Kaļķu iela

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Kaļķu iela
Kaļķu iela
Rigalatviacitycenter.JPG
View of Kaļķu iela towards the city centre, from Brīvības bulvaris
Former name(s)Kalkstraße
Ļeņina iela
Length583 m (1,913 ft)
LocationRiga, Latvia
Other
Known for the Anton Chekhov Russian Theatre of Riga

Kaļķu iela ( Lime Street) is a street in the medieval old town of Riga. The street begins at the central square Rātslaukums and goes to the North East till the borders of the historical centre. Brīvības iela and Brīvības bulvāris form a continuation of Kaļķu iela.

Lime (material) calcium-containing inorganic mineral

Lime is a calcium-containing inorganic mineral composed primarily of oxides, and hydroxide, usually calcium oxide and/ or calcium hydroxide. It is also the name for calcium oxide which occurs as a product of coal seam fires and in altered limestone xenoliths in volcanic ejecta. The word lime originates with its earliest use as building mortar and has the sense of sticking or adhering.

Vecrīga historical center of Riga, Latvia

Vecrīga is the historical center of Riga, Latvia, located on the east side of Daugava River. Vecrīga is famous for its old churches and cathedrals, such as Riga Cathedral and St. Peter's church.

Riga City in Latvia

Riga is the capital and largest city of Latvia. With 637,827 inhabitants (2018), it is also the largest city in the three Baltic states, home to one third of Latvia's population and one tenth of the three Baltic states' combined population. The city lies on the Gulf of Riga, at the mouth of the Daugava river. Riga's territory covers 307.17 km2 (118.60 sq mi) and lies 1–10 m above sea level, on a flat and sandy plain.

History

The street was first mentioned in 1407. In 1950, during the Soviet occupation of Latvia, Kaļķu iela was merged with Brīvības iela and Brīvības bulvāris to form the central street of Soviet Riga that was called Lenin Street (Latvian : Ļeņina iela, Russian : улицa Ленина).

Latvian language Baltic language, official in Latvia and the European Union

Latvian is a Baltic language spoken in the Baltic region. It is the language of Latvians and the official language of Latvia as well as one of the official languages of the European Union. It is sometimes known in English as Lettish, and cognates of the word remain the most commonly used name for the Latvian language in Germanic languages other than English and Norwegian. There are about 1.3 million native Latvian speakers in Latvia and 100,000 abroad. Altogether, 2 million, or 80% of the population of Latvia, speak Latvian. Of those, 1.16 million or 56% use it as their primary language at home. The use of the Latvian language in various areas of social life in Latvia is increasing.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Notable buildings

Christoph Haberland Latvian architect (born in Germany)

Christoph Haberland was a Baltic German architect, chief architect of Riga and is considered one of the brightest masters of classicism architecture in Latvian history.

Konstantīns Pēkšēns Latvian architect

Konstantīns Pēkšēns is one of the most prominent Latvian architects of all times. After Jānis Baumanis he is the epitome of the second generation of Latvian architects. Many Latvian cities and towns take pride in buildings designed by Pēkšēns, but Riga alone can boast more than 250 multi-storey brick buildings and a great number of wooden houses erected following his designs.

Wilhelm Ludwig Nicholas Bockslaff was a Baltic German architect working in Riga. He is considered one of the most important representatives of Eclecticism, Neo-Gothic and Art Nouveau styles in the city. He is noted in particular for his construction of churches.


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