Köping

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Köping was a Swedish denomination for a market town since the Middle Ages. This term was abolished with the municipal reform of 1971, when Sweden was subdivided into the Municipalities of Sweden (currently amounting to 290).

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As present-day Finland was once a part of Sweden, the Finnish word kauppala has the same meaning. The Finnish word kaupunki, borrowed from the Old Norse word for köping, is today the main word for town in Finnish. Swedish köping and the English toponym chipping are also cognates.

Sweden

History

In 1863 the first local government acts were implemented in Sweden. There were two acts, one for cities and one for rural areas. Of the around 2,500 municipalities, 89 had city rights and thus had the right to call themselves stad (city). Under the "rural" act there were also eight localities given the status of köping, which positioned them between a rural municipality and a town (see municipalköping). The number of localities designated as köping rose dramatically during the 20th century and reached its peak in 1959, when they were 95. Many new settlements during the industrialization of Sweden, as well as some of the suburbs in the metropolitan areas, first received the title of köping and it was also made part of their name (such as Linköping or Nyköping). [ clarification needed ] They later grew further and received town privileges, but kept the köping ending of their names.[ citation needed ] See the list below. It has been found that a vast majority, nearly 70%, of such designated market-towns lie within an area of 200 km2 (77 sq mi) in south-central Sweden, especially in the highly economically productive region immediately west and south of Stockholm, in Södermanland, Örebro, Östergötland, and Jönköping counties.

A large-scale merger of Swedish municipalities in 1971 removed the distinctions between towns, market towns and rural municipalities. Many of the former market towns are now seats of municipalities. In contrast to the term stad, köping is seldom used in everyday speech today.

Toponyms containing the word köping

Köping titles issued 18631959

CountyKöpingFromToNote
Blekinge County Kristianopel see municipalköping
Olofström 01.01.194131.12.1970formed a municipality
Ronneby 168630.11.1882received city privileges
Dalarna County Avesta 01.01.190731.03.1919received city privileges
Borlänge 01.01.189831.12.1943received city privileges
Krylbo 01.01.191931.12.1966merged into Avesta city
Ludvika 01.01.191531.12.1918received city privileges
Mora 01.01.195931.12.1970formed a municipality
Morastrand 01.01.190831.12.1958merged into Mora köping)
Smedjebacken 01.01.191831.12.1970formed a municipality
Gävleborg County Björkhamre 01.01.192331.12.1941merged into Bollnäs city
Bollnäs 01.01.190631.12.1941received city privileges
Ljusdal 01.01.191431.12.1970formed a municipality
Sandviken 01.01.192731.12.1942received city privileges
Storvik 01.01.195231.12.1970merged into Sandviken Municipality
Gotland County Slite 01.01.193631.12.1970merged into Gotland Municipality
Halland County Oskarström 01.01.194731.12.1970formed a municipality; today part of Halmstad Municipality
Jämtland County Frösön 01.01.194831.12.1970merged into Östersund Municipality
Sveg 01.01.193731.12.1970formed a municipality; today part of Härjedalen Municipality
Jönköping County Anderstorp 01.01.195331.12.1970formed a municipality; today part of Gislaved Municipality
Bodafors 01.01.193031.12.1970merged into Nässjö Municipality
Gislaved 01.01.194931.12.1970formed a municipality
Huskvarna 31.12 190731.12.1910received city privileges; today part of Jönköping Municipality
Mariannelund 01.01.192831.12.1970merged into Eksjö Municipality
Norrahammar 31.12 194331.12.1970merged into Jönköping Municipality
Skillingaryd 01.01.195231.12.1970formed a municipality
Tranås 01.01.188231.12.1918received city privileges
Vaggeryd 01.01.195231.12.1970formed a municipality
Vetlanda 01.01.190931.12.1919received city privileges
Värnamo 162031.12.1920received city privileges
Kalmar County Emmaboda 01.01.193031.12.1970formed a municipality
Figeholm 01.01.187831.12.1951merged into Misterhult Municipality, today part of Oskarshamn Municipality; municipalköping prior to 1878
Gamleby see municipalköping
Hultsfred 01.01.192731.12.1970formed a municipality
Mönsterås 162031.12.1970formed a municipality
Mörbylånga 188131.12.1951formed a municipality; municipalköping prior to 1880)
Nybro 25.04.187931.12.1931received city privileges; previously municipalköping from 1865)
Pataholm see municipalköping
Påskallavik see municipalköping
Virserum 01.01.195631.12.1970formed a municipality
Kronoberg County Alvesta 01.01.194531.12.1970formed a municipality
Hovmantorp 01.01.195231.12.1970split between Lessebo and Växjö Municipalities)
Lenhovda 01.01.195731.12.1970merged into Uppvidinge Municipality
Lessebo 01.01.193931.12.1970formed a municipality
Ljungby see municipalköping
Markaryd 01.01.191631.12.1970formed a municipality
Ryd (Almundsryd)01.01.195831.12.1970split between Tingsryd and Älmhult Municipalities)
Tingsryd 01.01.192131.12.1970formed a municipality
Traryd 01.01.195231.12.1970merged into Markaryd Municipality
Åseda 01.01.194331.12.1970merged into Uppvidinge Municipality
Älmhult 01.01.190131.12.1970formed a municipality
Norrbotten County Älvsbyn 01.01.194831.12.1970formed a municipality
Örebro County Degerfors 01.01.194331.12.1970formed a municipality
Frövi 01.01.195531.12.1970merged into Lindesberg Municipality
Hallsberg 01.01.190831.12.1970formed a municipality
Hällefors 01.01.195031.12.1970formed a municipality
Kopparberg 01.01.190831.12.1961merged into Ljusnarsbergs köping)
Laxå 01.01.194631.12.1970formed a municipality
Ljusnarsberg 01.01.196231.12.1970formed a municipality
Östergötland County Boxholm 01.01.194731.12.1970formed a municipality
Finspång 01.01.194231.12.1970formed a municipality
Motala 182031.12.1880received city privileges
Valdemarsvik 01.01.191431.12.1970formed a municipality; prior to 1914 municipalköping; oldest köping charter from 1647)
Åtvidaberg 01.01.194731.12.1970formed a municipality
Skåne County Bjuv 01.01.194631.12.1970formed a municipality
Bromölla 01.01.194231.12.1970formed a municipality
Båstad 01.01.193731.12.1970formed a municipality; before 1937 municipalköping)
Eslöv 01.01.187531.12.1910received city privileges
Furulund 01.01.195231.12.1968merged into Kävlinge köping)
Hässleholm 01.01.190131.12.1913received city privileges
Hörby 01.01.190031.12.1970formed a municipality
Höör 01.01.193931.12.1970formed a municipality
Klippan 01.01.194531.12.1970formed a municipality
Kävlinge 01.01.194631.12.1970formed a municipality
Limhamn 01.01.190631.12.1914merged into Malmö city
Lomma 01.01.195131.12.1970formed a municipality
Osby 01.01.193731.12.1970formed a municipality
Perstorp 01.01.194731.12.1970formed a municipality
Sjöbo 01.01.195231.12.1970formed a municipality
Skurup 01.01.191431.12.1970formed a municipality
Svedala 01.01.191931.12.1970formed a municipality
Tomelilla 01.01.192131.12.1970formed a municipality
Trelleborg see municipalköping
Vinslöv 01.01.193431.12.1970formed a municipality
Åhus 01.01.190531.12.1970merged into Kristianstad Municipality
Åstorp 01.01.194631.12.1970formed a municipality
Södermanland County Gnesta 01.01.195531.12.1970formed a municipality
Malmköping 178431.12.1970merged into Flen Municipality
Stockholm County Danderyd 01.01.194631.12.1970became municipality
Djursholm 01.01.190131.12.1913received city privileges; today part of Danderyd Municipality
Hässelby Villastad 01.01.192601.01.1948merged into Stockholm City
Lidingö 01.01.191031.12.1925received city privileges
Nynäshamn 01.01.191131.12.1945received city privileges
Saltsjöbaden 01.01.190931.12.1970merged into Nacka Municipality
Sollentuna 01.01.194431.12.1970formed a municipality
Stocksund 01.01.191031.12.1966merged into Djursholm city; today part of Danderyd Municipality
Sundbyberg 01.01.188831.12.1926received city privileges
Täby 01.01.194831.12.1970formed a municipality
Uppsala County Tierp 01.01.192031.12.1970formed a municipality
Värmland County Arvika 181131.12 1910received city privileges
Grums 01.01.194831.12.1970formed a municipality
Hammarö 01.01.195031.12.1970formed a municipality
Munkfors 01.01.194931.12.1970formed a municipality
Storfors 01.01.195031.12.1970formed a municipality
Sunne 01.01.192031.12.1970formed a municipality
Säffle 01.01.188231.12.1950received city privileges
Årjäng 01.01.194131.12.1970formed a municipality
Västerbotten County Holmsund 01.01.194731.12.1970formed a municipality; today part of Umeå Municipality
Lycksele 01.01.192931.12.1945received city privileges
Vilhelmina 01.01.194731.12.1970formed a municipality
Vännäs 01.01.192831.12.1970formed a municipality
Åsele 01.01.195231.12.1970formed a municipality
Västernorrland County Skön 01.01.195231.12.1964merged into Sundsvall city
Sollefteå 01.01.190231.12.1916received city privileges
Timrå 01.01.194731.12.1970formed a municipality
Ånge 01.01.194631.12.1970formed a municipality
Örnsköldsvik 06.12.184230.06.1894received city privileges
Västmanland County Hallstahammar 01.01.194331.12.1970formed a municipality
Kungsör 01.01.190731.12.1970formed a municipality
Norberg 01.01.195231.12.1970formed a municipality
Västra Götaland County Bengtsfors 01.01.192631.12.1970formed a municipality
Grebbestad 01.01.192931.12.1951merged into Tanum Municipality
Grästorp 01.01.190031.12.1970formed a municipality
Götene 01.01.195231.12.1970formed a municipality
Herrljunga 01.01.195231.12.1970formed a municipality
Kinna 01.01.194731.12.1970merged into Mark Municipality
Lilla Edet 01.01.195131.12.1970formed a municipality
Mellerud 01.01.190831.12.1970formed a municipality
Skene 01.01.195131.12.1970merged into Mark Municipality
Svenljunga 01.01.194631.12.1970formed a municipality
Tibro 01.01.194731.12.1970formed a municipality
Tidaholm 01.01.189531.12.1909received city privileges
Töreboda 01.01.190931.12.1970formed a municipality
Vara 01.01.189431.12.1970formed a municipality

See also

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References