Kırıkkale

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Kırıkkale
Kirikkale Nur Cami.JPG
Kırıkkale Nur Mosque
Turkey adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kırıkkale
Coordinates: 39°50′30″N33°30′50″E / 39.84167°N 33.51389°E / 39.84167; 33.51389 Coordinates: 39°50′30″N33°30′50″E / 39.84167°N 33.51389°E / 39.84167; 33.51389
Country Turkey
Province Kırıkkale
Government
  MayorMehmet Saygılı (AKP)
Area
[1]
  District318.07 km2 (122.81 sq mi)
Population
 (2012) [2]
   Urban
192,473
  District
200,625
  District density630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Website www.kirikkale.bel.tr

Kırıkkale is the capital of the Kırıkkale Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. It is located 80 km east of Ankara. According to the 2000 census, the population of the province is 280,834, of which 192,705 live in the city of Kırıkkale. [3] [4] The name of the city means broken castle.

Kırıkkale Province Province of Turkey in Central Anatolia

Kırıkkale Province is a province of Turkey. It is located on the crossroads of major highways east of Ankara leading east to the Black Sea region. With its rapid population growth it has become an industrial center. The provincial capital is Kırıkkale.

Provinces of Turkey first-level administrative division of Turkey

Turkey is divided into 81 provinces. Each province is divided into a number of different districts. Each provincial government is seated in the central district. The central district usually bears the name of the province. There are only three exceptions to this naming scheme:

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, the part of Turkey in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city while Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

Contents

The town of Kırıkkale is located on the Ankara-Kayseri railway near the Kızıl River in central Turkey. Formerly a village, it owes its rapid rise in population mainly to the establishment of steel mills in the 1950s. These works, among the largest in the country, specialize in high-quality alloy steel and machinery. In the 1960s chemical plants were added.

Kayseri Metropolitan municipality in Central Anatolia, Turkey

Kayseri is a large industrialised city in Central Anatolia, Turkey. It is the seat of Kayseri Province. The city of Kayseri, as defined by the boundaries of Kayseri Metropolitan Municipality, is structurally composed of five metropolitan districts, the two core districts of Kocasinan and Melikgazi, and since 2004, also Hacılar, İncesu and Talas.

Kırıkkale University is located in the city.

History

The name of the city supposedly comes from the name "Kırık" a village 3 km north of the city combined with another name called "Kale", meaning castle, in the centre of the city, the two were put together to make 'Kırıkkale'. Inhabitation began in the 16th century when Turkish tribes came from the east and settled in Central Anatolia. [5]

Geography

Kırıkkale was recently declared a state in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey which is near Kızılırmak River translating to Red River. The river is used to produce rice for the Turkish economy. The natural vegetation is steppe type, and vineyards are found in abundance. [5]

Kızılırmak River river in Turkey, tributary of the Black Sea

The Kızılırmak, also known as the Halys River is the longest river entirely within Turkey. It is a source of hydroelectric power and is not used for navigation.

Steppe ecoregion in the montane grasslands and shrublands

In physical geography, a steppe is an ecoregion, in the montane grasslands and shrublands and temperate grasslands, savannas and shrublands biomes, characterized by grassland plains without trees apart from those near rivers and lakes. The prairie of North America is an example of a steppe, though it is not usually called such. A steppe may be semi-arid or covered with grass or shrubs or both, depending on the season and latitude. The term is also used to denote the climate encountered in regions too dry to support a forest but not dry enough to be a desert. The soil is typically of chernozem type.

Climate

Using both 0°C and -3°C isotherms, Kırıkkale has a hot summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa), that very closely borders a Mediterranean continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dsa) and a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk). Winters are cool to cold and snowy, whereas summers are hot and dry. Rainfall occurs mostly during the spring and autumn.

Mediterranean climate Type of climate

A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by dry summers and mild, wet winters. The climate receives its name from the Mediterranean Basin, where this climate type is most common. Mediterranean climate zones are typically located along the western sides of continents, between roughly 30 and 45 degrees north and south of the equator. The main cause of Mediterranean, or dry summer climate, is the subtropical ridge which extends northwards during the summer and migrates south during the winter due to increasing north-south temperature differences.

Köppen climate classification climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the German-Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Continental climate

Continental climates often have a significant annual variation in temperature. They tend to occur in the middle latitudes, where prevailing winds blow overland, and temperatures are not moderated by bodies of water such as oceans or seas. Continental climates occur mostly in the Northern Hemisphere, which has the kind of large landmasses on temperate latitudes required for this type of climate to develop. Most of northern and northeastern China, eastern and southeastern Europe, central and southeastern Canada, and the central and northeastern United States have this type of climate.

Climate data for Kırıkkale (1960-2012)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)17.0
(62.6)
20.8
(69.4)
30.4
(86.7)
32.0
(89.6)
34.4
(93.9)
37.6
(99.7)
41.6
(106.9)
40.4
(104.7)
36.9
(98.4)
33.0
(91.4)
24.8
(76.6)
19.0
(66.2)
41.6
(106.9)
Average high °C (°F)4.1
(39.4)
6.5
(43.7)
12.4
(54.3)
18.0
(64.4)
23.1
(73.6)
27.5
(81.5)
30.9
(87.6)
30.8
(87.4)
26.7
(80.1)
20.6
(69.1)
12.7
(54.9)
6.2
(43.2)
18.3
(64.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)0.4
(32.7)
2.1
(35.8)
6.8
(44.2)
12.2
(54.0)
16.9
(62.4)
21.2
(70.2)
24.6
(76.3)
24.1
(75.4)
19.5
(67.1)
13.6
(56.5)
6.9
(44.4)
2.5
(36.5)
12.6
(54.6)
Average low °C (°F)−3.0
(26.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.4
(34.5)
6.1
(43.0)
10.1
(50.2)
13.8
(56.8)
16.6
(61.9)
16.3
(61.3)
12.1
(53.8)
7.4
(45.3)
2.2
(36.0)
−0.6
(30.9)
6.7
(44.1)
Record low °C (°F)−22.4
(−8.3)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−6.8
(19.8)
0.4
(32.7)
4.6
(40.3)
7.4
(45.3)
7.2
(45.0)
2.7
(36.9)
−5.0
(23.0)
−9.7
(14.5)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−22.4
(−8.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)41.6
(1.64)
31.4
(1.24)
34.0
(1.34)
45.8
(1.80)
49.2
(1.94)
34.8
(1.37)
10.9
(0.43)
8.2
(0.32)
13.4
(0.53)
27.9
(1.10)
30.5
(1.20)
45.8
(1.80)
373.5
(14.71)
Average rainy days11.410.59.712.311.48.13.52.94.17.09.010.8100.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 86.8117.6173.6207272.8318362.7347.2276201.512971.32,563.5
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [6]

Notes

  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. "Adrese Dayalı Nüfus Kayıt Sistemi (ADNKS)-Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları" (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 20 September 2015. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
  4. GeoHive. "Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units" . Retrieved 2008-03-19.
  5. 1 2 "Web Hosting Control Panel Login". www.allaboutturkey.com.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-30. Retrieved 2011-03-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

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