José Nepomuceno

Last updated
José Nepomuceno
Born(1893-05-15)15 May 1893
Died1 December 1959(1959-12-01) (aged 66)
Occupation Editor, Photographer, Filmmaker
Spouse(s)Isabel Acuno [1]

José Zialcita Nepomuceno (May 15, 1893 December 1, 1959) was one of the pioneering directors and producer of Philippine cinema. He is also known as the founder of Philippine movies, he had his own production company Jose Mepomuceno Productions. It was in 1919 when he produced the first Filipino silent film entitled Dalagang Bukid. The film starred Atang de la Rama, a future National Artist of the Philippines. [2] He also directed Un (El) Capullo Marchito ("A Wilted Rosebud") in 1920. It starred Luisa Acuña, who then became a famous leading lady in Filipino silent films. [3]

Film director Person who controls the artistic and dramatic aspects of a film production

A film director is a person who directs the making of a film. A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfilment of that vision. The director has a key role in choosing the cast members, production design, and the creative aspects of filmmaking. Under European Union law, the director is viewed as the author of the film.

Cinema of the Philippines

The cinema of the Philippines began with the introduction of the first moving pictures to the country on January 1, 1897 at the Salón de Pertierra in Manila. The following year, local scenes were shot on film for the first time by a Spaniard, Antonio Ramos, using the Lumiere Cinematograph. While most early filmmakers and producers in the country were mostly wealthy enterprising foreigners and expatriates, on September 12, 1919, Dalagang Bukid , a movie based on a popular musical play, was the first movie made and shown by Filipino filmmaker José Nepomuceno. Dubbed as the "Father of Philippine Cinema", his work marked the start of cinema as an art form in the Philippines.

Honorata de la Rama-Hernandez, commonly known as Atang de la Rama, was a singer and bodabil performer who became the first Filipina film actress.




<i>Dalagang Bukid</i> 1919 film by José Nepomuceno

Dalagang Bukid is a 1919 Filipino silent film directed by José Nepomuceno. It is the first Filipino feature film to be locally produced in the Philippines. Like all of Nepomuceno's works, Dalagang Bukid is now a lost film.


Ang Tatlong Hambog or Tatlong Hambog is a 1926 Filipino silent romantic comedy film which was produced by Jose Nepomuceno during the pre-war era of Philippine cinema. It is a romantic comedy starring Isabel Rosario (Elizabeth) "Dimples" Cooper, a vaudeville actress, and Luis Tuason, a race car sportsman. The film was considered controversial because it was the first in the history of Philippine movies to show a lips-to-lips kiss onscreen.


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  1. "Isabel Acuña". Women Film Pioneers Project. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  2. Vibas, Danny (27 February 2007). "The first Ani Awards". The Manila Times . Archived from the original on 18 March 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
  3. Nadi Tofighian. "The role of Jose Nepomuceno in the Philippine society: What language did his silent films speak?" (pdf). Stockholm University, Department of Cinema Studies. Retrieved 12 August 2008.