Kōchi Prefecture

Last updated
Kōchi Prefecture

高知県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 高知県
   Rōmaji Kōchi-ken
Flag of Kochi Prefecture.svg
Flag
Emblem of Kochi Prefecture.svg
Symbol
Map of Japan with highlight on 39 Kochi prefecture.svg
Coordinates: 33°26′N133°26′E / 33.433°N 133.433°E / 33.433; 133.433 Coordinates: 33°26′N133°26′E / 33.433°N 133.433°E / 33.433; 133.433
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Island Shikoku
Capital Kōchi (city)
Government
   Governor Masanao Ozaki
Area
  Total7,103.93 km2 (2,742.84 sq mi)
Area rank 14th
Population
(December 1, 2011)
  Total757,914
  Rank 45th
  Density106.68/km2 (276.3/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-39
Districts 6
Municipalities 34
FlowerYamamomo ( Myrica rubra )
TreeYanase Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica)
BirdFairy pitta (Pitta nympha)
Website www.pref.kochi.lg.jp/english/

Kōchi Prefecture(高知県,Kōchi-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the south coast of Shikoku. [1] The capital is the city of Kōchi. [2]

Prefectures of Japan countrys 47 first-order subnational jurisdictions

Japan is divided into 47 prefectures, forming the first level of jurisdiction and administrative division. They consist of 43 prefectures proper, two urban prefectures, one "circuit" or "territory" and one "metropolis". The Meiji Fuhanken sanchisei administration created the first prefectures from 1868 to replace the urban and rural administrators in the parts of the country previously controlled directly by the shogunate and a few territories of rebels/shogunate loyalists who had not submitted to the new government such as Aizu/Wakamatsu. In 1871, all remaining feudal domains (han) were also transformed into prefectures, so that prefectures subdivided the whole country. In several waves of territorial consolidation, today's 47 prefectures were formed by the turn of the century. In many instances, these are contiguous with the ancient ritsuryō provinces of Japan.

Japan Country in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Shikoku smallest of the four main islands of Japan

Shikoku is one of the four main islands of Japan. Shikoku is the smallest and least populous of the main islands, located south of Honshu and east of Kyushu. Shikoku's ancient names include Iyo-no-futana-shima (伊予之二名島), Iyo-shima (伊予島), and Futana-shima (二名島), and its current name refers to the four former provinces that made up the island: Awa, Tosa, Sanuki, and Iyo.

Contents

History

Sakamoto Ryoma Sakamoto Ryoma.jpg
Sakamoto Ryōma

Prior to the Meiji Restoration, Kōchi was known as Tosa Province and was controlled by the Chōsokabe clan in the Sengoku period and the Yamauchi clan during the Edo period. [3]

Meiji Restoration restoration of imperial rule in Japan

The Meiji Restoration, also known as the Meiji Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji. Although there were ruling emperors before the Meiji Restoration, the events restored practical abilities and consolidated the political system under the emperor of Japan.

Tosa Province province of Japan

Tosa Province is a former province of Japan in the area that is today Kōchi Prefecture on Shikoku. Tosa was bordered by Iyo and Awa Provinces. It was sometimes called Doshū (土州).

Chōsokabe clan noble family

Chōsokabe clan, also known as Chōsokame (長曾我部、長宗我部), was a Japanese samurai kin group. Over time, they were known for serving the Hosokawa clan, then the Miyoshi clan and then the Ichijo clan.

Kōchi City is also the birthplace of noted revolutionary Sakamoto Ryōma.

Sakamoto Ryōma Japanese samurai

Sakamoto Ryōma was a Japanese prominent figure in the movement to overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate. He was active for most of the Bakumatsu.

Geography

Map of Kochi Prefecture
City Town Map of Kochi Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Kōchi Prefecture
     City     Town

Kōchi Prefecture comprises the southwestern part of the island of Shikoku, facing the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Ehime to the north-west and Tokushima to the north-east. It is the largest but least populous of Shikoku's four prefectures. Most of the province is mountainous, and in only a few areas such as around Kōchi and Nakamura is there a coastal plain. Kōchi is famous for its many rivers. Inamura-yama in Tosa-cho is the highest peak in Kōchi prefecture with an altitude of 1,506 meters above sea level.

Pacific Ocean Ocean between Asia and Australia in the west, the Americas in the east and Antarctica or the Southern Ocean in the south.

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south and is bounded by Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east.

Nakamura was a city located in Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. The city was in the southwestern part of Kōchi and known for its shrine. The city was founded on March 31, 1954 on the banks of the Shimanto-gawa, the last free flowing river in Japan.

Altitude or height is defined based on the context in which it is used. As a general definition, altitude is a distance measurement, usually in the vertical or "up" direction, between a reference datum and a point or object. The reference datum also often varies according to the context. Although the term altitude is commonly used to mean the height above sea level of a location, in geography the term elevation is often preferred for this usage.

As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai National Park; Ishizuchi, Muroto-Anan Kaigan, and Tsurugisan Quasi-National Parks; and eighteen Prefectural Natural Parks. [4]

Ashizuri-Uwakai National Park national park of Japan

Ashizuri-Uwakai National Park is a national park at the southwestern tip of the island of Shikoku, Japan. The park is spread over small areas on the western side of Shikoku between Ehime and Kōchi prefectures. The main feature of the park is Cape Ashizuri, the southernmost point of the island. The cape is noted for its extensive subtropical vegetation and its granite cliffs which offer views of the Pacific Ocean. Nakahama "John" Manjiro, the first Japanese to visit the United States, was born, shipwrecked, and was rescued in the vicinity of the park.

Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park

Ishizuchi Kokutei Kōen (石鎚国定公園) is a Quasi-National Park in Ehime Prefecture and Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It was founded on 1 November 1955 and has an area of 106.83 km2 (41.25 sq mi).

Muroto-Anan Kaigan Quasi-National Park

Muroto-Anan Quasi-National Park is a Quasi-National Park on the coast of Kōchi Prefecture and Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. It was founded on 1 June 1964 and has an area of 72.2 km2 (27.9 sq mi).

Skyline of Kochi City Gao Zhi Cheng Tian Shou karanoJing Se 3 Kochi Castle - panoramio.jpg
Skyline of Kōchi City

Cities

Eleven cities are located in Kōchi Prefecture:

Nankoku, Kōchi City in Shikoku, Japan

Nankoku is a city located in Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. Strong in the fishing industry and the market industry, Nankoku-shi supplies most of Kochi's agricultural needs, because of the amount of fields and plantations. Kōchi Ryōma Airport, which serves the city of Kochi, is located southeast of Nankoku-shi. The city was formally named on October 1, 1959.

Shimanto, Kōchi (city) City in Shikoku, Japan

Shimanto is a city in southwestern Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. The modern city of Shimanto was established on April 10, 2005, from the merger of the city of Nakamura, and the village of Nishitosa. It is located on the Shimanto River.

Susaki, Kōchi City in Shikoku, Japan

Susaki is a city located in Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on October 1, 1954.

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Tourism

Cape of Ashizuri Cape Ashizuri - Zu Zhe Jia  - panoramio (11).jpg
Cape of Ashizuri
Cape of Muroto Cape Muroto 2011.jpg
Cape of Muroto

Media

The 2013 movie Hospitality Department (Kencho Omotenashi Ka) is set in Kōchi. [5] The film shows views of Kōchi Prefecture.

The 2009 movie The Harimaya Bridge starring Danny Glover was set in Kochi. [6] [7]

Culture

Yosakoi Yosakoi Performers at Kochi Yosakoi Matsuri 2008 40.jpg
Yosakoi

Food

Like most areas of Japan, Kōchi advertises itself as specialising in a major food item, in this case, Katsuo no Tataki. Katsuo no Tataki is Skipjack Tuna or Bonito, lightly seared. Traditionally this is done over the straw generated as a by-product of the rice harvest.

Festival and events

Festival

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Kōchi.

Baseball
Football

See also

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kōchi prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 538 , p. 538, at Google Books.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kōchi" at p. 538 , p. 538, at Google Books.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780 , p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment . Retrieved 19 August 2012.
  5. "Yukiyo Teramoto Makes Short Insert Anime for "Prefectural Office Hospitality Department: The Movie" - Tokyo Otaku Mode News". otakumode.com.
  6. Matt Alt; Hiroko Yoda; Melinda Joe (27 March 2012). Frommer's? Japan Day by Day. John Wiley & Sons. p. 532. ISBN   978-0-470-90826-6.
  7. Iris-Aya Laemmerhirt (March 2014). Embracing Differences: Transnational Cultural Flows between Japan and the United States. transcript Verlag. p. 254. ISBN   978-3-8394-2600-5.

Related Research Articles

Ehime Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Ehime Prefecture is a prefecture in northwestern Shikoku, Japan. The capital is Matsuyama.

Hiroshima Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Hiroshima Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on Honshu island. The capital is the city of Hiroshima. It has a population of around 2.8 million.

Okayama Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Okayama Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on the main island of Honshu. The capital is the city of Okayama.

Toyama Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Toyama Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu. Toyama Prefecture has a population of 1,053,555 (2018) and has a geographic area of 4,247.61 km2. Toyama Prefecture borders Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture to the south, Nagano Prefecture to the east, and Niigata Prefecture to the northeast.

Tottori Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Tottori Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu. Tottori Prefecture is the least populous prefecture of Japan at 570,569 (2016) and has a geographic area of 3,507 km2. Tottori Prefecture borders Shimane Prefecture to the west, Hiroshima Prefecture to the southwest, Okayama Prefecture to the south, and Hyogo Prefecture to the east.

Tokushima Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Tokushima Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on Shikoku Island. The capital is the city of Tokushima.

Kagawa Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Kagawa Prefecture is the smallest prefecture of Japan. It is located on Shikoku island and the capital is Takamatsu.

Miyazaki Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Miyazaki Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan on the island of Kyushu. The capital is the city of Miyazaki.

Tano, Kōchi Town in Shikoku, Japan

Tano is a town located in Aki District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan.

Shimanto, Kōchi (town) Town in Shikoku, Japan

Shimanto is a town located in Takaoka District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan.

Kuroshio, Kōchi Town in Shikoku, Japan

Kuroshio is a town located in Hata District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan.

Tosaden Kōtsū

Tosaden Kōtsū (とさでん交通) is a transportation company in Kōchi, Kōchi, Japan. The public company operates tram and bus lines.

Sakawa Station railway station in Sakawa, Takaoka district, Kochi prefecture, Japan

Sakawa Station is a railway station on the Dosan Line in Sakawa, Takaoka District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "K13".

Tosa-Saga Station railway station in Kuroshio, Hata district, Kochi prefecture, Japan

Tosa-Saga Station is a train station on the Tosa Kuroshio Railway Nakamura Line in Kuroshio, Hata District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by the Tosa Kuroshio Railway and has the station number "TK30".

Tosa-Kamikawaguchi Station railway station in Kuroshio, Hata district, Kochi prefecture, Japan

Tosa-Kamikawaguchi Station is a train station in Kuroshio, Hata District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by the Tosa Kuroshio Railway and has the station number "TK34".

Yasu Station (Kōchi) railway station in Kōnan, Kochi prefecture, Japan

Yasu Station is a railway station on the Asa Line in Kōnan, Kōchi, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by the third-sector Tosa Kuroshio Railway with the station number "GN33".

The Museum of Art, Kōchi art museum in Kōchi, Japan

The Museum of Art, Kōchi was established in Kōchi, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan in 1993. It is one of Japan's many museums which are supported by a prefecture.

Igosso Kochi FC

Igosso Kōchi was a football (soccer) club based in Kōchi, the capital city of Kōchi Prefecture of Japan. They played in the Shikoku Adult League. The club was known as Nangoku Kōchi F.C. (南国高知FC). In December 2013 the club name changed to Igosso Kōchi. In January 2016 they came to an agreement with neighbouring club Kōchi U Torastar to form a club to represent Kōchi Prefecture in the J.League. In February 2016, the two clubs established Kōchi United SC.

Kōchi, Kōchi Core city in Shikoku, Japan

Kōchi is the capital city of Kōchi Prefecture located on the island of Shikoku in Japan.

References

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Kōchi prefecture at Wikimedia Commons