|33rd Governor of South Carolina|
January 31, 1782 –February 4, 1783
|Preceded by||John Rutledge|
|Succeeded by||Benjamin Guerard|
|2nd and 4th Speaker of the South Carolina House of Representatives|
January 1779 –December 1779
|Preceded by||Thomas Bee|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Farr|
December 1776 –Spring 1777
|Preceded by||James Parsons|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Bee|
|Delegate to the Continental Congress from South Carolina|
Charleston,Province of South Carolina,British America
|Died|| (aged 57–58)|
|Alma mater||Middle Temple,London,England|
John Mathews (1744 –November 17,1802) was a Founding Father of the United States and lawyer from Charleston,South Carolina. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1781 where he endorsed the Articles of Confederation on behalf of South Carolina. On his return,he was elected the 33rd governor of South Carolina,serving a single term in 1782 and 1783.
Mathews was born in Charleston in the Province of South Carolina in 1744. He was the son of John Mathews and Sarah Gibbes;the exact date of his birth is not known. He was commissioned an ensign and in the South Carolina Provincial Regiment which took part in an expedition against the Cherokee in the early 1760s and was promoted to lieutenant.
He studied law at Middle Temple in London. He was a law clerk for Colonel Charles Pinckney after returning to South Carolina,was admitted to the bar,and practiced in Charleston. In 1772,he was elected to the colonial Assembly. In 1775 and 1776,he was a member of the First and Second South Carolina Provincial Congresses.In 1776,he was appointed an associate judge of the state circuit court. From 1776 to 1780,he served in the South Carolina House of Representatives,and he was speaker in 1777 and 1778. During the American Revolutionary War,he served as a captain in the Colleton County regiment. He was a founding trustee of the College of Charleston.
Mathews was a member of the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1781 and was a supporter of the Articles of Confederation. He was then elected governor by the state legislature and served from 1782 to 1783. After leaving the governorship,Mathews won election as a judge of the state Court of Chancery in 1784. He was again elected to the South Carolina House in 1784. He was a judge of the state Court of Equity in 1791.
Mathews died in Charleston on November 17,1802.He was buried at Circular Congregational Church Burying Ground in Charleston.
In 1766 he married Mary Wragg. After her death,in 1799 he married Sarah Rutledge,the sister of Founding Fathers John Rutledge and Edward Rutledge.
His sister Elizabeth Mathews was the wife of Founding Father Thomas Heyward Jr.
Edward Rutledge was an American Founding Father and politician who signed the Continental Association and was the youngest signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence. He later served as the 39th governor of South Carolina.
Christopher Gadsden was an American politician who was the principal leader of the South Carolina Patriot movement during the American Revolution. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress,a brigadier general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War,Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina,a merchant,and the designer of the Gadsden flag. He is a signatory to the Continental Association.
John Laurance was a delegate to the 6th,7th,and 8th Congresses of the Confederation,a United States representative and United States Senator from New York and a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the District of New York.
Richard Beresford was an American planter and lawyer from Berkeley County,South Carolina. He was a delegate for South Carolina in the Confederation Congress in 1783 and 1784.
Thomas Bee was a delegate to the Second Continental Congress,Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina and a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina.
Nicholas Eveleigh was an American planter and political leader who was a delegate to the Continental Congress for South Carolina in 1781 and 1782.
Richard Hutson was a Founding Father of the United States and an American lawyer,judge,and politician from Charleston,South Carolina. He was born in June 1747 to Rev. William Hutson and Mary Hutson. His family moved to Charleston in 1756 when his father was the pastor at the Circular Congregational Church. After having been educated in Charleston as a child,he attended Princeton.
John Lowell was a delegate to the Congress of the Confederation,a Judge of the Court of Appeals in Cases of Capture under the Articles of Confederation,a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts and a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Circuit Court for the First Circuit.
The 1st North Carolina Regiment of the Continental Army was raised on September 1,1775,at Wilmington,North Carolina. In January 1776 the organization contained eight companies. Francis Nash was appointed colonel in April 1776. The regiment was present at the defense of Charleston in 1776. It transferred from the Southern Department to George Washington's main army in February 1777. At that time,Thomas Clark became colonel of the 1st Regiment. The regiment became part of General Francis Nash's North Carolina Brigade in July.
The 3rd North Carolina Regiment was raised on 16 January 1776 at Wilmington,North Carolina for service with the Continental Army. In April,Jethro Sumner was appointed colonel. The regiment was present at the defense of Charleston in June 1776. The 3rd Regiment transferred from the Southern Department to George Washington's main army in February 1777. Assigned to Francis Nash's North Carolina Brigade in July 1777,it soon saw action at the battles of Brandywine and Germantown,and was present at White Marsh. Sumner went home ill in early 1778. Together with the 4th,5th,and 6th North Carolina Regiments,the 3rd Regiment was reduced to a cadre and sent home to recruit up to strength on 1 June 1778. The rebuilt regiment returned to the main army in late 1778,but it was reduced to a cadre again in April 1779 and sent back to its home state. Assigned to the North Carolina Brigade,the regiment fought at the Siege of Charleston where it was captured by the British Army on 12 May 1780. The regiment was officially disbanded on 15 November 1783.
The 4th North Carolina Regiment was authorized on January 16,1776 and established on April 15,1776 at Wilmington,North Carolina for service with the Continental Army Southern Department under the command of Thomas Polk. The regiment saw action at the Battle of Brandywine,Battle of Germantown,Battle of Monmouth and the Siege of Charleston. The regiment was captured by the British Army at Charlestown,South Carolina,on May 12,1780. The regiment was disbanded on January 1,1783.
The Middleton-Rutledge-Pinckney family is a family of politicians from the United States.
John Rutledge was an American Founding Father,politician,and jurist who served as one of the original associate justices of the Supreme Court and the second chief justice of the United States. Additionally,he served as the first president of South Carolina and later as its first governor after the Declaration of Independence was signed.
Washington's aides-de-camp during the American Revolutionary War were officers of the Continental Army appointed to serve on General George Washington's headquarters staff,with the rank of lieutenant colonel. The headquarters staff also included one military secretary,a full colonel.
The New Bern District Brigade was an administrative division of the North Carolina militia during the American Revolutionary War (1776–1783). This unit was established by the North Carolina Provincial Congress on May 4,1776,and disbanded at the end of the war.
William Caswell was an American politician,lawyer,and planter. Besides service on state court benches,he represented Dobbs County in the North Carolina House of Commons from 1779 to 1784. He was also a senior officer who commanded militia during the American Revolution.
The North Carolina General Assembly of April to June 1784 met in New Bern from April 19 to June 3,1784. The assembly consisted of the 120 members of the North Carolina House of Commons and 50 senators of North Carolina Senate elected by the voters in April 1784. As prescribed by the 1776 Constitution of North Carolina,the General Assembly elected Alexander Martin to continue as Governor of North Carolina. In addition,the assembly elected members of the Council of State.
The North Carolina General Assembly of October 1784 met in New Bern from October 25,1784 to November 26,1784. The assembly consisted of the 116 members of the North Carolina House of Commons and 55 senators of North Carolina Senate elected by the voters on August 20,1784. As prescribed by the 1776 Constitution of North Carolina the General Assembly elected Richard Caswell as Governor of North Carolina and members of the Council of State.