Joseph Jarman

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Joseph Jarman
Born(1937-09-14)September 14, 1937
Pine Bluff, Arkansas, U.S.
Origin Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
DiedJanuary 9, 2019(2019-01-09) (aged 81)
Englewood, New Jersey, U.S.
Genres Avant-garde jazz, free jazz
Occupation(s)Musician
InstrumentsSaxophone
Years active1961–2019
Labels Delmark, Black Saint AECO, India Navigation, Music & Arts
Associated actsMuhal Richard Abrams' Experimental Band, Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians, Art Ensemble of Chicago, Equal Interest

Joseph Jarman (September 14, 1937 – January 9, 2019) [1] was an American jazz musician, composer, poet, and Shinshu Buddhist priest. He was one of the first members of the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians and a member of the Art Ensemble of Chicago.

Contents

Biography

Early life

He was born in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, United States. [2] Jarman grew up in Chicago, Illinois. [2] At DuSable High School, he studied drums with Walter Dyett, switching to saxophone and clarinet when he joined the United States Army after graduation. [3] During his time there, he was part of the 11th Airborne Division Band for a year. [4]

The AACM and his solo band

After he was discharged from the Army in 1958, Jarman attended Wilson Junior College, where he met bassist Malachi Favors Maghostut and saxophonists Roscoe Mitchell, Henry Threadgill, and Anthony Braxton. These men would often perform long jam sessions at the suggestion of their professor, Richard Wang (now with Illinois University). Mitchell introduced Jarman to pianist Muhal Richard Abrams, and Jarman, Mitchell, and Maghostut joined Abrams' Experimental Band, a private, non-performing ensemble, when that group was founded in 1961. [2] The same group of musicians continued to play together in a variety of configurations, and went on to found the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) in 1965, [2] along with Fred Anderson and Phil Cohran.

Jarman's solo recording career began at this time, with two releases on the Delmark label which included material, such as spoken word and "little instruments", that would later characterize the sound of the Art Ensemble. [3] The band he fronted and used during these recordings between 1966 and 1968, included Fred Anderson (tenor sax), Billy Brimfield (trumpet), Charles Clark (bass), Christopher Gaddy (piano) and Thurman Barker (drums). However, in 1969, Clark and Gaddy both died and Jarman disbanded his group. [2]

The Art Ensemble of Chicago and Equal Interest

Shortly after his bandmates Clark and Gaddy died in 1969, Jarman joined Mitchell, Maghostut and Lester Bowie (trumpet) in the Roscoe Mitchell Art Ensemble in 1967; the group would be later rounded out with the addition of Don Moye on drums. This band eventually became known as the Art Ensemble of Chicago (AECO). [2] The group was known for being costumed on stage for different reasons; Jarman wore facepaint and has mentioned that it "was sort of the shamanistic image coming from various cultures." [5] The group moved to Paris in 1969, and lived there for many years in a commune that included Steve McCall, the drummer who went on the form the jazz trio Air, with Threadgill and bassist Fred Hopkins. Moving back to Chicago in the 1970s, Jarman lived in a musicians' building in Hyde Park, in Chicago, with Malachi Favors as his roommate. In 1983, he moved to Brooklyn, New York from Chicago and lived there until his death. [5]

Jarman stayed with the Ensemble until 1993, when he left the group to focus on his spiritual practice, "a cleansing process" as he stated. [5] The move was not announced at first, leading fans to speculate about Jarman's health when he did not appear on stage for an AECO Thanksgiving weekend show at the Knitting Factory in 1994. [6] He did not have much to do with music until 1996 when, in January, he recorded two CDs, The Scott Fields Ensembles' 48 Motives and the concert, duo CD Connecting Spirits with Marilyn Crispell, which Fields produced. Later in the year, his friend and fellow AACM peer Leroy Jenkins asked him to join a trio with him and Myra Melford in Chicago, which would eventually be called Equal Interest. [6] Looking back on those three years without music, Jarman commented that "I didn't realize it, but it actually depressed me in many ways." [4] He was then commissioned to write a chamber orchestra piece, which led him to the realization of how to incorporate his Buddhist teachings into his music. Jarman returned to the AECO in January 2003. [7]

Along with the saxophone and clarinet, Jarman also played (and recorded on) nearly every member of the woodwind family, as well as a wide variety of percussion instruments. [2] Aside from his work with relatively traditional jazz line-ups, he also composed for larger orchestras and created multimedia pieces for musicians and dancers.

Spirituality

Jarman was most widely known for his musical accomplishments, but he was also involved in the practice of Zen Buddhism and aikido. He began his study of aikido in the early 1970s in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. He began studying Zen Buddhism in 1990 and visited various monasteries in Eastern Asia, including Higashi Honganji Honzon in Kyoto, Japan. A few years later, he opened his own aikido dojo/zendo, Jikishinkan ("direct mind training hall"), [5] in Brooklyn, New York. [6] He was latterly a Jodo Shinshu priest, and held a rank of godan (fifth degree black belt) in aikido.

Joseph Jarman died of respiratory failure at the Lillian Booth Actors Home in Englewood, New Jersey on January 9, 2019, [8] as announced by the New York chapter of the AACM on their website. He was 81. [9]

Discography

As leader/co-leader

With the Art Ensemble of Chicago

TitleYearLabel
Numbers 1 & 2 – Lester Bowie1967 Nessa
Early Combinations - Art Ensemble1967Nessa
A Jackson in Your House 1969 BYG Actuel
Tutankhamun 1969 Freedom
The Spiritual 1969Freedom
People in Sorrow 1969Nessa
Message to Our Folks 1969BYG-Actuel
Reese and the Smooth Ones 1969BYG-Actuel
Eda Wobu 1969 JMY
Certain Blacks 1970 America
Go Home 1970Galloway
Chi-Congo 1970Paula
Les Stances a Sophie 1970Nessa
Live in Paris 1970Freedom
Art Ensemble of Chicago with Fontella Bass 1970America
Phase One 1971America
Live at Mandell Hall 1972Delmark
Bap-Tizum 1972 Atlantic
Fanfare for the Warriors 1973Atlantic
Kabalaba 1974 AECO
Nice Guys 1978 ECM
Live in Berlin 1979 West Wind
Full Force 1980ECM
Urban Bushmen 1980ECM
Among the People 1980Praxis
The Complete Live in Japan 1984 DIW
The Third Decade 1984ECM
Naked 1986DIW
Ancient to the Future 1987DIW
The Alternate Express 1989DIW
Art Ensemble of Soweto 1990DIW
America - South Africa 1990DIW
Thelonious Sphere Monk with Cecil Taylor 1990DIW
Dreaming of the Masters Suite 1990DIW
Live at the 6th Tokyo Music Joy 1991DIW
Fundamental Destiny with Don Pullen 1991AECO
Salutes the Chicago Blues Tradition 1993AECO
Reunion 2003Around Jazz/Il Manifesto
The Meeting 2003 Pi
Sirius Calling 2004Pi
Non-Cognitive Aspects of the City 2006Pi

As sideman

With Anthony Braxton

Related Research Articles

The Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) is a non-profit organization, founded in 1965 in Chicago by pianist Muhal Richard Abrams, pianist Jodie Christian, drummer Steve McCall, and composer Phil Cohran. The AACM is devoted "to nurturing, performing, and recording serious, original music," according to its charter. It supports and encourages jazz performers, composers and educators. Although founded in the jazz tradition, the group's outreach and influence has, according to Larry Blumenfeld, "touched nearly all corners of modern music."

Roscoe Mitchell Musical artist

Roscoe Mitchell is an American composer, jazz instrumentalist, and educator, known for being "a technically superb – if idiosyncratic – saxophonist". The Penguin Guide to Jazz described him as "one of the key figures" in avant-garde jazz; All About Jazz stated in 2004 that he had been "at the forefront of modern music" for more than 35 years. Critic Jon Pareles in The New York Times has mentioned that Mitchell "qualifies as an iconoclast". In addition to his own work as a bandleader, Mitchell is known for cofounding the Art Ensemble of Chicago and the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM).

Douglas R. Ewart is a Jamaican multi-instrumentalist and instrument builder. He plays sopranino and alto saxophones, clarinets, bassoon, flute, bamboo flutes, and didgeridoo; as well as Rastafarian hand drums.

Don Moye Musical artist

Donald Moye, Jr., known as Famoudou Don Moye, is an American jazz percussionist and drummer. He is most known for his involvement with the Art Ensemble of Chicago and is noted for his mastery of African and Caribbean percussion instruments and rhythmic techniques.

Malachi Favors Musical artist

Malachi Favors was an American jazz bassist who played with the Art Ensemble of Chicago.

Thurman Barker is an American jazz drummer.

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<i>Live in Paris</i> (Art Ensemble of Chicago album) 1974 live album by Art Ensemble of Chicago

Live in Paris is a double live album by the Art Ensemble of Chicago recorded in Paris and first released on the BYG Actuel label in Japan as two separate volumes in 1974. It was issued on CD by Charly Records under the title 'Live In Paris' presumably to avoid confusion with the Delmark 'Live At Delmark Hall' album, and then later issued in the US, with the same artwork and design, by Fuel 2000 Records in the US. It features performances by Lester Bowie, Joseph Jarman, Roscoe Mitchell, Malachi Favors Maghostut, Fontella Bass and Don Moye. Despite reissues identifying it as "Live In Paris" and claiming a date of 5 October 1969, it was actually a radio broadcast from performances in Chateauvailon on 13 August 1970.

<i>Les Stances a Sophie</i> 1970 soundtrack album by Art Ensemble of Chicago

Les Stances a Sophie is a 1970 soundtrack album by the Art Ensemble of Chicago recorded in Paris for a French film of the same name directed by Moshé Mizrahi. It was released on the Pathé Marconi label in France and on Nessa Records in the U.S. It features performances by Lester Bowie, Joseph Jarman, Roscoe Mitchell, Malachi Favors Maghostut, Fontella Bass and Don Moye. Moshé Mizrahi commissioned the original music for the film when the band had only two weeks left on their French visas. It was reissued on CD in 2000 by Universal Sound records, mastered from a vinyl source.

<i>Chi-Congo</i> 1972 studio album by Art Ensemble of Chicago

Chi-Congo is an album recorded in Paris in 1970 by the Art Ensemble of Chicago which was first released in 1972 on the French Decca label, later reissued in the US on the Paula label. It features performances by Lester Bowie, Joseph Jarman, Roscoe Mitchell, Malachi Favors Maghostut, and Don Moye.

<i>The Third Decade</i> 1985 studio album by Art Ensemble of Chicago

The Third Decade is a 1984 album by the Art Ensemble of Chicago released on the ECM label.

<i>The Complete Live in Japan</i> 1988 live album by Art Ensemble of Chicago

The Complete Live in Japan is a live album by the Art Ensemble of Chicago recorded in Tokyo, Japan in 1984 and released in 1988 on the Japanese DIW label. The original single LP titled Live in Japan was originally issued in 1985.

<i>Fundamental Destiny</i> live album by Art Ensemble of Chicago

Fundamental Destiny is a live album by the Art Ensemble of Chicago and Don Pullen recorded in June 1991 in Frankfurt, Germany and released in 2007 on the group's AECO label. It features performances by Lester Bowie, Joseph Jarman, Roscoe Mitchell, Malachi Favors Maghostut, and Don Moye with Don Pullen joining on piano.

<i>Sirius Calling</i> 2004 studio album by Art Ensemble of Chicago

Sirius Calling is an album by the Art Ensemble of Chicago recorded in April, 2003 in Madison, Wisconsin and released in 2004 on the Pi Recordings label. It features performances by Joseph Jarman, Roscoe Mitchell and Don Moye with Malachi Favors Maghostut on what would be the final album before his death. It was recorded on April 24–26, 2003 in Madison, WI.

<i>Live at Mandel Hall</i> 1972 live album by Art Ensemble of Chicago

Live at Mandel Hall is a live album by the Art Ensemble of Chicago recorded at the University of Chicago's Mandel Hall on their return to Chicago from Europe in January 1972 and released on the Delmark label. It features performances by Lester Bowie, Joseph Jarman, Roscoe Mitchell, Malachi Favors and Don Moye.

<i>Kabalaba</i> 1978 live album by Art Ensemble of Chicago

Kabalaba is a live album by the Art Ensemble of Chicago recorded at the Montreux Jazz Festival in 1974 and released on their AECO label in 1978. It features performances by Lester Bowie, Joseph Jarman, Roscoe Mitchell, Malachi Favors Maghostut, and Don Moye along with Muhal Richard Abrams.

<i>Reunion</i> (Art Ensemble of Chicago album) 2003 live album by Art Ensemble of Chicago

Reunion is a live album recorded at Centro Rai di Produzione Radiofonica in Rome in January 2003 by the Art Ensemble of Chicago and released on the Italian Around Jazz label. It marked the return of Joseph Jarman to the group and features performances by Jarman, Roscoe Mitchell, Malachi Favors Maghostut and Don Moye with Baba Sissoko. It is the first live Art Ensemble album to be released following the death of founding member Lester Bowie.

<i>Salutes the Chicago Blues Tradition</i> 1993 live album by Art Ensemble of Chicago

Salutes the Chicago Blues Tradition is a live album recorded on 7 July 1993 in Geneva, Switzerland by the Art Ensemble of Chicago and released on their own AECO label. It features performances by Lester Bowie, Joseph Jarman, Roscoe Mitchell, Malachi Favors and Don Moye with Chicago Beau, Amina Claudine Myers, Frank Lacy, James Carter and Herb Walker.

<i>L-R-G / The Maze / S II Examples</i> 1978 studio album by Roscoe Mitchell

L-R-G / The Maze / S II Examples is an album by American jazz saxophonist Roscoe Mitchell recorded in 1978 and released originally as a double LP on Nessa Records. It was reissued in 1989 as a single CD.

References

  1. Chinen, Nate. "Joseph Jarman, 81, Dies; Mainstay of the Art Ensemble of Chicago". The New York Times . Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Who's Who of Jazz (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 225. ISBN   0-85112-580-8.
  3. 1 2 Chris Kelsey. "Joseph Jarman biography at Allmusic". AllMusic . Retrieved January 3, 2007.
  4. 1 2 Fred Jung. "A Fireside Chat with Joseph Jarman". Jazz Weekly. Retrieved January 3, 2007.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Jason Gross (October 1998). "Joseph Jarman". Perfect Sound Forever. Archived from the original on March 20, 2006. Retrieved January 2, 2006.
  6. 1 2 3 Kurt Gottschalk. "Joseph Jarman Interview". All About Jazz. Retrieved January 3, 2007.
  7. "Joseph Jarman". Artensembleofchicago.com. Retrieved June 9, 2007.
  8. Chinen, Nate (January 11, 2019). "Joseph Jarman, 81, Dies; Mainstay of the Art Ensemble of Chicago". Nytimes.com. Retrieved January 18, 2019.
  9. Jazz Musician and Buddhist Priest Joseph Jarman Dead at 81: Pitchfork. Retrieved 2019-01-11.