John Stuart (actor)

Last updated

John Stuart
Actor John Stuart.jpg
John Alfred Louden Croall

(1898-07-18)July 18, 1898
Died17 October 1979(1979-10-17) (aged 81)
Years active1920-1979
Spouse Muriel Angelus (1928–1938)

John Stuart (born John Alfred Louden Croall; 18 July 1898 – 17 October 1979), was a Scottish actor, and a very popular leading man in British silent films in the 1920s. He appeared in three films directed by Alfred Hitchcock. [1]



The Gary Cooper pub in Dunstable stands as a tribute to one of the Hollywood greats, but if fate had taken a different direction the pub could have been called The John Stuart. Cooper and Stuart were contemporaries in 1912 at Dunstable Grammar School – now Ashton Middle School – in High Street North. Both went into acting, but while Cooper went on to win two Oscars for Sergeant York and High Noon, Stuart stayed in Britain and is virtually forgotten.

Yet his career spanned 59 years, during which he made more than 160 films and 60 TV dramas and serials, and appeared in about 150 plays. His films started with silent movies and ended in 1978 with a bit part in the blockbuster Superman.

His career could have been even more stellar but for a decision he made in 1928. Just as he seemed to be on the brink of a lucrative career in US films, with the offer of a five-year contract at £25,000 a year by Paramount, Stuart opted to stay at home and support the struggling British industry.

But even at home, Stuart was still a major star, cementing his place with the leading role in Kitty, the first British talkie (1928 silent version, 1929 sound added), in which he was an outstanding success and prompting the Sunday Dispatch to write: “Quite definitely proves himself to be one of the finest picture actors in the world.”

Four years earlier he had taken the starring role in Alfred Hitchcock’s directorial debut, The Pleasure Garden.

John Stuart was born John Croall in Edinburgh, Scotland. [1] in 1898. He moved to London with his family aged 7 and was sent to board at Dunstable Grammar School, where he overlapped with the younger Gary Cooper in his final year. Writing of Cooper, Stuart said: “We had never seen each other since those school days of 1912, and then we met just a few months before he died [in 1961], when I happened to be working in the same studio at the time he was making his last film The Naked Edge.

“I went on the set to see him and we talked about the old days and had many a laugh. We were photographed together, and I shall always treasure the souvenir I have of that occasion.”

Stuart developed his interest in theatre at Dunstable GS, on one occasion selling his school books and playing truant to see a production of Hamlet! But at 13 his parents’ marriage broke up and he went to live with his father in Eastbourne. It was at Eastbourne College that he really started to act.

After leaving school, he worked in the family chassis-building firm and when the Great War broke out, he joined the Black Watch at 19 but was invalided out with trench fever.

To family disapproval, he decided to try his luck in the theatre and became an extra in The Trojan Women at the Old Vic and had to stop Sybil Thorndike from jumping off the walls of Troy. On the strength of his claim in his CV, that he had been “supporting Miss Thorndike at the Vic”, he found a job with a touring company.

He landed his first film role immediately after the tour in 1920, aged 21 and with a new surname. Thanks to a piece of good luck, he was at a dinner party with the director Walter West, who was making a film called Her Son. Because he resembled West’s wife, Violet Hopson, who was playing the part of the mother, he was signed up.

According to Studio magazine the stars of the film were “delighted with his fresh and natural performance”. And Picture Show magazine wrote: “John Stuart played so easily, without a trace of self-consciousness – he is the ideal type for romance.”

His reputation and popularity grew rapidly, and role after role came his way. Within a year he was playing leading men, causing Picturegoer magazine to comment: “Along with Rudolph Valentino, John Barrymore and Ivor Novello, John Stuart is among the masculines who can wear fantastic clothes and get away with it.”

In a Picture-goer competition in 1927, he and Novello were the only British stars to make the top ten famous film lovers, alongside John Barrymore, John Gilbert, Ronald Colman and Douglas Fairbanks.

In six years he made 23 films and 20 shorts, and in 1933 alone, he made 12 films in as many months. The Daily Chronicle said: “John Stuart is very easily the best leading man in British pictures”, while Era film critic R. B. Marriott called him a genius. The Daily Sketch said: “He has been called the English Valentino.”

In 1928, the Sunday Express reported: “John Stuart has admirers all over the world and his fan mail now averages several hundred letters a week.” He was president of his own fan club, which published a thrice-yearly magazine, organised events that Stuart and other stars attended and had several hundred members. At one event the former DGS truant was surrounded by cheering girls, and had to be rescued by stewards.

The turning point in his career came after the release of Kitty when he was screen-tested by Paramount and offered the five-year contract at £25,000 a year – but turned it down. In later years he said: “I still wonder if I did the right thing.”

A year later it seemed that he might get a second chance of Hollywood fame when Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford interviewed him. She was looking for “an Adonis” to help her to break out of the roles where she often played characters half her age. News leaked, and one report said: “He means to work for British films only and help make us the world leaders of the film industry.” He heard no more.

Sadly, his career also stalled somewhat in the 1930s because of inferior films he was obliged to make under his contract with British-Gaumont Studios, and work tailed off during the Second World War. He tried to join up but was deemed unfit because of his earlier trench fever, so joined the Home Guard. Inevitably, as he approached his 50s at the end of the War, there were fewer leading roles and spells of unemployment. His days as a star were over, although for the best part of 30 years he continued to work, combining countless stage appearances and small parts in films with radio and TV appearances. He appeared with Sam Kydd in Sink The Bismarck!, Mr Denning Drives North, Further Up The Creek and Too Many Crooks in the 1950s but it isn’t known whether they knew they were both Old Dunstablians!

At the height of his popularity he told Picturegoer: “The screen has cost me myself. Always I am John Stuart the actor. Sometimes I have to run away from crowds. The person that cinema-goers mob is the black and white shadow player. I love being a shadow on the screen but sometimes I wish I could rid myself of my shadow double when the cameras cease to turn.”

Three times married and with two sons, Stuart made his final film appearance in Superman (1978), alongside Marlon Brando as an Elder of Krypton. He died a year later, aged 81.

His first talkie Kitty (1929) was a successful production. His last role was in the film Superman (1978), as a Kryptonian elder. [2]

He is buried in Brompton Cemetery, London. [3]

His son, Jonathan Croall, wrote a 2012 book about the screen idols of the 1920s, with much previously unpublished personal and professional information about his father. [4] [5] [6]


Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Richard Arlen</span> American actor (1899–1976)

Richard Arlen was an American actor of film and television.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tom Tyler</span> American actor (1903–1954)

Tom Tyler was an American actor known for his leading roles in low-budget Western films in the silent and sound eras, and for his portrayal of superhero Captain Marvel in the 1941 serial film The Adventures of Captain Marvel. Tyler also played Kharis in 1940's The Mummy's Hand, a popular Universal Studios monster film.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fred Kohler</span> American actor (1888–1938)

Fred Kohler was an American actor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lucien Littlefield</span> American actor (1895–1960)

Lucien Littlefield was an American actor who achieved a long career from silent films to the television era. He was noted for his versatility, playing a wide range of roles and already portraying old men before he was of voting age.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Albert Conti</span> Austrian actor

Albert De Conti Cadassamare, professionally billed as Albert Conti, was an Austrian-Hungarian-born Italian-American film actor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wheeler Oakman</span> American actor

Wheeler Oakman was an American film actor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Harry Woods (actor)</span> American actor

Harry Lewis Woods was an American film actor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brandon Hurst</span> English actor (1866–1947)

Brandon Hurst was an English stage and film actor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Edward Hearn (actor)</span> American actor

Guy Edward Hearn was an American actor who, in a forty-year film career, starting in 1915, played hundreds of roles, starting with juvenile leads, then, briefly, as leading man, all during the silent era.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Miljan</span> American actor

John Miljan was an American actor. He appeared in more than 200 films between 1924 and 1958.

Forrester Harvey was an Irish film actor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jameson Thomas</span> English actor (1888–1939)

Jameson Thomas was an English film actor. He appeared in more than 80 films between 1923 and 1939.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gibb McLaughlin</span> English actor

George McLoughlin, known professionally as Gibb McLaughlin, was an English film and stage actor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Longden</span> English actor

John Longden was an English film actor. He appeared in more than 80 films between 1926 and 1964, including five films directed by Alfred Hitchcock.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">DeWitt Jennings</span> American actor

DeWitt Clarke Jennings was an American film and stage actor. He appeared in 17 Broadway plays between 1906 and 1920, and in more than 150 films between 1915 and 1937.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Robert Ellis (actor, born 1892)</span> American actor (1889–1959)

Robert Ellis Reel, known professionally as Robert Ellis, was an American film actor, screenwriter and film director. He appeared in more than 160 films between 1913 and 1934. He also wrote for 65 films and directed 61.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Crauford Kent</span> English actor (1881–1953)

Crauford Kent was an English character actor based in the United States. He has also been credited as Craufurd Kent and Crawford Kent.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Richard "Skeets" Gallagher</span> American actor (1891–1955)

Richard "Skeets" Gallagher was an American actor. He had blue eyes and his naturally blond hair was tinged with grey from the age of sixteen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Claude King (English actor)</span> English-American actor (1875–1941)

Claude Ewart King was an English-born character actor and unionist, who appeared in American silent film. With his distinctive wavy hair, King appeared on both stage and screen. He served his country, Great Britain, in World War I in Field Artillery, reaching the rank of Major and surviving the war. He began his stage career in his native country, before emigrating to the US. In 1919, he appeared on Broadway in support of Ethel Barrymore in the play Declassee.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Knight (actor)</span> British actor

James Knight was a British actor. Starting as a wrestler, he became a leading man in British silent films, and later a character actor in smaller film roles.


  1. 1 2 Born: 18 July 1898, EdinburghDied: 18 October 1979, London (18 October 1979). "John Stuart | BFI | BFI". Archived from the original on 11 July 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. "Forgotten Stars: My Father and the British Silent Film World – review". Silent London.
  3. "John Stuart (1898 - 1979) - Find A Grave Memorial".
  4. 123benjulius. "John Stuart Portrait of an Actor | Photo book preview | Blurb Books". Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  5. "My father, the silent film star". The Stage.
  6. "My dad, the silent film star". the Guardian.