John Moore (archbishop of Canterbury)

Last updated


John Moore
Archbishop of Canterbury
ArchbishopMoore.jpg
Church Church of England
Province Canterbury
Diocese Canterbury
Elected26 April 1783 (confirmation of election) [1]
Term ended18 January 1805 (death)
Predecessor Frederick Cornwallis
Successor Charles Manners-Sutton
Other posts Dean of Canterbury (1771–1775)
Bishop of Bangor (1774–1783)
Personal details
Born(1730-04-26)26 April 1730
Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Died18 January 1805(1805-01-18) (aged 74)
Lambeth, Surrey, England
Buried St Mary-at-Lambeth
Denomination Anglican
Alma mater Pembroke College, Oxford
Ordination history of
John Moore
History
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecrator Frederick Cornwallis (Canterbury)
Co-consecrators Edmund Keene (Ely)
Robert Lowth (Oxford)
John Thomas (Rochester)
Date12 February 1775
Place Lambeth Palace Chapel
Source(s): [2]

John Moore (26 April 1730 – 18 January 1805) was Archbishop of Canterbury in the Church of England.

Archbishop of Canterbury Senior bishop of the Church of England

The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. The current archbishop is Justin Welby, who was enthroned at Canterbury Cathedral on 21 March 2013. Welby is the 105th in a line which goes back more than 1400 years to Augustine of Canterbury, the "Apostle to the English", sent from Rome in the year 597. Welby succeeded Rowan Williams.

Church of England Anglican state church of England

The Church of England is the established church of England. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor. The Church of England is also the mother church of the international Anglican Communion. It traces its history to the Christian church recorded as existing in the Roman province of Britain by the third century, and to the 6th-century Gregorian mission to Kent led by Augustine of Canterbury.

Contents

Life

Moore was the son of Thomas Moore, butcher, and his wife Elizabeth. He was born in Gloucester and was baptised in St. Michael's Church, Gloucester, on 13 January 1729-30. He was educated at The Crypt School, Gloucester. He was a student at Pembroke College, Oxford (matriculated 1745; BA 1748; MA 1751). [3]

St Michaels Church, Duntisbourne Rouse Church in Gloucestershire, England

St Michael's Church is an Anglican church in the Cotswold village of Duntisbourne Rouse, Gloucestershire, England. It dates from no later than the 11th or 12th century and, since 1958, has been designated a Grade I listed building. It is an active parish church in the Diocese of Gloucester, the archdeaconry of Cheltenham and the deanery of Cirencester.

Pembroke College, Oxford constituent college of the University of Oxford

Pembroke College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England, located in Pembroke Square. The college was founded in 1624 by King James I of England, using in part the endowment of merchant Thomas Tesdale, and was named after William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, Lord Chamberlain and then-Chancellor of the University.

Having taken holy orders, he was for some years tutor to Lords Charles and Robert Spencer, younger sons of Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough. On 21 September 1761, he was preferred to the fifth prebendal stall in the church of Durham, and in April 1763, to a canonry at Christ Church, Oxford. On 1 July 1764, he took the degrees of B.D. and D.D. On 19 September 1771, he was made dean of Canterbury, and on 10 February 1775, bishop of Bangor. [3]

Lord Charles Spencer British politician

Lord Charles Spencer PC was a British courtier and politician from the Spencer family who sat in the House of Commons between 1761 and 1801.

Lord Robert Spencer politician

Lord Robert Spencer (1747–1831) was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons several times between 1768 and 1818.

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough British Army general

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough,, styled as The Honourable Charles Spencer between 1706 and 1729 and as The Earl of Sunderland between 1729 and 1733, was a British soldier, nobleman, and politician from the Spencer family. He briefly served as Lord Privy Seal in 1755. He led British forces during the Raid on St Malo in 1758. He is the great-great-great-great-grandfather of Sir Winston Churchill.

On the death of Archbishop Frederick Cornwallis, he was translated to the see of Canterbury, 26 April 1783, [4] on the joint recommendation of Bishops Robert Lowth and Richard Hurd, both of whom had declined the primacy. Though not a great ecclesiastic, Moore was an amiable and worthy prelate, a competent administrator, and a promoter of the Sunday-school movement and of missionary enterprise. He appears to have dispensed his patronage with somewhat more than due regard to the interests of his own family. [3]

Frederick Cornwallis Archbishop of Canterbury

Frederick Cornwallis was Archbishop of Canterbury, and the twin brother of Edward Cornwallis.

Robert Lowth Bishop of St Davids; Bishop of Oxford; Bishop of London

Robert Lowth was a Bishop of the Church of England, Oxford Professor of Poetry and the author of one of the most influential textbooks of English grammar.

Richard Hurd (bishop) 18th-century English bishop, divine, and writer

Richard Hurd was an English divine and writer, and bishop of Worcester.

He died at Lambeth Palace on 18 January 1805, and was buried in Lambeth parish church. [5]

Lambeth Palace official London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury

Lambeth Palace is the official London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury in England, in north Lambeth, on the south bank of the River Thames, 400 yards south-east of the Palace of Westminster, which houses the Houses of Parliament, on the opposite bank.

Family

Moore married twice, first, a daughter of Robert Wright, chief justice of South Carolina ; secondly, on 23 January 1770, Catherine, daughter of Sir Robert Eden, bart., of West Auckland. He left issue. [3]

Discovery of his coffin

In 2017, during the refurbishment of the Garden Museum, [6] which is housed at the medieval church of St Mary-at-Lambeth, [7] 30 lead coffins were found; one with an archbishop's red and gold mitre on top of it. [8] A metal plate identified one of these as belonging to Moore, with another being that of his wife Catherine. [9]

Related Research Articles

Boniface of Savoy (bishop) 13th-century Archbishop of Canterbury and saint

Boniface of Savoy was a medieval Bishop of Belley in France and Archbishop of Canterbury in England. He was the son of Thomas, Count of Savoy, and owed his initial ecclesiastical posts to his father. Other members of his family were also clergymen, and a brother succeeded his father as count. One niece was married to King Henry III of England and another was married to King Louis IX of France. It was Henry who secured Boniface's election as Archbishop, and throughout his tenure of that office he spent much time on the continent. He clashed with his bishops, with his nephew-by-marriage, and with the papacy, but managed to eliminate the archiepiscopal debt which he had inherited on taking office. During Simon de Montfort's struggle with King Henry, Boniface initially helped Montfort's cause, but later supported the king. After his death in Savoy, his tomb became the object of a cult, and he was eventually beatified in 1839.

Edward White Benson Archbishop of Canterbury

Edward White Benson was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1883 until his death. Prior to this, he was the first Bishop of Truro, serving from 1877 to 1883, and began construction of Truro Cathedral.

John Peckham 13th-century Archbishop of Canterbury and writer

John Peckham was Archbishop of Canterbury in the years 1279–1292. He was a native of Sussex who was educated at Lewes Priory and became a Friar Minor about 1250. He studied at the University of Paris under Bonaventure, where he would later teach theology. From his teaching, he came into conflict with Thomas Aquinas, with whom he debated on two occasions. Known as a conservative theologian, he opposed Aquinas' views on the nature of the soul. Peckham also studied optics and astronomy, and his studies in those subjects were influenced by Roger Bacon.

William Juxon Churchman, Bishop of London, Archbishop of Canterbury

William Juxon was an English churchman, Bishop of London from 1633 to 1649 and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1660 until his death.

Gilbert Sheldon Archbishop of Canterbury; Bishop of London

Gilbert Sheldon was the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1663 until his death.

John Whitgift Archbishop of Canterbury from 1583

John Whitgift was the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1583 to his death. Noted for his hospitality, he was somewhat ostentatious in his habits, sometimes visiting Canterbury and other towns attended by a retinue of 800 horses. Whitgift's theological views were often controversial.

William Wake Archbishop of Canterbury

William Wake was a priest in the Church of England and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1716 until his death in 1737.

Charles Manners-Sutton Archbishop of Canterbury; Bishop of Norwich

Charles Manners-Sutton was a bishop in the Church of England who served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1805 to 1828.

Thomas Secker Archbishop of Canterbury

Thomas Secker was the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Church of England.

Thomas Tenison Archbishop of Canterbury

Thomas Tenison was an English church leader, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1694 until his death. During his primacy, he crowned two British monarchs.

George Carey Anglican bishop

George Leonard Carey, Baron Carey of Clifton, is a retired Anglican bishop who was the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1991 to 2002, having previously been the Bishop of Bath and Wells. During his time as archbishop the Church of England ordained its first women priests and the debate over attitudes to homosexuality became more prominent, especially at the 1998 Lambeth Conference of Anglican bishops.

Randall Davidson Scottish Archbishop of Canterbury

Randall Thomas Davidson, 1st Baron Davidson of Lambeth, was an Anglican bishop of Scottish origin who served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1903 to 1928. Adrian Hastings said he was perhaps the most influential of the churchmen, because he was:

a man of remarkable balance of judgment, intellectual humility, sense of responsibility and capacity for work... His great sense of public moral responsibility gave him an influence and a position which were remarkable.

Aubrey Spencer Canadian bishop

Aubrey George Spencer was the first bishop of the Anglican Diocese of Newfoundland and Bermuda (1839–1843). He was also bishop of Jamaica. His brother George Spencer became Bishop of Madras. He is from the Spencer family.

William Howley Archbishop of Canterbury

William Howley (1766–1848) was a clergyman in the Church of England. He served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1828 to 1848.

The Church of England commemorates many of the same saints as those in the General Roman Calendar, mostly on the same days, but also commemorates various notable Christians who have not been canonised by Rome, with a particular though not exclusive emphasis on those of English origin. There are differences in the calendars of other churches of the Anglican Communion.

Saints in Anglicanism Wikimedia list article

The word saint derives from the Latin sanctus, meaning holy, and has long been used in Christianity to refer to a person who was recognized as having lived a holy life and as being an exemplar and model for other Christians. Beginning in the 10th century, the Church began to centralize and formalize the process of recognizing saints; the process whereby an individual was added to the canon (list) of recognized saints became known as canonisation.

John Yates (bishop) bishop

John Yates was an Anglican bishop in the Church of England. He was a bishop for 22 years, serving as the Bishop of Whitby from 1972 to 1975, the Bishop of Gloucester from 1975 to 1992 and the Bishop at Lambeth from 1992 to 1994.

Michael Francis Perham was a British Anglican bishop. From 2004 to 2014, he served as the Bishop of Gloucester in the Church of England.

Henry John Todd (1763–1845) was an English clergyman, librarian, and scholar, known as an editor of John Milton.

References

Attribution

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Rigg, James McMullen (1894). "Moore, John (1730-1805)". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

Sources

Church of England titles
Preceded by
Brownlow North
Dean of Canterbury
1771–1775
Succeeded by
The Hon James Cornwallis
Preceded by
John Ewer
Bishop of Bangor
1774–1783
Succeeded by
John Warren
Preceded by
The Hon Frederick Cornwallis
Archbishop of Canterbury
1783–1805
Succeeded by
Charles Manners-Sutton