|Created by||Armando Nogueira|
|Theme music composer||Frank De Vol|
|Opening theme||"The Fuzz" (Instrumental)|
|Country of origin||Brazil|
|Production company(s)||Central Globo de Jornalismo|
|Original network||Rede Globo|
|Original release||September 1, 1969 –|
|Preceded by||Jornal da Globo (first incarnation)|
Jornal Nacional (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʒox'naw nasjo'naw]; Portuguese for National News or National Journal) is a Brazilian Emmy-winning primetime news program aired by Rede Globo since September 1, 1969. It was the first news program broadcast live by a television network throughout Brazil.
Portuguese is a Western Romance language originating in the Iberian Peninsula. It is the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola, and São Tomé and Príncipe. It also has co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea and Macau in China. As the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese and Portuguese creole speakers are also found in Goa, Daman and Diu in India; in Batticaloa on the east coast of Sri Lanka; in the Indonesian island of Flores; in the Malacca state of Malaysia; and the ABC islands in the Caribbean where Papiamento is spoken, while Cape Verdean Creole is the most widely spoken Portuguese-based Creole. Reintegrationists maintain that Galician is not a separate language, but a dialect of Portuguese. A Portuguese-speaking person or nation is referred to as "Lusophone" (Lusófono).
Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.
The International Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (IATAS) is an American organisation founded in 1969 to promote excellence in international television and is the organization that awards international Emmys to the best television programs produced outside the United States.
According to Ibope (Brazilian Institute of Public Opinion and Statistics), in the week of September 28—October 4, 2015 was the second most watched program of the Brazilian television, with an average of 26,007,251 viewers per minute and for 5,5 million people worldwide via Globo International.
IBOPE was established in Brazil in 1942 and provides the largest collection of information in Brazilian and Latin American markets. Supporting the decision making process of its clients, IBOPE Group provides research on media, public opinion, voting intention, consumption, behavior, marketing, branding and other issues as required by clients.
Television in Brazil has grown significantly since the first broadcasts in 1950, becoming one of largest and most productive commercial television systems in the world. Its biggest network, Rede Globo, is the second largest commercial network in the world, and is one of the largest television exporters around the world, particularly of telenovelas, which have become popular in many countries.
Jornal Nacional premiered on September 1, 1969, hosted by Hilton Gomes and Cid Moreira, the first Rio de Janeiro-produced newscast to be shown nationwide. Months later, the program featured the network's first female weekend presenter Márcia Mendes.
Cid Moreira is a Brazilian journalist and TV presenter, active since 1947. He is most recognized for his work as the main anchor on Rede Globo's primetime news program Jornal Nacional between 1969 and 1996. He is widely known by his grave, resonating voice. Moreira is also a narrator, having recorded several audiobook versions of Biblical works.
Rio de Janeiro, or simply Rio, is anchor to the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area and the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas. Rio de Janeiro is the capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil's third-most populous state. Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage Site, named "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea", by UNESCO on 1 July 2012 as a Cultural Landscape.
During the 1970s, Jornal Nacional preferred to emphasize international news and sports. The British documentary Beyond Citizen Kane suggests that this happened so that Globo wouldn't have to report the repression of the military dictatorship, which would have provided a substantial part of the network's growth. Despite this the program introduced new innovations (color broadcasts in 1970, via satellite reports in 1974, live reports in 1977 and videotape footage in 1978).
The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.
Beyond Citizen Kane is a 1993 British documentary film directed by Simon Hartog, produced by John Ellis, and first broadcast on Channel 4.
Through the 1980s, three episodes involving the program caused controversy. In 1982, Jornal Nacional's coverage of the state elections of Rio de Janeiro was accused of participating in a plot to fraud the elections. According to former Rede Globo employee Roméro da Costa Machado, Leonel Brizola, a candidate of the opposition to the military regime, was a politician historically persecuted by Rede Globo owner Roberto Marinho. Two years later, the program was accused of omitting information about the Diretas Já , a popular campaign for the resuming of the direct election for president, near the end of dictatorship. Finally, in 1989, Jornal Nacional was accused of editing a presidential debate between runoff candidates Fernando Collor and Luis Inacio Lula da Silva in order to favour Collor. This episode is also extensively debated on Beyond Citizen Kane.
Rio de Janeiro is one of the 27 federative units of Brazil. It has the second largest economy of Brazil, with the largest being that of the state of São Paulo.
Leonel de Moura Brizola was a Brazilian politician. Launched in politics by Getúlio Vargas, Brizola was the only politician to serve as elected governor of two Brazilian states, before and after the 1964-1985 military dictatorship. In 1958 he was elected governor of Rio Grande do Sul, and in 1982 and 1990 he was elected governor of Rio de Janeiro. He was also vice-president of the Socialist International and served as Honorary President of that organization from October 2003 until his death in June 2004. One of the few Brazilian major political figures able to overcome the dictatorship's twenty-years ban on his political activity, Brizola was a non-Marxist Left nationalist who successfully recycled his political agenda to cope with a post-Cold War setting. His later party, the Democratic Labour Party, practiced a form of social democratic, left-wing politics based on a form of populism derived from earlier Varguism, a highly nationalistic social democratic mass movement.
Roberto Pisani Marinho was a Brazilian publisher and businessman who was the owner of media conglomerate Grupo Globo from 1925 to 2003, and during this period expanded the company from newspapers to radio and television. Born and raised in Rio de Janeiro, Marinho inherited the newspaper O Globo and began working there as a reporter. Later he became the chief editor. Marinho founded and was the president of the Brazilian TV channel, Rede Globo, the biggest television network in the country; it now has 123 stations and associates.
In the 1990s, the quality of Rede Globo's journalism increased dramatically. Jornal Nacional presented its viewers breaking stories such as police brutality at favelas, an interview with Paulo César Farias when he was on the run from the law, corruption cases on the social security, the kicking of the saint incident among several others.
Police brutality is one of several forms of police misconduct which involves undue violence by police members. Widespread police brutality exists in many countries and territories, even those that prosecute it. Although illegal, it can be performed under the color of law.
A favela, is a unique, low and middle-income, and unregulated neighborhood in Brazil that has experienced historical governmental neglect. The first favela, now known as Providência in the center of Rio de Janeiro, appeared in the late 19th century, built by soldiers who had nowhere to live following the Canudos War. Some of the first settlements were called bairros africanos. Over the years, many former enslaved Africans moved in. Even before the first favela came into being, poor citizens were pushed away from the city and forced to live in the far suburbs. However, most modern favelas appeared in the 1970s due to rural exodus, when many people left rural areas of Brazil and moved to cities. Unable to find places to live, many people found themselves in favelas. Census data released in December 2011 by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) showed that in 2010, about 6 percent of the Brazilian population lived in slums.
Social security is "any government system that provides monetary assistance to people with an inadequate or no income." In the United States, this is usually called welfare or a social safety net, especially when talking about Canada and European countries.
In recent days, after the death of Marinho, Rede Globo's journalism again declined in quality. Jornal Nacional has preferred to broadcast stories produced on the Southeast, in spite of Globo having affiliates in every Brazilian state. During the so-called Mensalão scandal and the 2006 general elections, Jornal Nacional was once again accused of airing anti-Lula biased news. Even worse, it lost great part of its viewership to Rede Record's Jornal da Record, which copied its style and also features former Jornal Nacional anchors, Celso Freitas and Marcos Hummel (as a relief presenter for Jornal da Record), and was known to be widely preferred as a more credible newscast than Jornal Nacional. On November 2005, host William Bonner caused controversy after he compared the average Jornal Nacional viewer with Homer Simpson, the ignorant main character of the American animated series The Simpsons .
As part of Rede Globo's 50th anniversary, Jornal Nacional will be given a brand new look and a brand new intro, however, the theme tune will remain unchanged. Between March 17 and April 27, 2015, the newscast aired on chroma key.
On June 19, 2017, Jornal Nacional began airing from the new Rio de Janeiro newsroom at Globo headquarters, especially for the news television GloboNews and news portal G1. The newscast, after moved to new newsroom, are also given a brand new look and a brand new intro, however, the theme tune was modified.
After almost 40 years of broadcast, several reporters hosted Jornal Nacional. Hilton Gomes and Cid Moreira were the first hosts. In 1971, Sérgio Chapelin replaced Gomes and joined Moreira as the longest-running duo of Jornal Nacional hosts. In 1983, Chapelin was replaced by Celso Freitas. Chapelin returned in 1989, hosting again with Moreira until 1996. In that year, William Bonner and Lillian Witte Fibe began serving as hosts. From 1998 and prior to December 5, 2011, Witte Fibe was replaced by Bonner's now ex-wife, Fátima Bernardes. Bonner and Bernardes recently tied with Chapelin and Moreira as the longest-running duo of Jornal Nacional hosts. From October 31, 2014, the former host of Fantástico, Renata Vasconcellos replaced Patrícia Poeta (who also replaced Fátima) and joined Bonner as the current hosts of this programme.
Some of the news aired by Jornal Nacional are criticized for not representing all points of view, manipulating newsand being sensationalist.
Rede Globo, or simply Globo, is a Brazilian free-to-air television network, launched by media proprietor Roberto Marinho on 26 April 1965. It is owned by media conglomerate Grupo Globo, being by far the largest of its holdings. Globo is the largest commercial TV network in Latin America and the second-largest commercial TV network of the world just behind the American ABC Television Network and the largest producer of telenovelas.
Rede Manchete was a Brazilian television network that was founded in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1983 by the Ukrainian-Brazilian journalist and businessman Adolpho Bloch. The network remained on the air until 10 May 1999. It was part of Grupo Bloch, which published the magazine Manchete by Bloch Editores, its publishing division; the television network was named after the magazine.
Fantástico is a Brazilian weekly television newsmagazine broadcast on Sunday nights on Rede Globo since August 5, 1973, created by José Bonifácio de Oliveira Sobrinho.
Luciano Grostein Huck is a Brazilian TV host and entrepreneur. Since 2000 he has hosted the TV show Caldeirão do Huck, aired every Saturday on Brazilian network Rede Globo, and also broadcast to 114 countries, via Globo International.
Jornal da Globo is the late night news show broadcast by the Brazilian television channel Rede Globo. It doesn't have a fixed starting time, but usually airs at or after midnight.
Viver a Vida is a Brazilian telenovela broadcast by Rede Globo from September 14, 2009 to May 14, 2010. It is written by Manoel Carlos in collaboration with Ângela Chaves, Cláudia Lage, Daisy Chaves, Juliana Perez and Maria Carolina. Directed by Teresa Lamprey, Frederico Mayrink, Luciano Sabino, Leonardo Nogueira, Adriano Mello and Maria José Rodrigues. It is directed by Jayme Monjardim and Fabrício Mamberti. Topbilled by Taís Araújo, José Mayer, Lília Cabral and Alinne Moraes and Mateus Solano. Originally it ran for 209 episodes but internationally the episodes are condensed into 100.
William Bonemer Júnior, known professionally as William Bonner, is a Brazilian newscaster, publicist and journalist. He is the current editor-in-chief and anchorman of Jornal Nacional, the most-watched Brazilian news program, aired by Rede Globo.
The TV Globo Internacional is a pay-TV channel, broadcast 24 hours via satellite and cable with digital parameters, all in Portuguese. Its target audience is approximately 5.5 million people, including Brazilians and Lusophones. Currently, approximately 500,000 premium subscribers worldwide are available.
Paraíso Tropical is a Brazilian telenovela that was produced and aired by Rede Globo from 5 March and 28 September 2007, totaling 179 chapters.
The 2014–15 network television schedule for the four major Brazilian Portuguese commercial broadcast networks in Brazil covers primetime hours from April 2014 to March 2015.
Criticism of Rede Globo refers to the extensive history of controversies involving the Brazilian television network and Brazilian society. The broadcaster has an unparalleled ability to influence Brazil's culture and to shape the country's public opinion.
Tá no Ar: a TV na TV is a Brazilian sitcom created by Marcelo Adnet, Marcius Melhem and Mauricio Farias for Rede Globo. The series satirizes some Brazilian television programs, including the other stations.
Fátima Gomes Bernardes is a Brazilian journalist and TV presenter. She joined Rede Globo in 1987 as the host of RJTV, the regional news from Rio de Janeiro and became widely known in 1989 when she presented Jornal da Globo, the late night news program. She also presented Fantástico, Jornal Hoje and Jornal Nacional, where she was the news anchor from 1998 to 2011.
Encontro com Fátima Bernardes is a morning talk show hosted by Brazilian journalist and former primetime news program Jornal Nacional anchor Fátima Bernardes. It first aired in June 25, 2012, and is broadcast from Monday to Friday on Rede Globo, after Bem Estar.
Jornal da Record is a Brazilian news program, broadcasts on RecordTV every Monday to Friday at 21:30 and Saturday at 19:45 (BRT).
Marília Gabriela Baston de Toledo, also known as Gabi, is a Brazilian journalist, interviewer, actress, singer, television presenter and writer.
Maria Júlia Coutinho, commonly known as Maju Coutinho, is a Brazilian journalist, television presenter and commentator.