John Stafford (bishop)

Last updated
John Stafford
Archbishop of Canterbury
Primate of All England
Henry VI enthroned - British Library Royal MS 15 E vi f405r (detail).jpg
Henry VI enthroned. The leading figure at far left holding a mace/staff/baton with a purse (containing the Great Seal) attached to his waist appears to be the Lord Chancellor, those items being the symbols of his office. Possibly John Stafford (d.1452), Lord Chancellor (1432-1450) and Archbishop of Canterbury (1443-1452). Detail from "Talbot Shrewsbury Book", 1444-45
Appointed13 May 1443
Installedunknown
Term ended25 May 1452
Predecessor Henry Chichele
Successor John Kemp
Other posts Bishop of Bath and Wells
Orders
Consecrationtranslated 13 May 1443
Personal details
Died25 May 1452
Denomination Roman Catholic
Effigy of Emma, mother of Archbishop John Stafford(d.1452), North Bradley Church, Wiltshire. Inscription in ledger-line: hic jacet d(omin)a Emma mater Venerabilissimi patris et domini D(omi)ni Joh(ann)is Stafford dei gra(tia) Cantuariensis Archiepi(scopi) qu(a)e obiit quinto die mensis Septembris anno d(omi)ni Mille(n)simo ccc.mo quadra(gen)s(i)mo vi.o cui(us) anime p(ro)piciet(ur) de(us) am(en) ("Here lies Lady Emma mother of the most venerable father and lord, Lord John Stafford by the grace of God Archbishop of Canterbury, who died on the 5th day of the month of September in the one thousandth four hundredth and sixth year of our Lord, on whose soul may God look with favour amen" Effigy of Emma - North Bradley Church - Wiltshire.jpg
Effigy of Emma, mother of Archbishop John Stafford(d.1452), North Bradley Church, Wiltshire. Inscription in ledger-line: hic jacet d(omin)a Emma mater Venerabilissimi patris et domini D(omi)ni Joh(ann)is Stafford dei gra(tia) Cantuariensis Archiepi(scopi) qu(a)e obiit quinto die mensis Septembris anno d(omi)ni Mille(n)simo ccc.mo quadra(gen)s(i)mo vi.o cui(us) anime p(ro)piciet(ur) de(us) am(en) ("Here lies Lady Emma mother of the most venerable father and lord, Lord John Stafford by the grace of God Archbishop of Canterbury, who died on the 5th day of the month of September in the one thousandth four hundredth and sixth year of our Lord, on whose soul may God look with favour amen"

John Stafford (died 25 May 1452) was a medieval English prelate and statesman who served as Lord Chancellor (1432–1450) and as Archbishop of Canterbury (1443–1452).

Contents

Early life and education

Stafford was the illegitimate son of Sir Humphrey Stafford of Southwick, a Wiltshire squire, and required papal permission before he became the rector of Farmborough, vicar of Bathampton and prebendary of Wells. [1]

He was educated at the University of Oxford. [2]

Career

Stafford was appointed Dean of Arches in 1419 and served as Archdeacon of Salisbury from 1419 to 1421. From 1423 to 1424 he was Dean of Wells.

He came to note under Henry VI, becoming Lord Privy Seal in 1421 [3] and Lord High Treasurer the following year. [4] He was Lord Chancellor from 1432 to 1450. [5]

On 18 December 1424 Pope Martin V made him Bishop of Bath and Wells, and he was consecrated on 27 May 1425. [6] Pope Eugene IV made him Archbishop of Canterbury in May 1443, a position he held until his death on 25 May 1452. [7] He steered an even course between parties as a moderate man and useful official.

His grand nephew Humphrey Stafford of Hooke rose in prominence in the King's party thereafter.

Further reading

Citations

  1. Dunning, Robert (2005). A Somerset Miscellany. Tiverton: Somerset Books. pp.  32–33. ISBN   0-86183-427-5.
  2. Davies, R.G. (2004). "Stafford, John (d. 1452)" . Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online) (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/26209.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 95
  4. Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 106
  5. Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 87
  6. Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 228
  7. Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 233

Related Research Articles

Thomas Bourchier (cardinal) 15th-century Archbishop of Canterbury, Chancellor of England, and cardinal

Thomas Bourchier was a medieval English cardinal, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Lord Chancellor of England.

Simon Sudbury was Bishop of London from 1361 to 1375, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1375 until his death, and in the last year of his life Lord Chancellor of England. He met a violent death during the Peasants' Revolt.

Simon de Langham was an English clergyman who was Archbishop of Canterbury and a cardinal.

John Kemp 15th-century Archbishop of Canterbury, Chancellor of England, and cardinal

John Kemp was a medieval English cardinal, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Lord Chancellor of England.

William Courtenay 14th-century Archbishop of Canterbury and Chancellor of England

William Courtenay was Archbishop of Canterbury (1381-96), having previously been Bishop of Hereford and Bishop of London.

Ælfsige was Bishop of Winchester before he became Archbishop of Canterbury in 959.

Marmaduke Lumley was an English priest, Bishop of Carlisle from 1429 to 1450, and Knight Commander of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. He was a son of Ralph de Lumley, 1st Baron Lumley and Eleanor de Neville. He was elected about 5 December 1429, and consecrated on 16 April 1430. He was Bishop of Lincoln for a short time before his death in December 1450. He was educated at University of Cambridge and was appointed Precentor of Lincoln Cathedral in 1425. He also became Chancellor of the University of Cambridge in 1427 and was Master of Trinity Hall, Cambridge from 1429 to 1443. From 1446 to 1449 he served as Lord High Treasurer of England. Lumley's tenure as Lord High Treasurer occurred during the Great Bullion Famine and the Great Slump in England.

Nicholas Close was an English priest.

William Greenfield 14th-century Archbishop of York and Chancellor of England

William Greenfield served as both the Lord Chancellor of England and the Archbishop of York. He was also known as William of Greenfield.

John de Ufford 14th-century Archbishop of Canterbury-elect and Chancellor of England

John de Ufford was chancellor and head of the royal administration to Edward III as well as being appointed to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.

John of Thoresby was an English clergyman and politician, who was Bishop of St David's, then Bishop of Worcester and finally Archbishop of York. He was Lord Chancellor of England under King Edward III starting from 1349.

John Russell was an English Bishop of Rochester and bishop of Lincoln and Lord Chancellor.

John Hotham (bishop) 14th-century Bishop of Ely, Chancellor of England, and Treasurer of England

John Hotham was a medieval Chancellor of the Exchequer, Lord High Treasurer, Lord Chancellor and Bishop of Ely.

Louis of Luxembourg;. Bishop of Therouanne 1415-1436, Archbishop of Rouen, 1436, Bishop of Ely 1437, Cardinal.

Edmund Stafford 14th and 15th-century Bishop of Exeter and Chancellor of England

Edmund Stafford was Bishop of Exeter from 1395 to his death in 1419.

John Langdon was a medieval Bishop of Rochester.

Richard Marsh, also called Richard de Marisco, served as Lord Chancellor of England and Bishop of Durham.

Humphrey Stafford, 1st Earl of Devon 1st Earl of Devon (1439–1469)

Humphrey Stafford, 1st Earl of Devon was a dominant magnate in South West England in the mid-15th century, and a participant in the Wars of the Roses. A distant relative of the earls of Stafford, Humphrey Stafford became the greatest landowner in the county of Dorset through fortunes of inheritance. Later, Stafford was one of several men promoted rapidly through the nobility by King Edward IV, to fill the power vacuum left by dead or forfeit Lancastrians. In the West Country it was particularly the forfeitures of the Lancastrian Courtenay family that benefited Stafford. In 1469 he received the Courtenay title of Earl of Devon.

References

Political offices
Preceded by
John Kemp
Lord Privy Seal
1421–1422
Succeeded by
William Alnwick
Preceded by
William Kinwolmarsh
Lord High Treasurer
1422–1426
Succeeded by
The Lord Hungerford
Preceded by
John Kemp
Lord Chancellor
1432–1450
Succeeded by
John Kemp
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Nicholas Bubwith
Bishop of Bath and Wells
1424–1443
Succeeded by
Thomas Beckington
Preceded by
Henry Chichele
Archbishop of Canterbury
1443–1452
Succeeded by
John Kemp