Joseph Yorke, 1st Baron Dover

Last updated

General Joseph Yorke, 1st Baron Dover KB, PC (24 June 1724 2 December 1792), styled The Honourable Joseph Yorke until 1761 and The Honourable Sir Joseph Yorke between 1761 and 1788, was a British soldier, diplomat and Whig politician.

Contents

Background

Margaret Yorke was Joseph's mother. Margaret Cocks.jpg
Margaret Yorke was Joseph's mother.

Yorke was the third son of Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, by Margaret, daughter of Charles Cocks. Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, Charles Yorke and James Yorke were his brothers. [1]

Career

Yorke served in the War of the Austrian Succession as an aide-de-camp to the Duke of Cumberland, and fought in the Battle of Fontenoy in 1745. He became a Major-General in 1758, a Lieutenant-General in 1760 and a full General in 1777.

In 1749 he was appointed Secretary to the British Embassay in Paris. Two years later he became Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Provinces, a post he held for the next thirty years. He was involved in the Anglo-Prussian Convention in 1758. [2] His post was upgraded to that of ambassador in 1761. [1] During this period he also sat in the House of Commons for East Grinstead between 1751 and 1761, [1] [3] for Dover between 1761 and 1774 [1] [4] and for Grampound between 1774 and 1780. [1] [5] He was appointed a Knight Companion of the Order of the Bath (KB) in 1761 and sworn of the Privy Council in 1768. [1] In 1788 he was raised to the peerage as Lord Dover, Baron of the Town and Port of Dover, in the County of Kent. [6]

Family

Joseph Yorke memorial, St Andrew's Church, Wimpole, Cambridgeshire Joseph Yorke (1724-1792) memorial.jpg
Joseph Yorke memorial, St Andrew's Church, Wimpole, Cambridgeshire

Lord Dover married Christiana Charlotte Margaret, daughter of Johan Henrik, Baron de Stöcken, a Danish nobleman, in 1783. They had no children. He died in December 1792, aged 68, when the barony became extinct. Lady Dover only survived her husband by three months and died in March 1793. [1]

Related Research Articles

William Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington British politician

William Wildman Shute Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington, PC was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons for 38 years from 1740 to 1778. He was best known for his two periods as Secretary at War during Britain's involvement in the Seven Years War and American War of Independence.

Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke English lawyer and politician who served as Lord Chancellor

Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, was an English lawyer and politician who served as Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain. He was a close confidant of the Duke of Newcastle, Prime Minister between 1754 and 1756 and 1757 until 1762.

Charles Yorke, 4th Earl of Hardwicke Royal Navy admiral

Admiral Charles Philip Yorke, 4th Earl of Hardwicke, PC was a British naval commander and Conservative politician.

Charles Yorke British politician and Lord Chancellor

Charles Yorke PC was Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Earl of Hardwicke

Earl of Hardwicke is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1754 for Philip Yorke, 1st Baron Hardwicke, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain from 1737 to 1756. He had already been created Baron Hardwicke, of Hardwicke in the County of Gloucestershire, in 1733, and was made Viscount Royston at the same time as he was given the earldom. These titles were also in the Peerage of Great Britain. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He represented Reigate and Cambridgeshire in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire. Lord Hardwicke married Lady Jemima Campbell, only daughter of John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane, and granddaughter and heiress of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, who succeeded her grandfather as Marchioness Grey in 1722. They had two daughters of whom the eldest, Lady Amabel, was created Countess De Grey in her own right in 1816.

James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster Irish nobleman, soldier and politician

Lieutenant-General James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, PC (Ire), styled Lord Offaly until 1744 and known as The Earl of Kildare between 1744 and 1761 and as The Marquess of Kildare between 1761 and 1766, was an Irish nobleman, soldier and politician.

Charles Yorke, 5th Earl of Hardwicke English cricketer

Charles Philip Yorke, 5th Earl of Hardwicke,, styled Viscount Royston until 1873, and nicknamed Champagne Charlie for his love of the high life, was a British aristocrat, Conservative politician, dandy and bankrupt.

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute British politician

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute PC, FRS, styled Lord Mount Stuart until 1792 and known as The Earl of Bute between 1792 and 1794, was a British nobleman, diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1766 to 1776.

Baron Dover is a title that has been created three times, once in the Peerage of England, once in the Peerage of Great Britain and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. All three creations are now extinct.

John Henniker, 1st Baron Henniker British politician

John Henniker, 1st Baron Henniker, known previously as John Henniker, Lord Henniker then as Sir John Henniker, 2nd Baronet, from 1782 to 1800, was a British merchant and Member of Parliament.

Robert Plumptre British priest

Robert Plumptre (1723–1788) was an English churchman and academic, President of Queens' College, Cambridge from 1760.

The Anglo-Prussian Convention was agreed on 11 April 1758 between Great Britain and the Kingdom of Prussia formalising the alliance between them that had effectively existed since the Convention of Westminster in 1756.

Francis Andrews was an Irish politician.

Joseph Yorke may refer to:

Henry Welbore Agar-Ellis, 2nd Viscount Clifden SA, styled The Honourable Henry Agar between 1776 and 1789, was an Irish politician.

Joseph Yorke, was a British Member of Parliament.

William Mayne, 1st Baron Newhaven PC, known as Sir William Mayne, Bt, between 1763 and 1776, was a British merchant and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1774 to 1790.

John Olmius, 1st Baron Waltham Irish Baron

John Olmius, 1st Baron Waltham, of New Hall, Boreham, Essex, was a British landowner and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1737 and 1762.

Richard Croftes British Member of Parliament (died 1783)

Richard Croftes was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1767 and 1780.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 thepeerage.com General Joseph Yorke, 1st and last Lord Dover, Baron of the Town and Port of Dover
  2. [https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/albion/article/lord-bute-newcastle-prussia-and-the-hague-overtures-a-re-examination/7AE4AF099326DEEC194BDC0E00E005B4 Lord Bute, Newcastle, Prussia, and the Hague Overtures: A Re-Examination by Karl W. Schweizer]
  3. "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Ealing to Elgin". Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
  4. "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Dover to Dulwich and West Norwood". Archived from the original on 30 September 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
  5. "leighrayment.com House of Commons: Gorbals to Guildford". Archived from the original on 5 November 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
  6. "No. 13024". The London Gazette . 9 September 1788. p. 437.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Whistler Webster
Sydney Smythe
Member of Parliament for East Grinstead
1751–1761
With: Sir Whistler Webster
Succeeded by
Earl of Middlesex
Lord George Sackville
Preceded by
Lord George Sackville
Sir Edward Simpson
Member of Parliament for Dover
1761–1774
With: Sir Edward Simpson 1761–1765
Marquess of Lorne 1765–1766
John Bindley 1766–1768
Viscount Villiers 1768–1770
Sir Thomas Hales, Bt 1770–1773
Thomas Barret 1773–1774
Succeeded by
John Henniker
John Trevanion
Preceded by
Grey Cooper
Charles Wolfran Cornwall
Member of Parliament for Grampound
1774–1780
With: Richard Neville
Succeeded by
Sir John Ramsden, Bt
Thomas Lucas
Military offices
Preceded by
Hon. John Waldegrave
Colonel of the 9th Regiment of Foot
1755–1758
Succeeded by
William Whitmore
Colonel of the 8th Regiment of Dragoons
1758–1760
Succeeded by
John Severne
Preceded by
John Mostyn
Colonel of the 5th Regiment of Dragoons
1760–1787
Succeeded by
Robert Cuninghame
Preceded by
Hon. Thomas Gage
Colonel of the 11th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons
1787–1789
Succeeded by
Studholme Hodgson
Preceded by
The Marquess of Lothian
Colonel of the 1st Regiment of Life Guards
1789–1792
Succeeded by
The Earl of Harrington
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
The Earl of Holderness
Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Provinces
1751–1761
Office upgraded to Ambassador to the United Provinces
Preceded by
Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Provinces
Ambassador to the United Provinces
1761–1781
No representation due to Fourth Anglo-Dutch War
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Dover
1788–1892
Extinct