|Full name||John Tufton|
|Born||23 November 1773|
Hothfield, Kent, England
|Died||27 May 1799 25) (aged|
|Domestic team information|
Source: CricInfo, 22 March 2014
John Tufton (23 November 1773 – 27 May 1799) was an English cricketer and a Member of Parliament (MP). He was a member of the aristocratic Tufton family that produced the Earls of Thanet and related through his mother to the Sackville family that produced the Dukes of Dorset.
As a cricketer, Tufton is known to have been active from 1793 to 1798 and is recorded in 74 matches by CricketArchive, 48 of which are designated first-class. He represented numerous teams but is mainly associated with Marylebone Cricket Club, of which he was an early member at Lord's Old Ground. Tufton's batting hand and bowling speed are unknown, though he was primarily a batsman who bowled occasionally, always underarm. He scored 1,049 known first-class runs with a highest score of 61 and is credited with fourteen first-class wickets including a best performance of four in one innings.
Tufton was the MP for Appleby, Westmorland from 1796 until his death, aged 25, in 1799.
Styled the Honourable John Tufton, he belonged to an aristocratic family that was prominent in cricketing and other sporting circles. His parents were Sackville Tufton (1733–1786), the 8th Earl of Thanet, and Mary Sackville (1746–1778), who was the daughter of Lord John Philip Sackville and the sister of John Frederick Sackville, 3rd Duke of Dorset. Sackville and Dorset were famous patrons of Kent cricket. Tufton's younger brother was the Honourable Henry Tufton (1775–1849), later the 11th Earl of Thanet, who was also a noted amateur cricketer. If John Tufton had lived longer, he would have been the 11th Earl.He was educated at Westminster School and Jesus College, Cambridge.
There is a painting by Joshua Reynolds of John Tufton as a young child playing with his dog.
The earliest known record of Tufton in a cricket match is when he made his first-class debut, aged nineteen, playing for Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) against a Kent XI at Dartford Brent on 27 and 28 June 1793. He scored one and nought and is not listed as a bowler.
Arthur Haygarth in Scores and Biographies says of Tufton that "his performances both as a batsman and as a bowler may be said to have been very good, if the early age at which he died is taken into consideration".Haygarth adds that Tufton was the first player ever to be recorded as being given out leg before wicket (lbw). This happened in a match at Moulsey Hurst in August 1795, when Tufton played for an England XIII versus a Surrey XI. The bowler was John Wells. In his notes about that game, Haygarth says: "In this match, "leg before wicket" is found scored for the first time. In Britcher's printed score-book, Mr J. Tufton is in this match put down as bowled merely, and the leg before wicket added in a note. At first, when any one was got out in this way, it was marked down as simply bowled, and the leg before wicket omitted".
Tufton had his best season as a batsman in 1797 when he scored 428 runs including two half-centuries.In the match between MCC and a London XI at Lord's Old Ground 10 to 12 July, he scored 48 and 59 to help MCC win by 109 runs. His highest known career score of 61 was achieved at Itchin Stoke Down when MCC travelled to play a Hampshire XI on 7 to 10 August. Tufton had scored 22 in the first innings and shared a significant partnership with Lord Frederick Beauclerk in the second when he scored 61 before being bowled out by Richard Purchase. MCC totalled 147 and 192, against 78 and 148 by the Hampshire XI, to win by 113 runs.
Tufton's best performance as a bowler occurred 14 to 16 August 1797 in a match at Lord's Old Ground when he took six wickets for MCC in a return match against the Hampshire XI, including four in the first innings which is his best known innings return. Hampshire batted first and were dismissed for 92 with four wickets falling to Tufton, three to Beauclerk, two catches (one by Tufton himself) and one stumping by his brother Henry. MCC replied with 114 and Tufton, listed at number five, made the top score of 39*. Hampshire were all out for 81 in the second innings, Tufton taking two more wickets, and MCC scored 60 for four to win by six wickets with Tufton again making top score (24*) to seal a matchwinning performance.
Tufton's final first-class match was on 16 and 17 August 1798 for an England XI versus a Surrey XI at Lord's Old Ground. He scored one and four and is not listed as a bowler.
Tufton's recorded career spanned the 1793 to 1798 seasons. He is credited by CricketArchive with 48 appearances in first-class cricket and 26 appearances in other matches, but this is subject to the caveat that records of matches played prior to 1825 are incomplete.According to both ESPNcricinfo and CricketArchive, Tufton scored 1,049 known first-class runs with a highest score of 61 and is credited with fourteen first-class wickets including a best performance of four in one innings.
Tufton was elected at the 1796 general election as MP for the borough of Appleby in Westmorland,and held the seat until his death.
Tufton was only 25 when he died soon after the 1799 English cricket season began. The details of his death, including the location, are unclear but he may have had tuberculosis. Haygarth says he had no monument and only a simple plaque on his coffin that stated:
The Honourable John Tufton,
Died 27th May, 1799,
In his 26th year.
He was buried in the family vault at Rainham Church in Kent.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
Hon. William Grimston
Hon. John Rawdon
| Member of Parliament for Appleby |
1796 – 1799
With: John Courtenay
The Laws of Cricket is a code which specifies the rules of the game of cricket worldwide. The earliest known code was drafted in 1744 and, since 1788, it has been owned and maintained by its custodian, the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in London. There are currently 42 Laws which outline all aspects of how the game is to be played. MCC has re-coded the Laws six times, the seventh and latest code being released in October 2017. The 2nd edition of the 2017 Code came into force on 1 April 2019. The first six codes prior to 2017 were all subject to interim revisions and so exist in more than one version.
Cricket is a sport that generates a variety of statistics.
John Small was an English professional cricketer who played from about 1756 to 1798, one of the longest careers on record. Born at Empshott, Hampshire, he is generally regarded as the greatest batsman of the 18th century and acknowledged as having been the first to master the use of the modern straight bat which was introduced in the 1760s. He scored the earliest known century in important cricket. He died at Petersfield, where he was in residence for most of his life and where he established businesses.
Richard "Dick" Nyren (c. 1734–1797) was an English professional cricketer who played first-class cricket during the 1760s and 1770s in the heyday of the Hambledon Club. A genuine all-rounder and the earliest known left-hander of note, Nyren was the captain of Hampshire when its team included players like John Small, Thomas Brett and Tom Sueter. Although the records of many matches in which he almost certainly played have been lost, he made 51 known appearances between 1764 and 1784. He was known as the team's "general" on the field and, for a time, acted as the club secretary as well as taking care of matchday catering for many years.
Arnold James Fothergill was an English professional cricketer who played first-class cricket for Somerset County Cricket Club and the MCC in a career which spanned from 1870 until 1892. A left-arm fast-medium pace bowler, he appeared for England in two Test matches in 1889.
Arthur Haygarth was a noted amateur cricketer who became one of cricket's most significant historians. He played first-class cricket for the Marylebone Cricket Club and Sussex between 1844 and 1861, as well as numerous other invitational and representative teams including an England XI and a pre-county Middlesex. A right-handed bat, Haygarth played 136 games now regarded as first-class, scoring 3,042 runs and taking 19 wickets with his part-time bowling. He was educated at Harrow, which had established a rich tradition as a proving ground for cricketers. He served on many MCC committees and was elected a life member in 1864.
George Nathaniel Francis was a West Indian cricketer who played in West Indies' first Test in their inaugural Test tour of England. He was a fast bowler of renowned pace and was notably successful on West Indies' non-Test playing tour of England in 1923, but he was probably past his peak by the time the West Indies were elevated to Test status. He was born in Trents, St. James, Barbados and died at Black Rock, Saint Michael, also in Barbados.
David Harris was an English cricketer who played first-class cricket from 1782 to 1798.
William "The Yold" Yalden was an English cricketer and, with Tom Sueter, one of the earliest known wicketkeeper/batsmen. Yalden played mainly for Chertsey and Surrey though he was also a regular, sometimes as captain, in England XI teams, particularly in matches against Hampshire. His career began in the 1760s and he is known to have played until 1785.
William Lambert was an English professional cricketer in the first two decades of the 19th century. Playing mainly for Surrey from 1801, but also for Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and some other county teams, Lambert was a right-hand batsman and an underarm slow bowler.
1817 was the 31st season of cricket in England since the foundation of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC). Cricket was hit by a controversial match-fixing scandal.
1822 was the 36th season of cricket in England since the foundation of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC). John Willes brought the roundarm issue to a head and sacrificed his own career in the process. The outstanding batsman James Saunders made his known first-class debut.
1825 was the 39th season of cricket in England since the foundation of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC). The pavilion at Lord's was destroyed by fire. Many irreplaceable documents which recorded early cricket matches are believed to have been lost. The impact of this upon cricket's history is that it is only since 1825 that surviving records can be viewed with anything like complete confidence. Inter-county matches are recorded for the first time since 1796. Two of the greatest players of the 19th century, William Lillywhite and Ned Wenman, made their first known appearances in important matches.
Frederick William Lillywhite was an English first-class cricketer during the game's roundarm era. One of the main protagonists in the legalisation of roundarm, he was one of the most successful bowlers of his era. His status is borne out by his nickname: The Nonpareil.
Henry James Tufton, 11th Earl of Thanet was a peer in the peerage of England and a noted English cricketer of the 1790s.
Single wicket cricket is a form of cricket played between two individuals, who take turns to bat and bowl against each other. The one bowling is assisted by a team of fielders, who remain as fielders at the change of innings. The winner is the one who scores more runs. There was considerable interest in single wicket during the middle part of the 18th century when it enjoyed top-class status.
Sackville Tufton, 9th Earl of Thanet succeeded to his title in April 1786, following the death of his father Sackville Tufton, 8th Earl of Thanet. Two of his younger brothers were John Tufton and Henry Tufton, 11th Earl of Thanet, both well-known amateur cricketers.
Bernard James Tindal Bosanquet was an English cricketer best known for inventing the googly, a delivery designed to deceive the batsman. When bowled, it appears to be a leg break, but after pitching the ball turns in the opposite direction to that which is expected, behaving as an off break instead. Bosanquet, who played first-class cricket for Middlesex between 1898 and 1919, appeared in seven Test matches for England as an all-rounder. He was chosen as a Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1905.
Lord Hawke selected a cricket team of ten amateurs and two professional players to tour Australia and New Zealand from November 1902 until March 1903. After an opening game in San Francisco, the tour began of eighteen matches - seven of them considered first-class - in New Zealand followed by three further first-class games in Australia. Hawke's team was the first to tour Australasia with New Zealand as the primary destination and, as was the norm at the time, was privately run and funded. The Australian leg of the tour was a "profit making venture", however the games in New Zealand were scheduled at the behest of the New Zealand Cricket Board in order to raise the profile of cricket in the country. Two of them were against a New Zealand cricket team, before its international Test status. The inclusion of such games on the tour were considered "a sign that cricket in New Zealand was starting to be taken more seriously, and a move towards official international status was possible."