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Julius von Kennel (10 June 1854 – 24 January 1939) was a German zoologist and entomologist born in Schwegenheim.
He studied at the University of Würzburg, where he came under the influence of zoologist Karl Semper (1832-1893). Later, he worked as an assistant to Karl August Möbius (1825-1908) at the University of Kiel, and following his habilitation, he returned to the University of Würzburg. In 1882-83 he participated on a research expedition to Trinidad and Venezuela (including the Orinoco River region). Later, he served as a lecturer at the Forstakademie in Aschaffenburg, and from 1887 to 1915, was a full professor of zoology at the University of Dorpat.
Kennel was an authority on Microlepidoptera, and in particular the family- Tortricidae (tortrix moths). In 1898-99 he was president of the Estonian Naturalists' Society, and in 1922 became director of the zoological museum in Riga.
Karl Ernst Ritter von Baer Edler von Huthorn was a Baltic German scientist and explorer. Baer was a naturalist, biologist, geologist, meteorologist, geographer, and is considered a, or the, founding father of embryology. He was a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a co-founder of the Russian Geographical Society, and the first president of the Russian Entomological Society, making him one of the most distinguished Baltic German scientists.
Emil Hans Willi Hennig was a German biologist and zoologist who is considered the founder of phylogenetic systematics, otherwise known as cladistics. In 1945 as a prisoner of war, Hennig began work on his theory of cladistics, which he published in German in 1950, with a substantially revised English translation published in 1966. With his works on evolution and systematics he revolutionised the view of the natural order of beings. As a taxonomist, he specialised in dipterans.
Karl Ritter von Frisch, was a German-Austrian ethologist who received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1973, along with Nikolaas Tinbergen and Konrad Lorenz.
Julius von Sachs was a German botanist from Breslau, Prussian Silesia. He is considered the founder of experimental plant physiology and co-founder of modern water culture. Julius von Sachs and Wilhelm Knop are monumental figures in the history of botany by first demonstrating the importance of water culture for the study of plant nutrition and plant physiology in the 19th century.
Martin Hinrich Carl Lichtenstein was a German physician, explorer, botanist and zoologist.
Karl Hermann Johannes Thiele was a German zoologist specialized in malacology. Thiele was born in Goldap, East Prussia. His Handbuch der systematischen Weichtierkunde is a standard work. From 1904 until his retirement in 1925 he was the curator of the malacological collection at the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Thiele described more than 1.500 new species of molluscs; until today their types are deposited with the Museum of Natural History in Berlin. Especially important are his works on the Mollusca of the First German Antarctica Expedition and of the German Deep Sea Expedition aboard the vessel Valdivia.
Heinrich Georg Bronn was a German geologist and paleontologist. He was the first to translate Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species into German in 1860, although not without introducing his own interpretations, as also a chapter critiquing the work.
Prof Karl (Carl) Theodor Ernst von Siebold FRS(For) HFRSE was a German physiologist and zoologist. He was responsible for the introduction of the taxa Arthropoda and Rhizopoda, and for defining the taxon Protozoa specifically for single-celled organisms.
Friedrich Moritz Brauer was an Austrian entomologist who was Director of the Naturhistorisches Hofmuseum, Vienna, at the time of his death. He wrote many papers on Diptera and Neuroptera.
Karl Georg Friedrich Rudolf Leuckart was a German zoologist born in Helmstedt. He was a nephew to naturalist Friedrich Sigismund Leuckart (1794–1843).
Hermann Julius Kolbe was a German entomologist from Halle, Westphalia. He was curator at the Berlin Zoological Museum from 1890 until 1921 specialising in Coleoptera, Psocoptera and Neuroptera. He died in Berlin-Lichterfelde.
August Friedrich Thienemann was a German limnologist, zoologist and ecologist. He studied zoology at the University of Greifswald.
Fritz Noll was a German botanist who made contributions in the field of plant physiology.
Theodore K. Lorenz or Fyodor Karlovich Lorenz was a German ornithologist and a taxidermist of repute who worked in Moscow. For his exceptional artistic specimen preparations, he was called the "Stradivarius of taxidermy".
Andreas Heinrich Karl Brandt was a German zoologist and marine biologist.
Carl Benjamin Klunzinger was a German physician and zoologist.
Arved Carl Ludwig von Schultz was a German geographer.
Oswald Seeliger was a German zoologist, known for his studies involving the anatomy and developmental history of tunicates.
Robert J. Lendlmayer von Lendenfeld (1858-1913) was an Austrian zoologist, alpinist, and traveler. He was also a notable spongiologist.
Richard Rössler, also Roessler or Rößler was a Baltic German pianist, organist, composer and music educator. In 1910, he married the pianist Dora Charlotte Mayer (1887–1951), a Württemberg pastor's daughter who had studied in Berlin with Ernst von Dohnányi and Max Bruch. The couple had three children.