Joseph Paul Gaimard
|Born||31 January 1793|
Saint-Zacharie, Var, France
|Died||12 December 1858 65)(aged|
|Education||Naval medical school in Toulon|
|Known for||Voyage en Islande et au Groënland|
|Fields||Naval surgeon and naturalist|
|Author abbrev. (zoology)||Gaimard|
Joseph Paul Gaimard (31 January 1793 – 10 December 1858) was a French naval surgeon and naturalist.
Gaimard was born at Saint-Zacharie on January 31, 1793. He studied medicine at the naval medical school in Toulon, subsequently earning his qualifications as a naval surgeon. Along with Jean René Constant Quoy, he served as naturalist on the ships L'Uranie under Louis de Freycinet 1817–1820, and L'Astrolabe under Jules Dumont d'Urville 1826–1829.During this voyage they discovered the now extinct giant skink of Tonga, Tachygia microlepis.
From his studies of cholera in Europe, he co-authoredDu choléra-morbus en Russie, en Prusse et en Autriche, pendant les années 1831-1832 (Cholera morbus in Russia, Prussia and Austria in the years 1831 and 1832).
He was the scientific leader on La Recherche (1835–1836) during its expedition to the Arctic Sea, — from 27 April to 13 September 1835 and from 21 May to 26 September 1836. Along with exploratory and scientific goals, the crew of the expedition was asked to search for Jules de Blosseville, who disappeared aboard the Lilloise in Arctic waters a few years earlier. Out of these trips came the 9-volume Voyage en Islande et au Groënland (8 text volumes, one of geographical illustrations), which was said at the time to be the definitive study of the islands.making voyages to coastal Iceland and Greenland
From 1838 to 1840, again aboard La Recherche, he was the leader of a scientific expedition to Lapland, Spitzbergen, and the Faroe Islands.
Numerous species have been named in his honor;including the following:
His scientific publications include a major work on the results of each of these four great expeditions.
Jean René Constant Quoy was a French naval surgeon, zoologist and anatomist.
The nightingale reed warbler, or Guam reed-warbler, was a songbird endemic to Guam. It has not been seen since 1969.
Astrolabe Glacier is a glacier 7 kilometres (4 nmi) wide and 19 kilometres (10 nmi) long, flowing north-northeast from the continental ice and terminating at the coast in a prominent tongue at the east side of Geologie Archipelago. It was first sighted in 1840 by the French expedition under Captain Jules Dumont d'Urville, although no glaciers were noted on d'Urville's chart of this coast but a formidable icy dike with perpendicular flanks of 37.7 m high according to the joined plate, corresponding to the glacier tongue. The glacier was photographed from the air by U.S. Navy Operation Highjump in January 1947. It was charted by the French Antarctic Expedition, 1949–51, and named after d'Urville's flagship, the Astrolabe.
Siphonaria australis is a species of air-breathing sea snail or false limpet, a marine pulmonate gastropod mollusc in the family Siphonariidae, the false limpets.
The rusty-winged starling is a species of starling in the family Sturnidae. It is found in the Santa Cruz Islands and Vanuatu.
The paradise drongo or ribbon-tailed drongo is a species of bird in the family Dicruridae. It is endemic to New Ireland in the Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. With a total length of 51 to 63 cm and body mass of 130 g (4.6 oz), this may be the largest species of drongo.
The hooded monarch is a species of bird in the family Monarchidae. It is found on New Guinea. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
The La Recherche Expedition of 1838 to 1840 was a French Admiralty expedition whose destination was the North Atlantic and Scandinavian islands, including the Faroe Islands, Spitsbergen and Iceland.
Omphalotropis rubens is a species of minute, salt marsh snail with an operculum, aquatic gastropod mollusk, or micromollusk, a terrestrial gastropod mollusk in the family Assimineidae.
Punctoterebra succincta is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Terebridae, the auger snails.
Lottia septiformis is a species of sea snail, a true limpet, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Lottiidae, one of the families of true limpets.
Notoacmea flammea is a species of sea snail, a true limpet, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Lottiidae, one of the families of true limpets.
Scutellastra flexuosa is a species of sea snail, a true limpet, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Patellidae, one of the families of true limpets.
Phos textus is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Nassariidae, the true whelks.
Nassarius margaritifer is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Nassariidae, the Nassa mud snails or dog whelks.
Murichorda fiscellum, common name : the little basket drupe, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Muricidae, the murex snails or rock snails.
Phycothais reticulata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Muricidae, the murex snails or rock snails.
Siphonaria diemenensis, is a species of air-breathing sea snail or false limpet, a marine pulmonate gastropod mollusc in the family Siphonariidae, the false limpets.
Stenomelania uniformis is a species of freshwater snail, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Thiaridae.
Léonie Thévenot d'Aunet was a French author, novelist, playwright and Arctic explorer.