John Wilson-Patten, 1st Baron Winmarleigh

Last updated

The Lord Winmarleigh
PC
John Wilson-Patten.jpg
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
26 June 1867 7 November 1868

Winmarleigh was the second son of Thomas Wilson (formerly Patten) of Warrington, Lancashire, and Elizabeth Hyde, daughter of Nathan Hyde of Ardwick. His father had in 1800 assumed the surname of Wilson in lieu of Patten in accordance with the will of Thomas Wilson (his first cousin twice removed), son of Thomas Wilson, Bishop of Sodor and Man from 1697 to 1755, to whose estates Patten succeeded. However, a few years later the family assumed the surname of Wilson-Patten. He was educated at Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford. While at Oxford, he became friendly with, amongst others, Edward Stanley, later 14th Earl of Derby. He was the president of the Oxford Union.

He was appointed Colonel of the part-time 3rd Royal Lancashire Militia (The Duke of Lancaster's Own) on 15 November 1842. During the Crimean War the regiment was embodied for full-time duty in April 1855 and volunteered for overseas service. Wilson-Patten accompanied his regiment when it sailed from Liverpool to Gibraltar and commanded it during a year's garrison duty there, despite his political duties. [1] [2] He was appointed Honorary Colonel of the regiment on 27 February 1872 after his retirement from command. [3]

He built Winmarleigh Hall in 1871.

Political career

In 1830, Winmarleigh was elected Member of Parliament for Lancashire, but stood down the following year. However, in 1832 he returned to Parliament as representative for the newly created constituency of North Lancashire, a seat he would hold for the next 42 years. [4]

In the House of Commons he became known as a supporter of industrial and labour reform, and took an active part in helping to relieve the Lancashire cotton famine of 1861 to 1865. However, Wilson-Patten did not hold ministerial office until 1867, when, aged 65, he was appointed Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in the last administration of his old friend the Earl of Derby. He was admitted to the Privy Council the same year. He remained in this post until the following year, and then served briefly under Benjamin Disraeli as Chief Secretary for Ireland from September to December 1868. The latter year he also became a member of the Irish Privy Council.[ citation needed ]

In 1874, on his retirement from the House of Commons, he was raised to the peerage as Baron Winmarleigh, of Winmarleigh in the County Palatine of Lancaster. [5] However, he was seldom active in the House of Lords. He was made Constable of Lancaster Castle in 1879. [6]

Family

In 1828, Wilson-Patten married Anna Maria Patten-Bold, daughter of his paternal uncle Peter Patten-Bold. They had six children, two sons and four daughters. [7] However, Lord Winmarleigh survived both of his two sons, Captain John Wilson-Patten (d. 1873) and Arthur Wilson-Patten (1841-1866), as well as his grandson John Alfred Wilson-Patten (d. 1889), the only son of John. Consequently, on his death at the age of ninety in 1892 the barony became extinct.

Arms

Coat of arms of John Wilson-Patten, 1st Baron Winmarleigh
Winmarleigh Achievement.png
Crest
A griffin's head erased Vert beaked Or.
Escutcheon
Fusily Ermine and Sable a canton Gules.
Supporters
Dexter a griffin Vert charged on the shoulder with a lozenge Ermine. Sinister a wolf Or charged on the shoulder with an estoile Sable.
Motto
To Turn Pale At No Crime [8]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Earl of Derby</span> Title in the Peerage of England

Earl of Derby is a title in the Peerage of England. The title was first adopted by Robert de Ferrers, 1st Earl of Derby, under a creation of 1139. It continued with the Ferrers family until the 6th Earl forfeited his property toward the end of the reign of Henry III and died in 1279. Most of the Ferrers property and the Derby title were then held by the family of Henry III. The title merged in the Crown upon Henry IV's accession to the throne in 1399.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby</span> British politician

Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby, KG, of Knowsley Hall in Lancashire, was a politician, peer, landowner, builder, farmer, art collector and naturalist. He was the patron of the writer Edward Lear.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury</span> British politician

James Brownlow William Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury,, styled Viscount Cranborne until 1823, was a British Conservative politician. He held office under The Earl of Derby as Lord Privy Seal in 1852 and Lord President of the Council between 1858 and 1859. He was the father of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, three times Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and grandfather of Arthur Balfour, who also served as Prime Minister.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">R. A. Cross, 1st Viscount Cross</span> British statesman and Conservative politician

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross,, known before his elevation to the peerage as R. A. Cross, was a British Conservative politician. He was Home Secretary from 1874 to 1880, and from 1885 to 1886.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury</span> British politician

James Edward Hubert Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury,, known as Viscount Cranborne from 1868 to 1903, was a British statesman.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Yarde-Buller, 1st Baron Churston</span> British Conservative politician

John Yarde-Buller, 1st Baron Churston was a British Conservative politician.

John Charles Villiers, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, PC was a British peer and Member of Parliament from the Villiers family.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1832–1885

North Lancashire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was represented by two Members of Parliament. The constituency was created by the Great Reform Act of 1832 by the splitting of Lancashire constituency into Northern and Southern divisions.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Edward Stanley, 11th Earl of Derby</span> English noble and politician (1689–1776)

Edward Stanley, 11th Earl of Derby, known as Sir Edward Stanley, 5th Baronet, from 1714 to 1736, was a British nobleman, peer, and politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Stanley, 10th Earl of Derby</span> British peer, soldier and politician

James Stanley, 10th Earl of Derby, styled The Honourable until 1702, was a British peer, soldier and politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Stanley, 9th Earl of Derby</span> English earl

William Richard George Stanley, 9th Earl of Derby, styled Lord Strange from 1655 to 1672, was an English peer and politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Stanley, 18th Earl of Derby</span> British peer

Edward John Stanley, 18th Earl of Derby,, styled Lord Stanley from 1938 to 1948, was a British peer, landowner and businessman.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gilbert Gerard (judge)</span>

Sir Gilbert Gerard was a prominent lawyer, politician, and landowner of the Tudor period. He was returned six times as a member of the English parliament for four different constituencies. He was Attorney-General for more than twenty years during the reign of Elizabeth I, as well as vice-chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and later served as Master of the Rolls. He acquired large estates, mainly in Lancashire and Staffordshire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Smith-Stanley, Lord Strange</span> United Kingdom legislation

James Smith-Stanley, Lord Strange (1716–1771) was commonly known by that title, though neither he nor his father had any claim to it. He was the eldest son of Edward Stanley, 11th Earl of Derby, whose predecessor's heirs had used that courtesy title, but the right to two successive baronies Lord Strange had descended to daughters, when the earldom had passed to the heir male.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Gerard, 1st Baron Gerard</span> English landowner and politician (c. 1564 – 1618)

Thomas Gerard, 1st Baron Gerard was a Staffordshire and Lancashire landowner and politician, a member of six English parliaments for three different constituencies. Although a prominent member of the Essex faction in the reign of Elizabeth I, he avoided involvement in the Essex Rebellion and received greater honours, including a peerage, in the reign of James I.

Sir John Holcroft of Holcroft Hall, Culcheth, was a soldier, politician, and landowner of the Tudor period. He was returned twice as a member of the English parliament for Lancashire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Winmarleigh Hall</span> Historic site in Lancashire, England

Winmarleigh Hall is a former country house located to the south of the village of Winmarleigh, Lancashire, England, now operated by PGL as an adventure centre.

The Lancashire Militia was an auxiliary military force in Lancashire in North West England. From their formal organisation as Trained Bands in 1558 and their service in the Williamite War in Ireland and against the Jacobite Risings, the Militia regiments of Lancashire served during times of international tension and all of Britain's major wars. They provided internal security and home defence but sometimes operated further afield, including Ireland and the Mediterranean, relieving regular troops from routine garrison duties, and acting as a source of trained officers and men for the Regular Army. All the infantry battalions went on active service during the Second Boer War and all served as Special Reserve training units in World War I, with one battalion seeing considerable action on the Western Front. After 1921 the militia had only a shadowy existence until its final abolition in 1953.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Edmund Hornby (politician)</span>

Edmund Hornby (1773-1857) of Dalton Hall near Burton, Westmorland, was a Member of Parliament for Preston, Lancashire, from 1812 to 1826. He was a nephew and son-in-law of Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby (1775-1851).

The 3rd Royal Lancashire Militia (The Duke of Lancaster's Own) was an auxiliary regiment raised in the county of Lancashire in North West England during the French Revolutionary War. It later became part of the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. Although primarily intended for home defence, its battalions served in Ireland, Gibraltar and Malta and saw active service during the Second Boer War. After conversion to the Special Reserve (SR) under the Haldane Reforms it supplied reinforcements to the fighting battalions during World War I. After a shadowy postwar existence the unit was finally disbanded in 1953.

References

  1. Wilson-Patten at History of Parliament.
  2. Royal Lancashire Militia at Lancashire Infantry Museum.
  3. Army List.
  4. "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Ladywood to Leek". Archived from the original on 19 December 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  5. "No. 24076". The London Gazette . 17 March 1874. p. 1692.
  6. Fleury, C. Time-honoured Lancashire. p. 510.
  7. "WILSON PATTEN (formerly WILSON), John (1802-1892), of Bank Hall, Warrington, Lancs. and 24 Hill Street, Mdx. | History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. Retrieved 18 February 2024.
  8. Debrett's peerage, baronetage, knightage and companionage. 1878.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Lancashire
1830–1831
With: Lord Stanley
Succeeded by
New constituency Member of Parliament for North Lancashire
18321874
With: Lord Stanley 1832–1844;
John Talbot Clifton 1844–1847;
James Heywood 1847–1857;
Lord Cavendish of Keighley 1857–1868;
Hon. Frederick Stanley 1868–1885
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1867–1868
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Secretary for Ireland
1868
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Winmarleigh
1874 – 1892
Extinct