|Died||1 December 1959 66) (aged|
|Occupation||Editor, Photographer, Filmmaker|
José Zialcita Nepomuceno (May 15, 1893 – December 1, 1959) was one of the pioneering directors and producer of Philippine cinema. He is also known as the founder of Philippine movies, he had his own production company Jose Mepomuceno Productions. It was in 1919 when he produced the first Filipino silent film entitled Dalagang Bukid. The film starred Atang de la Rama, a future National Artist of the Philippines. He also directed Un (El) Capullo Marchito ("A Wilted Rosebud") in 1920. It starred Luisa Acuña, who then became a famous leading lady in Filipino silent films.
A film director is a person who directs the making of a film. A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfilment of that vision. The director has a key role in choosing the cast members, production design, and the creative aspects of filmmaking. Under European Union law, the director is viewed as the author of the film.
The cinema of the Philippines began with the introduction of the first moving pictures to the country on January 1, 1897 at the Salón de Pertierra in Manila. The following year, local scenes were shot on film for the first time by a Spaniard, Antonio Ramos, using the Lumiere Cinematograph. While most early filmmakers and producers in the country were mostly wealthy enterprising foreigners and expatriates, on September 12, 1919, Dalagang Bukid , a movie based on a popular musical play, was the first movie made and shown by Filipino filmmaker José Nepomuceno. Dubbed as the "Father of Philippine Cinema", his work marked the start of cinema as an art form in the Philippines.
Honorata de la Rama-Hernandez, commonly known as Atang de la Rama, was a singer and bodabil performer who became the first Filipina film actress.
Dalagang Bukid is a 1919 Filipino silent film directed by José Nepomuceno. It is the first Filipino feature film to be locally produced in the Philippines. Like all of Nepomuceno's works, Dalagang Bukid is now a lost film.
Ang Tatlong Hambog or Tatlong Hambog is a 1926 Filipino silent romantic comedy film which was produced by Jose Nepomuceno during the pre-war era of Philippine cinema. It is a romantic comedy starring Isabel Rosario (Elizabeth) "Dimples" Cooper, a vaudeville actress, and Luis Tuason, a race car sportsman. The film was considered controversial because it was the first in the history of Philippine movies to show a lips-to-lips kiss onscreen.
Arthur Edeson, A.S.C. was a film cinematographer, born in New York City. His career ran from the formative years of the film industry in New York, through the silent era in Hollywood, and the sound era there in the 1930s and 1940s. His work included many landmarks in film history, including The Thief of Bagdad (1924), Frankenstein (1931), The Maltese Falcon (1941), and Casablanca (1942).
Richard Oswald was an Austrian director, producer, and screenwriter.
Regidor de la Rosa, professionally known as Rogelio de la Rosa, was one of the most popular Filipino matinee idols of the 20th century. He is also remembered for his statesmanship, in particular his accomplishments as a diplomat. Elected to the Philippine Senate from 1957 to 1963, he was the first Filipino film actor to parlay his fame into a substantial political career, paving the way for other future Filipino entertainers-turned-politicians such as Senators Eddie Ilarde, Ramon Revilla, Sr., Tito Sotto, Ramon "Bong" Revilla, Jr., Jinggoy Estrada, Lito Lapid, Freddie Webb, and President Joseph Estrada.
Manuel Barbeyto was a Filipino actor of early 1930s before the war struck in the City of Manila. Barbeyto made his first appearance in the silent movie Mary, I Love You in 1926.
Harry Montagu Love, usually credited as Montagu Love, was an English screen, stage and vaudeville actor.
Lloyd Hughes was an American actor of both the silent and sound film eras.
Frederic Zelnik was one of the most important producers-directors of the German silent cinema. Zelnik became a successful director and also producer of period operetta films in 1920s and 1930s. He also appeared on screen as an actor.
Dr. Gregorio Montenemayor-Fernández also known as Gregorio Fernandez was a film actor and director, and father of Rudy Fernandez.
There are many references to Ghosts in Filipino culture, ranging from ancient legendary creatures such as the Manananggal and Tiyanak to more modern urban legends and horror movies. The beliefs, legends and stories are as diverse as the people of the Philippines.
Georg Alexander was a German film actor who was a prolific presence in German cinema. He also directed a number of films during the silent era.
Willi Wolff (1883–1947) was a German screenwriter, film producer and director. He was married to the silent film star Ellen Richter whose films he often worked on.
Paul Biensfeldt (1869–1933) was a German-Jewish stage and film actor.
Maria Forescu was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian opera singer and film actress. During the silent and talkies era of the German cinema, she appeared in several movies as a supporting actress. When Adolf Hitler came to power, Forescu, like other Jews of that period, was barred from her profession. She died in the Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany.
Mowelfund, or the Movie Workers Welfare Foundation, is an organization in the Philippines that provides for the welfare of workers in the film industry. As well as helping film workers in times of need, it provides support to various organizations including the Mowelfund Film Institute.
Curt Courant was a German cinematographer who worked on over a hundred films during the silent and early sound eras. Courant worked in several European countries, collaborating with figures such as Alfred Hitchcock and Fritz Lang. As he was of Jewish ancestry, Courant was forced to leave Germany in 1933 and go into exile following the Nazi takeover of power. Courant worked at several of the leading British studios during the mid-1930s. He is the father of Willy Kurant who also became a cinematographer.
1919 in the Philippines details events of note that happened in the Philippines in the year 1919.
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