Jon Kyl

Last updated

Jon Kyl
Jon Kyl, official portrait, 115th Congress.jpg
United States Senator
from Arizona
In office
September 5, 2018 December 31, 2018
Appointed by Doug Ducey
Preceded by John McCain
Succeeded by Martha McSally
In office
January 3, 1995 January 3, 2013
Preceded by Dennis DeConcini
Succeeded by Jeff Flake
Senate Minority Whip
In office
December 19, 2007 January 3, 2013
Leader Mitch McConnell
Preceded by Trent Lott
Succeeded by John Cornyn
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Arizona's 4th district
In office
January 3, 1987 January 3, 1995
Preceded by Eldon Rudd
Succeeded by John Shadegg
Personal details
Born
Jon Llewellyn Kyl

(1942-04-25) April 25, 1942 (age 76)
Oakland, Nebraska, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)
Caryll Collins(m. 1964)
Children2
Parents John Henry Kyl
Arlene Griffith
Education University of Arizona (BA, LLB)
Website Senate Website

Jon Llewellyn Kyl ( /ˈkl/ ; born April 25, 1942) [1] is an American politician who served as a United States Senator from Arizona from 1995 to 2013 and again in 2018. Kyl was appointed to the Senate on September 5, 2018, succeeding the late John McCain. A member of the Republican Party, he previously held Arizona's other seat in the U.S. Senate from January 1995 to January 2013, serving alongside McCain. [2] Kyl was Senate Minority Whip from 2007 until 2013.

United States Senate Upper house of the United States Congress

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol, in Washington, D.C.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

John McCain American politician

John Sidney McCain III was an American politician and military officer who served as a United States senator from Arizona from January 1987 until his death. He previously served two terms in the United States House of Representatives and was the Republican nominee for president of the United States in the 2008 election, which he lost to Barack Obama.

Contents

The son of U.S. Representative John Henry Kyl and Arlene (née Griffith) Kyl, Kyl was born and raised in Nebraska and lived for some time in Iowa. He received his bachelor's degree and law degree from the University of Arizona. He worked in Phoenix, Arizona as an attorney and lobbyist before winning election to the United States House of Representatives, where he served from 1987 to 1995. He was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1994 and continued to be re-elected by comfortable margins until his retirement in January 2013. In 2006, he was recognized by Time magazine as one of America's Ten Best Senators. [3] Kyl was ranked by National Journal in 2007 as the fourth-most conservative U.S. Senator. [4] He has been a fixture of Republican policy leadership posts, chairing the Republican Policy Committee (2003–2007) and the Republican Conference (2007). In December 2007, he became Senate Minority Whip. He was named one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2010 for his persuasive role in the Senate. [5]

John Henry Kyl American politician

John Henry Kyl was an American politician and Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from Iowa. He was the father of Jon Kyl, a U.S. Senator from Arizona, who served as Senate Minority Whip.

Nebraska State of the United States of America

Nebraska is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States. It is bordered by South Dakota to the north; Iowa to the east and Missouri to the southeast, both across the Missouri River; Kansas to the south; Colorado to the southwest; and Wyoming to the west. It is the only triply landlocked U.S. state.

Iowa State of the United States of America

Iowa is a state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. It is bordered by six states; Wisconsin to the northeast, Illinois to the east, Missouri to the south, Nebraska to the west, South Dakota to the northwest and Minnesota to the north.

Kyl announced in February 2011 that he would not seek re-election to the Senate in 2012 and would retire at the end of his third term. [6] He expressly ruled out running for further office except, if offered, the Vice Presidency. [7] After leaving the Senate in 2013, he worked as an attorney in private practice [8] and then worked to shepherd the Supreme Court nomination of Brett Kavanaugh. [9]

Vice President of the United States Second highest executive office in United States

The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest officer in the executive branch of the U.S. federal government, after the President of the United States, and ranks first in the presidential line of succession. The Vice President is also an officer in the legislative branch, as President of the Senate. In this capacity, the Vice President presides over Senate deliberations, but may not vote except to cast a tie-breaking vote. The Vice President also presides over joint sessions of Congress.

Brett Kavanaugh Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States

Brett Michael Kavanaugh is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He previously served as a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit and as a staff lawyer for various offices of the federal government.

In September 2018, Kyl was appointed by Governor Doug Ducey to serve in the Senate seat left vacant by the death of John McCain. [10] [9] At a press conference accepting the appointment, Kyl announced that he would not run for the remainder of the term following the 2020 special election. Kyl is the first person to return to the Senate via appointment since New Hampshire Republican Norris Cotton in 1975. [11] He resigned from the Senate at the end of December 31, 2018, and was succeeded by Martha McSally, who was appointed to the seat. [12]

Doug Ducey American businessman and politician

Douglas Anthony Ducey is an American businessman and politician who is the 23rd governor of Arizona. A Republican, he was sworn in as governor on January 5, 2015. He was the state's treasurer from 2011 to 2015.

The 2020 United States Senate special election in Arizona will be held on November 3, 2020. Following the death of Republican U.S. Senator John McCain on August 25, 2018, Governor Doug Ducey was required by Arizona law to appoint a Republican to fill the vacancy in McCain's Senate seat. In September 2018, Ducey appointed former U.S. Senator Jon Kyl to fill McCain's seat until after the Special Election of November 2020, which will determine who will serve the remainder of the term until January 2023. Kyl did not complete his interim appointment, and resigned on December 31, 2018. On December 18, 2018, Ducey announced that outgoing U.S. Representative Martha McSally would be appointed to fill the seat following Kyl's resignation. McSally was sworn in as Arizona's junior senator on January 3, 2019. She had been the Republican nominee for Arizona’s Class I U.S. Senate seat in 2018, but lost that race to Democrat Kyrsten Sinema.

Norris Cotton American politician

Norris H. Cotton was an American politician from the state of New Hampshire. A member of the Republican Party, he served as a U.S. Representative and subsequently as a U.S. Senator.

Early life, education and career

Kyl was born in Oakland, Nebraska, the son of Arlene (née Griffith) and John Henry Kyl, a teacher at Nebraska State Teachers College. His father served as a Congressman from Iowa after moving his family to Bloomfield, Iowa. After graduating from high school in 1960, Kyl attended the University of Arizona, where he earned a bachelor's degree in 1964, graduating with honors. Kyl is a member of the Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity, as is Governor Doug Ducey of Arizona. He then earned a law degree in 1966 at the University of Arizona's James E. Rogers College of Law, and served as editor-in-chief of the Arizona Law Review. Before entering politics, he was a lawyer and lobbyist with Jennings, Strouss & Salmon in Phoenix, Arizona. [13] He also worked as an attorney at Mountain States Legal Foundation in Denver, Colorado, prior to running for office. [14]

Oakland, Nebraska City in Nebraska, United States

Oakland is a city in Burt County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 1,244 at the 2010 census. Oakland continues to build on its strong foundation with its bi-annual Swedish Festival and is known by its proclamation from the Swedish Consul-General and the Governor of Nebraska as the "Swedish Capital of Nebraska."

Wayne State College

Wayne State College is a four-year public college in the Nebraska State College System in Wayne, Nebraska, United States. The current enrollment is 3,571. The college opened as a State Normal School in 1910 after the State purchased the private Nebraska Normal College. The State Normal College became State Normal School and Teacher's College in 1921. This was changed to Nebraska State Teachers College at Wayne in 1949 and the present name was adopted in 1963.

United States Congress Legislature of the United States

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal Government of the United States. The legislature consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Jon Kyl is a Presbyterian. [15] [16] Kyl is married to Caryll Collins, with whom he has had two children. [17] They also have four grandchildren.

Presbyterianism Branch of Protestant Christianity in which the church is governed by presbyters (elders)

Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism, which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland.

U.S. House of Representatives

Kyl served in the House of Representatives from 1987 to 1995. He was first elected in 1986 against Democrat Philip R. Davis, 65% to 35%. He was re-elected in 1988 against Gary Sprunk of the Libertarian party, 87% to 13%; [18] in 1990 against Democrat Mark Ivey, Jr., 61% to 39%; [19] and in 1992 against Democrat Walter R. Mybeck, II, 59% to 27%. [20]

U.S. Senate (1995–2013)

Kyl during his first tenure as US Senator Jon Kyl, official 109th Congress photo.jpg
Kyl during his first tenure as US Senator

Committee assignments

Leadership

Kyl was elected by his fellow Senate Republicans to a succession of leadership posts: Policy Committee chairman (2003–2007), Conference chairman (2007), and most recently (in December 2007), Senate Minority Whip. [21] Kyl's ascension to Minority Whip makes him the first Arizonan to hold such an influential Senate leadership post since Democrat Ernest W. McFarland served as Senate Majority Leader from 1951 to 1953. Kyl is the only Arizona Republican to hold such a powerful leadership position.

U.S. Senate (2018)

Appointment

On September 4, 2018, it was announced that Kyl had been appointed by Republican Arizona governor Doug Ducey to take the Senate seat of the late senator John McCain until the end of the year, after the latter had died of cancer.

Kyl is the first person to return to the Senate via appointment since 1975, when Sen. Norris Cotton from New Hampshire was appointed back to the Senate after the disputed election of 1974. Kyl is only the sixth person to return to the Senate via appointment since the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment (mandating the direct election of U.S. senators) in 1913. [22]

Kyl voted in favor of the confirmation of Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court. He resigned from the Senate one minute before midnight on December 31, 2018, and was succeeded by former congresswoman Martha McSally a Republican.

Committee assignments

Political positions

Jon Kyl at an event in Phoenix in April 2017. Jon Kyl by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Jon Kyl at an event in Phoenix in April 2017.

Kyl is considered to be a conservative [23] and was ranked by National Journal as the fourth-most conservative United States Senator in their March 2007 conservative/liberal rankings. [4] In addition, in April 2006, Kyl was selected by Time Magazine as one of "America's 10 Best Senators"; the magazine cited his successful behind-the-scene efforts as head of the Senate Republican Policy Committee. [24]

Kyl is a signer of Americans for Tax Reform's Taxpayer Protection Pledge. [25]

Crime victims' rights

Kyl was one of the original sponsors, along with Democratic Senator Dianne Feinstein, of an effort to amend the United States Constitution to protect crime victims' rights in the criminal justice system. When in 2004 it appeared that the constitutional amendment would not receive the requisite 2/3 support to pass the Senate, Kyl and Feinstein authored the Crime Victims' Rights Act, which listed a victims' bill of rights and provided mandamus relief in appellate court for any victim denied those rights. [26] The act also offered sanctions against government officials who wantonly and willfully refused to comply with the Crime Victims' Rights Act.

Arms control

In November 2010, Kyl announced that he would oppose the New START arms control treaty's ratification in the lame-duck session. [27] [28] He was unsuccessful in this regard, as the treaty passed 71-26, clearing the constitutionally mandated two-thirds threshold by the narrowest margin of any nuclear arms control treaty ever ratified by the United States.

Internet gambling

Jon Kyl and Bob Goodlatte were among the first in the United States to draft legislation on online gambling. In the late 1990s they introduced bills to the Senate that would curb online gambling activities except for those that involved horse and dog races and state lotteries. [29] The bill by Jon Kyl, known as the Kyl bill, was not passed in the end due to certain loopholes. Attorney Jorge Van, at the time principal investigator of the National Gambling Impact Study Commission on Internet Gambling, pointed out that under the Kyl bill "state lotteries would be able to offer a variety of games under the guise of a lottery, including slot machines", which ultimately would allow "interactive wagering at home on the internet which the law aimed to prevent in the first place". [30]

In September 2006, working with then-Congressman Jim Leach, Jon Kyl was a major Senate supporter of Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006. The Act was passed at midnight the day Congress adjourned before the 2006 elections. Prior to it being added to the bill, the gambling provisions had not been debated by any Congressional committee, although the general issue had been debated in multiple times in the past. [31] When publication of the associated regulations was delayed until June 2010, Kyl responded by denying unanimous consent to confirm the appointment of 6 nominees to the US Treasury Department, none of whom specialized on gambling issues. [32] [33]

Healthcare

Kyl voted against the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) in December 2009, [34] and he voted against the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010. [35]

Other

Kyl and Senator Tom Cotton speaking at the Hudson Institute Jon Kyl and Tom Cotton 28024309880 (cropped).jpg
Kyl and Senator Tom Cotton speaking at the Hudson Institute

In February 2006, Kyl joined Senator Lindsey Graham in an amicus brief in the Hamdan v. Rumsfeld case. The brief presented to the Supreme Court of the United States an "extensive colloquy" added to the Congressional Record. It was not, however, included in the December 21 debate as evidence that "Congress was aware" that the Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 would strip the Court of jurisdiction to hear "pending cases, including this case" brought by the Guantanamo detainees. [36]

In the spring of 2009, Kyl invited Geert Wilders to show his film Fitna to the United States Congress, which led to American Muslim protests. [37]

In 2011, Kyl said that the GOP had abandoned opposition to defense cuts. [38]

In 2012, Kyl voted against ratification of the UN Treaty Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. [39]

He opposed the FIRST STEP Act. The bill passed 87-12 on December 18, 2018. [40]

Activism

Zadroga Act

In 2010, Democratic Senate Leader Harry Reid wanted the Senate to return to work on the week between Christmas and New Year's in order to pass time-critical legislation including the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act, which would ensure health coverage for 9/11 first responders. Kyl made a public comment that this would disrespect "one of the two holiest of holidays for Christians and the families of all of the Senate." [41] First responder Kenny Specht appeared on The Daily Show and replied, "You won't find a single New York firefighter who considers it a sign of disrespect to work in a New York City firehouse on New Year's Eve or New Year's Day." [42] The Zadroga Act passed on December 22.

Planned Parenthood

On April 8, 2011, Kyl spoke on the Senate floor and claimed that performing abortions is "well over 90 percent of what Planned Parenthood does." Planned Parenthood responded that 90 percent of its services are to provide contraception, STD and cancer testing and treatment, and only 3 percent are abortion-related. A spokesperson for Kyl later claimed the senator's remark "was not intended to be a factual statement but rather to illustrate that Planned Parenthood, an organization that receives millions in taxpayer dollars, does subsidize abortions." Politifact noted that Planned Parenthood's numbers (from their most recent Annual Report, year ending June 30, 2009 [43] ) are the result of self-reporting and that there is no national audit on such claims, but stated their belief that Kyl "vastly overstated" the number. [44] A political science professor writing at National Review Online suggested that perhaps Kyl's comments were based on the pregnancy-related services provided to pregnant women, citing Planned Parenthood's 2009 annual report figures and claiming that 98% of those services were for abortion. [45] The phrase "not intended to be a factual statement" was mocked by political comedians such as Stephen Colbert, who joked, "You can't call him out for being wrong when he never intended to be right."

Political campaigns

Kyl was first elected to the Senate in 1994, defeating Samuel G. Coppersmith (D), then a member of the House of Representatives, 54% to 40%. Libertarian Party candidate Scott Grainger got 6% of the votes.

Kyl was re-elected in 2000 without major-party opposition, with 79% of the vote. Independent William Toel got 8%; Green Party candidate Vance Hansen also got 8%; and Barry Hess of the Libertarian Party got 5%.

On November 7, 2006, Kyl defeated real estate developer and former Arizona Democratic Party chairman Jim Pederson to win his third term in the Senate. [46] Kyl won with 53% of the vote; Pederson received 44%; and Libertarian Party candidate Richard Mack received 3%. The race was one of the most expensive in Arizona history, with Kyl raising more than $15 million and Pederson raising just shy of that amount. [47]

A major issue in the campaign was illegal immigration. While in the Senate, Kyl cosponsored legislation that would give illegal immigrants up to five years to leave the country. Once there, they could apply for permanent residence or be guest workers. [48] Since fellow Arizona Senator John McCain opposed this legislation, Pederson tried to use the issue as a way of allying with McCain and dividing Republicans in Arizona. [49] Controversy also arose when each candidate accused the other of supporting the amnesty provisions in a 1986 immigration bill, although both candidates deny ever supporting those provisions. [50]

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References

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  49. Josh Brodesky (September 25, 2006). "For both sides, McCain becomes all-purpose asset". Arizona Daily Star. Archived from the original on September 27, 2006. Retrieved September 26, 2006.
  50. "Pederson, Kyl trade barbs about amnesty". Arizona Republic.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Eldon Rudd
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 4th congressional district

1987–1995
Succeeded by
John Shadegg
Party political offices
Preceded by
Keith DeGreen
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Arizona
(Class 1)

1994, 2000, 2006
Succeeded by
Jeff Flake
Preceded by
Larry Craig
Chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Committee
2003–2007
Succeeded by
Kay Hutchison
Preceded by
Rick Santorum
Chairman of the Senate Republican Conference
2007
Succeeded by
Lamar Alexander
Preceded by
Trent Lott
Senate Republican Whip
2007–2013
Succeeded by
John Cornyn
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Dennis DeConcini
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Arizona
1995–2013
Served alongside: John McCain
Succeeded by
Jeff Flake
Preceded by
Trent Lott
Senate Minority Whip
2007–2013
Succeeded by
John Cornyn
Preceded by
John McCain
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Arizona
2018
Served alongside: Jeff Flake
Succeeded by
Martha McSally