John Sebastian Little

Last updated
John Sebastian Little
AR Little John.jpg
21st Governor of Arkansas
In office
January 8, 1907 (1907-01-08) February 15, 1907 (1907-02-15)
Preceded by Jeff Davis
Succeeded by John Isaac Moore
as Acting Governor
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Arkansas's 4th district
In office
March 4, 1903 January 14, 1907
Preceded by Charles C. Reid
Succeeded by William B. Cravens
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Arkansas's 2nd district
In office
December 3, 1894 March 3, 1903
Preceded by Clifton R. Breckinridge
Succeeded by Stephen Brundidge, Jr.
Member of the Arkansas House of Representatives
In office
1884-1886
Personal details
BornMarch 15, 1851
Jenny Lind, Arkansas
DiedOctober 29, 1916(1916-10-29) (aged 65)
Little Rock, Arkansas
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Jane Irwin (1861-1953)

John Sebastian Little (March 15, 1851 – October 29, 1916) was an American politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives and the 21st Governor of the U.S. state of Arkansas.

United States House of Representatives lower house of the United States Congress

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they comprise the legislature of the United States.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

Biography

John Sebastian "Bass" Little was born in Jenny Lind in Sebastian County, Arkansas, the son of Jesse Eaton Little and Mary Elizabeth (Tatum) Little, and grandson of Eaton Tatum and Charlotte Bruer (Reynolds) Tatum. Little attended Cane Hill College in Washington County for one term.

Jenny Lind is an unincorporated community in Sebastian County, in the U.S. state of Arkansas.

Sebastian County, Arkansas County in the United States

Sebastian County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 125,744, making it the fourth-most populous county in Arkansas. The county has two county seats, Greenwood and Fort Smith.

Cane Hill College

Cane Hill College, originally Cane Hill School, was the first institution of higher learning in Arkansas. It operated in Canehill, Arkansas from 1834 until 1891.

Little taught school and studied law. He was admitted to the Arkansas bar in 1873, and in 1876 he was elected prosecuting attorney of the 12th Judicial District. He served in that position until 1882.

Little married Elizabeth Jane Irwin on January 4, 1877, in Paris, Arkansas.

Paris, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Paris is a city in Logan County, Arkansas, United States, and serves as the county seat for the northern district of Logan County; its southern district counterpart is Booneville. The population was 3,532 at the 2010 United States Census.

Career

Little served in the Arkansas House of Representatives in 1884, and in 1886 was appointed judge in the Twelfth Judicial Circuit and served for four years. [1]

Arkansas House of Representatives lower house of the Arkansas General Assembly

The Arkansas House of Representatives is the lower house of the Arkansas General Assembly, the state legislature of the US state of Arkansas. The House is composed of 100 members elected from an equal amount of constituencies across the state. Each district has an average population of 29,159 according to the 2010 federal census. Members are elected to two-year terms and, since the 2014 Amendment to the Arkansas Constitution, limited to sixteen years cumulative in either house.

In 1894 he was elected to fill the unexpired term of U.S. Representative Clifton R. Breckinridge. He served in the United States House of Representatives until 1907 when he resigned his seat to take office as Governor of Arkansas. [2]

Clifton R. Breckinridge Confederate military officer and politician

Clifton Rodes Breckinridge was a Democratic alderman, congressman, diplomat, businessman and veteran of the Confederate Army and Navy. He was a member of the prominent Breckinridge family, the son of Vice President of the United States and Confederate General John C. Breckinridge and the great-grandson of U.S. Senator and Attorney General of the United States John Breckinridge.

Little was inaugurated in January 1907, and shortly thereafter suffered a nervous breakdown which left him unable to execute his political duties. He was succeeded by the president of the Arkansas state senate, John Isaac Moore.

John Isaac Moore American politician

John Isaac "Ike" Moore was a member of the Arkansas Senate and Acting Governor of the U.S. state of Arkansas.

Death

Little left Arkansas and went to the Texas gulf coast in an effort to rehabilitate. Little never recovered and died in Little Rock, in the Arkansas State Hospital for Nervous Disorders. He is buried at the City Cemetery in Greenwood.

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References

  1. "John Sebastian Little(1907)". Old State House Museum. Archived from the original on November 14, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
  2. "Arkansas Governor John Sebastian Little". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Clifton R. Breckinridge
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Arkansas's 2nd congressional district

1894–1903
Succeeded by
Stephen Brundidge, Jr.
Preceded by
Charles C. Reid
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Arkansas's 4th congressional district

1903–1907
Succeeded by
William B. Cravens
Political offices
Preceded by
Jeff Davis
Governor of Arkansas
1907
Succeeded by
John Isaac Moore
Acting Governor