| United States Senator |
September 5, 2018 –December 31, 2018
|Appointed by||Doug Ducey|
|Preceded by||John McCain|
|Succeeded by||Martha McSally|
January 3, 1995 –January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Dennis DeConcini|
|Succeeded by||Jeff Flake|
|Senate Minority Whip|
December 19, 2007 –January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Trent Lott|
|Succeeded by||John Cornyn|
|Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives |
from Arizona's 4th district
January 3, 1987 –January 3, 1995
|Preceded by||Eldon Rudd|
|Succeeded by||John Shadegg|
Jon Llewellyn Kyl
April 25, 1942
Oakland, Nebraska, U.S.
Caryll Collins(m. 1964)
|Parents|| John Henry Kyl |
|Education||University of Arizona (BA, LLB)|
Jon Llewellyn Kyl ( // ; born April 25, 1942) is an American politician who served as a United States Senator for Arizona from 1995 to 2013 and again in 2018. A Republican, he held both of Arizona's Senate seats at different times, serving alongside John McCain during his first stint. Kyl was Senate Minority Whip from 2007 until 2013.
The son of U.S. Representative John Henry Kyl and Arlene (née Griffith) Kyl, Kyl was born and raised in Nebraska and lived for some time in Iowa. He received his bachelor's degree and law degree from the University of Arizona. He worked in Phoenix, Arizona as an attorney and lobbyist before winning election to the United States House of Representatives, where he served from 1987 to 1995. He was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1994 and continued to be re-elected by comfortable margins until his retirement in January 2013. In 2006, he was recognized by Time magazine as one of America's Ten Best Senators.Kyl was ranked by National Journal in 2007 as the fourth-most conservative U.S. Senator. He has been a fixture of Republican policy leadership posts, chairing the Republican Policy Committee (2003–2007) and the Republican Conference (2007). In December 2007, he became Senate Minority Whip. He was named one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2010 for his persuasive role in the Senate.
Kyl announced in February 2011 that he would not seek re-election to the Senate in 2012 and would retire at the end of his third term.He expressly ruled out running for further office except, if offered, the Vice Presidency. After leaving the Senate in 2013, he worked as an attorney in private practice and then worked to shepherd the Supreme Court nomination of Brett Kavanaugh.
In September 2018, Kyl was appointed by Governor Doug Ducey to serve in the Senate seat left vacant by the death of John McCain.At a press conference accepting the appointment, Kyl announced that he would not run for the remainder of the term following the 2020 special election. Kyl is the first person to return to the Senate via appointment since New Hampshire Republican Norris Cotton in 1975. Kyl resigned from the Senate effective December 31, 2018, and was succeeded by Martha McSally.
Kyl was born in Oakland, Nebraska, the son of Arlene (née Griffith) and John Henry Kyl, a teacher at Nebraska State Teachers College. His father served as a Congressman from Iowa after moving his family to Bloomfield, Iowa. After graduating from high school in 1960, Kyl attended the University of Arizona, where he earned a bachelor's degree in 1964, graduating with honors. Kyl is a member of the Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity, as is Governor Doug Ducey of Arizona. He then earned a law degree in 1966 at the University of Arizona's James E. Rogers College of Law, and served as editor-in-chief of the Arizona Law Review. Before entering politics, he was a lawyer and lobbyist with Jennings, Strouss & Salmon in Phoenix, Arizona.He also worked as an attorney at Mountain States Legal Foundation in Denver, Colorado, prior to running for office.
Kyl is a Presbyterian.Kyl is married to Caryll Collins, with whom he has had two children. They also have four grandchildren.
Kyl served in the House of Representatives from 1987 to 1995. He was first elected in 1986 against Democrat Philip R. Davis, 65% to 35%. He was re-elected in 1988 against Gary Sprunk of the Libertarian party, 87% to 13%;in 1990 against Democrat Mark Ivey, Jr., 61% to 39%;
For his first six terms, Kyl represented most of the northeastern portion of the state, from heavily Republican northern Phoenix to the New Mexico border. Redistricting after the 1990 Census carved away all of Kyl's former territory outside the Valley of the Sun. The new 4th, however, was as safely Republican as its predecessor, and Kyl easily won reelection in 1992 against Democrat Walter R. Mybeck, II, 59% to 27%.
Kyl was elected by his fellow Senate Republicans to a succession of leadership posts: Policy Committee chairman (2003–2007), Conference chairman (2007), and most recently (in December 2007), Senate Minority Whip.Kyl's ascension to Minority Whip makes him the first Arizonan to hold such an influential Senate leadership post since Democrat Ernest W. McFarland served as Senate Majority Leader from 1951 to 1953. Kyl is the only Arizona Republican to hold that leadership position.
On September 4, 2018, it was announced that Kyl had been appointed by Republican Arizona governor Doug Ducey to the U.S. Senate seat that had been vacated due to the death of John McCain.
Kyl is the first person to return to the Senate via appointment since 1975, when Sen. Norris Cotton from New Hampshire was appointed back to the Senate after the disputed election of 1974. Kyl is only the sixth person to return to the Senate via appointment since the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment (mandating the direct election of U.S. senators) in 1913.
Kyl voted in favor of the confirmation of Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court.He resigned from the Senate effective December 31, 2018 and was succeeded by former congresswoman Martha McSally, a Republican.
Kyl is considered to be a conservativeand was ranked by National Journal as the fourth-most conservative United States Senator in their March 2007 conservative/liberal rankings. In addition, in April 2006, Kyl was selected by Time Magazine as one of "America's 10 Best Senators"; the magazine cited his successful behind-the-scene efforts as head of the Senate Republican Policy Committee. Senator Kyl has earned a 96.58% Lifetime Score from the American Conservative Union.
Kyl is a signer of Americans for Tax Reform's Taxpayer Protection Pledge.
Kyl was one of the original sponsors, along with Democratic Senator Dianne Feinstein, of an effort to amend the United States Constitution to protect crime victims' rights in the criminal justice system. When in 2004 it appeared that the constitutional amendment would not receive the requisite 2/3 support to pass the Senate, Kyl and Feinstein authored the Crime Victims' Rights Act, which listed a victims' bill of rights and provided mandamus relief in appellate court for any victim denied those rights.The act also offered sanctions against government officials who wantonly and willfully refused to comply with the Crime Victims' Rights Act.
In November 2010, Kyl announced that he would oppose the New START arms control treaty's ratification in the lame-duck session.He was unsuccessful in this regard, as the treaty passed 71-26, clearing the constitutionally mandated two-thirds threshold by the narrowest margin of any nuclear arms control treaty ever ratified by the United States.
Kyl and Bob Goodlatte were among the first in the United States to draft legislation on online gambling. In the late 1990s they introduced bills to the Senate that would curb online gambling activities except for those that involved horse and dog races and state lotteries.The bill by Kyl, known as the Kyl bill, was not passed in the end due to certain loopholes. Attorney Jorge Van, at the time principal investigator of the National Gambling Impact Study Commission on Internet Gambling, pointed out that under the Kyl bill "state lotteries would be able to offer a variety of games under the guise of a lottery, including slot machines", which ultimately would allow "interactive wagering at home on the internet which the law aimed to prevent in the first place".
In September 2006, working with then-Congressman Jim Leach, Kyl was a major Senate supporter of Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006. The Act was passed at midnight the day Congress adjourned before the 2006 elections. Prior to it being added to the bill, the gambling provisions had not been debated by any Congressional committee, although the general issue had been debated in multiple times in the past.When publication of the associated regulations was delayed until June 2010, Kyl responded by denying unanimous consent to confirm the appointment of 6 nominees to the US Treasury Department, none of whom specialized on gambling issues.
Kyl voted against the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) in December 2009,and he voted against the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.
In February 2006, Kyl joined Senator Lindsey Graham in an amicus brief in the Hamdan v. Rumsfeld case. The brief presented to the Supreme Court of the United States an "extensive colloquy" added to the Congressional Record. It was not, however, included in the December 21 debate as evidence that "Congress was aware" that the Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 would strip the Court of jurisdiction to hear "pending cases, including this case" brought by the Guantanamo detainees.
In the spring of 2009, Kyl invited Geert Wilders to show his film Fitna to the United States Congress, which led to American Muslim protests.
In 2011, Kyl said that the GOP had abandoned opposition to defense cuts.
In 2012, Kyl voted against ratification of the UN Treaty Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
He opposed the FIRST STEP Act. The bill passed 87-12 on December 18, 2018.
In 2010, Democratic Senate Leader Harry Reid wanted the Senate to return to work on the week between Christmas and New Year's in order to pass time-critical legislation including the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act, which would ensure health coverage for 9/11 first responders. Kyl made a public comment that this would disrespect "one of the two holiest of holidays for Christians and the families of all of the Senate."First responder Kenny Specht appeared on The Daily Show and replied, "You won't find a single New York firefighter who considers it a sign of disrespect to work in a New York City firehouse on New Year's Eve or New Year's Day." The Zadroga Act passed on December 22.
On April 8, 2011, Kyl spoke on the Senate floor and claimed that performing abortions is "well over 90 percent of what Planned Parenthood does." Planned Parenthood responded that 90 percent of its services are to provide contraception, STD and cancer testing and treatment, and only 3 percent are abortion-related. A spokesperson for Kyl later claimed the senator's remark "was not intended to be a factual statement but rather to illustrate that Planned Parenthood, an organization that receives millions in taxpayer dollars, does subsidize abortions." Politifact noted that Planned Parenthood's numbers (from their most recent Annual Report, year ending June 30, 2009) are the result of self-reporting and that there is no national audit on such claims, but stated their belief that Kyl "vastly overstated" the number. A political science professor writing at National Review Online suggested that perhaps Kyl's comments were based on the pregnancy-related services provided to pregnant women, citing Planned Parenthood's 2009 annual report figures and claiming that 98% of those services were for abortion. The phrase "not intended to be a factual statement" was mocked by political comedians such as Stephen Colbert, who joked, "You can't call him out for being wrong when he never intended to be right."
Kyl was first elected to the Senate in 1994, defeating Samuel G. Coppersmith (D), then a member of the House of Representatives, 54% to 40%. Libertarian Party candidate Scott Grainger got 6% of the votes.
Kyl was re-elected in 2000 without major-party opposition, with 79% of the vote. Independent William Toel got 8%; Green Party candidate Vance Hansen also got 8%; and Barry Hess of the Libertarian Party got 5%.
On November 7, 2006, Kyl defeated real estate developer and former Arizona Democratic Party chairman Jim Pederson to win his third term in the Senate.Kyl won with 53% of the vote; Pederson received 44%; and Libertarian Party candidate Richard Mack received 3%. The race was one of the most expensive in Arizona history, with Kyl raising more than $15 million and Pederson raising just shy of that amount.
A major issue in the campaign was illegal immigration. While in the Senate, Kyl cosponsored legislation that would give illegal immigrants up to five years to leave the country. Once there, they could apply for permanent residence or be guest workers.Since fellow Arizona Senator John McCain opposed this legislation, Pederson tried to use the issue as a way of allying with McCain and dividing Republicans in Arizona. Controversy also arose when each candidate accused the other of supporting the amnesty provisions in a 1986 immigration bill, although both candidates deny ever supporting those provisions.
John Sidney McCain III was an American politician and military officer, who served as a United States Senator for Arizona from 1987 until his death in 2018. He previously served two terms in the United States House of Representatives and was the Republican nominee for president of the United States in the 2008 election, which he lost to Barack Obama.
Clarence Saxby Chambliss is an American politician who was a United States Senator from Georgia from 2003 to 2015. As a member of the Republican Party, he previously served as a U.S. Representative from 1995 to 2003.
John Henry Kyl was an American politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Iowa's 4th congressional district.
Jeffry Lane Flake is an American politician who served as a United States Senator from Arizona from 2013 to 2019. A member of the Republican Party, Flake served in the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013.
John Hardy Isakson is an American politician who served as a United States Senator from Georgia from 2005 to 2019. A member of the Republican Party, he previously represented Georgia's 6th Congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1999 to 2005.
James Pederson, is an American businessman, co-founder of the commercial development firm The Pederson Group, and was the Chairman of the Arizona Democratic Party from 2001 to 2005. In 2006, he ran for a seat in the United States Senate, losing to incumbent Jon Kyl.
The 2006 United States Senate election in Arizona was held November 7, 2006. The primary elections were held September 12. Incumbent Republican Jon Kyl won re-election to a third term.
Martha Elizabeth McSally is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator for Arizona since 2019. A Republican, she served as the U.S. Representative for Arizona's 2nd congressional district from 2015 to 2019. McSally served in the United States Air Force from 1988 to 2010, achieving the rank of Colonel. She was the first U.S. woman to fly in combat and the first to command a fighter squadron.
Grant Woods served as Attorney General of Arizona from 1991 until 1999. He was a supporter of John McCain in his race for the Republican U.S. Senate nomination against J. D. Hayworth in 2010. Woods was McCain's chief of staff when he was a congressman.
The 2008 United States presidential election in Arizona took place on November 4, 2008, and was part of the 2008 United States presidential election. Voters chose 10 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
The 2012 United States Senate election in Arizona was held November 6, 2012, alongside a presidential election, other elections to the United States Senate in other states, as well as elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections. Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Jon Kyl, the Senate Minority Whip, decided to retire instead of running for reelection to a fourth term. Republican U.S. Representative Jeff Flake won the open seat.
The Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 (DTA) is an Act of the United States Congress that was signed into law by President George W. Bush on 30 December 2005. Offered as an amendment to a supplemental defense spending bill, it contains provisions relating to treatment of persons in custody of the Department of Defense, and administration of detainees held in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, including:
The 2016 United States Senate election in Arizona was held on November 8, 2016, to elect a member of the U.S. Senate to represent the State of Arizona, concurrently with the 2016 U.S. presidential election, as well as other elections to the Senate in other states and elections to the U.S. House of Representatives and various state and local elections.
Kelli Ward is an American politician who has served as the Chair of the Arizona Republican Party since 2019. A Republican, she previously served in the Arizona State Senate from 2012 to 2015. Ward challenged Senator John McCain in the Republican primary for the United States Senate in 2016. She resigned from the State Senate to focus on the race; Ward was subsequently defeated 51% to 39%.
The 2018 United States Senate election in Arizona took place on November 6, 2018, to elect a member of the United States Senate to represent the State of Arizona and replace incumbent Republican Senator Jeff Flake, who did not run for reelection to a second term. It was held concurrently with a gubernatorial election, other elections to the United States Senate, elections to the United States House of Representatives, as well as various other state and local elections.
The 2022 United States Senate elections will be held on November 8, 2022, with 34 of the 100 seats in the Senate being contested in regular elections, the winners of which will serve six-year terms in the United States Congress from January 3, 2023, to January 3, 2029. Senators are divided into three groups, or classes, whose terms are staggered so that a different class is elected every two years. Class 3 senators were last elected in 2016, and will be up for election again in 2022.
The 2020 United States Senate special election in Arizona will be held on November 3, 2020. Following the death in office of incumbent Republican U.S. Senator John McCain on August 25, 2018, Governor Doug Ducey was required by Arizona law to appoint a Republican to fill the vacant seat through the end of the term expiring in January 2023. On September 5, 2018, Ducey appointed former U.S. Senator Jon Kyl to fill McCain's seat. However, Kyl announced he would resign the following December 31.
A general election will be held in the U.S. state of Arizona on November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 General Election. Arizona voters will choose 11 electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. Also three seats on the Arizona Corporation Commission are up for election, as well as all of Arizona's nine seats in the United States House of Representatives and one seat for the United States Senate. Primary elections will be held in August 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jon Kyl .|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Jon Kyl|
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Arizona's 4th congressional district
|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Arizona |
1994, 2000, 2006
|Chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Committee |
| Chairman of the Senate Republican Conference |
| Senate Republican Whip |
| U.S. senator (Class 1) from Arizona |
Served alongside: John McCain
| Senate Minority Whip |
| U.S. senator (Class 3) from Arizona |
Served alongside: Jeff Flake
|100th||Senate: D. DeConcini | J. McCain||House: M. Udall | B. Stump | J. Kolbe | J. Kyl | J. J. Rhodes III|
|101st||Senate: D. DeConcini | J. McCain||House: M. Udall | B. Stump | J. Kolbe | J. Kyl | J. J. Rhodes III|
|102nd||Senate: D. DeConcini | J. McCain||House: B. Stump | J. Kolbe | J. Kyl | J. J. Rhodes III | E. Pastor|
|103rd||Senate: D. DeConcini | J. McCain||House: B. Stump | J. Kolbe | J. Kyl | E. Pastor | S. Coppersmith | K. English|
|104th||Senate: J. McCain | J. Kyl||House: B. Stump | J. Kolbe | E. Pastor | J. D. Hayworth | M. Salmon | J. Shadegg|
|105th||Senate: J. McCain | J. Kyl||House: B. Stump | J. Kolbe | E. Pastor | J. D. Hayworth | M. Salmon | J. Shadegg|
|106th||Senate: J. McCain | J. Kyl||House: B. Stump | J. Kolbe | E. Pastor | J. D. Hayworth | M. Salmon | J. Shadegg|
|107th||Senate: J. McCain | J. Kyl||House: B. Stump | J. Kolbe | E. Pastor | J. D. Hayworth | J. Shadegg | J. Flake|
|108th||Senate: J. McCain | J. Kyl||House: J. Kolbe | E. Pastor | J. D. Hayworth | J. Shadegg | J. Flake | T. Franks | R. Grijalva | R. Renzi|
|109th||Senate: J. McCain | J. Kyl||House: J. Kolbe | E. Pastor | J. D. Hayworth | J. Shadegg | J. Flake | T. Franks | R. Grijalva | R. Renzi|
|110th||Senate: J. McCain | J. Kyl||House: E. Pastor | J. Shadegg | J. Flake | T. Franks | R. Grijalva | R. Renzi | G. Giffords | H. Mitchell|
|111th||Senate: J. McCain | J. Kyl||House: E. Pastor | J. Shadegg | J. Flake | T. Franks | R. Grijalva | G. Giffords | H. Mitchell | A. Kirkpatrick|
|112th||Senate: J. McCain | J. Kyl|| House: E. Pastor | J. Flake | T. Franks | R. Grijalva | G. Giffords | P. Gosar | B. Quayle | D. Schweikert |
|115th||Senate: J. McCain • J. Kyl • J. Flake||House: T. Franks • R. Grijalva • P. Gosar • D. Schweikert • K. Sinema • R. Gallego • M. McSally • A. Biggs • T. O'Halleran • D. Lesko|