John Neal bibliography

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John Neal in 1874 from Portland Illustrated John Neal Portrait Portland Illustrated.jpg
John Neal in 1874 from Portland Illustrated

The bibliography of American writer John Neal (1793–1876) spans more than sixty years from the War of 1812 through Reconstruction and includes novels, short stories, poetry, articles, plays, lectures, and translations published in newspapers, magazines, literary journals, gift books, pamphlets, and books. Favorite topics included women's rights, feminism, gender, race, slavery, children, education, law, politics, art, architecture, literature, drama, religion, gymnastics, civics, American history, science, phrenology, travel, language, political economy, and temperance.

Contents

Between 1817 and 1835 Neal became the first American published in British literary journals, author of the first history of American literature, America's first art critic, a children's literature pioneer, a forerunner of the American Renaissance, and one of the first American male advocates of women's rights. His fiction explores the romantic and gothic genres and aligns with the literary nationalist and regionalist movements. The first American author to use natural diction and a pioneer of colloquialism, John Neal is the first to use the phrase son-of-a-bitch in a work of fiction.

Bound publications

Novels

As a novelist, John Neal is recognized as "the first in America to be natural in his diction" [1] and "the father of American subversive fiction" for developing a new "wild, rough, and defiant American style" to break with British standards then dominant in the US. [2] A pioneer of American colloquialism and dialects in novels, Neal's novels are aligned with both the literary nationalist and regionalist movements. [3] They also anticipate the characteristics of the American Renaissance. [4]

TitleYear1st publisherNotesRef.
Keep Cool, A Novel1817Baltimore: Joseph CushingExplores gender roles in relationships and expresses Neal's views against dueling; [5] "Written in Hot Weather, by Somebody, M.D.C. &c. &c. &c. In Two Volumes" [6]
Logan, a Family History1822Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. LeaA "gothic tapestry" [7] that explores racial boundaries between White and Indigenous Americans; [8] in two volumes; republished in London in 1823 in four volumes by A.K. Newman & Co.; republished as Logan, the Mingo Chief. A Family History "By the Author of "'Seventy Six'" in London in 1840 by J. Cunningham [6]
Seventy-Six1823Baltimore: Joseph RobinsonFirst use of "son-of-a-bitch" in an American work of fiction; [9] Neal's favorite of his own novels; [10] in two volumes; published in London the same year in three volumes by Whittaker and Company; facsimile of Baltimore edition published in 1971; [11] excerpted in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [6]
Randolph, a Novel1823"Published for Whom it May Concern" (Philadelphia: Stephen Simpson)"A story in the form of letters, giving an account of our celebrities, orators, writers, painters, &c., &c."; in two volumes; [13] contains the earliest of Neal's significant art criticism; [14] "By the Author of Logan — and Seventy-Six"; excerpted in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [6]
Errata; or, the Works of Will. Adams1823New York: Published for the ProprietorsA semi-autobiographical account of Neal's life before 1823; [15] excerpted in the New England Galaxy (October 17 and November 28, 1835) [16] and The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978); [12] in two volumes; "A Tale by the Author of Logan, Seventy-Six, and Randolph" [6]
Brother Jonathan: or, the New Englanders1825Edinburgh: William Blackwood A story of the American Revolution depicting regional American folkways and dialect; [17] in three volumes; excerpted in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [6]
Rachel Dyer: a North American Story1828Portland, Maine: Shirley and Hyde"Almost universally regarded as Neal's most successful fictional work"; [18] first hardcover novel based on the Salem witch trials; [19] an expansion of "New-England Witchcraft" likely written for but never published by Blackwood's Magazine in 1825, but published serially over five issues of The New-York Mirror (April 20 – May 18, 1839); [20] republished by facsimile in 1964; [11] excerpted in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [21]
Authorship, a Tale1830Boston: Gray and BowenA "spritely spoof" about authors likely largely written during Neal's stay with Jeremy Bentham in London; [22] "By a New Englander Over-Sea" [21]
The Downeasters, &c. &c. &c.1833New York: Harper & BrothersShowcases regional variation in American character, dialect, and setting; [23] Neal's "fullest expression" of "regional realism"; [24] in two volumes; includes two short stories: "Bill Frazier—the Fur Trader" and "Robert Steele"; [25] excerpted in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [21]
Ruth ElderJune 17, July 29, August 12, August 19, September 2, September 9, September 30, October 7, October 14, October 21, November 4, November 11, November 25, December 2, and December 9, 1843 Brother Jonathan magazine"A Down-East story of seduction"; [26] a serial novella published over fifteen issues; first three installments originally published in the New Mirror (June 3, June 10, and June 17, 1843) [27] [26]
True Womanhood: a Tale1859Boston: Ticknor and FieldsDefends the dignity of unmarried women; explores social life, business, and legal procedure in New York City; couched in an "abundant and all-pervasive" religious theme [28] [21]
The White-Faced Pacer: or, Before and After the Battle1863New York: Beadle and CompanyA dime novel adaptation of "The Switch-Tail Pacer. A Tale of Other Days" (1841) [29] [21]
The Moose-Hunter; or, Life in the Maine Woods1864New York: Beadle and CompanyA dime novel [21]
Little Moccasin; or, Along the Madawaska1866New York: Beadle and CompanyA dime novel; "A Story of Life and Love in the Lumber Region"; published in London the same year by George Routledge & Sons [21]
Live Yankees; or, The Down Easters at Home1867The Pen and Pencil magazineA serial novella published over eight weekly installments; a reworking of the novel The Lumberman, rejected by Beadle and Company [30]

Collections

TitleEditorYear1st publisherNotesRef.
Battle of Niagara, a Poem, without Notes; and Goldau, or the Maniac HarperJohn Neal1818Baltimore: N. G. MaxwellThe best poetic description of Niagara Falls up to that time, [31] though Neal did not see it until 1833; [32] "By Jehu O'Cataract" [6]
The Battle of Niagara: Second Edition — Enlarged: with Other PoemsJohn Neal1819Baltimore: N. G. Maxwell [6]
Great Mysteries and Little PlaguesJohn Neal1870Boston: Roberts BrothersA collection of stories and essays for and about children [33] [21]
A Down-East Yankee from the District of MaineWindsor Daggett1920Portland, Maine: A.J. HustonA Biography of Neal that includes Neal's "Rights of Women" speech (originally published in Brother Jonathan magazine June 17, 1843), as well as excerpts from Randolph, Battle of Niagara, Errata, and "Sketches of the Five American Presidents, and of the Five Presidential Candidates, from the Memoranda of a Traveller" [26]
American Writers: A Series of Papers Contributed to Blackwood's Magazine (1824-1825) Fred Lewis Pattee 1937Durham, North Carolina: Duke University PressFirst written history of American literature [34] covering 120 authors [35] [26]
Observations on American Art: Selections from the Writings of John Neal (1793-1876)Harold Edward Dickson1943State College, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State College"A full collection of Neal's most important art criticism" [26] [26]
The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His WritingsBenjamin Lease and Hans-Joachim Lang 1978Durham, North Carolina: Duke University PressIncludes four short stories, excerpts from five novels, and eleven essays by Neal and notes and an introduction by the editors [12] [36]

Nonfiction books

TitleYear1st publisherNotesRef.
One Word More: Intended for the Reasoning and Thoughtful among Unbelievers1854Portland, Maine: Ira BerryA religious tract that "rambles passionately for two hundred pages and closes with breathless metaphor"; [37] also published the same year in Boston by Crocker & Brewster [21]
Wandering Recollections of a Somewhat Busy Life1869Boston: Roberts BrothersAn autobiography that "presents a showy embroidery of bombast and gasconade on a firm fabric of good sound sense"; [38] excerpted in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [21]
Portland Illustrated1874Portland, Maine: W.S. JonesA Portland, Maine guidebook "so chaotic in arrangement as to diminish greatly its usefulness." [39] [21]

Pamphlets

Many of Neal's pamphlets are lectures he delivered between 1829 and 1848, when he supplemented his income by traveling on the lyceum circuit. [40]

TitleYear1st publisherNotesRef.
Constitution of the Portland Gymnasium with the Rules and Regulations, and the Names of the SubscribersJune 1828Portland, Maine: James AdamsHandbook for the gymnasium established by Neal in 1827 [41]
Address Delivered before the Portland Association for the Promotion of Temperance, February 11, 18291829Portland, Maine: Day and FraserAddress delivered at the First Parish Church; [42] also published in The Yankee (1829); [43] excerpted in the Ladies Miscellany August 18, 1829 [44] [45]
City of Portland, Being a General Review of the Proceedings Heretofore Had, in the Town of Portland, on the Subject of a City Government1829Portland, Maine: Shirley & HydeA "pamphlet of about fifty octavo pages, with tables, petitions, on both sides, and statistics, giving undeniable statistics, where necessary" advocating municipal incorporation as a city [46] [45]
Our Country1830Portland, Maine: S. Colman"An Address Delivered before the Alumni of Waterville-College, July 29, 1830" [45]
An Address Delivered before the M.C. Mechanics Association, Thursday Evening, Jan. 13, 18311831Portland, Maine: Day & FraserAddress delivered to the Maine Charitable Mechanic Association [45]
Banks and Banking1837Portland, Maine: Orion Office"A Letter to the Bank Directors of Portland"; "This communication accused banks of ungenerous response to the curtailment in public demand upon them. Neal, among others, had striven to secure leniency of demand upon the local banks in their critical hour, and he now accused the banks of failure to reciprocate with a proper leniency toward the public." [47] [45]
Oration: By John Neal, Portland, July 4, 18381838Portland, Maine: Arthur ShirleyAddress delivered for a meeting of the Portland, Maine Whigs [48] [45]
Man1838Providence: Knowles, Vose & Company"A Discourse, before the United Brothers' Society of Brown University, September 4, 1838" [45]
An Address before the Maine Charitable Mechanic Association, September 26, 18381838Portland, Maine: Charles Day & CoIn First Exhibition and Fair of the Maine Charitable Mechanic Association [45]
Appeal from the American Press to the American People, in Behalf of John Bratish Eliovich1840Portland, Maine: Argus OfficeA collection of letters written for, but refused by The New World defending John Bratish Eliovich from recent attacks in periodicals [49] [45]
Past, Present and Future of the City of Cairo, in North America: with Reports, Estimates and Statistics, The1858Portland, Maine: Brown ThurstonConcerning land development in Cairo, Illinois, in which Neal invested money; based largely on a trip to Cairo by Neal in 1858 [50] [45]
Account of the Great Conflagration in Portland, July 4th & 5th, 18661866Portland, Maine: Starbird & TwitchellConcerning the 1866 great fire of Portland, Maine [45]

Collaborative works

TitleYear1st publisherNeal's contributionNotesRef.
General Index to the First Twelve Volumes, or First Series, of Niles' Weekly Register1818Baltimore: Hezekiah Niles The indexThe product of sixteen hours of labor a day by Neal, seven days a week, for over four months; [51] "the most laborious work of the kind that ever appeared in any country" [52] [53]
A History of the American Revolution1819Baltimore: John HopkinsVol. 1, pp. 253–592 and all of vol. 2 [54] Republished in Baltimore in 1822 by Franklin Betts; pp. 1–252 by Tobias Watkins; preface by Paul Allen [54] [53]
Second Report of the Geology of the State of Maine1838Augusta, Maine: State of MainePp. 110–112Otherwise written by Charles T. Jackson [53]
The Sinless Child, and Other Poems, by Elizabeth Oakes Smith1843New York: Wiley & PutnamThe preface: a biographical sketch of Elizabeth Oakes Smith and Seba Smith Also published in Boston the same year by W.D. Ticknor [53]
The Works of Jeremy Bentham1843Edinburgh: W. TaitVol. 9, pp. 660–662, 648Edited by John Bowring [53]
The Proceedings of the Woman's Rights Convention, Held at Syracuse, September 8th, 9th, & 10th, 18521852Syracuse: J. E. MastersPp. 24–28: A letter by Neal read at the 1852 National Woman's Rights Convention by Elizabeth Oakes Smith Prompted the conference leadership to appoint Neal as the Maine representative to the central committee for organizing the next annual convention [55] [56]

Selected articles

Title image to "A Few Words About Tobacco" (1851) A Few Words About Tobacco John Neal.jpg
Title image to "A Few Words About Tobacco" (1851)

John Neal was "perhaps the foremost critic of [his] era," commenting on literature, art, drama, politics, and a variety of social issues. [57] As a critic and political commentator, his essays and journalism showed distrust of institutions and an affinity for self-examination and self-reliance. [58] Compared to Neal's comparative lesser success at employing his literary theories in creative works, [59] "his critical judgments have held. Where he condemned, time has almost without exception condemned also." [60] Editors of newspapers, magazines, and annual publications sought contributions from Neal on a wide variety of topics, particularly in the second half of the 1830s. [61] His early articles make him one of the first male advocates of women's rights and feminist causes in the US. [62]

Neal was the first American to be published in any British literary magazine [63] and in that capacity wrote the first history of American literature. [64] His early encouragement of writers John Greenleaf Whittier, Edgar Allan Poe, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Elizabeth Oakes Smith, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and many others, helped launch their careers. [65]

As an art critic Neal was the first in the US, [66] and his essays from the 1820s are recognized as "prophetic." [67] As an "early firebrand" [68] in theatrical criticism, his "prophesy" [69] for American drama was only partially realized sixty years later. [68]

This list includes only articles that have received the most scholarly attention and/or that are noted in scholarly works as particularly important milestones in Neal's career and/or the histories of the topics they cover. Those omitted here are included in the larger list of articles by John Neal.

TitleDatePublication typePublication nameTopicNotesRef.
"Apostasy"April 27, 1814NewspaperHallowell GazetteLaw and politicsNeal's first published work: a political essay published when Neal was living in Hallowell, Maine as a penmanship instructor [70] [71]
"Criticism. Lord Byron"October 1816, November 1816, December 1816, and January 1817Magazine The Portico Literary criticismA 150-page criticism of Lord Byron's works written in four days and published in four installments; [72] Neal's first published literary criticism [73] [74]
"Essay on Duelling"February 1817Magazine The Portico Social criticism"Describes dueling as a gendered performance, in which women play an enabling role and which they have an obligation to stop," similar to his subsequent novel, Keep Cool [75] [76]
"Sketches of the Five American Presidents, and of the Five Presidential Candidates, from the Memoranda of a Traveller"May 1824Magazine Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine BiographyBiographical sketches of George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John C. Calhoun, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford, and Henry Clay; [77] the first article by an American to appear in a British literary journal; [63] republished in four languages by Alexander Walker in The European Review: or, Mind and its Productions, in Britain, France, Italy, Germany, &c. the same year [78] [79]
"North America. Peculiarities. State of the Fine Arts. Painting."August 1824Magazine Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine Art criticismExcerpted in Observations on American Art: Selections from the Writings of John Neal (1793-1876) (1943); [80] a critique of cultivation of fine arts in the US and a discussion of eleven American artists, including Benjamin West and John Trumbull; republished in the Columbian Observer (multiple issues beginning November 17, 1824) [81] [79]
"American Writers"September 1824, October 1824, November 1824, January 1825, February 1825Magazine Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine Literary criticismCriticism of 135 American authors in five installments; [82] the earliest written history of American literature; [83] reprinted as a collection in American Writers: A Series of Papers Contributed to Blackwood's Magazine (1824-1825) (1937); [84] excerpted in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [85]
"Men and Women; Brief Hypothesis concerning the Difference in their Genius"October 1824Magazine Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine Feminism and women's rightsAn exploration of how women are unlike, but not inferior, to men [86] [79]
"A Summary View of America"December 1824Magazine Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine MultiplePurportedly a review of A Summary View of America by Isaac Candler "literally buried beneath the grasping tendrils and riotous fruitage of Neal's birthright knowledge of his native country" in a "vast panorama" conveying Neal's views on slavery and other topics in thirty-six pages that "should be read by anyone interested in the America of 1825"; [87] includes Neal's first call for women's suffrage [88] [79]
"Late American Books. 1. Peep at the Pilgrims; 2. Lionel Lincoln; 3. Memoirs of Charles Brockden Brown; 4. John Bull in America; 5. The Refugee; 6. North American Review, No. XLVI"September 1825Magazine Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine Literary criticismA review of North American Review and new American literature including Lionel Lincoln; predicts a new American revolution against "literary, not political bondage"; [89] republished in American Writers: A Series of Papers Contributed to Blackwood's Magazine (1824-1825) (1937); [84] excerpted in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [85]
"United States"January 1826Magazine Westminster Review Social criticismA summary of Neal's views on the American militia system, slavery, legal system, and literary style [90] [91]
"Yankee Notions"April, May, and June 1826Magazine The London Magazine TravelAn account of Neal's departure from Baltimore, transatlantic journey, early impressions of England over late 1823 through early 1824, and contrasts between the UK and US; the most detailed account of Neal's reasons for leaving Baltimore and for relocating to London; published in three installments [92] [44]
"Rights of Women. Review of the Mayor's Report — so far as it relates to the High School for Girls. By E. BAILEY, late Master of that School. Boston. BOWLES & DEARBORN"March 5, 1829MagazineThe YankeeFeminism and women's rightsDenounces "with considerable heat" Josiah Quincy III's decision to close the Boston High School for Girls [93] and attacks the legal institution of coverture; [94] includes "Neal's angriest and most assertive feminist claims" [95] [96]
"The Drama"July, September, October, November, and December 1829MagazineThe YankeeTheatrical criticismPublished in five installments; Neal's most noteworthy work of theatrical criticism; [97] calls for "a revolution that was still in progress sixty years later"; [68] elaborates on points made in the prefaces to Otho (1819) and the second edition of The Battle of Niagara (1819) [98] [91]
"If E.A.P. of Baltimore"September 1829MagazineThe YankeeLiterary criticismNeal's first criticism of Edgar Allan Poe; [99] referred to by Poe as "the very first words of encouragement I ever remember to have heard" [100] [91]
"Landscape and Portrait-Painting"September 1829MagazineThe YankeeArt criticismAn "early, unprecedented effort to define a canon of American art"; [101] anticipates John Ruskin's Modern Painters by distinguishing between "things seen by the artist" and "things as they are" [102] [103]
"Children—What Are They?"1835 Gift book The Token Children and educationAn essay of "considerable popularity and a good deal of republication" and "a sensible, original inquiry into the nature of children"; [104] "the best John Neal has ever written" according to the New-York Mirror ; [105] revised and republished in Portland Magazine (April 1, 1835), New England Galaxy (April 18, 1835), [106] Godey's Lady's Book (March 1848 and November 1849), [107] and The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978); [12] excerpted in the New-York Mirror October 18, 1834; [108] excerpted as "Rustic Civility, or Children—What Are They?" in The Ladies' Companion (July 1838); [109] republished as "Children—What Are They Good For?" in Great Mysteries and Little Plagues (1870) [110] [111]
"The Case of Major Mitchell"January 17, January 24, January 31, February 7, and February 14, 1835NewspaperNew England GalaxyScienceAn account of Neal's role as the first lawyer to use psychiatric testimony [112] and seek leniency in a US court on account of a defendant's alleged mental defect; [113] published in five installments; reviewed in the Annals of Phrenology (November 1835) [114]
"Rights of Women: The Substance of a Lecture Delivered by John Neal, at the Tabernacle"June 17, 1843Magazine Brother Jonathan Feminism and women's rightsNeal's most influential statement on women's rights; [115] lecture originally delivered January 24, 1843 before 3,000 attendees at the Broadway Tabernacle; [116] "a scathing satire," according to the History of Woman Suffrage ; [117] republished in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [118]
"Woman! Letter to Mrs. T. J. Farnham, on the Rights of Women. Being a Reply to her Argument in the Brother Jonathan of June 24th, 1843"July 15, 1843Magazine Brother Jonathan Feminism and women's rightsResponds to arguments against women's suffrage by Eliza Farnham, prompted by Neal's "Rights of Women" speech on January 24 of that year; [119] "Mrs. Farnham lived long enough to retrace her ground and accept the highest truth," according to the History of Woman Suffrage ; [117] republished in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [119]
"To Mrs. Eliza W. Farnham"August 5, 1843Magazine Brother Jonathan Feminism and women's rightsConcluding remarks to Eliza Farnham's second essay prompted by Neal's "Rights of Women" speech on January 24 of that year; [120] republished in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [120]
"Slavery"January 27, 1844NewspaperPortland TribuneSlavery and race"Neal's most significant pronouncement" on slavery; repeats arguments made in "A Summary View of America" (1824) and "United States" (1826); argues for gradual emancipation and colonization [121]
"What is Poetry? And What Is It Good For?"January 1849MagazineSartain's Union Magazine of Literature and ArtLiteratureAsserts that all are poets though few recognize it in themselves; claims poetry as a necessary refinement and embellishment of the world; marks a departure from Neal's earlier opinion of poetry as "superficial adornment" and "deliberate falsification of fact" [122] [26]
"Edgar A. Poe"March 19 and April 26, 1850Newspaper Portland Daily Advertiser BiographyA refutation of Rufus Wilmot Griswold's biography of Edgar Allan Poe in two installments; [123] republished in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [91]
"Thinking Aloud; or, Suggestions and Glimpses"August 1852MagazineSartain's Union Magazine of Literature and ArtEnglish languageUplifts the value of natural diction in writing and expression of thought as it spontaneously occurs to the writer; includes an analysis of New England speech and character he saw as underrepresented in literature; [124] republished in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [55]
"Masquerading"March 1864MagazineThe Northern MonthlyFeminism and women's rights"One of the most interesting essays of his career"; "an incisive piece of feminist social criticism" disguised "as a conservative critique of current fashion"; [125] "the beginning of the last phase of Neal's feminist journalism" [126] [127]
"Our Painters"December 1868 and March 1869Magazine Atlantic Monthly Art criticismRepublished in Observations on American Art: Selections from the Writings of John Neal (1793-1876) (1943); [128] based on notes from his stay in London over forty years earlier; [129] published in 2 installments [130]
"Portland Up, and Moving"May 5, 1870Newspaper The Revolution Feminism and women's rightsA report of Portland, Maine's first women's suffrage meeting, organized by Neal; republished in History of Woman Suffrage volume 3 (1886) [131] [132]

Short stories and fictional sketches

John Neal's short stories are "his highest literary achievement" [133] and he published an average of one tale per year between 1828 and 1846. [134] Many of these challenged American socio-political phenomena that grew in the period leading up to and including Andrew Jackson's terms as US president (1829–1837): manifest destiny, empire building, Indian removal, consolidation of federal power, racialized citizenship, and the Cult of Domesticity. [135] His work helped shape the relatively new short story genre, [134] particularly early children's literature. [33]

TitleDatePublication typePublication nameNotesRef.
"Albert and Jessy"Between December 1815 and June 1816NewspaperThe WandererA "narrative fragment"; originally prepared for recitation at the Wanderer Club of Baltimore; published in volume I, pp. 394–395 [136]
"The Club Room. To Horace De Monde, Esq."February 1817Magazine The Portico Neal's only contribution to the magazine's regular "Club-Room" department, supervised by the fictitious "Horace De Monde, Esquire" that detailed happenings at real and fictitious clubs; attributed to the pseudonym "Jamie"; "shows a good grasp of character" [137] [76]
"Original Letter"April 1817Magazine The Portico A satirical letter from a fictitious author to a fictitious recipient outlining the peculiarities of Boston; possibly a precursor to Neal's novel Randolph [138] [76]
"Sketches from Nature — By a club of Painters"May, June, July–August, November, and December 1817Magazine The Portico A series of five character sketches (four women and one man) published over five issues; a study of human nature that contributed to Neal's first novel, Keep Cool [139] [76]
"Original Letters. Letter I. From J.N. Esquire, to T.S."June 1817Magazine The Portico A satirical letter from a fictitious author to a fictitious recipient discussing a fictitious "Miss Olivia Teaseabit," possibly based on a real "Miss Olivia T.," on whom Neal had developed a crush after encountering her in Exeter, New Hampshire and Waterville, Maine over the winter of 1813–1814 [138] [76]
"A Head"December 1817Magazine The Portico A character sketch "more penetrating and expository" than his "Sketches from Nature — By a club of Painters" series, likely based on himself [140] [141]
"Frank and George"April–June 1818Magazine The Portico A dual sketch contrasting two characters; likely used later by Neal as the basis for the Oadley brothers in his novel Seventy-Six [142] [141]
"Anecdote"March 9, March 10, March 23, April 13, April 14, April 22, and April 24, 1819NewspaperFederal Republican and Baltimore TelegraphA series of narrative sketches with distinct subtitles: "More Dogs," "Fact," "Cats," and "Joe Miller" [143]
"Sketches from Life"1828–1829MagazineThe Yankee"Fragmentary and unsatisfactory" fictional segments likely drawn from an early draft of Brother Jonathan (1825); published in eleven installments [144]
"Otter-Bag, the Oneida Chief"1829 Gift book The Token Along with "David Whicher" (1832), one of Neal's best short stories; [145] republished in Stories of American Life; By American Writers edited by Mary Russell Mitford (1830) [53] and The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978); [12] excerpted as "Ruins of North America" in The Literary Gazette of Concord, New Hampshire (March 6, 1835) [44] [111]
"Chalk Drawings No I. Old Bailey — England"1829MagazineThe YankeeA narrative comical sketch of a criminal trial; likely written while Neal lived in London; republished in The Ladies' Companion as "The Prisoner at the Old Bailey" (May 1838) [146] [147]
"Males and Females"April 9, 1829MagazineThe YankeeA fictional fragment likely from an early draft of Brother Jonathan (1825) [144] that muses about the differences between men and women in a way similar to "Men and Women; Brief Hypothesis concerning the Difference in their Genius" (October 1824) [148] [149]
"The Spare-Chapter"1829MagazineThe YankeeA fictional fragment of "meaningless nonsense" likely drawn from an early draft of Brother Jonathan (1825) [144]
"What is Courage"1829MagazineThe YankeeA fictional fragment of "meaningless nonsense" likely drawn from an early draft of Brother Jonathan (1825) [144]
"Intercepted Letters — No 1"1829MagazineThe YankeeA fictional fragment of "meaningless nonsense" likely drawn from an early draft of Brother Jonathan (1825) [144]
"Live Yankees — No 1"1829MagazineThe YankeeA fictional fragment of "meaningless nonsense" likely drawn from an early draft of Brother Jonathan (1825) [144]
"Street Scenes — No 1"1829MagazineThe YankeeA fictional fragment of "meaningless nonsense" likely drawn from an early draft of Brother Jonathan (1825) [144]
"Live Yankees"July and August 1829MagazineThe YankeeA winter recreation scene along the Kennebec River in Maine during the winter of 1815–1816 followed by an exchange between an American and an Englishman in England in 1827 involving counterfeit money; likely semi-autobiographical; "the only piece of pure, unified, prose fiction Neal published in the Yankee"; published in two installments [150]
"Courtship"September 1829MagazineThe Yankee"Though too slight for special commendation, it is not ungracefully done"; [151] republished as "The Old Bachelor" in The Ladies' Companion (February 1838), [109] Boston Pearl and Galaxy (February 17, 1838), and the Portland Transcript (July 1, 1848) [152] [11]
"The Utilitarian"1830 Gift book The Token Reprinted serially in The Free Enquirer on January 15 and January 22, 1831 [153]
"The Adventurer"1831 Gift book The Token A fictionalized story of the life of John Dunn Hunter based mostly on knowledge gained during cohabitation at a rooming house in London in the mid 1820s [154] [91]
"Old Susap"July 25, 1831Newspaper Morning Courier and New-York Enquirer A comic tall tale from an "unconsciously ludicrous Down-Easter" [155]
"The Haunted Man"1832 Gift book The Atlantic Souvenir The first work of fiction to utilize psychotherapy [156] [153]
"David Whicher"1832 Gift book The Token Along with "Otter-Bag, the Oneida Chief" (1832), one of Neal's best short stories; [145] published anonymously and not attributed to Neal until the 1960s; [134] republished in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [153]
"Bill Frazier—the Fur Trader"1833NovelThe Down-Easters, &c. &c. &c.Along with "Robert Steele," one of two stories included with The Downeasters to take up space at the request of the publisher [25] [153]
"Robert Steele"1833NovelThe Down-Easters, &c. &c. &c.Republished in Mrs. Stephens' Illustrated New Monthly (February 1857); [153] along with "Bill Frazier—the Fur Trader," one of two stories included with The Downeasters to take up space at the request of the publisher [25] [153]
"The Squatter"February 1835Magazine The New-England Magazine "Ostensibly a string of three stories to illustrate the quick destructive power of the Maine forest fire; [157] republished in the New England Galaxy (February 7, 1835), [158] The Literary Gazette of Concord, New Hampshire (February 13, 1835), [44] and The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [153]
"Will the Wizard"March 1835Magazine The New-England Magazine A story about young William Shakespeare [159] [153]
"Hands Off! A Phrenological Case"March 14, 1835NewspaperNew England GalaxyAbout an Englishman in Virginia who claims his head is so beautifully shaped he wears hats and wigs to hide it from phrenologists like Neal and John Elliotson who want to examine him to no end, though he contemplated offering his head for dissection by Johann Spurzheim for examination by John Pierpont; "aside from the evidence it affords of Neal's ability to laugh at what he took most seriously, this piece has little or no significance" [160]
"Heads and Points"April 4, April 11, April 25, May 23, July 19, and August 8, 1835NewspaperNew England GalaxyA series of six fictional sketches illustrating New England dialect and character [161]
"The Story of E.B."April 25, May 9, May 30, June 27, and August 1, 1835NewspaperNew England GalaxyBased on Neal's travels in England; similar to the novel Authorship; published serially in five installments [162]
"Phantasmagoria — Little Joe Smith"June 27, 1835NewspaperNew England GalaxyIllustrates Neal's opposition to dueling [163]
"The Old Pussy-Cat and the Two Little Pussy-Cats"August 29, 1835NewspaperNew England GalaxyA children's story concerning a cat who protects her noisy kittens from a human child; prefaced by a statement that Neal intends "to furnish a series of the best little books for children that ever appeared" [164]
"The Life and Adventures of Tom Pop"August 29, September 12, September 19, and September 26, 1835NewspaperNew England GalaxyA children's story concerning a homeless orphan reunited with his grandfather who is rewarded for honesty and courage; published serially in four installments [165]
"Extracts from the Autobiography of a Coward"October 17 and November 28, 1835NewspaperNew England GalaxyTwo reworked extracts from Errata [16]
"Extracts from the 'Autobiography of John Dunn Hunter'"December 19, 1835NewspaperNew England GalaxyLikely portions of "The Adventurer" rejected by The Token [16]
"The Young Phrenologist"1836 Gift book The Token Republished in The New England Galaxy October 3, 1835, in Atkinson's Casket in 1838, and in Emerson's United States Magazine and Putnam's Monthly September 1857 [153]
"The Unchangeable Jew"1836BookPortland Sketch BookIncluded in a book edited by Ann S. Stephens featuring Portland, Maine authors [153]
"Animal Magnetism"February 9 February 16, February 23, March 2, March 9, and March 16, 1839Newspaper The New-York Mirror Published serially over six installments; a study of female development from adolescence to womanhood; [166] includes a character who becomes magnetized [167] [153]
"Goody Gracious! and the Forget-Me-Not"March 23, 1839Newspaper The New-York Mirror A children's story written for Neal's daughter, Margaret Neal; [168] republished in Ballou's Monthly Magazine in 1866, [79] Great Mysteries and Little Plagues (book) by Neal in 1870, [21] and Little Classics (book) edited by Rossiter Johnson in 1875 [53] [127]
"New-England Witchcraft"April 20, April 27, May 4, May 11, and May 18, 1839Newspaper The New-York Mirror Published serially over five issues; likely written for but never published by Blackwood's Magazine in 1825 and later expanded into Rachel Dyer (1828) [169] [53]
"The Newly Married Man"May 1839MagazineThe Ladies' Companion"A highly artificial, melodramatic sketch, cast so exclusively into dialogue as to be almost dramatic in effect"; [170] first of three works in the "Sketches by Lamp-Light" series for The Ladies' Companion [153]
"The Three Caps"July 1839MagazineThe Ladies' CompanionBased on Neal's family life; [171] third of three works in the "Sketches by Lamp-Light" series for The Ladies' Companion [153]
"The Runaway"September 1839Magazine Godey's Lady's Book Based on Neal's experience living with Jeremy Bentham in London in August 1826 [172] [153]
"The Instinct of Childhood"1840BookThe Envoy. From Free Hearts to the FreeWritten for a collection of anti-slavery prose and poetry edited by Frances Harriet Whipple Green McDougall and published by the Juvenile Emancipation Society; [173] republished in the Portland Tribune circa 1841; [174] republished in The Star of Bethlehem (1845) [111] [53]
"Coming Out"January 18, 1840Newspaper The New World "A countryman's farcical account ... of his appearance at his first ball"; republished in The Evergreen: A Monthly Magazine of New and Popular Tales and Poetry February 1840 [175]
"The Tragedy of Errors; or Facts Stranger than Fiction"February 15, 1840Newspaper The New World Intended to be titled "The Self-educated Man" by Neal, but retitled by editor Park Benjamin Sr.; roughly based on Neal's travels in the UK "woven in a bizarre plot involving disastrous elopement and a suicide"; republished in The New World (February 24, 1840) and The Evergreen: A Monthly Magazine of New and Popular Tales and Poetry (March 1840) [176]
"Live Women!"May 2, 1840Magazine Brother Jonathan "A preposterous bit of tomfoolery" written to accompany an illustration [177] [178]
"The Ins and the Outs, or the Last of the Bamboozled. By a Disappointed Man"October 15, 1841MagazineThe Family Companion and Ladies' Mirror: A Monthly Magazine of Polite LiteratureAn "expression of contempt for politics" based on Neal's involvement in the Benjamin Harrison's 1840 presidential campaign and subsequent failed attempt at securing a political appointment; [179] [153]
"The Countess of Beltokay"November 15, 1841; December 15, 1841; and January 15, 1842MagazineThe Family Companion and Ladies' Mirror: A Monthly Magazine of Polite Literature"Shows a lively crispness that contrasts with the lumbering involutions of Neal's usual long, closely packed, rambling sentences"; three sketches of disparate scenes in Austria-Hungary "bound together by explanatory threads"; [180] published in three installments [181]
"A Yankee in Paris"November 20, 1841NewspaperPortland TribuneA New Englander's visit to the French theatre; "show's Neal's usual facility in Yankee dialect and Yankee psychology" [182]
"The Switch-Tail Pacer. A Tale of Other Days"December 4, 18, and 25, 1841Magazine Brother Jonathan The story of Nathan Hale "with many variations and considerable subordination of historical fact; [183] published serially over three installments [153]
"Mary Bishop, or the Transformation"February 15, 1842MagazineThe Family Companion and Ladies' Mirror: A Monthly Magazine of Polite LiteratureTakes its title from Lord Byron's The Deformed Transformed; "advances the notion ... that a beautiful soul may inhabit an unlovely body"; "a careless, perfunctory performance" [184] [185]
"Little Joe Junk and the Fisherman's Daughter"March 12 and 19, 1842Magazine Brother Jonathan A children's story, "quite meaningless in its haphazard shiftings," [186] about a young sailor addicted to tobacco and alcohol who experiences a drunken hallucination while shipwrecked; includes an illustration by David Claypoole Johnston [187] published serially in two installments [178]
"Dot and Carry One"April 20, 1842NewspaperPortland Tribune"A slapdash attempt to represent New England character without plot — with a mere string of meaningless, illogical incidents" about a schoolmaster correcting mispronunciations of a family he visits [188]
"The Charcoal-Burners. A Tale"May 21, June 4, June 11, July 2, July 9, and July 23, 1842Magazine Brother Jonathan "Rhapsodic, deep-dyed, unrelieved Gothicism as he had not perpetrated since Logan"; [186] published serially over six installments [153]
"The China Pitcher"April 1843Magazine New Mirror About a young wife's attachment to family heirlooms; "slight in its conception" and "gives every evidence of a careless preciptancy [sic] in execution" [189] [27]
"Idiosyncrasies"May 6 and July 8, 1843Magazine Brother Jonathan Published serially over two installments; [153] republished in The Genius of John Neal: Selections from His Writings (1978) [12] [153]
"The Lottery Ticket"June 1843MagazineThe Magnolia; or, Southern AppalachianA "pseudo-narrative" that portrays lotteries as an objectionable industry that dupes customers into wasting money [190] [44]
"Never Give Up! Always Give Up!"July 1843MagazinePierian: or, Youth's Fountain of Literature and KnowledgeA sketch of a family with children, likely based on Neal's own, followed by a moral statement about when and when not to give up; [191] republished in the Portland Tribune (September 9, 1843) [192] [193]
"Another Mystery!"December 23, 1843Magazine Brother Jonathan A "strangely autobiographic" short narrative about an abandoned family with a plot "too complicated for the space allotted it" [194]
"Lead Us Not into Temptation"February 1844MagazineColumbian Lady's and Gentleman's Magazine"Warns against over-confidence in human powers" [195] [178]
"The Little Fat Quakeress; or, Match-Making at Philadelphia"January 1845MagazineColumbian Lady's and Gentleman's MagazineA feminist defense of unmarried women [196] [197]
"Budding and Blossoming"January 1846Magazine Godey's Lady's Book A study of female development from adolescence to womanhood [166]
"Life Assurance"January 1846MagazineColumbian Lady's and Gentleman's MagazineIllustrates the value of purchasing life insurance and concludes "P.S. Go thou and do likewise" [198] [199]
"My Own Life. By Ruth Elder"July 1, 1848NewspaperPortland TranscriptA sequel to the novella Ruth Elder [200]
"Bubbles"January 1851Magazine Godey's Lady's Book "A queer hybrid narrative ... with one of Neal's delightful family sketches ... as a symbol of the vanity of life" and a "story of an absurd faith in buried treasures"; republished in the Portland Transcript (December 14, 1850) [107]
"New Englandisms"May 1867MagazineBeadle's Monthly, a Magazine of To-dayThree story fragments illustrating New England speech and social phenomena based on accompanying engravings: "The Memorial Quilt," "The Apple-Bee," and "The Sewing-Circle" [201] [79]

Poems

The bulk of Neal's poetry was published in The Portico while studying law in Baltimore in the late 1810s. [202] By 1830 he had "acquired quite a reputation, especially as a poet," having been recognized in multiple poetry collections. [203]

TitleDatePublication typePublication nameNotesRef.
"Passion"Between December 1815 and June 1816NewspaperThe WandererOriginally prepared for recitation at the Wanderer Club of Baltimore; published in volume I, pp. 174–175 [136]
"Recovery"Between December 1815 and June 1816NewspaperThe WandererOriginally prepared for recitation at the Wanderer Club of Baltimore; published in volume I, pp. 221–222 [136]
"To Genius"August 1816Magazine The Portico Shows influence of Lord Byron; [204] republished in Keep Cool (1817) [205] [193]
"Castle Shane"August 1816Magazine The Portico Shows influence of Lord Byron; written while Neal was still engaged in dry goods business, at the suggestion of John Pierpont [206] [193]
"Moonlight"September 1816Magazine The Portico [193]
"To M. A.———"September 1816Magazine The Portico [193]
"The Lyre of the Winds"October 1816Magazine The Portico Shows influence of Lord Byron; [204] republished in The Battle of Niagara: Second Edition — Enlarged: with Other Poems (1819) [207] and in the Portland Tribune (circa 1842) [208] [193]
"Religion"November 1816Magazine The Portico Shows influence of Lord Byron; [204] republished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1841) [209] [193]
"Love's Worst Curse"November 1816Magazine The Portico [193]
"Expression"November 1816Magazine The Portico Republished in Randolph (1823), The Yankee (1828), and the Portland Tribune (circa 1841) [210] [193]
"To Power"November 1816Magazine The Portico Shows influence of Lord Byron; [204] republished in The Yankee (1828) and the Portland Tribune (circa 1841) [211] [193]
"The Oak of the Heart"December 1816Magazine The Portico Republished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1842) [212] [76]
"To Memory"January 1817Magazine The Portico [76]
"Song"January 1817Magazine The Portico Republished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1842); [213] to the tune of "Meeting of the Waters" [76]
"Fragment in Imitation of Byron"February 1817Magazine The Portico [76]
"To Doubt"February 1817Magazine The Portico Republished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1841) [214] [76]
"Sympathy"February 1817Magazine The Portico Republished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1842) [215] [76]
"Song"February 1817Magazine The Portico [76]
"Impromptu on a sprig of Ambrosia which fell from a Lady's bosom"February 1817Magazine The Portico [216]
"Ode on the Birth-Day of a Friend"March 1817Magazine The Portico [217]
"Ambition"March 1817Magazine The Portico Originally published in The Portico as "Song"; republished in The Battle of Niagara: Second Edition — Enlarged: with Other Poems (1819); revised and republished as "Ambition" in Randolph (1823), Atkinson's Casket (1834), Brother Jonathan (May 2, 1840), The Poet's Gift: Illustrated by One of Her Painters edited by John Keese (1845), and Songs of Three Centuries edited by John Greenleaf Whittier (1877); excerpted in Seventy-Six (1823) and The Gift Book of Gems (1856) [218] [217]
"Song"March 1817Magazine The Portico To the tune of "Go Where Glory Waits Thee" [217]
"To A.M.C."March 1817Magazine The Portico [217]
"To Romance"March 1817Magazine The Portico Republished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1842) [219] [217]
"Fancy"May 1817Magazine The Portico Republished in Keep Cool (1817) [205] [76]
"The Sailor's Grave—A Song"June 1817Magazine The Portico Republished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1841) [220] [76]
"Song. The Sailor's Pledge,—By the friend of _____, who fell with Lawrence"June 1817Magazine The Portico "Given special prominence" at the end of volume 3 of The Portico; [221] republished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1842) [222] [76]
Verse parody addressed to "Mr. Editor"July–August 1817Magazine The Portico [141]
"Perry's Victory.—A Song"July–August 1817Magazine The Portico Republished in The Battle of Niagara: Second Edition — Enlarged: with Other Poems (1819); [223] [141]
"To Byron"July–August 1817Magazine The Portico [141]
"To Ida"September–October 1817Magazine The Portico [141]
"To ___ ___ ___"September–October 1817Magazine The Portico [141]
"Song—The Butterfly God"September–October 1817Magazine The Portico Republished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1842) [224] [141]
"To E. M. P."September–October 1817Magazine The Portico Republished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1841) [225] [141]
"To William"December 1817Magazine The Portico [141]
Battle of Niagara1818BookBattle of Niagara, a Poem, without Notes; and Goldau, or the Maniac HarperThe best poetic description of Niagara Falls up to that time; [31] inspired Charles Naylor as a boy; [226] used by Edward Dickinson Baker in political campaigns; [227] revised and republished in The Battle of Niagara: Second Edition — Enlarged: with Other Poems (1819); [228] excerpted in Lady's Amaranth (December 8, 1838), [44] Brother Jonathan (July 4, 1840), [178] Portland Tribune (circa 1842), [212] The Gift Book of Gems (1856), [185] and A Down-East Yankee from the District of Maine (1920) [229] [11]
Goldau1818BookBattle of Niagara, a Poem, without Notes; and Goldau, or the Maniac HarperAn epic poem in English verse about the destruction of an Alpine village; [230] revised and republished in The Battle of Niagara: Second Edition — Enlarged: with Other Poems (1819); [231] excerpted in Lady's Amaranth (January 5, 1839) [44] and Portland Tribune (circa 1842) [212] [11]
"Ode, Delivered Before the Delphians. A Literary Society of Baltimore"1819BookThe Battle of Niagara: Second Edition — Enlarged: with Other PoemsOriginally written for a Delphian Club meeting (December 26, 1818) as "Ode, alias Poem, on the Anniversary of His Ludships Elevation to the Tripod" [232]
"Conquest of Peru"1819BookThe Battle of Niagara: Second Edition — Enlarged: with Other PoemsA fragmented experiment in blank verse [233]
"Hymn, (Sung at the late ordination of Mr. Pierpont, in Boston)"1819BookThe Battle of Niagara: Second Edition — Enlarged: with Other PoemsWritten for the ordination of John Pierpont [223]
"To the Genius of Painting"March 16, 1819NewspaperFederal Republican and Baltimore TelegraphRepublished in the The Battle of Niagara: Second Edition — Enlarged: with Other Poems (1819) [234]
"Hymn for the Lord's Supper"1823BookRandolph, A NovelRepresented as the work of a fictional character in the novel [235]
"Poetry, Inclosed to —————"1823BookRandolph, A NovelRepresented as the work of a fictional character in the novel [236]
"To —————"1823BookRandolph, A NovelRepresented as the work of a fictional character in the novel [237]
"To —————, The Same, In Atonement"1823BookRandolph, A NovelRepresented as the work of a fictional character in the novel [238]
"Hymn. Supper"1823BookRandolph, A NovelRepresented as the work of a fictional character in the novel [239]
"What is an Album?"1823BookRandolph, A NovelRepresented as the work of a fictional character in the novel [240]
"To —————"1823BookRandolph, A NovelRepresented as the work of a fictional character in the novel [241]
"The Birth of a Poet"January 1, 1828MagazineThe YankeeRepublished in The Edinburgh Literary Journal: or, Weekly Register of Criticism and Belles Lettres (May 16, 1829), Specimens of American Poetry (1829), The Poets of America: Illustrated by One of Her Painters edited by John Keese (1840), The Poets and Poetry of America (1842), The Gift Book of Gems (1856), and Cyclopedia of American Literature (1875) [242]
"The Indian Girl of Lake Ontario"February 6, 1828MagazineThe YankeeRepublished as "The Indian Girl" in The Ladies' Companion (January 1838) and the Portland Tribune (circa 1841) [243]
"The Sleeper"April 9, 1828BookThe YankeeRepublished in Specimens of American Poetry, with Critical and Biographical Notices edited by Samuel Kettell (1829) [244]
"Preliminary Poem"September 10, 1828MagazineThe Yankee [245]
"Address for the New Year by the Editors of The Yankee and Boston Literary Gazette—Jan.1, 1829"1829MagazineThe YankeeRepublished in Specimens of American Poetry, with Critical and Biographical Notices edited by Samuel Kettell (1829), the Portland Tribune (circa 1842), and Brother Jonathan (October 7, 1843) [246]
"How to Make Poetry"1829MagazineThe Yankee [247]
"Stanzas to Woman"September 1829MagazineThe YankeeRepublished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1841) [248]
"A War-Song of the Revolution"July 1829MagazineThe Yankee and Boston Literary GazetteRepublished in The Portland Sketch Book (1836); republished as "War Song of Other Days" in the Evening Signal (April 3, 1840), The New World (April 4, 1840), The Evergreen: A Monthly Magazine of New and Popular Tales and Poetry (May 1840) [249]
"The Ideot-Boy"October 1829MagazineThe YankeeRepublished in Brother Jonathan (August 5, 1843) [250]
"Language"1835BookPractical Grammar of the English LanguageRepublished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1841) and One Word More (1854) [251]
"Shakespeare's Tomb"March 1835Magazine The New-England Magazine A "once-popular" poem with "vigor and rhetorical apostrophe ... but none of the freshness of diction or image that mark fine poetry"; [252] originally published without a title; republished in the Gift Book of Gems (1856) [253]
"The Marriage Ring"October 1, 1835MagazineThe Portland Magazine, Devoted to Literature"Marred by graveyard sentimentality" with "at least one effective stanza" that anticipates the "later macabre effects of Poe" [254] [141]
"Verses Written at Cape Cottage"December 1838MagazineThe Ladies' CompanionA ballad about a hotel by that name Neal owned in Cape Elizabeth, Maine; [255] republished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1842) [256] and The New World (January 14, 1843), [255] [147]
"Verses to her who will Understand Them"April 4, 1840Newspaper The New World Republished in The Evergreen: A Monthly Magazine of New and Popular Tales and Poetry (May 1840), [257] the Portland Tribune (circa 1842), and Brother Jonathan (June 24, 1843) [258] [257]
"One Day in the History of the World"October 15, 1841MagazineThe Family Companion, and Ladies' Mirror [259]
"Bunker Hill"circa 1842NewspaperPortland Tribune [260]
"To ———"circa 1842NewspaperPortland Tribune [261]
"Stanzas"circa 1842NewspaperPortland Tribune [262]
"Where Are They?"circa 1842NewspaperPortland TribuneRepublished in Alexander's Whig Messenger (November 9, 1842) [263]
"A Pair of Verses"circa 1842NewspaperPortland Tribune [264]
"Washingtonian (Written for a Tea-Party) Your Father is a Man Again"circa 1842NewspaperPortland Tribune [265]
"The Dying Husband to His Wife"January 15, 1842MagazineThe Family Companion, and Ladies' MirrorRepublished in Emerson's United States Magazine December 1856 [266] [259]
"Polsko Powstan"March 15, 1842MagazineThe Family Companion, and Ladies' MirrorRepublished in Brother Jonathan magazine April 30, 1842 [267] [259]
"The Birth of Woman"May 13, 1843Magazine Brother Jonathan [268]
"To a Friend: On the Birth of Her First Child"November 4, 1843Magazine Brother Jonathan [269]
"My Child! My Child!"1847 Gift book The MayflowerInspired by the death of Neal's infant daughter Eleanor in 1845. [166] [44]
"Inscription"1851BookThe Memorial: Written by the Friends of the Late Mrs. OsgoodPrinted in the front of a memorial book in honor of Frances Sargent Osgood [270] [53]
"The Pledge"March 1852Magazine Graham's Magazine Republished in the Portland Tribune (circa 1842) [271] [185]
"Almighty God! Jehovah! Father! Friend!"1854BookOne Word More: Intended for the Reasoning and Thoughtful among Unbelievers [272]
"Patience"January 1855Newspaper The Una: A Paper Devoted to the Elevation of Woman [111]
"Three Hundred Thousand Strong"January 1864Magazine Harper's Magazine Inspired by the Civil War; appears with the date "Nov. 9, 1863" [273] [185]
"Battle Shadows No. 1 — The Boy-Trooper"March 1864MagazineThe Northern MonthlyInspired by the Civil War; appears with the date "January 28, 1864" [273] [127]
"Our Battle Flag—Hurrah!"July 1864MagazineThe Northern MonthlyInspired by the Civil War [273] [127]
"The Silent Gathering"June 1866MagazineBeadle's Monthly, a Magazine of To-dayBlank verse; about the return of Jews to Jerusalem [274] [79]

Other

Drama

Neither of Neal's two fully conceived plays, nor his theatrical sketch, were ever produced for the stage. [275]

TitleDatePublication type1st publisherNotesRef.
Otho: A Tragedy, in Five Acts1819BookBoston: West, Richardson and LordWritten in blank verse poetry; entirely rewritten and republished serially in thirteen installments in The Yankee (1828) [276] [6]
Sketch for a Fifth Act1829MagazineThe YankeeA theatrical fragment of a tragedy about a duel; all three characters die [277]
Our Ephraim, or The New Englanders, A What-d'ye-call-it?–in three ActsMay 16, May 23, May 30, June 3, and June 13, 1835Magazine Brother Jonathan Published serially over five issues of Brother Jonathan; the "fullest detailing of Yankee dialect" of any work by Neal [278] [26]

Translations

Neal was fluent in French and able to easily converse and write in Spanish, Italian, and German. In addition, he "could manage ... pretty well" writing and reading Portuguese, Swedish, Danish, Hebrew, Latin, Greek, and Old Saxon. [279] He learned to read Chinese shortly before his death. [280]

TitleAuthorDatePublication type1st publisherOriginal languageNotesRef.
"Morals and Legislation" Étienne Dumont and Jeremy Bentham July 2, 1828 – May 1829MagazineThe YankeeFrenchA work on utilitarianism by Jeremy Bentham; published in eighteen installments [281]
"Principles of the Civil Code" Étienne Dumont and Jeremy Bentham June 18, 1829MagazineThe YankeeFrenchA work on utilitarianism by Jeremy Bentham [282]
Principles of Legislation: from the MS of Jeremy Bentham Étienne Dumont and Jeremy Bentham 1830BookBoston: Wells and LillyFrenchA translation of the first part of the first volume of Traités de Législation; [283] much of the content originally published in The Yankee (1828–1829); [284] includes short biographies by Neal of Jeremy Bentham and Étienne Dumont [21]
The Wandering PiperJosé CortesFebruary 1834ManuscriptNever publishedSpanishAn unpublished play El Gaytero Errante by a Spanish instructor from Spain Neal met in Portland, Maine; Thomas Barry, manager of the Tremont Theatre in Boston, committed to producing it but never did; Barry claimed to have returned the manuscript to Cortes and Neal claimed Barry kept it [285]
"Principles of Legislation: from the MS of Jeremy Bentham" Étienne Dumont and Jeremy Bentham January 17, January 31, March 21, April 4, April 11, April 18, April 25, May 30, June 13, July 4, September 19, October 10, and November 21, 1835NewspaperNew England GalaxyFrenchA translation of the first part of the second volume of Traites de Legislation; published in thirteen installments [286]
Koenig YngurdAdolph MuellnerJanuary 24, 1835NewspaperNew England GalaxyGermanExcerpts from a poem [287]
"From the 'Traites De Legislation, Civile Et Penale,'—Part of Chapter XV. Vol I" Étienne Dumont and Jeremy Bentham August 5, 1843Magazine Brother Jonathan FrenchA translation of a portion of the fifteenth chapter of Traités de Législation [288]

Newspapers for which Neal wrote

This list includes newspapers not listed elsewhere in this bibliography.

TitleLocatedPeriodRef.
Hallowell Gazette Hallowell, Maine April 27, 1814 [289]
Columbian Centinel Boston August 16, 1817 [289]
Federal Republican and Baltimore Telegraph Baltimore 1817–1822 [289]
Morning Chronicle Baltimore 1819–1822 [289]
Federal Gazette and Baltimore Daily Advertiser Baltimore 1820–1823 [289]
American and Commercial Daily Advertiser Baltimore 1822 [289]
Baltimore Patriot and Mercantile Advertiser Baltimore 1822 [289]
Columbian Observer Philadelphia 1822–1823 [289]
National Journal Washington, D.C. 1823 [289]
The Morning Chronicle London January 27, 1826 [289]
Morning Herald London 1827 [289]
Portland Daily Advertiser Portland, Maine 1829–1876 [289]
Morning Courier and New-York Enquirer New York City 1831–1838 [289]
The Sun New York City 1836 and April 1843 – September 1844 [289]
National Intelligencer Washington, D.C. December 14, 1839 [289]
The Evening Signal New York City January–April 1840 [289]
Eastern Argus Portland, Maine January 24 and April 17, 1840 [289]
Portland Tribune Portland, Maine 1841–1845 [289]
Public Ledger Philadelphia January 13, 1844 [289]
Portland Transcript Portland, Maine 1848–1876 [290]
The State of Maine Portland, Maine 1853–1855 [290]
Portland Daily Press Portland, Maine August 14, 1873 [290]

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Events from the year 1832 in the United States.

<i>Blackwoods Magazine</i> British magazine

Blackwood's Magazine was a British magazine and miscellany printed between 1817 and 1980. It was founded by the publisher William Blackwood and was originally called the Edinburgh Monthly Magazine. The first number appeared in April 1817 under the editorship of Thomas Pringle and James Cleghorn. The journal was unsuccessful and Blackwood fired Pringle and Cleghorn and relaunched the journal as Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine under his own editorship. The journal eventually adopted the shorter name and from the relaunch often referred to itself as Maga. The title page bore the image of George Buchanan, a 16th-century Scottish historian, religious and political thinker.

Literary nonsense

Literary nonsense is a broad categorization of literature that balances elements that make sense with some that do not, with the effect of subverting language conventions or logical reasoning. Even though the most well-known form of literary nonsense is nonsense verse, the genre is present in many forms of literature.

Modern Painters (1843–1860) is a five-volume work by the eminent Victorian art critic, John Ruskin, begun when he was 24 years old based on material collected in Switzerland in 1842. Ruskin argues that recent painters emerging from the tradition of the picturesque are superior in the art of landscape to the old masters. The book was primarily written as a defense of the later work of J.M.W. Turner. Ruskin used the book to argue that art should devote itself to the accurate documentation of nature. In Ruskin's view, Turner had developed from early detailed documentation of nature to a later more profound insight into natural forces and atmospheric effects. In this way, Modern Painters reflects “Landscape and Portrait-Painting” (1829) by American art critic John Neal by distinguishing between "things seen by the artist" and "things as they are."

Edward Coote Pinkney American poet, lawyer, sailor, professor, and editor

Edward Coote Pinkney was an American poet, lawyer, sailor, professor, and editor. Born in London in 1802, Pinkney made his way to Maryland. After attending college, he joined the United States Navy and traveled throughout the Mediterranean and elsewhere. He then attempted a law career but was unsuccessful and attempted to join the Mexican army, though he never did. He died at the age of 25 in 1828.

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature.

Brother Jonathan was a weekly publication operated by Benjamin Day from 1842 to 1862, and was the first weekly illustrated publication in the United States.

The Boston Miscellany of Literature and Fashion was a monthly literary and fashion magazine published in Boston, Massachusetts from 1842 to 1843. It also published book reviews and music.

Hoffmans <i>Course of Legal Study</i> Nineteenth-century legal textbook

Hoffman's Course of Legal Study is an 1817 legal textbook by American law professor David Hoffman that was influential in the development of America's first law school curricula. An early American law professor, Hoffman was largely forgotten for generations but has gained more attention since the 1970s and been called "the first of the systemic legal educators" and "the father of American legal ethics".

Blackwood (publishing house)

William Blackwood and Sons was a Scottish publishing house and printer founded by William Blackwood in 1804. It played a key role in literary history, publishing many important authors, for example John Buchan, George Tomkyns Chesney, Joseph Conrad, George Eliot, E. M. Forster, John Galt, John Neal, Thomas De Quincey, Charles Reade, Margaret Oliphant, John Hanning Speke and Anthony Trollope, both in books and in the monthly Blackwood’s Magazine.

Fred Lewis Pattee American academic

Fred Lewis Pattee was an American author and scholar of American literature. As a professor of American literature at the Pennsylvania State University, Pattee wrote the lyrics of the Penn State Alma Mater. Pattee is sometimes labeled the "first Professor of American Literature", a position he held at Penn State from 1895 until 1928.

Tobias Watkins was an American physician, editor, writer, educator, and political appointee in the Baltimore-Washington, D.C. area. He played leading roles in early American literary institutions such as The Portico and the Delphian Club and in early American medical institutions such as The Baltimore Medical and Physical Recorder and The Maryland State Medical Society. He served as an assistant surgeon general in the United States Army, secretary to the Spanish Commission following the Adams–Onís Treaty, Fourth Auditor of the United States Treasury, and an education leader in the Washington, D.C. area. The Supreme Court decisions connected to his high-profile conviction for embezzlement are part of the history of original habeas as it relates to federal review of federal custody in the US.

American literary nationalism

American literary nationalism was a literary movement in the United States in the early-to mid 19th century, which consisted of American authors working towards the development of a distinct American literature. Literary figures such as Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, William Cullen Bryant and William Ellery Channing advocated the creation of a definitively American form of literature with emphasis "on spiritual values and social usefulness." Longfellow wrote that "when we say that the literature of a country is national, we mean that it bears upon it the stamp of national character." Many authors of the time also advocated tying the literature to religion. These demands were also couched in a perceived contrast between the English author as a "well-off amateur writer...who writes in his spare time for personal amusement" and the American as a "professional author, writing out of economic necessity."

Articles by John Neal Articles written by John Neal (1793–1876) and published in periodicals

This list of articles by American writer John Neal (1793–1876) is part of the larger John Neal bibliography. It includes his first known published work and continues through the last decade of his life. Published in newspapers, magazines, and literary journals, the topics of these works reflect the author's broad interests, including women's rights, feminism, gender, race, slavery, children, education, law, politics, art, architecture, literature, drama, religion, gymnastics, civics, American history, science, phrenology, travel, language, political economy, and temperance.

References

Citations

  1. Pattee 1937, p. 22.
  2. Merlob 2012, p. 118n11.
  3. Kayorie 2019, p. 90; Fleischmann 1983, p. 145; Lease 1972, pp. 42, 69–70.
  4. Sears 1978, p. 123.
  5. Fleischmann 1983, p. 232.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Richards 1933, p. 1882.
  7. Goddu 1997, p. 60, quoting Alexander Cowie.
  8. Goddu 1997, p. 63.
  9. Sears 1978, p. 46; Barnes 1984, pp. 46–47.
  10. Neal 1869, p. 224.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 Sears 1978, p. 145.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Lease & Lang 1978, p. v.
  13. Neal 1869, p. 229.
  14. Dickson 1943, p. iii.
  15. Lease & Lang 1978, p. xv.
  16. 1 2 3 Richards 1933, p. 824.
  17. Fleischmann 1983, p. 284.
  18. Watts & Carlson 2012b, p. xviii.
  19. Sears 1978, p. 82.
  20. Richards 1933, pp. 920–922.
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Richards 1933, p. 1883.
  22. Sears 1978, p. 84.
  23. Sears 1978, p. 88.
  24. Lease 1972, p. 153.
  25. 1 2 3 Richards 1933, p. 732.
  26. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Sears 1978, p. 147.
  27. 1 2 Richards 1933, p. 1893.
  28. Richards 1933, pp. 1882–1883.
  29. Richards 1933, pp. 1211–1212.
  30. Richards 1933, pp. 1223–1224.
  31. 1 2 Hayes 2012, p. 275.
  32. Richards 1933, p. 1179n2.
  33. 1 2 Sears 1978, p. 120.
  34. Pattee 1937, p. v.
  35. Fleischmann 1983, p. 5.
  36. Watts & Carlson 2012a, p. 296.
  37. Lease 1972, p. 198.
  38. Richards 1933, pp. 1254–1255.
  39. Richards 1933, p. 1260.
  40. Neal 1869, pp. 354–355.
  41. Barry 1979, p. 2D.
  42. Sears 1978, p. 106.
  43. Richards 1933, p. 631.
  44. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Richards 1933, p. 1892.
  45. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Richards 1933, p. 1884.
  46. Neal 1869, p. 345.
  47. Richards 1933, p. 880.
  48. Richards 1933, p. 890.
  49. Richards 1933, pp. 956–958.
  50. Richards 1933, pp. 1175–1177.
  51. Neal 1869, p. 6.
  52. Brooks 1833, p. 85, quoting Hezekiah Niles.
  53. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Richards 1933, p. 1885.
  54. 1 2 Brooks 1833, p. 100.
  55. 1 2 Richards 1933, p. 1898.
  56. Richards 1933, pp. 1148–1149.
  57. Lease & Lang 1978, p. xxiii.
  58. Lease & Lang 1978, p. xviii.
  59. Richards 1933, p. 627.
  60. Pattee 1937, p. 23.
  61. Fleischmann 1983, p. 187.
  62. Fleischmann 2007, pp. 565–567.
  63. 1 2 Daggett 1920, p. 11.
  64. Davis 2007, p. 69.
  65. Sears 1978, p. 113; Fleischmann 1983, p. 145.
  66. Sears 1978, p. 118; Dickson 1943, p. ix.
  67. Dickson 1943, p. xxiii.
  68. 1 2 3 Meserve 1986, p. 25.
  69. Richards 1933, p. 628.
  70. Sears 1978, p. 27.
  71. Richards 1933, p. 67.
  72. Lease 1972, p. 19.
  73. Richards 1933, p. 91.
  74. Lease 1972, p. 208.
  75. Fleischmann 2012, p. 250.
  76. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Richards 1933, p. 1896.
  77. Richards 1933, p. 472.
  78. Richards 1933, p. 1889.
  79. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Richards 1933, p. 1887.
  80. Dickson 1943, pp. 26–37.
  81. Richards 1933, pp. 478–479.
  82. Richards 1933, pp. 479–480.
  83. Sears 1978, p. 72.
  84. 1 2 Lease 1972, p. 206.
  85. 1 2 Lease 1972, p. 207.
  86. Fleischmann 1983, p. 163.
  87. Richards 1933, pp. 483–485, 986.
  88. Fleischmann 1983, p. 166.
  89. Richards 1933, pp. 490–491, quoting Neal's article.
  90. Richards 1933, pp. 538–540.
  91. 1 2 3 4 5 Lease 1972, p. 209.
  92. Richards 1933, pp. 530–531.
  93. Richards 1933, p. 635.
  94. Fleischmann 1983, pp. 174–175.
  95. Weyler 2012, p. 239.
  96. Fleischmann 1983, pp. 350, 376.
  97. Meserve 1986, pp. 24–25.
  98. Richards 1933, p. 625.
  99. Richards 1933, p. 593.
  100. Richards 1933, p. 612, quoting a letter from Edgar Allan Poe.
  101. Orestano 2012, p. 138.
  102. Orestano 2012, pp. 137–138, quoting John Ruskin.
  103. Richards 1933, pp. 601–602.
  104. Richards 1933, p. 782.
  105. Richards 1933, p. 783, quoting the New-York Mirror .
  106. Richards 1933, pp. 782–784.
  107. 1 2 Richards 1933, p. 1090.
  108. Richards 1933, p. 783.
  109. 1 2 Richards 1933, p. 903.
  110. Richards 1933, p. 1257.
  111. 1 2 3 4 Richards 1933, p. 1899.
  112. Weiss 2007, p. 343.
  113. Holtzman 2015.
  114. Richards 1933, pp. 820–821.
  115. Fleischmann 1983, p. 189.
  116. Daggett 1920, p. 30.
  117. 1 2 Fleischmann 1983, p. 189, quoting History of Woman Suffrage vol 2.
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  119. 1 2 Richards 1933, pp. 1045–1047.
  120. 1 2 Richards 1933, p. 1048.
  121. Richards 1933, pp. 985–987.
  122. Richards 1933, pp. 1096–1097.
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  131. Fleischmann 1983, p. 215.
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  133. Fleischmann 1983, p. 13.
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  214. Richards 1933, p. 1646.
  215. Richards 1933, p. 1647.