José Murilo de Carvalho (born 1939) is a Brazilian historian. He obtained his PhD in political science from Stanford University, where he defended a thesis on the Brazilian Empire. He is professor emeritus at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. He also taught at the Federal University of Minas Gerais. He was a visiting professor and researcher at the universities of Oxford, Leiden, Stanford, California (Irvine), London, Notre Dame, at the Institute for Advanced Studies at Princeton and at the Ortega y Gasset Foundation in Madrid.
He has published and organized 19 books and more than 100 articles in magazines. He is a member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences and the Brazilian Academy of Letters, where he is the sixth occupant of Chair 5. He was elected to the Brazilian Academy of Letters on March 11, 2004, in succession to Rachel de Queiroz and received on September 10, 2004 by the academic Affonso Arinos de Mello Franco.
Richard Powers is an American novelist whose works explore the effects of modern science and technology. His novel The Echo Maker won the 2006 National Book Award for Fiction. He has also won many other awards over the course of his career, including a MacArthur Fellowship. As of 2018, Powers has published twelve novels and has taught at the University of Illinois and Stanford University. He won the 2019 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for The Overstory.
Andrew Chi-Chih Yao is a Chinese computer scientist and computational theorist. He is currently a Professor and the Dean of Institute for Interdisciplinary Information Sciences (IIIS) at Tsinghua University. Yao used the minimax theorem to prove what is now known as Yao's Principle.
John Casper Branner was an American geologist and academic who discovered bauxite in Arkansas in 1887 as State Geologist for the Geological Survey of Arkansas. He was Chair of the Departments of Botany and Geology at Indiana University and later at Stanford University. He was a member of the founding faculty at Stanford and served as the university's second president. He served as President of the Geological Society of America in 1904. He was President of the Seismological Society of America in 1911. He was an expert in Brazilian geology, among many other things.
José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva was a Brazilian statesman, naturalist, mineralist, professor and poet, born in Santos, São Paulo, then part of the Portuguese Empire. He was one of the most important mentors of Brazilian independence, and his actions were decisive for the success of Emperor Pedro I. He supported public education, was an abolitionist and suggested that a new national capital be created in Brazil's underdeveloped interior. His career as naturalist was marked by the discovery of four new minerals.
Philippe Van Parijs is a Belgian political philosopher and political economist, best known as a proponent and main defender of the concept of a basic income and for the first systematic treatment of linguistic justice.
Miguel Osório de Almeida was a noted Brazilian physician and scientist, brother of another scientist, Álvaro Osório de Almeida, both considered the fathers of modern physiology in Brazil.
Carlos Chagas Filho was a Brazilian physician, biologist and scientist active in the field of neuroscience. He was internationally renowned for his investigations on the neural mechanisms underlying the phenomenon of electrogenesis by the electroplaques of electric fishes. He was also an important scientific leader, being one of the founders of the Biophysics Institute of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and was also a president for 16 years of the Vatican's Pontifical Academy of Sciences, and president of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (1965–1967).
Oswaldo Frota-Pessoa was a noted Brazilian physician, biologist and geneticist.
William Esco Moerner is an American physical chemist and chemical physicist with current work in the biophysics and imaging of single molecules. He is credited with achieving the first optical detection and spectroscopy of a single molecule in condensed phases, along with his postdoc, Lothar Kador. Optical study of single molecules has subsequently become a widely used single-molecule experiment in chemistry, physics and biology. In 2014, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Celso Lafer is a Brazilian jurist, full professor of Philosophy of Law at University of São Paulo, twice former foreign minister and a former commerce minister.
Francisco Cavalcanti Pontes de Miranda was a prominent Brazilian jurist, judge, diplomat and professor of Law at the Federal University of Pernambuco. He occupied the 7th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters in 1979, until his death.
Craig E. Manning is a professor of geology and geochemistry in the Department of Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he served as department chair between 2009 and 2012. Manning's research interests include water chemistry, thermodynamics, gas chemistry, geochemistry, igneous petrology, and metamorphic petrology.
Evandro Cavalcanti Lins e Silva was a Brazilian lawyer, journalist, writer and politician. He was Prosecutor General of the Republic, Chief of Staff, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Justice of the Supreme Federal Court.
Domício Proença Filho is a Brazilian academic and former president of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. He was born in Rio de Janeiro, on January 25, 1936, to Maria de Lourdes Proença and Domício Proença. He attended primary school at Escola Joaquim Manuel de Macedo, on Paquetá Island, where he lived during his childhood and adolescence. He then attended junior high school at Colégio Pedro II, a boarding school. He obtained his bachelor's degree from the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Brazil (1957), with a specialization course in Spanish Language and Literature (1958). He holds a PhD in Literature. He has taught at numerous institutions at home and abroad, among them the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and the Universidade Federal Fluminense. He taught at the latter for more than three decades and became an Emeritus Professor in 2002.
Cândido Motta Filho was a Brazilian lawyer, professor, journalist, essayist and politician.
Tarcísio Meirelles Padilha is a Brazilian philosopher and former chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. He was born in Rio de Janeiro on April 17, 1928, the son of Raymundo Delmiriano Padilha and D. Mayard Meirelles Padilha. In 1951, he married Ruth Maria Fortuna Padilha, and the couple has six children.
Antonio Carlos Secchin is a Brazilian writer and academic. He was born in Rio de Janeiro on June 10, 1952, to Sives Secchin and Victoria Regia Fuzeira Secchin. Until the age of six, he lived in Cachoeiro de Itapemirim. Since 1959, he has lived in Rio de Janeiro.
Affonso Arinos de Mello Franco (1930-2020) is a Brazilian diplomat and journalist. He was born in Belo Horizonte on November 11, 1930. His parents were Affonso Arinos de Mello Franco and Anna Guilhermina Pereira de Mello Franco.
Evanildo Cavalcante Bechara is a Brazilian scholar. He was born in Recife on February 26, 1928. He was orphaned at an early age, and moved to Rio de Janeiro in order to complete his education, staying at the home of a great uncle.
Arno Wehling was born in 1947 in the city of Rio de Janeiro, son of Eugen Horst Theodor Wehling and Helena Wehling, born in Düsseldorf and Florianópolis, respectively. He is married to professor and historian Maria José Cavalleiro de Macedo Wehling, born in Belém do Pará, with whom he has published works and conducted research.