John Moore (archbishop of Canterbury)

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John Moore
Archbishop of Canterbury
Church Church of England
Province Canterbury
Diocese Canterbury
Elected26 April 1783 (confirmation of election) [1]
Term ended18 January 1805 (death)
Predecessor Frederick Cornwallis
Successor Charles Manners-Sutton
Other posts Dean of Canterbury (1771–1775)
Bishop of Bangor (1774–1783)
Personal details
Born(1730-04-26)26 April 1730
Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Died18 January 1805(1805-01-18) (aged 74)
Lambeth, Surrey, England
Buried St Mary-at-Lambeth
Denomination Anglican
Alma mater Pembroke College, Oxford
Ordination history of
John Moore
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecrator Frederick Cornwallis (Canterbury)
Co-consecrators Edmund Keene (Ely)
Robert Lowth (Oxford)
John Thomas (Rochester)
Date12 February 1775
Place Lambeth Palace Chapel
Source(s): [2]

John Moore (26 April 1730 – 18 January 1805) was Archbishop of Canterbury in the Church of England.

Archbishop of Canterbury Senior bishop of the Church of England

The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. The current archbishop is Justin Welby, who was enthroned at Canterbury Cathedral on 21 March 2013. Welby is the 105th in a line which goes back more than 1400 years to Augustine of Canterbury, the "Apostle to the English", sent from Rome in the year 597. Welby succeeded Rowan Williams.

Church of England Anglican state church of England

The Church of England is the established church of England. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor. The Church of England is also the mother church of the international Anglican Communion. It traces its history to the Christian church recorded as existing in the Roman province of Britain by the third century, and to the 6th-century Gregorian mission to Kent led by Augustine of Canterbury.



Moore was the son of Thomas Moore, butcher, and his wife Elizabeth. He was born in Gloucester and was baptised in St. Michael's Church, Gloucester, on 13 January 1729-30. He was educated at The Crypt School, Gloucester. He was a student at Pembroke College, Oxford (matriculated 1745; BA 1748; MA 1751). [3]

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Pembroke College, Oxford constituent college of the University of Oxford

Pembroke College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England, located in Pembroke Square. The college was founded in 1624 by King James I of England, using in part the endowment of merchant Thomas Tesdale, and was named after William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, Lord Chamberlain and then-Chancellor of the University.

Having taken holy orders, he was for some years tutor to Lords Charles and Robert Spencer, younger sons of Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough. On 21 September 1761, he was preferred to the fifth prebendal stall in the church of Durham, and in April 1763, to a canonry at Christ Church, Oxford. On 1 July 1764, he took the degrees of B.D. and D.D. On 19 September 1771, he was made dean of Canterbury, and on 10 February 1775, bishop of Bangor. [3]

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On the death of Archbishop Frederick Cornwallis, he was translated to the see of Canterbury, 26 April 1783, [4] on the joint recommendation of Bishops Robert Lowth and Richard Hurd, both of whom had declined the primacy. Though not a great ecclesiastic, Moore was an amiable and worthy prelate, a competent administrator, and a promoter of the Sunday-school movement and of missionary enterprise. He appears to have dispensed his patronage with somewhat more than due regard to the interests of his own family. [3]

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He died at Lambeth Palace on 18 January 1805, and was buried in Lambeth parish church. [5]

Lambeth Palace official London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury

Lambeth Palace is the official London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury in England, in north Lambeth, on the south bank of the River Thames, 400 yards south-east of the Palace of Westminster, which houses the Houses of Parliament, on the opposite bank.


Moore married twice, first, a daughter of Robert Wright, chief justice of South Carolina ; secondly, on 23 January 1770, Catherine, daughter of Sir Robert Eden, bart., of West Auckland. He left issue. [3]

Discovery of his coffin

In 2017, during the refurbishment of the Garden Museum, [6] which is housed at the medieval church of St Mary-at-Lambeth, [7] 30 lead coffins were found; one with an archbishop's red and gold mitre on top of it. [8] A metal plate identified one of these as belonging to Moore, with another being that of his wife Catherine. [9]

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Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Rigg, James McMullen (1894). "Moore, John (1730-1805)". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co.


Church of England titles
Preceded by
Brownlow North
Dean of Canterbury
Succeeded by
The Hon James Cornwallis
Preceded by
John Ewer
Bishop of Bangor
Succeeded by
John Warren
Preceded by
The Hon Frederick Cornwallis
Archbishop of Canterbury
Succeeded by
Charles Manners-Sutton