This article needs additional citations for verification . (October 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|• Governor||Masanao Ozaki|
|• Total||7,103.93 km2 (2,742.84 sq mi)|
(December 1, 2011)
|• Density||106.68/km2 (276.3/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-39|
|Flower||Yamamomo ( Myrica rubra )|
|Tree||Yanase Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica)|
|Bird||Fairy pitta (Pitta nympha)|
Kōchi Prefecture(高知県Kōchi-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the south coast of Shikoku. The capital is the city of Kōchi.
Japan is divided into 47 prefectures, forming the first level of jurisdiction and administrative division. They consist of 43 prefectures proper, two urban prefectures, one "circuit" or "territory" and one "metropolis". The Meiji Fuhanken sanchisei administration created the first prefectures from 1868 to replace the urban and rural administrators in the parts of the country previously controlled directly by the shogunate and a few territories of rebels/shogunate loyalists who had not submitted to the new government such as Aizu/Wakamatsu. In 1871, all remaining feudal domains (han) were also transformed into prefectures, so that prefectures subdivided the whole country. In several waves of territorial consolidation, today's 47 prefectures were formed by the turn of the century. In many instances, these are contiguous with the ancient ritsuryō provinces of Japan.
Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.
Shikoku is one of the four main islands of Japan. Shikoku is the smallest and least populous of the main islands, located south of Honshu and east of Kyushu. Shikoku's ancient names include Iyo-no-futana-shima (伊予之二名島), Iyo-shima (伊予島), and Futana-shima (二名島), and its current name refers to the four former provinces that made up the island: Awa, Tosa, Sanuki, and Iyo.
Prior to the Meiji Restoration, Kōchi was known as Tosa Province and was controlled by the Chōsokabe clan in the Sengoku period and the Yamauchi clan during the Edo period.
The Meiji Restoration, also known as the Meiji Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji. Although there were ruling emperors before the Meiji Restoration, the events restored practical abilities and consolidated the political system under the emperor of Japan.
Tosa Province is a former province of Japan in the area that is today Kōchi Prefecture on Shikoku. Tosa was bordered by Iyo and Awa Provinces. It was sometimes called Doshū (土州).
Chōsokabe clan, also known as Chōsokame (長曾我部、長宗我部), was a Japanese samurai kin group. Over time, they were known for serving the Hosokawa clan, then the Miyoshi clan and then the Ichijo clan.
Kōchi City is also the birthplace of noted revolutionary Sakamoto Ryōma.
Sakamoto Ryōma was a Japanese prominent figure in the movement to overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate. He was active for most of the Bakumatsu.
Kōchi Prefecture comprises the southwestern part of the island of Shikoku, facing the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Ehime to the north-west and Tokushima to the north-east. It is the largest but least populous of Shikoku's four prefectures. Most of the province is mountainous, and in only a few areas such as around Kōchi and Nakamura is there a coastal plain. Kōchi is famous for its many rivers. Inamura-yama in Tosa-cho is the highest peak in Kōchi prefecture with an altitude of 1,506 meters above sea level.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south and is bounded by Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east.
Nakamura was a city located in Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. The city was in the southwestern part of Kōchi and known for its shrine. The city was founded on March 31, 1954 on the banks of the Shimanto-gawa, the last free flowing river in Japan.
Altitude or height is defined based on the context in which it is used. As a general definition, altitude is a distance measurement, usually in the vertical or "up" direction, between a reference datum and a point or object. The reference datum also often varies according to the context. Although the term altitude is commonly used to mean the height above sea level of a location, in geography the term elevation is often preferred for this usage.
As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai National Park; Ishizuchi, Muroto-Anan Kaigan, and Tsurugisan Quasi-National Parks; and eighteen Prefectural Natural Parks.
Ashizuri-Uwakai National Park is a national park at the southwestern tip of the island of Shikoku, Japan. The park is spread over small areas on the western side of Shikoku between Ehime and Kōchi prefectures. The main feature of the park is Cape Ashizuri, the southernmost point of the island. The cape is noted for its extensive subtropical vegetation and its granite cliffs which offer views of the Pacific Ocean. Nakahama "John" Manjiro, the first Japanese to visit the United States, was born, shipwrecked, and was rescued in the vicinity of the park.
Ishizuchi Kokutei Kōen (石鎚国定公園) is a Quasi-National Park in Ehime Prefecture and Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It was founded on 1 November 1955 and has an area of 106.83 km2 (41.25 sq mi).
Muroto-Anan Quasi-National Park is a Quasi-National Park on the coast of Kōchi Prefecture and Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. It was founded on 1 June 1964 and has an area of 72.2 km2 (27.9 sq mi).
Eleven cities are located in Kōchi Prefecture:
Nankoku is a city located in Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. Strong in the fishing industry and the market industry, Nankoku-shi supplies most of Kochi's agricultural needs, because of the amount of fields and plantations. Kōchi Ryōma Airport, which serves the city of Kochi, is located southeast of Nankoku-shi. The city was formally named on October 1, 1959.
Shimanto is a city in southwestern Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. The modern city of Shimanto was established on April 10, 2005, from the merger of the city of Nakamura, and the village of Nishitosa. It is located on the Shimanto River.
Susaki is a city located in Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on October 1, 1954.
These are the towns and villages in each district:
The 2013 movie Hospitality Department (Kencho Omotenashi Ka) is set in Kōchi.The film shows views of Kōchi Prefecture.
The 2009 movie The Harimaya Bridge starring Danny Glover was set in Kochi.
Like most areas of Japan, Kōchi advertises itself as specialising in a major food item, in this case, Katsuo no Tataki. Katsuo no Tataki is Skipjack Tuna or Bonito, lightly seared. Traditionally this is done over the straw generated as a by-product of the rice harvest.
The sports teams listed below are based in Kōchi.
Ehime Prefecture is a prefecture in northwestern Shikoku, Japan. The capital is Matsuyama.
Hiroshima Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on Honshu island. The capital is the city of Hiroshima. It has a population of around 2.8 million.
Okayama Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on the main island of Honshu. The capital is the city of Okayama.
Toyama Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu. Toyama Prefecture has a population of 1,053,555 (2018) and has a geographic area of 4,247.61 km2. Toyama Prefecture borders Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture to the south, Nagano Prefecture to the east, and Niigata Prefecture to the northeast.
Tottori Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu. Tottori Prefecture is the least populous prefecture of Japan at 570,569 (2016) and has a geographic area of 3,507 km2. Tottori Prefecture borders Shimane Prefecture to the west, Hiroshima Prefecture to the southwest, Okayama Prefecture to the south, and Hyogo Prefecture to the east.
Tokushima Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on Shikoku Island. The capital is the city of Tokushima.
Kagawa Prefecture is the smallest prefecture of Japan. It is located on Shikoku island and the capital is Takamatsu.
Miyazaki Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan on the island of Kyushu. The capital is the city of Miyazaki.
Tano is a town located in Aki District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan.
Shimanto is a town located in Takaoka District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan.
Kuroshio is a town located in Hata District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan.
Tosaden Kōtsū (とさでん交通) is a transportation company in Kōchi, Kōchi, Japan. The public company operates tram and bus lines.
Sakawa Station is a railway station on the Dosan Line in Sakawa, Takaoka District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "K13".
Tosa-Saga Station is a train station on the Tosa Kuroshio Railway Nakamura Line in Kuroshio, Hata District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by the Tosa Kuroshio Railway and has the station number "TK30".
Tosa-Kamikawaguchi Station is a train station in Kuroshio, Hata District, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by the Tosa Kuroshio Railway and has the station number "TK34".
Yasu Station is a railway station on the Asa Line in Kōnan, Kōchi, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by the third-sector Tosa Kuroshio Railway with the station number "GN33".
The Museum of Art, Kōchi was established in Kōchi, Kōchi Prefecture, Japan in 1993. It is one of Japan's many museums which are supported by a prefecture.
Igosso Kōchi was a football (soccer) club based in Kōchi, the capital city of Kōchi Prefecture of Japan. They played in the Shikoku Adult League. The club was known as Nangoku Kōchi F.C. (南国高知FC). In December 2013 the club name changed to Igosso Kōchi. In January 2016 they came to an agreement with neighbouring club Kōchi U Torastar to form a club to represent Kōchi Prefecture in the J.League. In February 2016, the two clubs established Kōchi United SC.
Kōchi is the capital city of Kōchi Prefecture located on the island of Shikoku in Japan.