|Deputy Leaders|| Šárka Jelínková |
|Secretary General||Pavel Hořava|
|Chamber of Deputies Leader||Jan Bartošek|
|Senate Leader||Petr Šilar|
|MEP Leader||Tomáš Zdechovský|
|Founded||3 January 1919|
|Merger of|| MSKSSM, KNKSM,|
ČKSSKČ, KNKSČ, KSL
|Headquarters||Palác Charitas, Karlovo náměstí 5, Prague|
|Think tank||Institute for Christian Democratic Politics|
|Youth wing||Young Populars|
|Women's wing||Women's Association|
|Ideology|| Christian democracy |
|Political position||Centre to centre-right|
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|International affiliation||Centrist Democrat International|
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
|Chamber of Deputies|
23 / 200
12 / 81
2 / 21
53 / 675
|Governors of the regions|
1 / 13
4,066 / 62,178
KDU-ČSL (In Czech, the initials of the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party; : Křesťanská a demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová), often shortened to lidovci ('the populars') is a Christian-democratic political party in the Czech Republic. The party has taken part in almost every Czech government since 1990. In the June 2006 legislative election, the party won 7.2% of the vote and 13 out of 200 seats; but in the 2010 election, its vote share dropped to 4.4% and they lost all of its seats. The party regained its parliamentary standing in the 2013 legislative election, winning 14 seats in the new parliament, thereby becoming the first party ever to return to the Chamber of Deputies after previously dropping out.Czech
Towards the end of the 19th century Roman Catholics in Bohemia and Moravia joined political movements inside Cisleithanian Austria-Hungary. The Christian-Social Party was set up in September 1894 in Litomyšl, and the Catholic National Party in Moravia was set up in September 1896 in Přerov.
Československá strana lidová (ČSL) was created in January 1919 in Prague, reuniting other Catholic parties, and Jan Šrámek was selected as its chairman. In 1921, ČSL entered the government of Czechoslovakia, and was subsequently part of governing coalitions regardless of political changes.
After the German occupation of Czechoslovakia, Šrámek served as head of Czechoslovak government in exile (in the United Kingdom). After 1945, ČSL was part of the national unity government, forming its most right-wing section.When the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia took over all power in February 1948, many ČSL officials were imprisoned. The party lost any real influence and was kept as a de facto puppet of Moscow-aligned communists (see National Front). In turn, it was allowed to keep a token presence of ČSL in government until 1989.
After the Velvet Revolution in 1989 ČSL attempted to shed its compromised figures and policies of the past: this included a change of name in 1992 after the merger with the Christian and Democratic Union (which was a post-revolution attempt at more modern political Catholicism trying to emulate the German CDU, but lacking the strength of its traditional counterpart). KDU-ČSL was part of the governments of Václav Klaus's Civic Democratic Party (ODS) until its ministers left in autumn 1997 which triggered the government's fall; KDU-ČSL was also represented in the caretaker government of Josef Tošovský before the premature elections in 1998.
In June 2002 KDU–ČSL went into the elections on a joint ballot with the Freedom Union–Democratic Union (US–DEU) as the "Two-Coalition", which was the last remnant of an unsuccessful attempt to unite them with three smaller parties into the "Four-Coalition" which would provide an alternative to the practices of the "opposition agreement" of ODS and Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD). However it turned out that the KDU–ČSL's traditional voters identified much more strongly with their original party than the whole, unlike US–DEU's liberal city ones, and using preferential votes on evenly split ballots caused that KDU–ČSL gained 22 MPs to US–DEU's 9 even though both parties were of roughly equal strength. They entered the government again by forming a coalition with the winning Czech Social Democratic Party.
In 2003 Miroslav Kalousek was elected chairman; unlike his predecessor Cyril Svoboda he represents the right wing of KDU–ČSL favouring cooperation with ODS, which was a source of tension within the coalition. He refused to enter the government both after his election and the government's reconstruction after PM Vladimír Špidla's resignation, and finally on 19 February 2005 asked for the resignation of PM Stanislav Gross after his finance scandal broke out. Gross retaliated by threatening to remove KDU–ČSL from his cabinet; a government crisis ensued.
After the 2006 legislative elections and lengthy negotiations caused by stalemated result, the KDU–ČSL formed a government together with the ODS and the Green Party (SZ).
Cyril Svoboda became the party chairman on 30 May 2009. In reaction to his election, his predecessor Miroslav Kalousek led a split from the party to form TOP 09, as he considered Svoboda to be too far on the left wing of the party. In the 2010 Chamber of Deputies election, the party's vote dropped to 4.39%, and they lost every one of their seats to other parties. Svoboda resigned as a consequence of the results. In November Pavel Bělobrádek was elected on his stead. The Party returned to the Parliament after 2013 election, becoming the so far only party in the history of Czech republic to achieve a return after defeat in elections. On 12 April 2017, KDU-ČSL signed an agreement with STAN to participate in 2017 legislative election as a coalition. Coalition needed to get more 10% of votes get over threshold.The coalition disintegrated before the election, thus the party went into the elections standalone, receiving 5.8% of votes.
In March 2019 the party was officially renamed to KDU-ČSL, its common abbreviation and Marek Výborný became a new party leader.After the death of his wife announced Marek Výborný in November 2019 his resignation for personal reasons.
Tomáš Zdechovský, Jan Bartošek and Marian Jurečka decided then to run for party leader.
KDU–ČSL has a relatively small but stable core voter base of about 6 to 10 percent of the population. It is strongest in the traditionally Catholic rural areas in Moravia. Historically, it was a mass party with about 50,000 members (second after the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia), however today most of them are of old age. Efforts to recruit new voters have been largely unsuccessful, with party membership continuing to decline. Nevertheless, KDU–ČSL has managed to take advantage of the fragmented Czech political party system and make itself a necessary part of any coalition, whether the winning party be left- or right-wing.
In the European Union, KDU–ČSL is a member of the European People's Party (EPP).
KDU-ČSL had 27,662 Members in 2015 which is the second largest member base of any party in the Czech Republic. The number is decreasing 1990s when the party had 100,000 Members, It is caused by high average age of members.
KDU-ČSL is known to have very strong electoral core concentrated primarily in South Moravia. The party has very stable electoral support thanks to it and has managed to gain seats in Chamber of Deputies everytime since 1990 with exception of 2010
Notable partners and suborganisations of the KDU-ČSL are:
The party's patron saint is Saint Wenceslaus, with Saint Wenceslas Chorale being played at party congresses. Members customarily address each other as brothers and sisters.
KDU-ČSL has had many symbols through history, with the current logo depicting a Christian cross on a linden leaf.
33 / 281
31 / 300
25 / 300
22 / 300
46 / 300
|1948||as part of National Front|
23 / 300
20 / 368
16 / 300
20 / 300
8 / 200
11 / 200
13 / 200
11 / 200
9 / 150
7 / 150
|1968||as part of National Front|
16 / 200
15 / 200
12 / 200
14 / 200
14 / 200
20 / 200
15 / 200
2 / 54
1 / 54
18 / 200
20 / 200
22 / 200
13 / 200
0 / 200
14 / 200
10 / 200
23 / 200
|Part of SPOLU coalition, which won 71 seats in total|
|Election||First round||Second round||Seats gained|
13 / 81
5 / 27
8 / 27
1 / 27
3 / 27
4 / 27
0 / 27
2 / 27
1 / 27
4 / 27
6 / 27
2 / 27
3 / 27
* Places are by number of votes gained.
** The whole Senate was elected. Only one third of Senate was elected in all subsequent elections.
***Participated as Part of Four-Coalition
|Indirect Election||Candidate||First round result||Second round result||Third round result|
|Direct Election||Candidate||First round result||Second round result|
|2013||Zuzana Roithová||255,045||4.95||6th||supported Karel Schwarzenberg|
|Election||Votes||Share of votes in %||Seats obtained||Place|
2 / 24
2 / 22
3 / 21
2 / 21
72 / 675
84 / 675
56 / 675
61 / 675
61 / 675
53 / 675
|Region||Coalition partner||# of|
2 / 65
|South Bohemian||TOP 09||20,798||10.45|
4 / 55
|Plzeň||ADS and Non-Partisians||7,588||4.36||N/A||2||11th||ODS+TOP 09–STAN–Pirates|
2 / 45
|1||8th||STAN +TOP 09-Pirates-ODS+KDU ČSL-Local movements|
|Ústí nad Labem||ODS||24,739||12.37|
1 / 55
|Liberec||TOP 09||5,328||3.83||N/A||7th||Mayors for Liberec Region –Pirates–ODS|
|Hradec Králové||VPM and Non-Partisians||14,738||8.32|
4 / 45
|Pardubice||SNK-ED and Non-Partisians||22,280||13.41|
4 / 45
6 / 45
11 / 65
|Olomouc||TOP 09 and Greens||34,519||18.43|
6 / 55
9 / 45
7 / 65
The Czech Social Democratic Party is a social-democratic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 15 seats in the Chamber of Deputies following the 2017 legislative election in which the party lost 35 seats. The party has been led by Jan Hamáček since 2018. It has been a junior coalition party within a minority cabinet since June 2018, and was a senior coalition party from 1998 to 2006 and from 2013 to 2017.
The Civic Democratic Alliance was a conservative-liberal political party in the Czech Republic, active between 1989 and 2007. The ODA was part of government coalitions until 1997 and participated in transformation of the Czech economy. The party was supported by president Václav Havel who voted for it in 1992 and 1996 election.
The Civic Democratic Party is a liberal-conservative and eurosceptic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 34 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and is the second strongest party by number of seats following the 2021 election. It is the only political party in the Czech Republic that has always been represented in the Chamber of Deputies.
Miroslav Kalousek is a Czech politician, former leader of KDU-ČSL and TOP 09, and has been a member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) since 1998. He served twice as Finance Minister in the cabinets of Mirek Topolánek and then again from 2010 to 2013 in the government of Petr Nečas.
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Early legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 25 and 26 October 2013, seven months before the constitutional expiry of the elected parliament's four-year legislative term.
Elections to regional councils in the Czech Republic were held in 13 regions on 12–13 October 2012. The Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) won in nine regions, though with a considerable loss of vote share. The Communist Party won in two regions and increased its vote share, finishing second overall. The election results were widely seen as a defeat for the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), which finished third overall and won only in the Plzeň Region. The regional grouping Mayors for Liberec Region won unexpectedly in Liberec Region.
Legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 20 and 21 October 2017. All 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies were elected and Andrej Babiš of ANO 2011, also the leader of the resultant government, became the Prime Minister. The coalition government following the 2013 legislative election consisted of the two largest parties: the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) of Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka, and ANO 2011 (ANO), led by former Finance Minister and businessman Andrej Babiš, alongside the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU–ČSL). The largest opposition party was the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM), followed by centre-right parties TOP 09 and the Civic Democratic Party (ODS).
Legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 8 and 9 October 2021. All 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies were elected and the leader of the resulting government is set to become the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic. Following the 2017 Czech legislative election, the country has been ruled by a minority government consisting of ANO 2011 (ANO), led by prime minister Andrej Babiš, and the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), led by interior minister Jan Hamáček, with confidence and supply support from the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) until April 2021. The largest opposition party was the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), followed by the Czech Pirate Party. Other parties in the Chamber of Deputies included SPD, TOP 09, STAN, and KDU-ČSL.
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A leadership election for Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-ČSL) was held on 20 November 2010. Pavel Bělobrádek was elected leader of the party.
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A leadership election for Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-ČSL) was held on 8 June 2013. Pavel Bělobrádek was reelected as the leader of KDU-ČSL. Zuzana Roithová and Marian Jurečka were nominated for the position but both of them withdrew from election. Bělobrádek ran unopposed and received 244 of 272 votes.
Democratic Bloc was a parliamentary alliance formed in 2017 by four Centre-right parties. Parties agreed to cooperate in parliament. Czech Pirate Party and Czech Social Democratic Party were also offered participation but both parties declined. It was announced on 15 November 2017 on a Press Conference by Petr Fiala. Fiala stated that Democratic Bloc isn't meant to be a long term coalition but its only task is to take over initiative during negotiations of parliament's body and for constituent meeting. Democratic Bloc was dissolved on 21 December 2017.
The 2019 European Parliament election in the Czech Republic was held on 24 and 25 May 2019, electing the 21 members of the Czech delegation to the European Parliament as part of the European elections held across the European Union.
A leadership election for Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-ČSL) was held on 29 March 2019.
A leadership election for KDU-ČSL was held on 25 January 2020 following the resignation of the incumbent leader of the party Marek Výborný. MP Jan Bartošek, MP Marian Jurečka and MEP Tomáš Zdechovský announced were running to replace Výborný. Zdechovský withdrew from the race, and Jurečka then beat Bartošek, receiving 205 votes.
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