|24th Prime Minister of Norway|
28 August 1963 –25 September 1963
|Preceded by||Einar Gerhardsen|
|Succeeded by||Einar Gerhardsen|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
12 October 1965 –22 May 1970
(4 years,222 days)
|Prime Minister||Per Borten|
|Preceded by||Halvard Lange|
|Succeeded by||Svenn Stray|
|County Governor of Oslo and Akershus|
1 October 1964 –1 October 1965
|Preceded by||Trygve Lie|
|Succeeded by||Petter Mørch Koren|
|Conservative Parliamentary Leader|
1 October 1958 –30 September 1965
|Preceded by||C. J. Hambro|
|Succeeded by||Svenn Stray|
|Member of the Norwegian Parliament|
1 January 1958 –30 September 1965
4 December 1945 –31 December 1953
|Preceded by||Harald Torp|
|Constituency||Trondheim and Levanger|
John Johan Daniel Fürstenberg Lyng
22 August 1905
|Died||18 January 1978 72) (aged|
|Political party|| Conservative (1938–78)|
Free-minded Liberal Party (1934–38)
|Alma mater||University of Oslo|
John Daniel Lyng (help·info) (22 August 1905 – 18 January 1978) was a Norwegian politician from the Conservative Party. He was the 24th prime minister of Norway from 28 August to 25 September 1963 in a coalition government consisting of the Conservative,Centre,Christian Democratic,and Liberal parties. It was the first government in 28 years that was not headed by the Labour Party.
Lyng was born in Trondheim to merchant Markus Hartman Lyng (1872–1938) and Martha Maria Helberg (1885–1959),and graduated with the cand.jur. degree in 1927.   He studied in Oslo,Copenhagen,and Heidelberg in 1931.  During his student years,Lyng was active in the leftist Mot Dag student grouping,and his time in Weimar Germany in the early 1930s gave him a strong dislike of totalitarian movements as Nazism was on the rise there.  Before and after World War II he worked as a lawyer and a judge. 
He joined the Norwegian resistance movement during the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany. He raised the mountain cabin Skardøla in Sylene,about 50 metres from the Norway-Sweden border,which was used as an outpost by resistance fighters such as Odd Sørli,Johnny Pevik,and Nils Uhlin Hansen.  Lyng later fled the country,and worked in the Norwegian legation in Stockholm's law office from 1943 to 1944,and in the Norwegian government administration-in-exile in London until 1945. 
Lyng was originally a member of the Free-minded Liberal Party,heading the local party chapter from 1934 to 1935. He was a member of the executive committee of Trondheim city council from 1934 to 1940 and in 1945,but had changed to the Conservative Party in 1938,heading the party chapter in Trondheim until 1947.   Lyng was elected to the Norwegian Parliament from the Market towns of Sør-Trøndelag and Nord-Trøndelag counties in 1945,and was re-elected in 1949. He was then out of parliament for one term,before being elected again in 1957 and in 1961,this time from Akershus,and was elected leader of the Conservative Party's parliamentary group.   From 1955 to 1959 he was a member of Skien city council. 
His brief stint as Prime Minister came in August 1963 after the two representatives from the Socialist People's Party (SF) joined a slim 76-74 no confidence vote against the cabinet Gerhardsen following the Kings Bay Affair,a series of mining accidents at Ny-Ålesund. Lyng quickly realised that between them,the non-socialist parties were only one seat short of a majority in the Storting,and that if they banded together,they would be able to form a government as long as the SF abstained. He quickly pulled together a coalition which took office on 28 August. The socialist vote of no confidence was merely a protest and demonstration,and the Labour cabinet was restored a month later after the SF threw its support back to Labor.  While Lyng was Prime Minister Ebba Haslund took his seat in parliament. 
Although the cabinet Lyng only lasted a month,it proved that the non-socialist parties were capable of forming a government. Following the 1965 elections the non-socialist parties won a majority with Per Borten as Prime Minister,and John Lyng as Minister of Foreign Affairs. He was replaced by Svenn Stray in 1970. 
Lyng held the post of County Governor of Oslo and Akershus from 1964 to 1965.  He is also remembered for pursuing Norwegian membership in the EEC. 
He married physician Gisela Gerda Margarete Lutz (1907–1941) in 1932. They were divorced in 1940. In 1944 he married lawyer Liv Godager (1918–1989). 
Lyng spent his later years writing his memoirs. He died in 1978,after being diagnosed with cancer the preceding year. 
The politics of Norway take place in the framework of a parliamentary,representative democratic constitutional monarchy. Executive power is exercised by the Council of State,the cabinet,led by the prime minister of Norway. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the legislature,the Storting,elected within a multi-party system. The judiciary is independent of the executive branch and the legislature.
Einar Henry Gerhardsen was a Norwegian politician from the Labour Party of Norway. He was the 22nd prime minister of Norway for three periods,1945–1951,1955–1963 and 1963–1965. With totally 17 years in office,he is the longest serving Prime Minister in Norway since the introduction of parliamentarism. Many Norwegians often refer to him as "Landsfaderen";he is generally considered one of the main architects of the post-war rebuilding of Norway after World War II. He also served as the second President of the Nordic Council in 1954.
The Labour Party,formerly The Norwegian Labour Party,is a social-democratic political party in Norway. It is positioned on the centre-left of the political spectrum,and is led by Jonas Gahr Støre. It was the senior partner of the governing red–green coalition from 2005 to 2013,and its former leader Jens Stoltenberg served as the prime minister of Norway.
Finn Gustavsen was a Norwegian socialist politician active from 1945 to the late 1970s. He was noted for his uncompromising style and willingness to take contrarian stands.
Andreas Zeier Cappelen was a Norwegian jurist and politician for the Labour Party. He was born in Vang,Hedmark.
The Kings Bay Affair was a political issue in Norway that reached its apex in 1963 and brought down the government of Einar Gerhardsen and formed the basis for non-socialist coalition politics in Norway that persisted to the end of the 20th century. The affair was a dramatic episode in Norwegian history that portended the end of the Gerhardsen dynasty and the emergence of a more articulate and coherent political alternative in the non-socialist camp. It is also credited with galvanizing the radical socialist wing of Norwegian politics in time for the EU debate nine years later.
Olav Gjærevoll was a Norwegian botanist and politician for the Labour Party. Gjærevoll was a professor of botany at the University of Trondheim from 1958 to 1986,and was a specialist in alpine plants. In politics,he served as Minister of Social Affairs from February to August 1963 and again from September 1963 to October 1965;as the last Minister of Pay and Prices from 1971 to 1972 and as the first Minister of the Environment from May to October 1972. He also served as Mayor of Trondheim from 1958 to 1963 and again from 1980 to 1981.
Bjarne Lyngstad was a Norwegian politician for the Liberal Party.
Einar Hole Moxnes was a Norwegian politician for the Centre Party.
Helge Sivertsen was a Norwegian school administrator and elected official. He was best known as a champion discus thrower in the 1936 Summer Olympics.
Dagfinn Vårvik was a Norwegian politician for the Centre Party. He was born in Leinstrand.
Otto Lyng was a Norwegian politician for the Conservative Party.
Paul Thyness was a Norwegian politician for the Conservative Party.
Erling Wikborg was a Norwegian politician for the Christian Democratic Party.
Egil Aarvik was a Norwegian newspaper editor,author and politician for the Christian Democratic Party. He served as Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee from 1982 to 1990.
The Lyng Cabinet governed Norway between 28 August 1963 and 25 September 1963. It was the first in 28 years not to be led by the Norwegian Labour Party. It was a centre-right coalition government of the Conservative Party,Centre Party,Christian Democratic Party and Liberal Party led by John Lyng of the Conservative Party. It had fifteen members,of which five were from the Conservative Party,four were from the Centre Party,three were from the Christian Democratic Party and three were from the Liberal Party. Karen Grønn-Hagen was the cabinet's only female member.
In Norway,a state secretary is a partisan political position within the executive branch of government. Contrary to the position secretary of state in many other countries,a Norwegian state secretary does not head his or her ministry,rather,they are second in rank to a minister. Resembling a de facto vice minister,the state secretary,however,cannot attend a Council of State,and does not act as a temporary minister in case of illness or other leave of absence.
Parliamentary elections were held in Norway on 8 and 9 September 2013 to elect all 169 members of the unicameral Storting. The centre-right coalition obtained 96 seats,while the incumbent red–green coalition government obtained 72 seats and the Green Party obtained one. The Labour Party won the largest share (30.8%) of the votes cast,with the Conservatives coming second (26.8%),after increasing its share by 9.6 percentage points.
Halvard Ingebrigtsen is a Norwegian politician for the Labour Party.
Ivar Moe was a Norwegian lawyer and politician for the Conservative Party.