Jules Joseph Lefebvre

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Jules Joseph Lefebvre
Picture of Jules Joseph Lefebvre.jpg
Jules Joseph Lefebvre (no later than 1903)
Born(1836-03-14)14 March 1836 [1]
Died24 February 1911(1911-02-24) (aged 74) [1] [2]
Paris, France
Other namesJules Lefebvre [2]
Jules Lefebvre in his studio Jules Lefebvre.jpg
Jules Lefebvre in his studio

Jules Joseph Lefebvre (French:  [ʒyl ʒɔzɛf ləfɛvʁ] ; 14 March 1836 24 February 1911) was a French figure painter, educator and theorist.


Early life

Lefebvre was born in Tournan-en-Brie, Seine-et-Marne, on 14 March 1836. [1] He entered the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in 1852 and was a pupil of Léon Cogniet.


He won the prestigious Prix de Rome in 1861. Between 1855 and 1898, he exhibited 72 portraits in the Paris Salon. Many of his paintings are single figures of beautiful women. Among his best portraits were those of M. L. Reynaud and the Prince Imperial (1874). [3] In 1891, he became a member of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.

He was professor at the Académie Julian in Paris. [4] Lefebvre is chiefly important as an excellent and sympathetic teacher who numbered many Americans among his 1500 or more pupils. Among his famous students were Fernand Khnopff, Kenyon Cox, [3] Félix Vallotton, Ernst Friedrich von Liphart, [5] Georges Rochegrosse, [6] the Scottish-born landscape painter William Hart, Walter Lofthouse Dean, and Edmund C. Tarbell, who became an American Impressionist painter. [7] Another pupil was the miniaturist Alice Beckington. [8] Jules Benoit-Lévy entered his workshop at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts. [9]

Lefebvre died in Paris on 24 February 1911. [1] [2]

Significant milestones

Selected works

Undated works

See also

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  1. 1 2 3 4 "Art Renewal Center Museum™ Artist Information for Jules Joseph Lefebvre". Art Renewal Center.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "A One-Picture Painter". Evening News (13, 776). New South Wales, Australia. 3 August 1911. p. 6. Retrieved 6 March 2017 via National Library of Australia.
  3. 1 2 Oxford Art Online, "Lefebvre, Jules"
  4. 1 2 Collier, Peter; Lethbridge, Robert (1994). Artistic Relations: Literature and the Visual Arts in Nineteenth-century France. London: Yale University Press. p. 50. ISBN   9780300060096.
  5. Baron Ernst Friedrich von Liphart, Late 19th Century – 19th Century – Russian Artists – Biographies – RusArtNet.com
  6. Waller, S. (ed.), Foreign Artists and Communities in Modern Paris, 1870–1914: Strangers in Paradise, Routledge, 2017, p. 119
  7. Kathleen Luhrs, American Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980: "... on to Paris and studied for a year at the Académie Julian under Gustave Boulanger and Jules Lefebvre."
  8. Carrie Rebora Barratt; Lori Zabar (1 January 2010). American Portrait Miniatures in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum of Art. pp. 244–. ISBN   978-1-58839-357-9.
  9. "Benoit-Lévy, Jules (1866–1925), Painter, draughtsman, illustrator", Benezit Dictionary of Artists