Kırşehir

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Kırşehir
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Kırşehir
Coordinates: 39°08′44″N34°09′39″E / 39.14556°N 34.16083°E / 39.14556; 34.16083 Coordinates: 39°08′44″N34°09′39″E / 39.14556°N 34.16083°E / 39.14556; 34.16083
Country Turkey
Province Kırşehir
Government
  MayorSelahattin Ekicioğlu (CHP)
Area
[1]
  District1,677.67 km2 (647.75 sq mi)
Population
(2012) [2]
   Urban
114,244
  District
128,806
  District density77/km2 (200/sq mi)
Website www.kirsehir.bel.tr

Kırşehir, formerly Mocissus (Μωκισσός) and Justinianopolis, is a city in Turkey. It is the capital district of the Kırşehir Province. According to the 2000 census, the population of the district is 121,947 of which 105,826 live in the city of Kırşehir. [3] [4]

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

Kırşehir Province Province of Turkey in Central Anatolia

Kırşehir Province is located in central Turkey, forming part of the central Anatolian region. It stands on the North Anatolian Fault, and is currently in an earthquake warning zone. The average elevation is approximately 985 meters above sea level. The provincial capital is Kırşehir.

Contents

History

The history of Kırşehir dates back to the Hittites. During the period of the Hittites, the basin of Kırşehir was known as the country of "Ahiyuva", meaning "the Land of the Achaeans", as the Greeks were known to the Hitti. This basin also took the name Cappadocia at the time of the Romans and Byzantines.

Hittites ancient Anatolian people who established an empire

The Hittites were an Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC. This empire reached its height during the mid-14th century BC under Suppiluliuma I, when it encompassed an area that included most of Anatolia as well as parts of the northern Levant and Upper Mesopotamia.

Cappadocia Place in Katpatuka

Cappadocia is a historical region in Central Anatolia, largely in the Nevşehir, Kayseri, Kırşehir, Aksaray, and Niğde Provinces in Turkey.

Kırşehir was once known as Parnassos or Mokissos for the Greeks. The Romans called the city Macis, and after the city was rebuilt by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian (527-565), it was renamed Justinianopolis. This name was retained until the end of Byzantine rule. The Turks took the city in 1071 and bestowed the current name. In Turkish, "Kır Şehri" means "steppe city" or "prairie city". It became the chief town of a sanjak in the Ottoman vilayet of Angora, which possessed 8000 inhabitants, most of them Muslims.

Roman Empire Period of Imperial Rome following the Roman Republic (27 BC–476 AD)

The Roman Empire was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization. Ruled by emperors, it had large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and the Caucasus. From the constitutional reforms of Augustus to the military anarchy of the third century, the Empire was a principate ruled from the city of Rome. The Roman Empire was then ruled by multiple emperors and divided in a Western Roman Empire, based in Milan and later Ravenna, and an Eastern Roman Empire, based in Nicomedia and later Constantinople. Rome remained the nominal capital of both parts until 476 AD, when Odoacer deposed Romulus Augustus after capturing Ravenna and the Roman Senate sent the imperial regalia to Constantinople. The fall of the Western Roman Empire to barbarian kings, along with the hellenization of the Eastern Roman Empire into the Byzantine Empire, is conventionally used to mark the end of Ancient Rome and the beginning of the Middle Ages.

Turkish people or the Turks, also known as Anatolian Turks, are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language. They are the largest ethnic group in Turkey, as well as by far the largest ethnic group among the speakers of Turkic languages. Ethnic Turkish minorities exist in the former lands of the Ottoman Empire. In addition, a Turkish diaspora has been established with modern migration, particularly in Western Europe.

Turkish language Turkic language (possibly Altaic)

Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around ten to fifteen million native speakers in Southeast Europe and sixty to sixty-five million native speakers in Western Asia. Outside Turkey, significant smaller groups of speakers exist in Germany, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, the Caucasus, and other parts of Europe and Central Asia. Cyprus has requested that the European Union add Turkish as an official language, even though Turkey is not a member state.

In the 19th century, Kırşehir was attached to the sanjak of Ankara. In the year 1921, Kırşehir was made capital of its own province. Kemal Atatürk visited the city in 1921 and 1931.

Ankara Metropolitan municipality in Central Anatolia, Turkey

Ankara, historically known as Ancyra and Angora, is the capital of Turkey. With a population of 4,587,558 in the urban center (2014) and 5,150,072 in its province (2015), it is Turkey's second largest city after Istanbul, having outranked İzmir in the 20th century.

Kesikköprü Bridge

Kesikköprü is one of the bridges built by Seljuk Empire in Middle Anatolia. It is on the way of Kırşehir-Konya, about 20 km (12.43 mi) to the south of Kırşehir, and across the River Kızılırmak with its 13 parts.

Seljuk Empire Medieval empire

The Seljuk Empire or the Great Seljuq Empire was a high medieval Turko-Persian Sunni Muslim empire, originating from the Qiniq branch of Oghuz Turks. At its greatest extant, the Seljuk Empire controlled a vast area stretching from western Anatolia and the Levant to the Hindu Kush in the east, and from Central Asia to the Persian Gulf in the south.

In the inscription of bridge, it is written that the bridge was built by Atabeg İzzü’d-Din Muhammed in 646 of the Hegira/1248 of the Christian era during the rule of Keykavus, the son of Keyhüsrev.

The ones who came from İzmir and tried to reach Sivas and Erzurum from Tokat passed over Kesikköprü. We have learned that the inscription was sunken into the river in 1953. In the 17th and 18th centuries, it took the name of Kesikköprü due to the fact that caravan roads were invaded by the highwaymen.

The three-line instruction destroyed on stone base can hardly be read.

The inscription

Ressame bi imaret hazihil el kantara el mübareke (fi eyyam han) devlet es sultan el azam İzzü-d dünya ve ‘d Din Ebul Feth Keykavus bin Keyhüsrev Burhan Emirel mü’münin.

El Mevla el sahibul azam atabek el muazzam nazım mesalih il alem nasır el enam zübdetil eyyam izzeddin ebul meli Muhammed zahir Ali Selçuk ve emiril mü’minil azzellahu nasrahu ve ala kadrehu fi şuhuri sene sitte ve arbain ve sitte mie hamiden lillah ve musallian ala nebiihi Muhammed ve alihi vesellem teslimen kesiran.

Ecclesiastical history

Metropolitan Archbishopric of Mocissus

Mocissus was also a Christian bishopric, and became a metropolitan see when, as Procopius (De ædif., V, iv) informs us, Justinian divided Cappadocia into three provinces and made this fortified site in north-western Cappadocia metropolis of Cappadocia Tertia, giving it the name of Justinianopolis. Nothing else is known of its history, and its name should perhaps be written Mocessus. There is no doubt that the site of Mocissus, or Mocessus, is that which is occupied by the modern city of Kırşehir. It figured in the Notitiæ episcopatuum until the 12th or 13th century.

Procopius of Caesarea was a prominent late antique Byzantine Greek scholar from Palaestina Prima. Accompanying the Byzantine general Belisarius in Emperor Justinian's wars, Procopius became the principal Byzantine historian of the 6th century, writing the History of the Wars, the Buildings, and the Secret History. He is commonly classified as the last major historian of the ancient Western world.

Only a few of its bishops are known: the earliest, Peter, attended the Fifth Ecumenical Council (Second Council of Constantinople, 536); the last, whose name is not known, was a Catholic, and was consecrated after the mid-15th century Catholic Council of Florence by Patriarch Metrophanes II of Constantinople.

Titular see

The diocese was restored in 1895 as a titular archbishopric of the highest (Metropolitan) rank. It's vacant, having had the following incumbents:

Climate

Kırşehir has a hot summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dsa), with cold and snowy winters and hot and dry summers. Rainfall occurs mostly during the spring and autumn.

Climate data for Kırşehir (1960-2012)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)17.2
(63.0)
19.2
(66.6)
27.3
(81.1)
30.9
(87.6)
31.9
(89.4)
35.6
(96.1)
40.2
(104.4)
39.8
(103.6)
36.2
(97.2)
32.8
(91.0)
23.6
(74.5)
19.5
(67.1)
40.2
(104.4)
Average high °C (°F)4.4
(39.9)
6.2
(43.2)
11.3
(52.3)
16.8
(62.2)
21.6
(70.9)
26.0
(78.8)
29.6
(85.3)
29.7
(85.5)
25.7
(78.3)
19.7
(67.5)
12.6
(54.7)
6.7
(44.1)
17.5
(63.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−0.2
(31.6)
1.1
(34.0)
5.4
(41.7)
10.6
(51.1)
15.3
(59.5)
19.6
(67.3)
23.1
(73.6)
22.8
(73.0)
18.2
(64.8)
12.4
(54.3)
6.2
(43.2)
2.0
(35.6)
11.4
(52.5)
Average low °C (°F)−4.2
(24.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
0.2
(32.4)
4.7
(40.5)
8.7
(47.7)
12.5
(54.5)
15.8
(60.4)
15.6
(60.1)
11.1
(52.0)
6.4
(43.5)
1.2
(34.2)
−1.7
(28.9)
5.6
(42.1)
Record low °C (°F)−22.6
(−8.7)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−21.8
(−7.2)
−8.2
(17.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
2.6
(36.7)
6.4
(43.5)
5.9
(42.6)
1.8
(35.2)
−6.6
(20.1)
−14.8
(5.4)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−24.6
(−12.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)44.4
(1.75)
35.3
(1.39)
36.6
(1.44)
46.5
(1.83)
44.7
(1.76)
35.1
(1.38)
6.8
(0.27)
5.1
(0.20)
12.1
(0.48)
29.7
(1.17)
38.6
(1.52)
49.5
(1.95)
384.4
(15.14)
Average rainy days12.010.710.811.911.87.23.12.13.77.29.312.3102.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 93114.8170.5198269.7324368.9353.428821715396.12,646.4
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [5]

Famous people from Kırşehir

Notes

  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. Turkish Statistical Institute. "Census 2000, Key statistics for urban areas of Turkey" (in Turkish). Archived from the original (XLS) on 2007-07-22. Retrieved 2008-03-19.
  4. GeoHive. "Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units" . Retrieved 2008-03-19.
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-30. Retrieved 2011-03-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

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References