to Lincoln. Kaye served as Bishop of Lincoln for 26 years until his death in 1853. During his incumbency at Lincoln, he instigated widespread improvements to church buildings and parsonages and established new Church of England schools.

As Bishop of Lincoln, Kaye resided at Buckden Palace in Buckden Huntingdonshire. In 1837, the county was transferred to the Diocese of Ely and Kaye's official residence was transferred to Riseholme Hall, the newly established episcopal palace at Riseholme in Lincolnshire. [4]

In 1848, Kaye was elected Visitor of Balliol College, Oxford. [4]

At a time when the Oxford Movement sought to revive some older Catholic traditions within the Church of England, Kaye's theological inclinations leaned instead towards Evangelicalism, and he regarded the High Church movement with suspicion. He was opposed to the revival of the Convocations of Canterbury and York and was sympathetic to George Cornelius Gorham's views on baptism. [4]

He reformed the educational requirements for the Anglican clergy and attacked the Tractarians for betraying the English Reformation.[ citation needed ]

Personal life

While at Christ's College, Cambridge, Kaye married Eliza Mortlock in 1815. They had three daughters and one son, William Frederic John Kaye, who was later ordained to the priesthood and was appointed Archdeacon of Lincoln in 1863 by his father's successor, Bishop John Jackson. [4]

Death and memorials

Bishop Kaye is buried in the churchyard of St Mary's Church in Riseholme, Lincolnshire, a church that he himself had built during his reforms of the See of Lincoln. [4] [5] Within Lincoln Cathedral, Kaye is commemorated by a recumbent effigy tomb monument designed by Richard Westmacott. The memorial originally stood in St Hugh's transept, but was moved to the southern chapel. [6] [7] [8]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lincoln Cathedral</span> Church in Lincolnshire, England

Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln Minster, or the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lincoln and sometimes St Mary's Cathedral, in Lincoln, England, is a Grade I listed cathedral and is the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Lincoln. Construction commenced in 1072 and continued in several phases throughout the High Middle Ages. Like many of the medieval cathedrals of England it was built in the Early Gothic style.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Gilbert Scott</span> 19th-century English architect

Sir George Gilbert Scott, known as Sir Gilbert Scott, was a prolific English Gothic Revival architect, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches and cathedrals, although he started his career as a leading designer of workhouses. Over 800 buildings were designed or altered by him.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Whitgift</span> Archbishop of Canterbury from 1583 to 1604

John Whitgift was the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1583 to his death. Noted for his hospitality, he was somewhat ostentatious in his habits, sometimes visiting Canterbury and other towns attended by a retinue of 800 horses. Whitgift's theological views were often controversial.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Christopher Wordsworth</span>

Christopher Wordsworth was an English intellectual and a bishop of the Anglican Church.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Smyth</span> 15th and 16th-century Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield and Bishop of Lincoln

William Smyth was Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield from 1493 to 1496 and then Bishop of Lincoln until his death. He held political offices, the most important being Lord President of the Council of Wales and the Marches. He became very wealthy and was a benefactor of a number of institutions. He was a co-founder of Brasenose College, Oxford and endowed a grammar school in the village of his birth in Lancashire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Riseholme</span> Small village and civil parish in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England

Riseholme is a small village and civil parish in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. The population of the civil parish was 450 at the 2011 census. It is situated approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) north from the city and county town of Lincoln.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Richard Bagot (bishop)</span> Bishop of Bath and Wells from 1845 to 1854

The Honourable Richard Bagot was an English bishop.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Buckden Towers</span>

Buckden Towers, formerly known as Buckden Palace, is a medieval fortified house and bishop's palace in Buckden, Cambridgeshire, England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lincoln Medieval Bishop's Palace</span> Historic site in Entrance from Minster Yard, S of Cathedral

The Old Bishop's Palace is a historic visitor attraction in the city of Lincoln, Lincolnshire. When it was first built, in the late 12th century, it was at the centre of the vast Diocese of Lincoln, which stretched from the Humber to the Thames. The Palace was one of the most impressive buildings of medieval England, reflecting the power and wealth of Lincoln's bishops. It is situated on a spectacular hillside site, just below Lincoln Cathedral, providing extensive views over the city. The site lies immediately to the south of the Roman wall which had become the medieval defensive wall of the Bail, which enclosed both Lincoln Castle and Lincoln Cathedral. The palace was damaged during the Civil War and subsequently largely abandoned. During the period that followed the Bishop's main residence was Buckden Palace in Huntingdonshire. In 1841, following the reduction in size of the Diocese of Lincoln, the Bishop moved to Riseholme, to the north of Lincoln. This proved inconvenient and Riseholme Hall was sold. In 1886 an older building on the western side of the Palace enclosure was substantially rebuilt and enlarged in a Tudor revival style by the architect Ewan Christian. A further change occurred in 1888 when the architects Bodley and Garner rebuilt and converted the southern portion of the medieval Great Hall into a chapel for the Bishop.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Pretyman Tomline</span>

Sir George Pretyman Tomline, 5th Baronet was an English clergyman, theologian, Bishop of Lincoln and then Bishop of Winchester, and confidant of William Pitt the Younger. He was an opponent of Catholic emancipation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Graham (bishop)</span>

The Rev. John Graham was an English churchman and academic. He was master of Christ's College, Cambridge from 1830 to 1848 and Bishop of Chester from 1848 to 1865. Graham died at the Bishop's Palace, Chester, on 15 June 1865, and was buried in Chester cemetery on 20 June 1865. He tutored Charles Darwin at Cambridge from 1829 to 1830.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Henry Mackenzie (bishop)</span>

Henry Mackenzie was Bishop of Nottingham from 1870 until 1877. He became the first suffragan bishop in the Church of England since 1608.

Richard Reynolds (1674–1743) was an English bishop of Lincoln.

Edward Reyner (Rayner) (1600–c.1668) was an English nonconforming clergyman, known as a devotional writer.

Francis Charles Massingberd was an English churchman and writer, chancellor of the diocese of Lincoln, England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jacob Mountain</span>

Jacob Mountain was an English priest who was appointed the first Anglican Bishop of Quebec. He served also on both the Legislative Council of Lower Canada and the Legislative Council of Upper Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hugh of Lincoln</span> 12th-century Bishop of Lincoln and saint

Hugh of Lincoln, O.Cart., also known as Hugh of Avalon, was a French-born Benedictine and Carthusian monk, bishop of Lincoln in the Kingdom of England, and Catholic saint. His feast is observed by Catholics on 16 November and by Anglicans on 17 November.

Henry Kaye Bonney D.D. was an English churchman, photographer and author.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Kaye (priest)</span> Anglican priest

William Frederick John Kaye was an eminent Anglican priest in the second half of the nineteenth century and the first decades of the twentieth.

James Thomas Law (1790–1876) was an English cleric, the chancellor of the diocese of Lichfield from 1821.


  1. "Kaye, John (KY800J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. Christ's College – People Archived 2007-10-26 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Vice-Chancellor's Office: Cambridge Vice-Chancellors Archived 2008-02-21 at the Wayback Machine
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney, eds. (1900). "Kaye, John (1783-1853)". Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900. Vol. 30. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  5. "Riseholme St Mary". Explore Churches. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  6. Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, Rupert Gunnis
  7. "Kendrick's Lincoln Cathedral - Chapter III — The Interior". Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  8. WALCOTT, Mackenzie Edward Charles (1860). A guide to the cathedrals of England and Wales. ... With ... short notes of the chief objects of interest in every cathedral city. p. 137.
Academic offices
Preceded by Master of Christ's College, Cambridge
Succeeded by
Church of England titles
Preceded by Bishop of Bristol
Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of Lincoln
Succeeded by