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Jorge Guillermo Borges (24 February 1874 – 14 February 1938) was an Argentine lawyer, teacher, writer, philosopher and translator. He was also an anarchist and a follower of Herbert Spencer philosophy. He's also a notable figure for being Jorge Luis Borges’s father.
He was the son of Colonel Francisco Borges Lafinur, an Argentine military officer of Uruguayan origins, and Frances Anne Haslam, an English native.  In 1898, he married Leonor Acevedo Suárez with whom he had two children: writer Jorge Luis Borges and painter Norah Borges. Due to the failing eyesight that would eventually afflict his son, Borges eventually abandoned his law career and the family moved to Geneva, Switzerland before World War I, where the young Jorge Luis was treated by an eye specialist. In 1921, the Borges family returned to Argentina. 
Known for his Spencerian philosophical anarchist ideas, Jorge Guillermo Borges studied law in Buenos Aires along with his lifelong friend Macedonio Fernández. He did not practice law and turned to literature instead, allegedly writing one novel: El Caudillo, published in Palma de Mallorca in 1921. Inserted in a typical criollista literary tendency of the time —that would later be taken up by Jorge Luis in his stories and poems— the novel generates ambiguous sensations that lead its reader to believe that —in what would later become pure magic realism— such a text could be the novel that Jorge Luis never wrote. 
Borges had maternal ancestral roots in Staffordshire, England. A cultivated man, he read fluently in English, was an agnostic, a skeptic, and had a deep interest in metaphysics. At the homes where he settled with his wife and family both in Palermo and Geneva, he kept a large library offering his children a complex and profound universe. On those bookshelves, young Jorge Luis and Norah could find important works in English literature: Stevenson, Hawthorne, Wells, Coleridge, Kipling, De Quincey, Poe, and Melville. His son would later remark that "if I were asked to name the chief event in my life, I should say my father's library."   
Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo was an Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator, and a key figure in Spanish-language and international literature. His best-known books, Ficciones (Fictions) and El Aleph, published in the 1940s, are compilations of short stories interconnected by common themes, including dreams, labyrinths, philosophers, libraries, mirrors, fictional writers, and mythology. Borges's works have contributed to philosophical literature and the fantasy genre, and have been considered by some critics to mark the beginning of the magic realist movement in 20th century Latin American literature. His late poems converse with such cultural figures as Spinoza, Camões, and Virgil.
Adolfo Bioy Casares was an Argentine fiction writer, journalist, diarist, and translator. He was a friend and frequent collaborator with his fellow countryman Jorge Luis Borges, and is the author of the fantastic fiction novel The Invention of Morel.
Martín Fierro, also known as El Gaucho Martín Fierro, is a 2,316-line epic poem by the Argentine writer José Hernández. The poem was originally published in two parts, El Gaucho Martín Fierro (1872) and La Vuelta de Martín Fierro (1879). The poem supplied a historical link to the gauchos' contribution to the national development of Argentina, for the gaucho had played a major role in Argentina's independence from Spain.
Norah Lange was an Argentine author, associated with the Buenos Aires avant garde of the 1920s and 1930s.
"The Approach to Al-Mu'tasim" is a fantasy short story written in 1935 by Argentinian writer Jorge Luis Borges. In his autobiographical essay, Borges wrote about "The Approach to Al-Mu'tasim", "it now seems to me to foreshadow and even to set the pattern for those tales that were somehow awaiting me, and upon which my reputation as a storyteller was to be based."
Leonor Fanny "Norah" Borges Acevedo, was a visual artist and art critic, member of the Florida group, and sister of the Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
Labyrinths is a collection of short stories and essays by the writer Jorge Luis Borges. It was translated into English, published soon after Borges won the International Publishers' Prize with Samuel Beckett.
Emir Rodríguez Monegal, born in Uruguay, was a scholar, literary critic, and editor of Latin American literature. From 1969 to 1985, Rodríguez Monegal was professor of Latin American contemporary literature at Yale University. He is usually called by his second surname Emir R. Monegal or Monegal.
Ernesto Sabato was an Argentine novelist, essayist, painter and physicist. According to the BBC he "won some of the most prestigious prizes in Hispanic literature" and "became very influential in the literary world throughout Latin America". Upon his death El País dubbed him the "last classic writer in Argentine literature".
Sur was a literary magazine published in Buenos Aires between 1931 and 1992.
"The House of Asterion" is a short story by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges. The story was first published in 1947 in the literary magazine Los Anales de Buenos Aires and republished in Borges's short story collection The Aleph in 1949. It is based on the Greek myth of Theseus and the Minotaur and is told from the perspective of Asterion, the Minotaur.
Celestial Emporium of Benevolent Knowledge is a fictitious taxonomy of animals described by the writer Jorge Luis Borges in his 1942 essay "The Analytical Language of John Wilkins".
Macedonio Fernández was an Argentine writer, humorist and philosopher. His writings included novels, stories, poetry, journalism, and works not easily classified. He was a mentor to Jorge Luis Borges and other avant-garde Argentine writers. Seventeen years of his correspondence with Borges was published in 2000. His published poetry includes "Creía yo".
Latin American literature consists of the oral and written literature of Latin America in several languages, particularly in Spanish, Portuguese, and the indigenous languages of the Americas. It rose to particular prominence globally during the second half of the 20th century, largely due to the international success of the style known as magical realism. As such, the region's literature is often associated solely with this style, with the 20th century literary movement known as Latin American Boom, and with its most famous exponent, Gabriel García Márquez. Latin American literature has a rich and complex tradition of literary production that dates back many centuries.
Guillermo de Torre was a Spanish essayist, poet and literary critic, a Dadaist and member of the Generation of '27. He is also notable as the brother-in-law of the Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges.
"Borges and I" is a short story by the Argentine writer and poet Jorge Luis Borges. It is one of the stories in the short story collection, The Maker, first published in 1960. The story "Borges and I" is about how Borges does not see himself as a writer. It shows the difference between persona and self. Borges persona is that he is the writer of multiple stories, but he hardly sees himself in the story. He is well known for his famous works in literature, but that is not who he is. He claims in the story that Borges wrote those stories, not him. He credits Borges for putting in the work to write the short story. He tries to fight these claims but he always loses to Borges. Everything he tries to do apart from Borges ends up being tied to Borges.
Borges is a Portuguese and Spanish surname. Jorge Luis Borges, the most notable person with this name, notes that his family name, like Burgess in English, means "of the town", "bourgeois".
Leonor Rita Acevedo Suárez was the mother of the Argentine author Jorge Luis Borges, and a major figure in his life and work.
"The Analytical Language of John Wilkins" is a short essay by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges originally published in Otras Inquisiciones (1937–1952). It is a critique of the English natural philosopher and writer John Wilkins's proposal for a universal language and of the representational capacity of language generally. In it, Borges imagines a bizarre and whimsical Chinese taxonomy later quoted by Michel Foucault, David Byrne, and others.
Héctor Dante Cincotta is an Argentine poet, scholar and literary critic, who received the Argentine National Prize for Literature in 1993, as well as other prizes. Among his more than seventy books, his poetry collections include “The Antiquity of the Clouds” and “The Testimony of Days”. Among his essayistic books are “Time and Nature in the Works of Ricardo E. Molinari”, “Studies in Argentine Poetry” and “Argentine Letters”. His works have been translated into Italian, French, English, German, Chinese, Turkish etc.