José de Espronceda

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José de Espronceda
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José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnación de Espronceda y Delgado

(1808-03-25)25 March 1808
Died23 May 1842(1842-05-23) (aged 34)
Madrid, Spain
Resting place Cementerio de San Justo
Occupation Poet, writer and journalist
Movement Romanticism
ChildrenBlanca Espronceda de Escosura (1834–1900)
  • Camilo de Espronceda (father)

José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnación de Espronceda y Delgado (25 March 1808 – 23 May 1842) [2] was a Romantic Spanish poet, one of the most representative authors of the 19th century. [3] He was influenced by Eugenio de Ochoa, Federico Madrazo, Alfred Tennyson, Richard Chenevix Trench and Diego de Alvear. [4]

Romanticism period of artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that started in 18th century Europe

Romanticism was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850. Romanticism was characterized by its emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as glorification of all the past and nature, preferring the medieval rather than the classical. It was partly a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, the aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment, and the scientific rationalization of nature—all components of modernity. It was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature, but had a major impact on historiography, education, the social sciences, and the natural sciences. It had a significant and complex effect on politics, with romantic thinkers influencing liberalism, radicalism, conservatism and nationalism.

Poet Person who writes and publishes poetry

A poet is a person who creates poetry. Poets may describe themselves as such or be described as such by others. A poet may simply be a writer of poetry, or may perform their art to an audience.

Eugenio de Ochoa Spanish translator and writer

Eugenio de Ochoa (1815–72) was a Spanish author, writer, and translator.



House where Espronceda was born House where Espronceda was born.jpg
House where Espronceda was born

Espronceda was born in Almendralejo, at the Province of Badajoz. [5] As a youth, he studied at the Colegio San Mateo at Madrid, having Alberto Lista as a teacher. When he was 15 years old, he formed a secret society named "Los Numantinos" alongside his friends Ventura de la Vega and Patricio de la Escosura, conspiring against Ferdinand VII and intending to avenge the death of Rafael del Riego. For this, he was imprisoned in a monastery and exiled. [6] Afterward, he left Spain and lived in Lisbon, Belgium, France, England and Holland. On his return to Spain in 1833, he became active in the extreme left-wing of Spanish political culture. Espronceda is also known for his affair with Teresa Mancha, for whom he wrote "Canto a Teresa" (from El diablo mundo). He died of diphtheria in 1842.

Almendralejo Municipality in Extremadura, Spain

Almendralejo is a town in the Province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. It is situated 45 km south-east of Badajoz, on the main road and rail route between Mérida and Seville. As of 2010, it has a population of 33,975. It was the site of a battle and massacre in 1936 during the Spanish Civil War.

Province of Badajoz Province of Spain

The province of Badajoz is a province of western Spain located in the autonomous community of Extremadura. It was formed in 1833. It is bordered by the provinces of Cáceres in the north, Toledo, Ciudad Real in the east, Córdoba in the south-east, Seville, and Huelva in the south and Portugal in the west.

Madrid Capital of Spain

Madrid is the capital and most populous city of Spain. The city has almost 3.3 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union (EU), surpassed only by London and Berlin, and its monocentric metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU, smaller only than those of London and Paris. The municipality covers 604.3 km2 (233.3 sq mi).

In 1902, his body was moved to Panteón de Hombres Ilustres, Spain. [7]

Spain Kingdom in Southwest Europe

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

Literary production

Having been inspired to a literary career by his teacher Alberto Lista, Espronceda began to write the historical poem El Pelayo during his stay in the monastery. The poem was never completed. Later he wrote the novel Sancho Saldaña. His other important works include El estudiante de Salamanca , whose main character is Don Félix de Montemar, El mendigo , ¡Guerra! , Al dos de mayo and El diablo mundo , [3] long lyric poems, the latter remained unfinished. Also important were A Jarifa en una orgía, El verdugo, [3] El canto del cosaco, La canción del pirata [3] and Himno al sol. Many of his works display the tendencies of Romanticism, and along with José Zorrilla he is considered Spain's most important Romantic poet, as well as the most rebellious.[ citation needed ]

Alberto Lista Spanish poet

Alberto Rodríguez de Lista y Aragón, Spanish poet and educationalist, was born at Seville.

<i>El estudiante de Salamanca</i> Narrative poem by Jose de Espronceda

The Student of Salamanca is a work by Spanish Romantic poet José de Espronceda. It was published in fragments beginning in 1837; the complete poem was published in 1840 in the volume Poesías. Parts of it are poetry, other parts drama. It is a variation of the Don Juan legend, with its central character don Félix de Montemar playing the part of Don Juan.

José Zorrilla Spanish poet, writer, playwright

José Zorrilla y Moral was a Spanish poet and dramatist.

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  1. "El escritor José de Espronceda". Museo del Prado (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  2. Navas-Ruiz, Ricardo. "José de Espronceda y Delgado". Diccionario biográfico España (in Spanish). Real Academia de la Historia.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Espín Templado, María del Pilar. "Presentación". Cervantes Virtual (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  4. Espín Templado, María del Pilar. "Amistades de José de Espronceda". Cervantes Virtual (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  5. Cortón, Antonio (1906). Espronceda (PDF). Madrid: Casa Editorial Velásquez. p. 8.
  6. Schmidt, Jr., Frederick W. (2002). Littel, McDougal (ed.). Abriendo puertas: Antologia de literatura en espanol. 1. Houghton Mifflin School. ISBN   9780618272600.
  7. Espín Templado, María del Pilar. "Biografía de José de Espronceda". Cervantes Virtual (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 December 2017.


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