Juan Antonio Orrego Salas (born January 18, 1919) is a Chilean-American composer of contemporary classical music and musicologist.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania. Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.
Contemporary classical music can be understood as belonging to the period that started in the mid-1970s to early 1990s, which includes modernist, postmodern, neoromantic, and pluralist music. However, the term may also be employed in a broader sense to refer to all post-1945 musical forms.
Orrego Salas was born in Santiago, Chile. He began his studies in composition in his native country with Pedro Humberto Allende and Domingo Santa Cruz. His music came to the attention of American composer Aaron Copland with whom he subsequently studied at Tanglewood in 1946 along with a group of Latin American composers that also included Roque Cordero, Alberto Ginastera, Julián Orbón and Héctor Tosar. While in the United States (1944–46), he additionally studied composition with Randall Thompson and musicology with Paul Henry Lang on a Guggenheim Fellowship. A second Guggenheim brought him back to the United States in the early 1950s. Throughout that decade, works of his were performed by the Juilliard Quartet, the Louisville Orchestra, and the National Symphony Orchestra. In 1961, he permanently relocated to the United States to work at Indiana University, where he co-founded the Latin American Music Center. In 1992 he received Chile's National Prize for Musical Arts.
Pedro Humberto Allende Sarón was one of the most important Chilean composers of the twentieth century. He obtained the prestigious Premio Nacional de Arte in 1945.
Aaron Copland was an American composer, composition teacher, writer, and later a conductor of his own and other American music. Copland was referred to by his peers and critics as "the Dean of American Composers." The open, slowly changing harmonies in much of his music are typical of what many people consider to be the sound of American music, evoking the vast American landscape and pioneer spirit. He is best known for the works he wrote in the 1930s and 1940s in a deliberately accessible style often referred to as "populist" and which the composer labeled his "vernacular" style. Works in this vein include the ballets Appalachian Spring, Billy the Kid and Rodeo, his Fanfare for the Common Man and Third Symphony. In addition to his ballets and orchestral works, he produced music in many other genres including chamber music, vocal works, opera and film scores.
Tanglewood is a music venue in the towns of Lenox and Stockbridge in the Berkshire Hills of western Massachusetts. It has been the summer home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra since 1937. Tanglewood is also home to three music schools: the Tanglewood Music Center, Days in the Arts and the Boston University Tanglewood Institute. Besides classical music, Tanglewood hosts the Festival of Contemporary Music, jazz and popular artists, concerts, and frequent appearances by James Taylor, John Williams, and the Boston Pops.
He has been one of the foremost Chilean composers and one of the most widely known of the musicians from that country around the world. Highlights from his catalogue include six symphonies, four string quartets, two piano concertos, a violin concerto, the cantata América, no en vano invocamos tu nombre (on texts by Pablo Neruda), the vocal works El Alba del Alhelí and Canciones Castellanas (which was performed during the ISCM World Music Days in 1949), and the piece Un Canto para Bolívar composed for Quilapayún, the most important ensemble of Nueva Canción Chilena.
Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto, better known by his pen name and, later, legal name Pablo Neruda, was a Chilean poet-diplomat and politician. Neruda became known as a poet when he was 13 years old, and wrote in a variety of styles, including surrealist poems, historical epics, overtly political manifestos, a prose autobiography, and passionate love poems such as the ones in his collection Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair (1924). He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971.
The ISCM World Music Days is an annual contemporary music festival organized by the International Society for Contemporary Music, originally created in 1923 as the ISCM Festival as a means to support the most advanced composition tendencies. Each edition is held in a different location, and the programmes are organized by a jury after evaluating the submissions of each ISCM national section.
Quilapayún are a folk music group from Chile and among the longest lasting and most influential ambassadors of the Nueva Canción Chilena movement and genre. Formed during the mid-1960s, the group became inseparable with the revolution that occurred in the popular music of the country under the Popular Unity Government of Salvador Allende. Since its formation and during its forty-year history - both in Chile and during its lengthy period of exile in France - the group has seen modifications to its personnel lineup and the subject and content of its work. Controversy regarding irreconcilable differences with the current and former group directors led to the division into two distinctive Quilapayún ensembles; one in Chile (Quilapayún-Histórico) and one in France (Quilapayún-France).
John Paul Corigliano is an American composer of classical music. His scores, now numbering over one hundred, have won him the Pulitzer Prize, five Grammy Awards, Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition, and an Oscar. He is a distinguished professor of music at Lehman College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and on the composition faculty at the Juilliard School.
Alberto Evaristo Ginastera was an Argentine composer of classical music. He is considered one of the most important 20th-century classical composers of the Americas.
Mario Lavista is a Mexican composer, writer and intellectual.
Benjamin Lees was an American composer of classical music.
Samuel Hans Adler is an American composer, conductor, author, and professor. During the course of a professional career which ranges over six decades he has served as a faculty member at both the University of Rochester's Eastman School of Music and the Juilliard School. In addition, he is credited with founding and conducting the U.S. Seventh Army's Seventh Army Symphony Orchestra which participated in the cultural diplomacy initiatives of the United States in Germany and throughout Europe in the aftermath of World War II.
Joaquín Rodrigo Vidre, 1st Marquis of the Gardens of Aranjuez, commonly known as Joaquín Rodrigo, was a Spanish composer and a virtuoso pianist.
Roque Cordero was a Panamanian composer.
Santiago Vera-Rivera is a Chilean composer, teacher and musical researcher.
Jorge Washington Peña Hen was a Chilean composer and an academic at the University of Chile. He was murdered by the Caravan of Death.
Esteban Benzecry is an Argentine classical composer.
Mozart Camargo Guarnieri was a Brazilian composer.
Stephen Jaffe is an American composer of contemporary classical music. He lives in Durham, North Carolina, United States, and serves on the music faculty of Duke University, where he holds the post of Mary and James H. Semans Professor of Music Composition; his colleagues there include composers Scott Lindroth and Anthony Kelley. Jaffe graduated summa cum laude from the University of Pennsylvania in 1977; he received a master's degree the following year from the same institution. During his time in Pennsylvania, he studied with George Crumb, George Rochberg, and Richard Wernick.
Gabriela Lena Frank is an American pianist and composer of contemporary classical music.
Fernando García is a Chilean composer. Active since 1956 he has done orchestral music, chamber music, etc. He studied with Juan Orrego-Salas and Gustavo Becerra-Schmidt, among others. His style is influenced by serialism and aleatoric procedures.
Juan Trigos is a Mexican-American composer and conductor, with a career of over 25 years.
John Warthen Struble is an American composer-pianist and writer. Born in 1952 in Washington, D.C, he began piano studies at the age of eight and composed his first work, "The Clown Prince of Wanderlust", a children’s musical theatre piece, when he was 15. That same year, he made his concert debut playing Mozart’s Piano Concerto No. 21,K. 467, with original cadenzas, with the San Bernardino (CA) Youth Symphony under conductor Gerald Christensen.
Victor Tevah was a Chilean conductor of Jewish-Greek ancestry. In 1961, he acted as director to the Argentine Philharmonic ; from 1966–1979, he was director to the Casals Festival and Orchestra, Puerto Rico Symphony Orchestra and the Puerto Rico Conservatory; Tevah led Chile's Symphony Orchestra as director and conductor from 1947 until 1985.
Mason W. Bates is a Grammy award-winning American composer of symphonic music and DJ of electronic dance music. Distinguished by his innovations in orchestration and large-scale form, Bates is best known for his expansion of the orchestra to include electronics. The second-most performed living composer in the United States, he has worked closely with the San Francisco Symphony, as well as the Chicago Symphony Orchestra where he worked as composer-in-residence. In 2015 he was named composer-in-residence of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, and recently had his contract renewed for another two years though 2019-20.
Leni Alexander was a German-Chilean composer.
Beatriz Bilbao is a Venezuelan composer. She was born in Caracas, Venezuela, and studied piano with Judith James and Gerty Haas, composition with Modesta Bor, and conducting with Alberto Grau and Gonzalo Castellanos in Venezuela. She continued her studies at Indiana University Music School with Frederick Fox, Juan Orrego Salas and John Eaton and at the New England Conservatory of Music and the Cluj Napoca Conservatory in Romania.
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