Joseph Hunter (antiquarian)

Last updated

Joseph Hunter
Joseph Hunter.jpg
Born(1783-02-06)6 February 1783
Sheffield, England
Died9 May 1861(1861-05-09) (aged 78)
London, England

Joseph Hunter FSA (6 February 1783 – 9 May 1861) was a Unitarian Minister, antiquarian, and deputy keeper of public records now best known for his publications Hallamshire. The History and Topography of the Parish of Sheffield in the County of York, the two-volume South Yorkshire (a history of the Deanery of Doncaster), still considered among the best works written on the history of Sheffield and South Yorkshire, [1] and his 1852 pamphlet on Robin Hood in which he argued that a servant of this name at the court of Edward II was identical with the famous outlaw. His name was adopted by the Hunter Archaeological Society.

Contents

Biography

Hunter was born in Sheffield on 6 February 1783 to cutler Michael Hunter (1759–1831) and Elizabeth Girdler (1761–1787) [2] in a house on the north side of New Church Street (a site now occupied by the Town Hall). Following the death of his mother in 1787 he was placed under the guardianship of Joseph Evans, a minister at Upper Chapel. [2] He went to school in Attercliffe and subsequently served an apprenticeship as a cutler, obtaining his freedom of the Cutler's Company in September 1804. [3] However, in 1805 he left Sheffield to study theology at Manchester College in York. [2]

In 1809 he moved to Bath to take up a post as a Unitarian Minister at Trim Street Chapel, [4] there he met and married Mary Hayward, [5] with whom he would have six children, [2] one of whom, Sylvester Joseph Hunter, converted to Catholicism and became a Jesuit priest. In 1833 he moved to London to work at the Record Commission as Assistant Keeper of Public Records. In 1843, he was granted a coat of arms and chose as his motto Vita si Cervina (avoid me if you are a deer). [3] He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1856. [6] He died in 1861 and is buried at Ecclesfield Parish Church in Sheffield.

From his schooldays onwards, he had been an enthusiastic collector of memorial inscriptions and similar genealogical gleanings. [5] At the time of his death, much of his research remained unpublished. His papers were deposited in the British Museum (now the British Library). Between 1894 and 1896, the Harleian Society published four volumes of his collection of pedigrees under the title Familiae Minorum Gentium.

Hunter Archaeological Society

The Hunter Archaeological Society, which was formed in 1912 "to study and report on the archaeology, history and architecture of South Yorkshire and North Derbyshire", was named in his honour. [7]

List of publications (excluding articles and papers)

Related Research Articles

Hallamshire

Hallamshire is the historical name for an area of South Yorkshire, England, in the current city of Sheffield.

Nether Edge (ward) Electoral ward in the City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

Nether Edge and Sharrow Ward includes the districts of Brincliffe, Carter Knowle, Nether Edge, Sharrow Vale, and most of Banner Cross, and is one of the 28 electoral wards in the City of Sheffield, England. It is located in the southern part of the city and covers an area of 1.31 square miles (3.4 km2). In 2011, the population of this ward was 18,890 people in 7,592 households. Nether Edge ward is one of the wards that make up the Sheffield Central parliamentary constituency.

Ladys Bridge

Lady's Bridge is the oldest bridge across the River Don in the City of Sheffield, England. It is located in the central section of the city, linking the Wicker to the north with Waingate to the south.

Ringinglow Human settlement in England

Ringinglow is a village in the western section of Sheffield, England. It is on the western border of Ecclesall Ward, and although it is within the boundary of Sheffield, it is self-contained, being entirely surrounded by open countryside. The village now falls within the Fulwood ward of the City.

This timeline of Sheffield history summarises key events in the history of Sheffield, a city in England. The origins of the city can be traced back to the founding of a settlement in a clearing beside the River Sheaf in the second half of the 1st millennium AD. The area had seen human occupation since at least the last ice age, but significant growth in the settlements that are now incorporated into the city did not occur until the industrial revolution.

William de Lovetot, Lord of Hallamshire, possibly descended from the Norman Baron Ricardus Surdus, was an Anglo-Norman Baron from Huntingdonshire, often credited as the founder of Sheffield, England.

Ralph Thoresby

Ralph Thoresby was an antiquarian, who was born in Leeds and is widely credited with being the first historian of that city. Besides being a merchant, he was a nonconformist, fellow of the Royal Society, diarist, author, common-councilman in the Corporation of Leeds, and museum keeper.

Joe or Joseph Hunter may refer to:

Stanedge Pole

Stanedge Pole also known as Stanage Pole is a landmark on Hallam Moors close to Stanage Edge in South Yorkshire, England. Standing at a height of 438 metres, it marks the border between Derbyshire and South Yorkshire and can be seen for several miles around.

The Sheffield Town Trust, formerly officially known as the Burgery of Sheffield, is a charitable trust operating in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England.

Thomas Levett, was an Oxford-educated Lincoln's Inn barrister, judge of the Admiralty for the Northern Counties and High Sheriff of Rutland. But Levett's chief accomplishment was as antiquarian, preserving a centuries-old chartulary kept by Cluniac monks at their Pontefract, Yorkshire abbey, and then turning it over to Yorkshire medieval scholar Roger Dodsworth for publication.

Thomas Walker Horsfield

Rev. Thomas Walker Horsfield FSA, was an English Nonconformist minister, topographer, and historian best known for his works The History and Antiquities of Lewes (1824-26) and The History, Antiquities and Topography of the County of Sussex (1835).

Robert Eadon Leader was a journalist, Liberal activist, and historian. He published many books on the history of the Sheffield area.

Trim Street, Bath

Trim Street in Bath, Somerset, England is a historic street, built in 1707, of shops and houses, many of which are listed buildings. It was named after George Trim who owned the land.

James Yates F.R.S., F.L.S., F.G.S. was an English Unitarian minister and scholar, known as an antiquary.

Stannington, Sheffield Suburb of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England

Stannington is a suburb in the City of Sheffield, England. The area is located in the civil parish of Bradfield, and is in the electoral ward of Stannington. Stannington is situated right on the western edge of the Sheffield urban area

Samuel Shore (1738–1828) was an English ironmaster, banker and activist of the Yorkshire Association.

Stephen Scrope, 2nd Baron Scrope of Masham and Upsale (1345-1406) was the second surviving son of Henry Scrope, 1st Baron Scrope of Masham and his second wife Joan. Stephen Scrope had a brother, John, and a sister Joan, who married Hugh FitzHugh, 2nd Baron FitzHugh

The Thoresby Society is the historical society for the City of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England, and the surrounding district. It was founded in 1889 and named after the historian of Leeds, Ralph Thoresby (1658-1725).

Reynaldthorpe

Reynaldthorpe was a village located near Sheffield, in present-day South Yorkshire, England. The village was located near the current suburb of Shiregreen.

References

  1. Wood, Michael (1999). "Tinsley Wood". In Search of England Journeys into the English Past. University of California Press. pp. 203–221. ISBN   0-520-23218-6.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Manning, John Edmondson (1900). A History of Upper Chapel, Sheffield. Sheffield: The Independent Press. pp.  86–92. OCLC   19012007.
  3. 1 2 Gunn, James M A (March 2005). "Reverend Joseph Hunter". Genealogists' Magazine. 28 (5): 196.
  4. Odom, William (1926). "Hunter, Joseph, F.S.A.". Hallamshire Worthies. Sheffield: Northend. pp. 12–14.
  5. 1 2 Hunter, Sylvester Joseph (1861). A brief memoir of the late Joseph Hunter, with a catalogue of his publications. John Edward Taylor.
  6. "MemberList | American Antiquarian Society". www.americanantiquarian.org.
  7. "The Society". The Hunter Archaeological Society. Archived from the original on 23 September 2006. Retrieved 29 November 2006.