Joseph Banks

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The standard author abbreviation Banks is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name. [54]

Dispersal of Banks papers

Following Banks's death in 1820 a "treasure-trove of letters and papers" [55] was passed to Sir Edward Knatchbull, his wife's nephew. In 1828 the latter passed bound volumes of foreign correspondence to the British Library but retained the rest of the papers in the expectation that an official biography would be written. [56] After the death of Knatchbull and his wife, the letters and papers were passed on to their son Edward Knatchbull Hugesson, 1st Baron Brabourne, who offered to sell them to the British Museum. [56] However, in 1884 it declined to purchase them. [55] Following that "notorious" [55] decision the Agent General of New South Wales, Sir Saul Samuel, issued instructions for the purchase of a large portion of the papers, which now form part of the State Library of New South Wales's Brabourne Collection. [57] The "large quantities of papers" which remained were then auctioned off at Sotheby's in London in March and April 1886. [55] One of the successful bidders was E. A. Petherick. Many of those are now in the Petherick Collection at the National Library of Australia. [58] During the twentieth century the National Library continued to purchase Banks's letters and papers when they came on the market.

Online archive

In his Endeavour journal, Banks recorded 30 years of his life. Letters, invoices, maps, regalia, and watercolour drawings have now been digitised on the State Library of NSW website. This rich research and educational tool provides access to 8800 high-quality digital images. [59]

See also

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  1. Sir Joseph Banks, Baronet. Retrieved on 22 June 2015.
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  3. Gooley, Tristan (2012). The Natural Explorer. London: Sceptre. p. 2. ISBN   978-1-444-72031-0.
  4. 1 2 O'Brian, Patrick (1993) Joseph Banks: A Life. London: David R. Godine, pp. 23–24, ISBN   0-87923-930-1.
  5. George Suttor, ed., Joseph Banks, Memoirs Historical and Scientific of the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks (Parramatta: E. Mason, 1855), p. 19
  6. Hill, J.W.F. (1952) The Letters and Papers of the Banks Family of Revesby Abbey, Lincoln Record Society, vol. 45, noted in Patrick O'Brian, Joseph Banks, A Life, 1987 p. 16
  7. Gascoigne, John (2004) "Banks, Sir Joseph, baronet (1743–1820)", in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , Oxford University Press, doi : 10.1093/ref:odnb/1300.
  8. He was, however, awarded an honorary degree by Oxford on his return from his voyage to the South Seas, see "Banks, Sir Joseph", in Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Scribner, 1970.
  9. Jackson, John (October 2007). "Specialist Lodges". MQ Magazine (27): ns.
  10. Tuck, Leslie. Montevecchi, William. Nuttall Ornithological Club (1987). Newfoundland Birds, Exploitation, Study, Conservation, Harvard University.
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  12. Lysaght, Averil M. (1971) Joseph Banks in Newfoundland and Labrador, 1766 Berkeley: University of California Press, p. 168, ISBN   0-520-01780-3.
  13. Digital Collection, National Library of Australia
  14. Catalogue, National Library of Australia, accessed February 2010
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  16. Holmes, Richard (2009). The Age of Wonder. HarperPress. p. 10. ISBN   978-1400031870.. Holmes incorrectly states that Green's first name was William, not Charles.
  17. 1 2 Holmes, Richard (2008). "Joseph Banks in Paradise". The age of wonder : how the romantic generation discovered the beauty and terror of science. New York: Pantheon Books. pp. 1–54. ISBN   978-1-4000-3187-0. OCLC   264044731.
  18. Agnarsdóttir, Anna (2020). "The young Joseph Banks: naturalist explorer and scientist, 1766–1772". Journal for Maritime Research. 21 (1–2): 23–44. doi:10.1080/21533369.2020.1746090. ISSN   2153-3369. S2CID   219033761.
  19. Boswell, James; Tankard, Paul (10 June 2014). Facts and inventions : selections from the journalism of James Boswell. New Haven. ISBN   9780300141269. OCLC   861676836.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  20. Colley, Linda (2009), "Men at arms", The Guardian, 7 November 2009.
  21. Desmond, Ray (1995). The History of the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. pp. 104–6.
  22. Susan Reynolds (editor) Heston and Isleworth, A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3: Victoria County History, 1962
  23. Thorne, James (1876). Lambourne-Yiewsley. John Murray.
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  25. "No. 12172". The London Gazette . 20 March 1781. p. 5.
  26. Journals of the House of Commons, 19 Geo. III, 1779, Vol. 37, p. 311.
  27. Ronalds, B.F. (2017). "Ronalds Nurserymen in Brentford and Beyond". Garden History. 45 (1): 82–100. JSTOR   44987945.
  28. "Sir Joseph Banks Collection". 29 June 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  29. Wulf, p. 19.
  30. Wulf, p. 44.
  31. Wulf, p. 76.
  32. Wulf, p. 136.
  33. "Joseph Banks". American Philosophical Society Member History. American Philosophical Society . Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  34. "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter B" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2022. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
  35. Anderson, R. G. W. (2008). "Joseph Banks and the British Museum, The World of Collecting, 1770–1830". Journal of the History of Collections. 20: 151. doi:10.1093/jhc/fhm040.
  36. Banks, Joseph. Papers of Sir Joseph Banks; Section 12: Lord Macartney's embassy to China; Series 62: Papers concerning publication of the account of Lord Macartney's Embassy to China, ca 1797. Archived 3 June 2017 at the Wayback Machine [State Library of New South Wales.]
  37. "No. 13792". The London Gazette . 30 June 1795. p. 688.
  38. "No. 16972". The London Gazette . 4 January 1815. pp. 17–20.
  39. James Boyce Imperial Mud: The Fight for the Fens, Icon Books, 2020, p100.
  40. "Lady Banks Rose Growing: How To Plant A Lady Banks Rose". Gardening KnowHow. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  41. "Sir Joseph Banks (1743–1820)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  42. "Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen". 28 August 2010.
  43. Flinders, Matthew (1966) [1814]. A Voyage to Terra Australis : undertaken for the purpose of completing the discovery of that vast country, and prosecuted in the years 1801, 1802, and 1803 in His Majesty's ship the Investigator, and subsequently in the armed vessel Porpoise and Cumberland Schooner; with an account of the shipwreck of the Porpoise, arrival of the Cumberland at Mauritius, and imprisonment of the commander during six years and a half in that island (Facsimile ed.). Adelaide; Reprint of: London : G. and W. Nicol, 1814 ed. In two volumes, with an Atlas (3 volumes): Libraries Board of South Australia. p. 234. Retrieved 24 December 2013.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  44. Margerison, Charles (19 April 2011). Amazing Scientists: Inspirational Stories. Amazing People Club. ISBN   978-1-921752-40-7.
  45. "A Message From The Principal". Joseph Banks Secondary College. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  46. "Other Banknotes". Reserve Bank of Australia . Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  47. Australian 90c postal stamp. JPG image.
  48. Correia, Alice (1 September 2020). "'Respectable Exotics': Exhibiting South Asian Modernists in Britain, 1958 and 2017". Visual Culture in Britain. 21 (3): 310–329. doi:10.1080/14714787.2020.1852887. ISSN   1471-4787. S2CID   231821993.
  49. Gadd, Denise (25 May 2011). "In full bloom at Chelsea". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
  50. "BANKS, SIR JOSEPH (1743–1820), BROWN, ROBERT (1773–1858), DON, DAVID (1800–1841)". English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  51. "The Lost World of Joseph Banks". Pilot Guides. 2016.
  52. Hustwitt, J. R. (2014). Interreligious hermeneutics and the pursuit of truth. Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books. ISBN   978-0-7391-8739-5.
  53. Ball, Philip (2015). Invisible: the dangerous allure of the unseen. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. ISBN   978-0-226-23889-0.
  54. International Plant Names Index.  Banks.
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  56. 1 2 Papers of Sir Joseph Banks, Retrieved 26 September 2022.
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Cited sources

Further reading

Primary resources

Secondary resources

  • Cameron, H. C. (1952) Sir Joseph Banks, K.B., P.R.S.; the Autocrat of the Philosophers, Batchworth Press.
  • Carter, H. B. (1964) His Majesty's Spanish Flock: Sir Joseph Banks and the Merinos of George III of England[ sic ], University of Sydney.
  • Carter, Harold Burnell (1988) Sir Joseph Banks, 1743–1820 London: British Museum of Natural History ISBN   0-565-00993-1;
  • Chambers, Neil (2007). Joseph Banks and the British Museum: the world of collecting, 1770-1830. London: Pickering & Chatto. ISBN   978-1851968589. OCLC   1028009661.
  • Dawson, W. R. (ed) (1958) The Banks Letters, University of London.
  • Durt, Tania (2007) "Joseph Banks", pp. 173–181 in The Great Naturalists, edited by Robert Huxley. London: Thames & Hudson with the Natural History Museum.
  • Duyker, Edward (1998) Nature's Argonaut: Daniel Solander 1733-1782: Naturalist and Voyager with Cook and Banks. Melbourne University Press. ISBN   0-522-84753-6
  • Marshall, John Braybrooke. "Daniel Carl Solander, Friend, Librarian and Assistant to Sir Joseph Banks." Archives of Natural History 11.3 (1984): 451–456.
  • Duyker, Edward & Tingbrand, Per (ed. & trans) (1995) Daniel Solander: Collected Correspondence 1753–1782, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, pp. 466, ISBN   0-522-84636-X Scandinavian University Press, Oslo, 1995, pp. 466, ISBN   82-00-22454-6
  • Fara, Patricia (2004) Sex, Botany & Empire: The Story Of Carl Linnaeus And Joseph Banks. New York: Columbia University Press ISBN   0-231-13426-6
  • Gascoigne, John (1994) Joseph Banks and the English Enlightenment: Useful Knowledge and Polite Culture Cambridge: Cambridge University Press ISBN   0-521-54211-1
  • Gascoigne, John (1998) Science in the Service of Empire: Joseph Banks, The British State and the Uses of Science in the Age of Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press ISBN   0-521-55069-6
  • Hawkesworth, John; Byron, John; Wallis, Samuel; Carteret, Philip; Cook, James; Banks, Joseph (1773). An account of the voyages undertaken by the order of His present Majesty for making discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere, and successively performed by Commodore Byron, Captain Wallis, Captain Carteret, and Captain Cook, in the Dolphin, the Swallow, and the Endeavour drawn up from the journals which were kept by the several commanders, and from the papers of Joseph Banks, esq. London Printed for W. Strahan and T. Cadell., Volume I, Volume II-III
  • Kryza, Frank T. (207) The Race to Timbuktu: In Search of Africa's City of Gold. New York: HarperCollins ISBN   0-06-056065-7
  • Lysaght, A. M. (1971). Joseph Banks in Newfoundland and Labrador, 1766; his diary, manuscripts, and collections. Faber and Faber, London. ISBN   0-571-09351-5;
  • Mackaness, G. (1936) Sir Joseph Banks. His Relations with Australia, University of Sydney
  • Maiden, J. H. (1909) Sir Joseph Banks: The “Father of Australia”.  Kegan Paul.
  • Musgrave, Toby (2020). The Multifarious Mr. Banks: From Botany Bay to Kew, the Natural Historian Who Shaped the World. Yale University Press. ISBN   978-0-300-22383-5.
  • O'Brian, Patrick 1993 Joseph Banks: A Life. London: David R. Godine, 1993. ISBN   0-87923-930-1, reprinted by University of Chicago Press, 1997 ISBN   0-226-61628-2
  • ——— 1987 Sir Joseph Banks London: Harvill Press. ISBN   0-00-272340-9
  • Smith, Edward (1911) Life of Sir Joseph Banks: With Some Notices of his Friends and Contemporaries.  John Lane.

Select unpublished monographs

  • Duncan, A. (1821) A Short Account of the Life of the Right Honourable Sir Joseph Banks, University of Edinburgh.
  • Gilbert, L. (1962) Botanical Investigation of Eastern Seaboard Australia, 1788–1810, B.A. thesis, University of New England, Australia.


Novels based on a mix of historical fact and conjecture about Banks' early life include:

Sir Joseph Banks
Joseph Banks 1773 Reynolds.jpg
Sir Joseph Banks, as painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds in 1773
Born(1743-02-24)24 February 1743 (13 February O.S.)
30 Argyll Street, London, England
Died19 June 1820(1820-06-19) (aged 77)
Spring Grove House, Isleworth, London, England
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford
Known forVoyage of HMS Endeavour, exploration of Botany Bay
Spouse Dorothea Banks
Scientific career
Institutions Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Author abbrev. (botany) Banks
21st President of the Royal Society
In office
Baronetage of Great Britain
New creation Baronet
(of Revesby Abbey)
Professional and academic associations
Preceded by21st President of the Royal Society
Succeeded by