Joseph Kessel (10 February 1898 – 23 July 1979) was a French journalist and novelist. He was a member of the Académie française and Grand officer of the Legion of Honour.
A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information to the public. A journalist's work is called journalism. A journalist can work with general issues or specialize in certain issues. However, most journalists tend to specialize, and by cooperating with other journalists, produce journals that span many topics. For example, a sports journalist covers news within the world of sports, but this journalist may be a part of a newspaper that covers many different topics.
A novelist is an author or writer of novels, though often novelists also write in other genres of both fiction and non-fiction. Some novelists are professional novelists, thus make a living writing novels and other fiction, while others aspire to support themselves in this way or write as an avocation. Most novelists struggle to get their debut novel published, but once published they often continue to be published, although very few become literary celebrities, thus gaining prestige or a considerable income from their work.
The Académie française is the pre-eminent French council for matters pertaining to the French language. The Académie was officially established in 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu, the chief minister to King Louis XIII. Suppressed in 1793 during the French Revolution, it was restored as a division of the Institut de France in 1803 by Napoleon Bonaparte. It is the oldest of the five académies of the institute.
Kessel was born in Villa Clara, Entre Ríos, Argentina, because of the constant journeys of his father, a Litvak physician. From 1905 to 1908, Joseph Kessel lived the first years of his childhood in Orenburg, Russia, before the family moved to France in 1908. He studied in lycée Masséna, Nice and lycée Louis-le-Grand, Paris, and took part in the First World War as an aviator. He was also an aviator during the Second World War, assigned to the Free French 342 "Lorraine" Bomber Squadron of the Royal Air Force,[ citation needed ] with Romain Gary, who was also a talented French novelist.
Villa Clara is a village located in the Villaguay Department, in the center of the province of Entre Ríos, Argentina. According to the Argentine census bureau, it had 2,748 residents in 2001.
Entre Ríos is a central province of Argentina, located in the Mesopotamia region. It borders the provinces of Buenos Aires (south), Corrientes (north) and Santa Fe (west), and Uruguay in the east.
Lithuanian Jews or Litvaks are Jews with roots in the present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Latvia, northeastern Suwałki and Białystok region of Poland and some border areas of Russia and Ukraine. The term is sometimes used to cover all Orthodox Jews who follow a "Lithuanian" style of life and learning, whatever their ethnic background. The area where Lithuanian Jews lived is referred to in Yiddish as ליטע Lite, hence the Hebrew term Lita'im (לִיטָאִים).
Kessel wrote several novels and books that were later represented in the cinema, notably Belle de Jour (by Luis Buñuel in 1967). In 1943 he and his nephew Maurice Druon translated Anna Marly's song Chant des Partisans into French from its original Russian. The song became one of the anthems of Free French Forces during the Second World War.
Luis Buñuel Portolés was a Spanish filmmaker who worked in Spain, Mexico and France.
Maurice Druon was a French novelist and a member of the Académie française, of which he served as "Perpetual Secretary" (chairman) between 1985 and 1999.
Anna Marly, , was a Russian-born French singer-songwriter. Born into a wealthy Russian noble family, Marly came to France very young, just after her father was killed in the aftermath of the October Revolution. She is best remembered as the composer of the Chant des Partisans, a song that was used as the unofficial anthem of the Free French Forces during World War II; the popularity of the Chant des Partisans was such that it was proposed as a new national anthem after the conclusion of the war.
He was elected at the Académie française in 1962.
Joseph Kessel died on 23 July 1979 in Avernes, Val-d'Oise. He is buried in the Cimetière du Montparnasse in Paris. On his deathbed he was quoted as saying that his greatest accomplishment was the birth of his son, Joseph Kessel, who was born just a few months prior on February 24 of the same year.
Avernes is a commune in the Val-d'Oise department in Île-de-France in northern France. On 1 January 2018, the former commune of Gadancourt was merged into Avernes.
Val-d'Oise is a French department, created in 1968 after the split of the Seine-et-Oise department and located in the Île-de-France region. In local slang, it is known as "quatre-vingt quinze" or "neuf cinq". It gets its name from the Oise River, a major tributary of the Seine, which crosses the region after having started in Belgium and flowed through north-eastern France. Charles de Gaulle Airport, France's main international airport is partially located in Roissy-en-France, a commune of Val d'Oise.
The Joseph-Kessel Prize (Prix Joseph Kessel) is a prestigious prize in French language literature, given to "a book of a high literary value written in French". The jury counts or has counted among its members Tahar Ben Jelloun, Jean-Marie Drot, Michèle Kahn, Pierre Haski, Gilles Lapouge, Michel Le Bris, Érik Orsenna, Patrick Rambaud, Jean-Christophe Rufin, André Velter and Olivier Weber.
Tahar Ben Jelloun is a Moroccan writer. The entirety of his work is written in French, although his first language is Arabic. He became known for his 1985 novel L’Enfant de Sable. Today he lives in Paris and continues to write. He has been short-listed for the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Jean-Marie Drot was a French writer and documentary maker. He was the director of the French Academy in Rome from 1985 to 1994. Drot is noted for his documentary work on Montparnasse.
Michèle Kahn is a French writer who later lived in Strasbourg and currently in Paris. She first wrote books for the young, and mainly addressed the adult public from 1997. Her novels, strongly anchored in history and very documented, often inspired by the adventures of the Jewish people, draw readers around the world.
Le Grand Prix du Roman is a French literary award, created in 1918, and given each year by the Académie française. Along with the Prix Goncourt, it is one of the oldest and most prestigious literary awards in France. The Académie française gives out over 60 literary awards each year, the Grand Prix du roman is the most senior for an individual novel.
Belle de Jour is a novel by French author Joseph Kessel, published in 1928 by Gallimard.
Sirocco is a 1951 American film noir directed by Curtis Bernhardt and written by A.I. Bezzerides and Hans Jacoby. It is based on the novel Coup de Grace written by Joseph Kessel. The drama features Humphrey Bogart, Märta Torén, Lee J. Cobb, among others.
Tristan Bernard was a French playwright, novelist, journalist and lawyer.
Marcel Aymé was a French novelist, children's writer, humour writer, screenwriter and theatre playwright.
François Cheng is a Chinese-born French academician, writer, poet and calligrapher. He is the author of essays, novels, collections of poetry and books on art written in the French language, and the translator of some of the great French poets into Chinese.
Félicien Marceau was a French novelist, playwright and essayist originally from Belgium. His real name was Louis Carette. He was close to the Hussards right-wing literary movement, which in turn was close to the monarchist movement. He was born in Kortenberg, Flemish Brabant.
Philippe Blasband is a filmmaker and a writer in French language from Belgium. He is of Jewish origin and lives currently in Brussels.
Pierre Benoit was a French novelist, screenwriter and member of the Académie française. He is perhaps most known for his second novel L'Atlantide (1919) that has been filmed a variety of times.
Pierre Schoendoerffer was a French film director, a screenwriter, a writer, a war reporter, a war cameraman, a renowned First Indochina War veteran, a cinema academician. He was president of the Académie des Beaux-Arts for 2001 and for 2007.
Alphonse Van Bredenbeck de Châteaubriant was a French writer who won the Prix Goncourt in 1911 for his novel Monsieur de Lourdines and Grand prix du roman de l'Académie française for La Brière in 1923.
Michel Droit was a French novelist and journalist. He was the father of the photographer Éric Droit (1954–2007).
Nicolas de Malézieu was a French intellectual, Greek scholar and mathematician.
André Mouëzy-Éon was a French dramatist, author of comedies, librettist, screenwriter and dialoguist.
Adrienne Choquette was a writer in Quebec, Canada.
Christian Liger was a 20th-century French writer.
Nicolas d’Estienne d’Orves is a French journalist and writer.
Jérôme Garcin is a French journalist and writer. He heads the cultural section of the Nouvel Observateur, produces and hosts the radio program Le Masque et la Plume on France Inter, and is a member of the reading committee of the Comédie-Française.
François Montmaneix was a French poet and writer.
Thierry Laget is a French novelist, essayist, literary critic and translator.
Marcel Schneider was a French writer, laureate of numerous literary awards.
Thomas B. Reverdy is a French novelist.
Yves Courrière, real name Gérard Bon was a French writer, biographer and journalist.