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Köping was a Swedish denomination for a market town since the Middle Ages. This term was abolished with the municipal reform of 1971, when Sweden was subdivided into the Municipalities of Sweden (currently amounting to 290).
As present-day Finland was once a part of Sweden, the Finnish word kauppala has the same meaning. The Finnish word kaupunki, borrowed from the Old Norse word for köping, is today the main word for town in Finnish. Swedish köping and the English toponym chipping are also cognates.
In 1863 the first local government acts were implemented in Sweden. There were two acts, one for cities and one for rural areas. Of the around 2,500 municipalities, 89 had city rights and thus had the right to call themselves stad (city). Under the "rural" act there were also eight localities given the status of köping, which positioned them between a rural municipality and a town (see municipalköping). The number of localities designated as köping rose dramatically during the 20th century and reached its peak in 1959, when they were 95. Many new settlements during the industrialization of Sweden, as well as some of the suburbs in the metropolitan areas, first received the title of köping and it was also made part of their name (such as Linköping or Nyköping). [ clarification needed ] They later grew further and received town privileges, but kept the köping ending of their names.[ citation needed ] See the list below. It has been found that a vast majority, nearly 70%, of such designated market-towns lie within an area of 200 km2 (77 sq mi) in south-central Sweden, especially in the highly economically productive region immediately west and south of Stockholm, in Södermanland, Örebro, Östergötland, and Jönköping counties.
A large-scale merger of Swedish municipalities in 1971 removed the distinctions between towns, market towns and rural municipalities. Many of the former market towns are now seats of municipalities. In contrast to the term stad, köping is seldom used in everyday speech today.
Localities/Parishes in the Diocese of Lund
|Blekinge County||Kristianopel||see municipalköping|
|Olofström||01.01.1941||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Ronneby||1686||30.11.1882||received city privileges|
|Dalarna County||Avesta||01.01.1907||31.03.1919||received city privileges|
|Borlänge||01.01.1898||31.12.1943||received city privileges|
|Krylbo||01.01.1919||31.12.1966||merged into Avesta city|
|Ludvika||01.01.1915||31.12.1918||received city privileges|
|Mora||01.01.1959||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Morastrand||01.01.1908||31.12.1958||merged into Mora köping)|
|Smedjebacken||01.01.1918||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Gävleborg County||Björkhamre||01.01.1923||31.12.1941||merged into Bollnäs city|
|Bollnäs||01.01.1906||31.12.1941||received city privileges|
|Ljusdal||01.01.1914||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Sandviken||01.01.1927||31.12.1942||received city privileges|
|Storvik||01.01.1952||31.12.1970||merged into Sandviken Municipality|
|Gotland County||Slite||01.01.1936||31.12.1970||merged into Gotland Municipality|
|Halland County||Oskarström||01.01.1947||31.12.1970||formed a municipality; today part of Halmstad Municipality|
|Jämtland County||Frösön||01.01.1948||31.12.1970||merged into Östersund Municipality|
|Sveg||01.01.1937||31.12.1970||formed a municipality; today part of Härjedalen Municipality|
|Jönköping County||Anderstorp||01.01.1953||31.12.1970||formed a municipality; today part of Gislaved Municipality|
|Bodafors||01.01.1930||31.12.1970||merged into Nässjö Municipality|
|Gislaved||01.01.1949||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Huskvarna||31.12 1907||31.12.1910||received city privileges; today part of Jönköping Municipality|
|Mariannelund||01.01.1928||31.12.1970||merged into Eksjö Municipality|
|Norrahammar||31.12 1943||31.12.1970||merged into Jönköping Municipality|
|Skillingaryd||01.01.1952||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Tranås||01.01.1882||31.12.1918||received city privileges|
|Vaggeryd||01.01.1952||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Vetlanda||01.01.1909||31.12.1919||received city privileges|
|Värnamo||1620||31.12.1920||received city privileges|
|Kalmar County||Emmaboda||01.01.1930||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Figeholm||01.01.1878||31.12.1951||merged into Misterhult Municipality, today part of Oskarshamn Municipality; municipalköping prior to 1878|
|Hultsfred||01.01.1927||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Mönsterås||1620||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Mörbylånga||1881||31.12.1951||formed a municipality; municipalköping prior to 1880)|
|Nybro||25.04.1879||31.12.1931||received city privileges; previously municipalköping from 1865)|
|Virserum||01.01.1956||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Kronoberg County||Alvesta||01.01.1945||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Hovmantorp||01.01.1952||31.12.1970||split between Lessebo and Växjö Municipalities)|
|Lenhovda||01.01.1957||31.12.1970||merged into Uppvidinge Municipality|
|Lessebo||01.01.1939||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Markaryd||01.01.1916||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Ryd (Almundsryd)||01.01.1958||31.12.1970||split between Tingsryd and Älmhult Municipalities)|
|Tingsryd||01.01.1921||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Traryd||01.01.1952||31.12.1970||merged into Markaryd Municipality|
|Åseda||01.01.1943||31.12.1970||merged into Uppvidinge Municipality|
|Älmhult||01.01.1901||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Norrbotten County||Älvsbyn||01.01.1948||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Örebro County||Degerfors||01.01.1943||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Frövi||01.01.1955||31.12.1970||merged into Lindesberg Municipality|
|Hallsberg||01.01.1908||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Hällefors||01.01.1950||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Kopparberg||01.01.1908||31.12.1961||merged into Ljusnarsbergs köping)|
|Laxå||01.01.1946||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Ljusnarsberg||01.01.1962||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Östergötland County||Boxholm||01.01.1947||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Finspång||01.01.1942||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Motala||1820||31.12.1880||received city privileges|
|Valdemarsvik||01.01.1914||31.12.1970||formed a municipality; prior to 1914 municipalköping; oldest köping charter from 1647)|
|Åtvidaberg||01.01.1947||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Skåne County||Bjuv||01.01.1946||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Bromölla||01.01.1942||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Båstad||01.01.1937||31.12.1970||formed a municipality; before 1937 municipalköping)|
|Eslöv||01.01.1875||31.12.1910||received city privileges|
|Furulund||01.01.1952||31.12.1968||merged into Kävlinge köping)|
|Hässleholm||01.01.1901||31.12.1913||received city privileges|
|Hörby||01.01.1900||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Höör||01.01.1939||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Klippan||01.01.1945||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Kävlinge||01.01.1946||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Limhamn||01.01.1906||31.12.1914||merged into Malmö city|
|Lomma||01.01.1951||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Osby||01.01.1937||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Perstorp||01.01.1947||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Sjöbo||01.01.1952||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Skurup||01.01.1914||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Svedala||01.01.1919||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Tomelilla||01.01.1921||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Vinslöv||01.01.1934||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Åhus||01.01.1905||31.12.1970||merged into Kristianstad Municipality|
|Åstorp||01.01.1946||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Södermanland County||Gnesta||01.01.1955||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Malmköping||1784||31.12.1970||merged into Flen Municipality|
|Stockholm County||Danderyd||01.01.1946||31.12.1970||became municipality|
|Djursholm||01.01.1901||31.12.1913||received city privileges; today part of Danderyd Municipality|
|Hässelby Villastad||01.01.1926||01.01.1948||merged into Stockholm City|
|Lidingö||01.01.1910||31.12.1925||received city privileges|
|Nynäshamn||01.01.1911||31.12.1945||received city privileges|
|Saltsjöbaden||01.01.1909||31.12.1970||merged into Nacka Municipality|
|Sollentuna||01.01.1944||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Stocksund||01.01.1910||31.12.1966||merged into Djursholm city; today part of Danderyd Municipality|
|Sundbyberg||01.01.1888||31.12.1926||received city privileges|
|Täby||01.01.1948||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Uppsala County||Tierp||01.01.1920||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Värmland County||Arvika||1811||31.12 1910||received city privileges|
|Grums||01.01.1948||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Hammarö||01.01.1950||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Munkfors||01.01.1949||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Storfors||01.01.1950||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Sunne||01.01.1920||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Säffle||01.01.1882||31.12.1950||received city privileges|
|Årjäng||01.01.1941||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Västerbotten County||Holmsund||01.01.1947||31.12.1970||formed a municipality; today part of Umeå Municipality|
|Lycksele||01.01.1929||31.12.1945||received city privileges|
|Vilhelmina||01.01.1947||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Vännäs||01.01.1928||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Åsele||01.01.1952||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Västernorrland County||Skön||01.01.1952||31.12.1964||merged into Sundsvall city|
|Sollefteå||01.01.1902||31.12.1916||received city privileges|
|Timrå||01.01.1947||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Ånge||01.01.1946||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Örnsköldsvik||06.12.1842||30.06.1894||received city privileges|
|Västmanland County||Hallstahammar||01.01.1943||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Kungsör||01.01.1907||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Norberg||01.01.1952||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Västra Götaland County||Bengtsfors||01.01.1926||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Grebbestad||01.01.1929||31.12.1951||merged into Tanum Municipality|
|Grästorp||01.01.1900||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Götene||01.01.1952||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Herrljunga||01.01.1952||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Kinna||01.01.1947||31.12.1970||merged into Mark Municipality|
|Lilla Edet||01.01.1951||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Mellerud||01.01.1908||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Skene||01.01.1951||31.12.1970||merged into Mark Municipality|
|Svenljunga||01.01.1946||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Tibro||01.01.1947||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Tidaholm||01.01.1895||31.12.1909||received city privileges|
|Töreboda||01.01.1909||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
|Vara||01.01.1894||31.12.1970||formed a municipality|
A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary considerably between different parts of the world.
Lidingö Municipality is a municipality east of Stockholm in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. Its seat is located on the island of Lidingö. The municipality is a part of Metropolitan Stockholm.
Tranås Municipality is a municipality in Jönköping County, southern Sweden, where the town Tranås is seat.
Emmaboda Municipality is a municipality in Kalmar County, in south-eastern Sweden. Its seat is located in the town Emmaboda.
Lycksele Municipality is a municipality in Västerbotten County in northern Sweden. Its seat is located in Lycksele.
The municipalities of Sweden are its lower-level local government entities. There are 290 municipalities which are responsible for a large proportion of local services, including schools, emergency services and physical planning.
The municipalities represent the local level of administration in Finland and act as the fundamental, self-governing administrative units of the country. The entire country is incorporated into municipalities and legally, all municipalities are equal, although certain municipalities are called cities or towns. Municipalities have the right to levy a flat percentual income tax, which is between 16 and 22 percent, and they provide two thirds of public services. Municipalities control many community services, such as schools, health care and the water supply, and local streets. They do not maintain highways, set laws or keep police forces, which are responsibilities of the central government.
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Haparanda is a locality and the seat of Haparanda Municipality in Norrbotten County, Sweden. It is adjacent to Tornio, Finland. Haparanda had a population of 4,856 in 2010, of out of a municipal total of 10,200 inhabitants.
Eslöv is a town and the seat of Eslöv Municipality, Skåne County, Sweden with 19,598 inhabitants as of 2018.
Gothenburg Municipality is a municipality in Västra Götaland County in western Sweden. Its seat is located in the city of Gothenburg.
Vaxholm is a locality and the seat of Vaxholm Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden. It is located on the island of Vaxön in the Stockholm archipelago. The name Vaxholm comes from Vaxholm Castle, which was constructed in 1549 on an islet with this name on the inlet to Stockholm, for defence purposes, by King Gustav Vasa.
An urban area or tätort in Sweden has a minimum of 200 inhabitants and may be a city, town or larger village. It is a purely statistical concept, not defined by any municipal or county boundaries. Larger urban areas synonymous with cities or towns for statistical purposes have a minimum of 10,000 inhabitants. The same statistical definition is also used for urban areas in the other Nordic countries.
Stad is a Swedish term that historically was used for urban centers of various sizes. Since 1971, stad has no administrative or legal significance in Sweden.
Ljungby is the central locality of Ljungby Municipality, Kronoberg County, Sweden, with 15,785 inhabitants in 2015.
Municipalköping was a type of local government (municipality) in Sweden. Mostly these were minor trade towns with very limited city rights, which were delegated from larger cities in the same region.
Socken is the name used for a part of a county in Sweden. In Denmark similar areas are known as sogn, in Norway sorn or sokn and in Finland pitäjä/socken. A socken is a country-side area that was formed around a church, typically in the Middle Ages. A socken originally served as a parish. Later it also served as a civil parish or an administrative parish, and became a predecessor to today's municipalities of Sweden, Finland, Norway and Denmark. Today it is a traditional area with frozen borders, in Sweden typically identical to those of the early 20th century country-side parishes. The socken also served as a registration unit for buildings, in Sweden recently replaced by identical districts as registration unit. A socken consists of several villages and industry localities, and is typically named after the main village and the original church.
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Bromma socken is a former socken of Sollentuna Hundred in Uppland, Sweden. It became part of Stockholm City in 1916, and has been part of the municipalities of Stockholm and Sundbyberg since 1971.