Joseph Paul Gaimard

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Joseph Paul Gaimard
Joseph Paul Gaimard.jpg
Born(1793-01-31)31 January 1793
Saint-Zacharie, Var, France
Died12 December 1858(1858-12-12) (aged 65)
EducationNaval medical school in Toulon
Known for Voyage en Islande et au Groënland
Scientific career
FieldsNaval surgeon and naturalist
Author abbrev. (zoology) Gaimard

Joseph Paul Gaimard (31 January 1793 10 December 1858) [1] [2] was a French naval surgeon and naturalist.

Contents

Biography

Gaimard was born at Saint-Zacharie on January 31, 1793. He studied medicine at the naval medical school in Toulon, subsequently earning his qualifications as a naval surgeon. Along with Jean René Constant Quoy, he served as naturalist on the ships L'Uranie under Louis de Freycinet 1817–1820, and L'Astrolabe under Jules Dumont d'Urville 1826–1829. [3] During this voyage they discovered the now extinct giant skink of Tonga, Tachygia microlepis. [4]

From his studies of cholera in Europe, he co-authored [5] Du choléra-morbus en Russie, en Prusse et en Autriche, pendant les années 1831-1832 (Cholera morbus in Russia, Prussia and Austria in the years 1831 and 1832). [3] [6]

Iceland. Engraving from Gaimard 1835 Gaimard31.jpg
Iceland. Engraving from Gaimard 1835

He was the scientific leader on La Recherche (1835–1836) during its expedition to the Arctic Sea, [7] [8] making voyages to coastal Iceland and Greenland from 27 April to 13 September 1835 and from 21 May to 26 September 1836. Along with exploratory and scientific goals, the crew of the expedition was asked to search for Jules de Blosseville, who disappeared aboard the Lilloise in Arctic waters a few years earlier. [9] [10] Out of these trips came the 9-volume Voyage en Islande et au Groënland [11] (8 text volumes, one of geographical illustrations), which was said at the time to be the definitive study of the islands.

From 1838 to 1840, again aboard La Recherche, he was the leader of a scientific expedition to Lapland, Spitzbergen, and the Faroe Islands. [12]

Eponyms

Numerous species have been named in his honor; [13] including the following:

Writings

His scientific publications include a major work on the results of each of these four great expeditions.

See also

Related Research Articles

Jean René Constant Quoy French naval surgeon, zoologist and anatomist

Jean René Constant Quoy was a French naval surgeon, zoologist and anatomist.

Nightingale reed warbler Species of bird

The nightingale reed warbler, or Guam reed-warbler, was a songbird endemic to Guam. It has not been seen since 1969.

Astrolabe Glacier Glacier in Antarctica

Astrolabe Glacier is a glacier 7 kilometres (4 nmi) wide and 19 kilometres (10 nmi) long, flowing north-northeast from the continental ice and terminating at the coast in a prominent tongue at the east side of Geologie Archipelago. It was first sighted in 1840 by the French expedition under Captain Jules Dumont d'Urville, although no glaciers were noted on d'Urville's chart of this coast but a formidable icy dike with perpendicular flanks of 37.7 m high according to the joined plate, corresponding to the glacier tongue. The glacier was photographed from the air by U.S. Navy Operation Highjump in January 1947. It was charted by the French Antarctic Expedition, 1949–51, and named after d'Urville's flagship, the Astrolabe.

<i>Siphonaria australis</i> Species of gastropod

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Rusty-winged starling Species of bird

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Paradise drongo Species of bird

The paradise drongo or ribbon-tailed drongo is a species of bird in the family Dicruridae. It is endemic to New Ireland in the Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. With a total length of 51 to 63 cm and body mass of 130 g (4.6 oz), this may be the largest species of drongo.

Hooded monarch Species of bird

The hooded monarch is a species of bird in the family Monarchidae. It is found on New Guinea. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

The La Recherche Expedition of 1838 to 1840 was a French Admiralty expedition whose destination was the North Atlantic and Scandinavian islands, including the Faroe Islands, Spitsbergen and Iceland.

<i>Omphalotropis rubens</i> Species of gastropod

Omphalotropis rubens is a species of minute, salt marsh snail with an operculum, aquatic gastropod mollusk, or micromollusk, a terrestrial gastropod mollusk in the family Assimineidae.

<i>Punctoterebra succincta</i> Species of gastropod

Punctoterebra succincta is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Terebridae, the auger snails.

<i>Lottia septiformis</i> Species of gastropod

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<i>Notoacmea flammea</i> Species of gastropod

Notoacmea flammea is a species of sea snail, a true limpet, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Lottiidae, one of the families of true limpets.

<i>Scutellastra flexuosa</i> Species of gastropod

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<i>Phos textus</i> Species of gastropod

Phos textus is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Nassariidae, the true whelks.

<i>Nassarius margaritifer</i> Species of gastropod

Nassarius margaritifer is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Nassariidae, the Nassa mud snails or dog whelks.

<i>Murichorda fiscellum</i> Species of gastropod

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<i>Phycothais reticulata</i> Species of gastropod

Phycothais reticulata is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Muricidae, the murex snails or rock snails.

<i>Siphonaria diemenensis</i> Species of gastropod

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<i>Stenomelania uniformis</i> Species of gastropod

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Léonie dAunet

Léonie Thévenot d'Aunet was a French author, novelist, playwright and Arctic explorer.

References

  1. Larousse Encyclopedia
  2. Archives départementales du Var. Registres de l'état civil.
  3. 1 2 Google Books Discovery of Australia's Fishes: A History of Australian Ichthyology to 1930 by Brian Saunders
  4. Tongan Giant Skink A gap in nature: discovering the world's extinct animals by Tim Fridtjof Flannery
  5. co-authored with Nicolas Vincent Auguste Gerardin (1790-1868)
  6. 1 2 World Cat Identities (publications)
  7. Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography Gaimard, Joseph Paul
  8. Note: François Thomas Tréhouart was commanding officer of La Recherche.
  9. Expedition: Sea around us Tréhouart: in search of Baron de Blosseville
  10. Data Fisheries Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine Joseph Paul Gaimard - Expeditions and Surveys
  11. Google Books Voyage en Islande et au Groënland exécuté pendant les années 1835 et 1836 sur la corvette La Rocherche
  12. Ships on stamps La Recherce’s Scientific Expedition] 1838 – 40; Vol. 55, No. 3 November–December 2008
  13. Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names. G
  14. Bettongs, Potoroos and the Musky Rat-kangaroo by Andrew W. Claridge, John H. Seebeck, Randy Rose
  15. Lophurella gaimardii Algaebase
  16. Letter G The Bird Stamp Society
  17. Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN   978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Gaimard", p. 96).
  18. Open Library Voyage autour du monde
  19. Gallica Voyages en Scandinavie, en Laponie, au Spitzberg et aux Feröe