Julian Alps

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Julian Alps
V Julijci imena.jpg
The Eastern Julian Alps and Mount Triglav
Highest point
Peak Triglav
Elevation 2,864 m (9,396 ft)
Coordinates 46°23′N13°50′E / 46.383°N 13.833°E / 46.383; 13.833
Geography
Alps location map (Julijske Alpe).png
Julian Alps (in red) within the Alps.
The borders of the range according to
Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps
Countries Italy and Slovenia
Range coordinates 46°20′N13°45′E / 46.333°N 13.750°E / 46.333; 13.750 Coordinates: 46°20′N13°45′E / 46.333°N 13.750°E / 46.333; 13.750
Parent range Southern Limestone Alps

The Julian Alps (Slovene : Julijske Alpe, Italian : Alpi Giulie, Venetian : Alpe Jułie, Friulian : Alps Juliis) are a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps that stretch from northeastern Italy to Slovenia, where they rise to 2,864 m at Mount Triglav, the highest peak in Slovenia and of the former Yugoslavia. A large part of the Julian Alps is included in Triglav National Park. The second highest peak of the range, the 2,755 m high Jôf di Montasio, lies in Italy. [1]

Contents

The Julian Alps cover an estimated 4,400 km2 (of which 1,542 km2 lies in Italy). They are located between the Sava Valley and Canale Valley. They are divided into the Eastern and Western Julian Alps.

Name

The Julian Alps were known in antiquity as Alpe Iulia, and also attested as Alpes Julianac. AD 670, Alpis Juliac. 734, and Alpes Iulias in 1090. [2] Like the municipium of Forum Julii (now Cividale del Friuli) at the foot of the mountains, the range was named after Julius Caesar of the Julian clan, [2] [3] perhaps due to a road built by Julius Caesar and completed by Augustus. [4]

Eastern Julian Alps

Triglav from Debela Pec Triglav.jpg
Triglav from Debela Peč

There are many peaks in the Eastern Julian Alps over 2,000 m high, and they are mainly parts of ridges. The most prominent peaks are visible by their height and size. There are high plains on the eastern border like Pokljuka, Mežakla and Jelovica.

The main peaks by height are the following:

Western Julian Alps

The Western Julian Alps cover a much smaller area, and are located mainly in Italy. Only the Kanin group lies in part in Slovenia. The main peaks by height are:

View from Mangart MC.jpg
View from Mangart toward east (from left to right: Ponca, Špik, Mojstrovka, Škrlatica, Razor, Prisojnik, Travnik, Triglav, Kanjavec, Jalovec, Lepo Špičje

Passes

The Julian Alps seen from the Vrsic Pass. Julijske Alpe z Vrsica.jpg
The Julian Alps seen from the Vršič Pass.

Important passes of the Julian Alps are:

See also

Related Research Articles

Triglav

Triglav, with an elevation of 2,863.65 metres (9,395.2 ft), is the highest mountain in Slovenia and the highest peak of the Julian Alps. The mountain is the pre-eminent symbol of the Slovene nation. It is the centrepiece of Triglav National Park, Slovenia's only national park. Triglav was also the highest peak in Yugoslavia before Slovenia's independence in 1991.

Tarvisio Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

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Sella Nevea

Sella Nevea, at an altitude of 1,195 m (3,921 ft), is a high mountain pass in the Julian Alps, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeast Italy. Sella Nevea also lends its name to a frazione of the Chiusaforte municipality and the nearby Kanin-Sella Nevea Ski Resort.

Predil Pass

The Predil Pass or Predel Pass is a high mountain pass on the border between Italy and Slovenia.

Škrlatica

Škrlatica, historically also known as Suhi plaz, is a mountain in the Slovenian Julian Alps. With its summit at 2,740m above sea level, it is the second highest peak in Slovenia and the third highest in the Julian Alps as a whole.

Jalovec (mountain)

Mount Jalovec is a mountain in the Julian Alps. With an elevation of 2,645 m, it is the sixth-highest peak in Slovenia. It stands between the Tamar, Koritnica, and Trenta Alpine valleys. Nearby peaks include Mangart to the west, Travnik and Mojstrovka to the east, and Ponce to the north. The Log Cliff stands immediately southwest of Mount Jalovec.

Lago del Predil

Lago del Predil is a lake near Cave del Predil, part of the Tarvisio municipality in the Province of Udine, in the Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

Mangart

Mangart or Mangrt is a mountain in the Julian Alps, located on the border between Italy and Slovenia. With an elevation of 2,679 metres (8,789 ft), it is the third-highest peak in Slovenia, after Triglav and Škrlatica. It was first climbed in 1794 by the naturalist Franz von Hohenwart. Mangart is also the name of the mountain range between the Koritnica Valley and the Mangart Valley, with the highest peak called Veliki Mangart.

Cave del Predil Frazione in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Cave del Predil is a frazione subdivision of the comune of Tarvisio in the Province of Udine, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeastern Italy.

Kanin Mountains

The Kanin Mountains or the Canin Mountains, mostly simply Kanin or Canin, are a mountain range in the Western Julian Alps, on the border of Slovenia and Italy. Their highest summit, High Kanin is 2,587 m above sea level. They separate the upper Soča Valley in Slovenia from the Resia Valley in Italy.

Ernesto Lomasti Italian mountain climber (1959-1979)

Ernesto Luigi Lomasti was an Italian mountaineer and alpino skier. He is regarded as one of the Italian pioneers of climbing as a sport. He died during training in the Valle d'Aosta, Arnad, in the local alpini training place called "la gruviera", he fell apparently being struck by lightning. Ironically, he is also remembered for techniques on the Machaby pillar, in Arnaud, in May 1979. The pillar today is named Lomasti pillar.

Jôf di Montasio

The Jôf di Montasio is located in the Province of Udine, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeastern Italy.

The Italian Julian Alps are a mountain range that is part of the Italian Alps that extends from Italy to Slovenia.

Razor (mountain)

Razor is a pyramidal mountain in the Julian Alps and the sixth-highest mountain in Slovenia. First ascended by Otto Sendtner in 1842, it is now frequently ascended, with numerous mountain huts available for climbers.

Municipality of Bovec Municipality of Slovenia

The Municipality of Bovec is a municipality in northwestern Slovenia. Its center is the town of Bovec. As of June 2016, its mayor is Valter Mlekuž.

Municipality of Kranjska Gora Municipality of Slovenia

The Municipality of Kranjska Gora is a municipality on the Sava Dolinka River in the Upper Carniola region of northwest Slovenia, close to the Austrian and Italian borders. The seat of the municipality is the town of Kranjska Gora.

Krn

Krn is a mountain of the southwestern Julian Alps in northwestern Slovenia. It is the highest mountain of the Krn Mountains. The mountain is located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) from the Adriatic Sea. The Soča River flows west of the peak, and the smaller Lepenjica River northeast and the Tolminka River southwest of it. Krn has a mighty western wall, which can be best seen from Kobarid or Drežnica.

Mangart Saddle

Mangart Saddle or the Mangart Pass is a mountain saddle in the Julian Alps in northwestern Slovenia. It has an elevation of 2,072 metres (6,798 ft). It is the most common starting point for the ascent of Mt. Mangart. The Mangart Road that leads over Mangart Saddle, with its elevation of 2,055 m (6,742 ft), has a number of turns and is the highest-lying road in Slovenia. It was built in 1938. The Mangart Pass offers a picturesque view towards the Log Koritnica Valley in Slovenia to the south and the Lakes of Fusine in Italy to the north. The Mangart Saddle Lodge lies under the saddle. The saddle was the scenery of the film Let's Go Our Own Way. Mangart Saddle is also known as the finding place of manganese nodules from the Early Jurassic period.

Jôf Fuart

Jôf Fuart is a mountain of the Julian Alps in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy.

References

  1. https://www.britannica.com/place/Julian-Alps
  2. 1 2 Snoj, Marko (2009). Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan. pp. 44–45.
  3. Smith, William (1857). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, vol. 2. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company. p. 102.
  4. Waring, Samuel Miller (1819). The Traveller's Fire-Side; a Series of Papers on Switzerland, the Alps, Etc. London: Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy. pp. 30–31.