John Roettiers

Last updated

John Roettiers (4 July 1631 – 1703) was a celebrated English engraver and medallist.


Roettiers was the oldest son of Philip Roettiers, a goldsmith of Antwerp. He took up the profession of stonecutter and medallist, with his earliest known productions being dated 1658 and 1660. In 1661 Charles II of England invited Roettiers and his brother Joseph (and subsequently a third brother Philip) to join the British Royal Mint, and by 1662 Roettiers was one of the mint's chief engravers. He was aided by his two sons, James and Norbert. [1] He produced many important coin and medal designs throughout the reign of Charles II, including a new Great Seal in 1666–1667. He also produced the official coronation medals of James II of England (1685) and William III and Mary II (1689). He died in 1703 and was buried in the Tower.

Roettiers was widely credited as one of the best engravers ever employed at the English mint. John Evelyn termed him "that excellent engraver... who emulates even the ancients in stone and metal" ( Diary , 20 July 1678), and Samuel Pepys declared his medals to be "some of the finest pieces of work, in embossed work, that I ever did see in my life" (Diary, 26 March 1666).

John's brother, Joseph, was Engraver-General at the Monnaie de Paris. [2] His sons James Roettiers (1663–1698) and Norbert Roettiers (1665–1727) were also famed engravers and medallists both in England and in France.

See also

Related Research Articles

The Five Guinea was a machine-struck gold coin produced from 1668–1753. Measuring 37 millimetres in diameter and weighing between 41 and 42 grams, it was the largest regularly produced gold coin in Britain. Although the coin is commonly known as the "Five guinea" piece, during the 17th and 18th centuries it was also known as a Five-pound piece, as the guinea was originally worth twenty shillings — until its value was fixed at twenty-one shillings by a Royal Proclamation in 1717 the value fluctuated rather in the way that bullion coins do today.

Two guineas (British coin)

The Two Guineas was a gold coin first minted in England in 1664 with a face value of forty shillings. The source of the gold used, also provided the coin its name - the "Guinea", with the regular addition of an elephant or castle symbol on the earliest issues to denote bullion supplied by the Royal African Company. For most of its period of production, the coin weighed between 16.7 and 16.8 grams and was 31-32 millimetres in diameter, although the earliest coins of Charles II were about 0.1 grams lighter and 1 millimetre smaller.

Guinea (coin) British gold coin minted between 1663 and 1814

The guinea was a coin, minted in Great Britain between 1663 and 1814, that contained approximately one-quarter of an ounce of gold. The name came from the Guinea region in West Africa, from where much of the gold used to make the coins was sourced. It was the first English machine-struck gold coin, originally worth one pound sterling, equal to twenty shillings, but rises in the price of gold relative to silver caused the value of the guinea to increase, at times to as high as thirty shillings. From 1717 to 1816, its value was officially fixed at twenty-one shillings.

The half guinea gold coin of the Kingdom of England and later of Great Britain was first produced in 1669, some years after the Guinea entered circulation. It was officially eliminated in the Great Recoinage of 1816, although, like the guinea, it was used in quoting prices until decimalisation.

Benedetto Pistrucci Italian engraver (1783–1855)

Benedetto Pistrucci was an Italian gem-engraver, medallist and coin engraver, probably best known for his Saint George and the Dragon design for the British sovereign coin. Pistrucci was commissioned by the British government to create the large Waterloo Medal, a project which took him thirty years to complete.

Thomas Simon English medallist

Thomas Simon, English medalist, was born, according to George Vertue, in Yorkshire about 1623.

Events from the year 1772 in art.

François Roettiers

François Roettiers (1685–1742) was a Flemish Baroque painter, sculptor, medallist and engraver from the early 18th century, who worked mainly in Austria.

Petition Crown

The Petition Crown was a pattern coin produced in 1663 by Thomas Simon, a celebrated English medallist and coin-designer. The coin was submitted directly by the artist to King Charles II as a personal 'petition' against the contemporary coins designed by the Flemish brothers John and Joseph Roettiers, and for the further Royal consideration that only Simon's designs be used for all future specie now that machine-made currency had been adopted universally for the production of British coinage.

Jacques Roettiers

Jacques Roettiers was a noted engraver in England and France, and one of the most celebrated Parisian goldsmiths and silversmiths of his day.

Norbert Roettiers was a celebrated Flanders-born engraver of currency and medals in both England and France. With his elder brother James he was named Engraver-General to the British Royal Mint in 1695.

Charles Norbert Roettiers

Charles Norbert Roettiers was a noted French engraver and medallist.

Joseph-Charles Roettiers

Joseph-Charles Roettiers was a noted French engraver and medalist.

Joseph Roettiers

Joseph Roettiers (1635–1703) was a Flemish medallist active in England and France, and a member of the celebrated Roettier family of goldsmiths, silversmiths, and engravers.

Nicholas Briot was an innovative French coin engraver, medallist and mechanical engineer, who emigrated to England and became chief engraver to the Royal Mint in 1633 and is credited with the invention of the coining-press.

George Bower, was a medallist to King Charles II, James II and William III, and an engraver to the Royal Mint. Although his work displays considerable skill it is inferior in finish and execution to that of the Roettiers, well-known medallists of the same period. The most interesting of Bower's medals may be the specimen struck to commemorate the acquittal of the Earl of Shaftesbury of high treason. It has a bust of the earl on the obverse; on the reverse is the legend "Lætamur, 24 Nov. 1681", and a view of London with the sun bursting from behind a cloud.

Pierre-Simon-Benjamin Duvivier French engraver

Pierre-Simon-Benjamin Duvivier was a French engraver of coins and medals.

Jean Dassier

Jean Dassier was a Genevan engraver and medallist.

John Croker (engraver)

John Croker, born in Saxony and known in his youth as Johann Crocker, was a master jeweller who migrated to London, where he became a medallist and engraved dies for English and later British coins and medals.


  1. The French Engraver at the Dublin Mint, Coin News, June 2019.
  2. The French Engraver at the Dublin Mint, Coin News, June 2019.