Jules Armand Dufaure

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Jules Dufaure
Jules Armand Dufaure.jpg
Dufaure by Antoine Samuel Adam-Salomon, circa 1870s
Prime Minister of France
In office
19 February 1871 24 May 1873
President Adolphe Thiers
Preceded by Louis Jules Trochu
Succeeded by Albert, duc de Broglie
In office
23 February 1876 12 December 1876
President Patrice de Mac-Mahon
Preceded by Louis Buffet
Succeeded by Jules Simon
In office
13 December 1877 4 February 1879
President Patrice de Mac-Mahon
Himself (acting)
Jules Grevy
Preceded by Gaëtan de Rochebouët
Succeeded by William Waddington
Acting President of the French Republic
In office
30 January 1879
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded by Patrice de Mac-Mahon
Succeeded by Jules Grevy
Personal details
Born4 December 1798
Saujon
Died28 June 1881(1881-06-28) (aged 82)
Rueil-Malmaison
Political partyNone

Jules Armand Stanislas Dufaure (French pronunciation:  [ʒyl aʁmɑ̃ dyfoʁ] ; 4 December 1798 – 28 June 1881) was a French statesman.

Contents

Biography

Dufaure was born at Saujon, Charente-Maritime, and began his career as an advocate at Bordeaux, where he won a great reputation by his oratorical gifts. He abandoned law for politics and, in 1834, was elected deputy. In 1839, he became minister of public works in the ministry of Jean-de-Dieu Soult, and succeeded in freeing railway construction in France from the obstacles which until then had hampered it.

Losing office in 1840, Dufaure became one of the leaders of the Opposition, and on the outbreak of the revolution of 1848, he accepted the Republic and joined the party of moderate republicans. On 13 October, he became minister of the interior under Louis-Eugène Cavaignac, but retired on the latter's defeat in the presidential election. During the Second French Empire, Dufaure abstained from public life, and practised at the Paris bar with such success that he was elected bâtonnier in 1862.

In 1863, he succeeded to Étienne-Denis Pasquier's seat in the Académie française. In 1871, he became a member of the Assembly, and proposed Adolphe Thiers as President of the Republic. Dufaure became the minister of justice as chief of the party of the "left-centre," and his tenure of office was distinguished by the passage of the jury-law. In 1873, he fell with Thiers, but in 1875 resumed his former post under Louis Buffet, whom he succeeded on 9 March 1876, the first to become president of the council (his predecessors wore the title of vice-presidents of the council). In the same year, he was elected a life senator. On 12 December, he withdrew from the ministry owing to the attacks of the republicans of the left in the chamber and of the conservatives in the senate.

After the conservatives' defeat on 16 May, he returned to power on 24 December 1877. Early in 1879, Dufaure took part in compelling the resignation of Patrice MacMahon, duc de Magenta, but immediately afterwards (1 February), worn out by opposition, he retired. As Prime Minister, he served as the Acting President of the Republic on 30 January 1879.

See G Picot, M. Dufaure, sa vie et ses discours (Paris, 1883).

Dufaure's First Government, 19 February 1871 – 18 May 1873

Changes

Dufaure's Second Government, 18–25 May 1873

Dufaure's Third Government, 23 February – 9 March 1876

Dufaure's Fourth Government, 9 March – 12 December 1876

Changes

Dufaure's Fifth Government, 13 December 1877 – 4 February 1879

Changes

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References

Political offices
Preceded by
Jules Trochu
Prime Minister of France
1871–1873
Succeeded by
Duc de Broglie
Preceded by
Adolphe Crémieux
Minister of Justice
1871–1873
Succeeded by
Jean Emoul
Preceded by
Louis Buffet
Prime Minister of France
1876
Succeeded by
Jules Simon
Preceded by
Gaëtan de Rochebouët
Prime Minister of France
1877–1879
Succeeded by
William Waddington
Preceded by
François Le Pelletier
Minister of Justice
1877–1879
Succeeded by
Philippe Le Royer