Kırıkkale

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Kırıkkale
Kırıkkale Nur Mosque
Kırıkkale
Coordinates: 39°50′30″N33°30′50″E / 39.84167°N 33.51389°E / 39.84167; 33.51389 Coordinates: 39°50′30″N33°30′50″E / 39.84167°N 33.51389°E / 39.84167; 33.51389
Country Turkey
Province Kırıkkale
Government
  MayorMehmet Saygılı (AKP)
Area
[1]
  District318.07 km2 (122.81 sq mi)
Population
(2012) [2]
   Urban
192,473
  District
200,625
  District density630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Website www.kirikkale.bel.tr

Kırıkkale is the capital of the Kırıkkale Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. It is located 80 km east of Ankara. According to the 2000 census, the population of the province is 280,834, of which 192,705 live in the city of Kırıkkale. [3] [4] The name of the city means broken castle.

Contents

The town of Kırıkkale is located on the Ankara-Kayseri railway near the Kızıl River in central Turkey. Formerly a village, it owes its rapid rise in population mainly to the establishment of steel mills in the 1950s. These works, among the largest in the country, specialize in high-quality alloy steel and machinery. In the 1960s chemical plants were added.

Kırıkkale University is located in the city.

History

The name of the city supposedly comes from the name "Kırık" a village 3 km north of the city combined with another name called "Kale", meaning castle, in the centre of the city, the two were put together to make 'Kırıkkale'. Inhabitation began in the 16th century when Turkish tribes came from the east and settled in Central Anatolia. [5]

Geography

Kırıkkale was recently declared a state in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey which is near Kızılırmak River translating to Red River. The river is used to produce rice for the Turkish economy. The natural vegetation is steppe type, and vineyards are found in abundance. [5]

Climate

Kırıkkale lies on a transitional zone between a hot summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dsa) and a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk), with cold and snowy winters and hot and dry summers. Rainfall occurs mostly during the spring and autumn.

Climate data for Kırıkkale (1960-2012)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)17.0
(62.6)
20.8
(69.4)
30.4
(86.7)
32.0
(89.6)
34.4
(93.9)
37.6
(99.7)
41.6
(106.9)
40.4
(104.7)
36.9
(98.4)
33.0
(91.4)
24.8
(76.6)
19.0
(66.2)
41.6
(106.9)
Average high °C (°F)4.1
(39.4)
6.5
(43.7)
12.4
(54.3)
18.0
(64.4)
23.1
(73.6)
27.5
(81.5)
30.9
(87.6)
30.8
(87.4)
26.7
(80.1)
20.6
(69.1)
12.7
(54.9)
6.2
(43.2)
18.3
(64.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)0.4
(32.7)
2.1
(35.8)
6.8
(44.2)
12.2
(54)
16.9
(62.4)
21.2
(70.2)
24.6
(76.3)
24.1
(75.4)
19.5
(67.1)
13.6
(56.5)
6.9
(44.4)
2.5
(36.5)
12.6
(54.6)
Average low °C (°F)−3.0
(26.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.4
(34.5)
6.1
(43)
10.1
(50.2)
13.8
(56.8)
16.6
(61.9)
16.3
(61.3)
12.1
(53.8)
7.4
(45.3)
2.2
(36)
−0.6
(30.9)
6.7
(44.1)
Record low °C (°F)−22.4
(−8.3)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−6.8
(19.8)
0.4
(32.7)
4.6
(40.3)
7.4
(45.3)
7.2
(45)
2.7
(36.9)
−5.0
(23)
−9.7
(14.5)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−22.4
(−8.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)41.6
(1.638)
31.4
(1.236)
34.0
(1.339)
45.8
(1.803)
49.2
(1.937)
34.8
(1.37)
10.9
(0.429)
8.2
(0.323)
13.4
(0.528)
27.9
(1.098)
30.5
(1.201)
45.8
(1.803)
373.5
(14.705)
Average rainy days11.410.59.712.311.48.13.52.94.17.09.010.8100.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 86.8117.6173.6207272.8318362.7347.2276201.512971.32,563.5
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [6]

Notes

  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. "Adrese Dayalı Nüfus Kayıt Sistemi (ADNKS)-Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları" (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 20 September 2015. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
  4. GeoHive. "Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units" . Retrieved 2008-03-19.
  5. 1 2 "Web Hosting Control Panel Login". www.allaboutturkey.com.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-30. Retrieved 2011-03-19.

References