Jonathan Trumbull

Last updated
Jonathan Trumbull Sr.
JohnTrumbull.jpg
16th Governor of Connecticut
In office
October 10, 1776 May 13, 1784
Lieutenant Matthew Griswold
Preceded byHimself
(governor of Connecticut Colony)
Succeeded by Matthew Griswold
16th Governor of Connecticut Colony
In office
1769–1776
Preceded by William Pitkin
Succeeded byHimself
(governor of State of Connecticut)
Personal details
BornOctober 12, 1710
Lebanon, Connecticut Colony, British America
DiedAugust 17, 1785(1785-08-17) (aged 74)
Lebanon, Connecticut, United States
Political partyNone
Spouse(s)Faith Robinson
Children Joseph Trumbull
Jonathan Trumbull Jr.
Faith Trumbull
Mary Trumbull
David Trumbull
John Trumbull
Alma mater Harvard University
Signature Jonathan Trumbull Signature.svg

Jonathan Trumbull Sr. (October 12, 1710 August 17, 1785) was an American politician and statesman who served as Governor of Connecticut during the American Revolution. Trumbull and Nicholas Cooke of Rhode Island were the only men to serve as governor of both a British colony and an American state, and he was the only governor to take up the Patriot cause at the start of the Revolutionary War. [1] Trumbull College at Yale University, the town of Trumbull, Connecticut, Trumbull County, Ohio (originally part of the Connecticut Western Reserve), and Jonathan the Husky are all named for him. [2]

Contents

Early life

Trumbull was born in Lebanon, Connecticut, the son of Joseph Trumble (1678–1755) and his wife, Hannah Trumble (née Higley), the daughter of John Higley and Hannah Drake. The patriarch of the Trumble family was the immigrant John Trumble (1612–1687), from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, who was Joseph's grandfather. The original spelling of "Trumble" was later changed for an unknown reason.

Jonathan graduated from Harvard College with a B.A. in 1727; three years after graduation, during which time he studied theology under the Reverend Solomon Williams at Lebanon and was licensed to preach at Colchester, Connecticut, this became a Master of Arts degree.

Career

Trumbull became a merchant with his father in 1731, participating more fully in the business after the death of his brother at sea in 1732. From 1733 to 1740, he was a delegate to the general assembly, and, in 1739–1740, was Speaker of the House. He was appointed lieutenant colonel in Connecticut's militia in 1739, and was colonel of the 12th Connecticut Regiment during the French and Indian War.

He served as deputy governor of the Colony of Connecticut from 1766–1769, and, on the death of Governor William Pitkin, became Governor of Connecticut in 1769, serving in that capacity until 1784, through Connecticut's transition from a colony to a U.S. state.

Revolutionary War

On May 13, 1774, British General Thomas Gage arrived in Boston, a city with a history of violent protests against British policies. Given the problems he was inheriting from Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson, within a week of arriving Gage contacted Trumbull and expressed a "readiness to cooperate" with him "for the good of his Majesty's service." [3] When Gage sent Trumbull a request for assistance after the Battles of Lexington and Concord in April 1775, Trumbull refused and made clear his choice to side with the Patriots. He replied that Gage's troops would "disgrace even barbarians", and he accused Gage of "a most unprovoked attack upon the lives and the property of his Majesty's subjects." [4]

On July 6, 1775, along with other officers, Trumbull commissioned Nathan Hale as a first lieutenant in the newly raised Seventh Regiment of the Continental Army. [5] Hale was later executed by the British for espionage.

Trumbull was a friend and advisor of General George Washington throughout the Revolutionary period, dedicating the resources of Connecticut to the fight for independence. Washington declared him "the first of the patriots." [6] When Washington was desperate for men or food during the war, he could turn to "Brother Jonathan". [7] Trumbull also served as the Continental Army's Paymaster General (Northern Department) in the spring of 1778, until the untimely death of his mother forced him to resign his post. As part of his resignation, he requested that the remainder of his back pay be distributed to the soldiers of the Northern Department. [8]

Post-war

Trumbull was one of only two colonial governors to continue in office after independence (the other was Rhode Island's Nicholas Cooke, who assumed office early in the war). Governor Trumbull was elected as an honorary member of the Connecticut Society of the Cincinnati in 1784. In 1782, he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. [9] He received an honorary LL.D. from Yale University in 1775 and from the University of Edinburgh in 1787.

Personal life

Faith Robinson Trumbull, depicted donating her cloak for the revolutionary war effort Madame Faith Trumbull Contributing her Cloak for the Soldiers (page 318 crop).jpg
Faith Robinson Trumbull, depicted donating her cloak for the revolutionary war effort

In 1736, one year prior to his marriage, Jonathan Trumbull Sr. purchased Flora, a 'mulato girl and slave for life', from Eliphalet Adams of New London. [10]

On December 9, 1735, he married Faith Robinson (1718–1780), daughter of Reverend John Robinson. They were the parents of six children, including:

Trumbull died in Lebanon, Connecticut, and is buried at the Old Cemetery there. His home in Lebanon, the Jonathan Trumbull House, was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1965.

In historical fiction

See also

Notes

  1. Lewis, Charles H. (2009). Cut Off: Colonel Jedediah Huntington's 17th Continental (Conn.) Regiment at the Battle of Long Island August 27, 1776. Westminster, MD: Heritage Books. p. 7. ISBN   978-0-7884-4924-6.,
  2. "The UConn Story – History of the University of Connecticut". Uconn.edu. Archived from the original on December 19, 2008. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
  3. Phelps, Page 48.
  4. Eddlem, Thomas R. 25-AUG-03 The New American http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-24329109_ITM
  5. Rose, Page 8.
  6. Phelps, Page 59.
  7. Lefkowitz, Page 232.
  8. "Misc Letters to Congress 1775–1789".
  9. "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter T" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  10. "Trumbull College".

Bibliography

Political offices
Preceded by
William Pitkin
Governor of the Connecticut Colony
1769–1776
Succeeded by
himself
as Governor of Connecticut
Preceded by
himself
as Governor of the Connecticut Colony
Governor of Connecticut
1776–1784
Succeeded by
Matthew Griswold

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