Kagoshima Prefecture

Last updated
Kagoshima Prefecture

鹿児島県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 鹿児島県
   Rōmaji Kagoshima-ken
Flag of Kagoshima Prefecture.svg
Flag
Emblem of Kagoshima Prefecture.svg
Symbol
Map of Japan with highlight on 46 Kagoshima prefecture.svg
CountryFlag of Japan.svg  Japan
Region Kyushu
Island Kyushu
Capital Kagoshima
Subdivisions Districts: 8, Municipalities: 43
Government
   Governor Kōichi Shiota
Area
  Total9,187.01 km2 (3,547.12 sq mi)
Area rank 10th
Population
 (January 1, 2020)
  Total1,599,779
  Rank 24th
  Density170/km2 (450/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-46
Website www.pref.kagoshima.jp/foreign/english/index.html
Symbols
Bird Lidth's jay (Garrulus lidthi)
FlowerMiyamakirishima (Rhododendron kiusianum)
TreeCamphor laurel
( Cinnamomum camphora )

Kagoshima Prefecture (鹿児島県, Kagoshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu and the Ryukyu Islands. [1] Kagoshima Prefecture has a population of 1,599,779 (1 January 2020) and has a geographic area of 9,187 km2 (3,547 sq mi). Kagoshima Prefecture borders Kumamoto Prefecture to the north and Miyazaki Prefecture to the northeast.

Contents

Kagoshima is the capital and largest city of Kagoshima Prefecture, with other major cities including Kirishima, Kanoya, and Satsumasendai. [2] Kagoshima Prefecture is located at the southernmost point of Kyūshū and includes the Satsunan Islands group of the Ryukyu Islands. Kagoshima Prefecture's mainland territory extends from the Ariake Sea to Shibushi Bay on the Pacific Ocean coast, and is characterized by two large peninsulas created by Kagoshima Bay. Kagoshima Prefecture formed the core of the Satsuma Domain, ruled from Kagoshima Castle, one of the most important Japanese domains of the Edo period and the Meiji Restoration.

History

Kagoshima Prefecture corresponds to the ancient Japanese provinces Ōsumi and Satsuma, including the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands ( Satsunan ). [3] This region played a key role in the Meiji Restoration (Saigō Takamori), and the city of Kagoshima was an important naval base during Japan's 20th century wars and the home of admiral Tōgō Heihachirō. More recent incidents are the sinking of a North Korean spy ship (100 ton class) in 2001 by the Coast Guard, which was later salvaged and exhibited in Tokyo, and the abduction of an office clerk from a Kagoshima beach in 1978 by agents from the same country. This became known only recently under the Koizumi administration.

Demographics

The two main ethnic groups of Kagoshima Prefecture are the Japanese and the Ryukyuans (Amami Islands).

Geography

Kagoshima Prefecture is located at the southwest tip of Kyushu on the Satsuma Peninsula and Ōsumi Peninsula. This prefecture also includes a chain of islands stretching further to the southwest of Kyushu for a few hundred kilometers. The most important group is the Amami Islands. Surrounded by the East China Sea to the west, Okinawa Prefecture in the south, Kumamoto Prefecture to the north, and Miyazaki Prefecture to the east, it has 2,632 km (1,635 mi) of coastline (including the 28 islands). It has a bay called Kagoshima Bay (Kinkowan), which is sandwiched by two peninsulas, Satsuma and Ōsumi. Its position made it a 'gateway' to Japan at various times in history. While Kyushu has about 13 million people, there are less than 2 million in this prefecture.

The prefecture boasts a chain of active and dormant volcanoes, including the great Sakurajima, which towers out of the Kagoshima bay opposite Kagoshima city. A steady trickle of smoke and ash emerges from the caldera, punctuated by louder mini-eruptions on an almost daily basis. On active days in Kagoshima city an umbrella is advisable to ward off the ash. Sakurajima is one of Japan's most active volcanoes. Major eruptions occurred in 1914, when the island mountain spilled enough material to become permanently connected to the mainland, and a lesser eruption in 1960. Volcanic materials in the soil make Sakurajima a source for record daikon radishes, roughly the size of a basketball. Many beaches around the Kagoshima Bay are littered with well-worn pumice stones. A crater lake in the southwestern tip of the prefecture, near the spa town of Ibusuki, is home to a rare species of giant eel.

As of 31 March 2019, 13% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Amami Guntō, Kirishima-Kinkowan, Unzen-Amakusa, and Yakushima National Parks; Koshikishima and Nichinan Kaigan Quasi-National Parks; and Akune, Bōnoma, Fukiagehama, Imutaike, Ōsumi Nanbu, Sendaigawa Ryūiki, Takakumayama, and Tokara Rettō Prefectural Natural Parks. [4] [5]

Economy

Most of the economic sector is focused in Kagoshima City and the surrounding area, corresponding to the extent of the former Satsuma Province. The eastern part of the prefecture, the former Ōsumi Province, is mostly rural and shows a general population decline.

The prefecture has strong agricultural roots, which are reflected in its most well-known exports: green tea, sweet potato, radish, Pongee rice, Satsuma ware, Berkshire pork ("kurobuta") and local Black Wagyu beef. Kagoshima prefecture's production of bonito flakes is second only to that of Shizuoka. In addition, it produces Japan's largest volume of unagi eels. Kagoshima is also Japan's largest beef and pork producing prefecture.

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has several facilities within the prefecture, including the country's main launch facility on Tanegashima and the Uchinoura Space Center.

The prefecture's gross domestic product is approximately 4.834 trillion yen.[ citation needed ]

Municipalities

Map of Kagoshima Prefecture
City Town Village Map of Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Kagoshima Prefecture
     City     Town     Village

The following is a list of Kagoshima Prefecture's cities, and its administrative districts with their constituent towns and villages:

Cities

Kagoshima from space ISS034-E-027139.jpg
Kagoshima from space
Sakurajima and Kagoshima City Sakurajima n700.jpg
Sakurajima and Kagoshima City
Makurazaki Aerial Makurazaki Kagoshima.jpg
Makurazaki
Amami City Amami city1.JPG
Amami City
Tarumizu Tarumizu City Kagoshima 2011.JPG
Tarumizu

Nineteen cities are located in Kagoshima Prefecture:

NameArea (km2)PopulationMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Aira Kagoshima.svg Aira 姶良市231.3275,665 Aira City in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Akune, Kagoshima.svg Akune 阿久根市134.323,887 Akune in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Amami, Kagoshima.svg Amami 奄美市308.1542,718 Amami in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hioki, Kagoshima.svg Hioki 日置市253.0651,819 Hioki in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ibusuki, Kagoshima.svg Ibusuki 指宿市149.0143,931 Ibusuki in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ichikikushikino Kagoshima.JPG Ichikikushikino いちき串木野市112.0430,551 Ichikikushikino in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of isa Kagoshima.JPG Isa 伊佐市392.3630,070 Isa in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Izumi, Kagoshima.svg Izumi 出水市330.0656,205 Izumi in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kagoshima, Kagoshima.svg Kagoshima (capital)鹿児島市547.58595,049 Location of Kagoshima city Kagoshima prefecture Japan.svg
Flag of Kanoya, Kagoshima.svg Kanoya 鹿屋市448.33104,148 Kanoya in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kirishima, Kagoshima.svg Kirishima 霧島市603.18124,763 Kirishima in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Makurazaki, Kagoshima.svg Makurazaki 枕崎市74.8821,960 Makurazaki in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamikyushu Kagoshima.JPG Minamikyūshū 南九州市357.8539,738 Location of Minami-Kyushu city Kagoshima prefecture Japan.svg
Flag of Minamisatsuma, Kagoshima.svg Minamisatsuma 南さつま市283.339,012 Minamisatsuma in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nishinoomote, Kagoshima.svg Nishinoomote 西之表市205.7516,418 Nishinoomote in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Satsumasendai, Kagoshima.svg Satsumasendai 薩摩川内市683.596,411 Satsumasendai in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shibushi, Kagoshima.svg Shibushi 志布志市209.0133,724 Shibushi in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Soo Kagoshima.JPG Soo 曽於市390.3937,038 Soo in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tarumizu Kagoshima.JPG Tarumizu 垂水市161.8614,847 Tarumizu in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg

Districts

These are the towns and villages in each district:

NameArea (km2)PopulationDistrict

[subprefecture (if any)]

TypeMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Amagi Kagoshima.svg Amagi 天城町80.356,350 Ōshima District

[ Ōshima Subprefecture]

Town Amagi in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of China, Kagoshima.svg China 知名町53.295,976 Ōshima District

[ Ōshima Subprefecture]

Town China in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Higashikushira Kagoshima.JPG Higashikushira 東串良町27.697,122 Kimotsuki District Town Higashikushira in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Isen Kagoshima.png Isen 伊仙町62.76,594 Ōshima District

[ Ōshima Subprefecture]

Town Isen in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kikai Kagoshima.png Kikai 喜界町56.947,657 Ōshima District

[ Ōshima Subprefecture]

Town Kikai in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kimotuki Kagoshima.JPG Kimotsuki 肝付町308.1215,169 Kimotsuki District Town Kimotsuki in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kinko Kagoshima.JPG Kinkō 錦江町163.159,328 Kimotsuki District Town Kinko in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamiosumi Kagoshima.JPG Minamiōsumi 南大隅町213.597,646 Kimotsuki District Town Minamiosumi in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamitanega Kagoshima.JPG Minamitane 南種子町110.45,925 Kumage District

[ Kumage Subprefecture]

Town Minamitane in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mishima Kagoshima.png Mishima 三島村31.36383 Kagoshima District Village Mishima in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nagashima Kagoshima.JPG Nagashima 長島町116.1310,124 Izumi District Town Nagashima in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nakatanega Kagoshima.JPG Nakatane 中種子町137.788,439 Kumage District

[ Kumage Subprefecture]

Town Nakatane in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Osaki, Kagoshima.svg Ōsaki 大崎町100.8213,488 Soo District Town Osaki in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Satsuma Kagoshima.JPG Satsuma さつま町303.4323,842 Satsuma District Town Satsuma in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Setouchi, Kagoshima.svg Setouchi 瀬戸内町239.929,379 Ōshima District

[ Ōshima Subprefecture]

Town Setouchi in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tatsugo Kagoshima.JPG Tatsugō 龍郷町82.085,992 Ōshima District

[ Ōshima Subprefecture]

Town Tatsugo in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tokunoshima, Kagoshima.svg Tokunoshima 徳之島町104.8711,673 Ōshima District

[ Ōshima Subprefecture]

Town Tokunoshima in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Toshima, Kagoshima.png Toshima 十島村101.35688 Kagoshima District Village Toshima in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Uken Kagoshima.JPG Uken 宇検村103.071,843 Ōshima District

[ Ōshima Subprefecture]

Village Uken in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Wadomari, Kagoshima.svg Wadomari 和泊町40.376,929 Ōshima District

[ Ōshima Subprefecture]

Town Wadomari in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yakushima, Kagoshima.svg Yakushima 屋久島町540.9813,486 Kumage District

[ Kumage Subprefecture]

Town Yakushima in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yamato Kagoshima.JPG Yamato 大和村88.151,638 Ōshima District

[ Ōshima Subprefecture]

Village Yamato in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yoron, Kagoshima.svg Yoron 与論町20.495,263 Ōshima District

[ Ōshima Subprefecture]

Town Yoron in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yusui Kagoshima.JPG Yūsui 湧水町144.3312,220 Aira District Town Yusui in Kagoshima Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers


Sport and recreation

Shiranami Stadium. Kamoike140511-01.JPG
Shiranami Stadium.

Kagoshima Rebnise, a professional basketball team, was founded in 2003 and currently competes in the second division of the national B.League. Kagoshima United FC, a soccer team, was founded in 2014 and competes in the J3 League. Although no major professional baseball teams are based in the prefecture, a number of Kagoshima's ballparks have hosted the spring training camps of Nippon Professional Baseball teams:

The Kirishima-Yaku National Park is located in Kagoshima Prefecture.

Colleges and universities

Science and technology facilities

Museums

Transportation

Kagoshima-Chuo Station Kagoshima Chuo Station 02.jpg
Kagoshima-Chuo Station
Kagoshima City Tram KagoshimaLRT7003.jpg
Kagoshima City Tram

Rail

Trams

Roads

Expressways and toll roads

National Highways

Ports

Airports

Notable people

Mythical creatures

Sister relations

See also

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagoshima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 447 , p. 447, at Google Books.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kagoshima prefecture" at p. 447 , p. 447, at Google Books.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780 , p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture](PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment . Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  5. 自然公園 [Natural Parks] (in Japanese). Kagoshima Prefecture . Retrieved 12 August 2019.

Related Research Articles

Kagoshima Core city in Kyushu, Japan

Kagoshima is the capital city of Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Located at the southwestern tip of the island of Kyushu, Kagoshima is the largest city in the prefecture by some margin. It has been nicknamed the "Naples of the Eastern world" for its bay location, hot climate, and emblematic stratovolcano, Sakurajima. The city was officially founded on April 1, 1889.

Kyushu Island and region of Japan

Kyushu is the third largest island of Japan's five main islands and the most southerly of the four largest islands. In the past, it has been known as Kyūkoku, Chinzei and Tsukushi-no-shima. The historical regional name Saikaidō referred to Kyushu and its surrounding islands.

Satsuma Province Former province of Japan

Satsuma Province was an old province of Japan that is now the western half of Kagoshima Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū. Its abbreviation is Sasshū (薩州).

Tanegashima Island within Ōsumi Islands

Tanegashima (種子島) is one of the Ōsumi Islands belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The island, 444.99 km2 in area, is the second largest of the Ōsumi Islands, and has a population of 33,000 people. Access to the island is by ferry, or by air to New Tanegashima Airport. Administratively, the island is divided into the city, Nishinoomote, and the two towns, Nakatane and Minamitane. The towns belong to Kumage District.

Yakushima Island within Ōsumi Islands

Yakushima (屋久島) is one of the Ōsumi Islands in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The island, 504.88 km2 (194.94 sq mi) in area, has a population of 13,178. Access to the island is by hydrofoil ferry, slow car ferry, or by air to Yakushima Airport . Administratively, the whole island is the town of Yakushima. The town also serves neighbouring Kuchinoerabujima. The majority of the island is within the borders of the Kirishima-Yaku National Park.

Ōkuchi, Kagoshima Former municipality in Kyushu, Japan

Ōkuchi was a city located in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. It is now part of the city of Isa. The city was founded on April 1, 1954.

Kirishima, Kagoshima City in Kyushu, Japan

Kirishima is a city located in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

Tokunoshima Island within Ryukyu Islands

Tokunoshima, also known in English as Tokunoshima Island and Tokuno Island, is an island in the Amami archipelago of the southern Satsunan Islands of Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

Tane Province Former province of Japan

Tane Province was an old province of Japan in the area of Kagoshima Prefecture, roughly corresponding to Kumage Subprefecture.

Soo, Kagoshima City in Kyushu, Japan

Soo is a city located in northeastern Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. It is near Miyakonojō, Miyazaki.

Kirishima-Kinkowan National Park National park in Kyushu, Japan

Kirishima-Kinkowan National Park is a national park in Kyūshū, Japan. It is composed of Kirishima-Kagoshima Bay, an area of Kagoshima Prefecture and Miyazaki Prefecture known for its active volcanoes, volcanic lakes, and onsen. The total area is 365.86 square kilometres (141.26 sq mi).

Ōsumi Islands Group of islands within Ryukyu Islands

The Ōsumi Islands is an archipelago in the Nansei Islands, and are the northernmost group of the Satsunan Islands, which is in turn part of the Ryukyu Archipelago. The chain extends from the southern tip of Kyushu to Yakushima. Administratively, the group belongs within Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

Ryukyu Islands Chain of Japanese islands that stretch southwest from Kyushu to Taiwan

The Ryukyu Islands, also known as the Nansei Islands or the Ryukyu Arc, are a chain of Japanese islands that stretch southwest from Kyushu to Taiwan: the Ōsumi, Tokara, Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima Islands, with Yonaguni the westernmost. The larger are mostly high islands and the smaller mostly coral. The largest is Okinawa Island.

Nichinan Line

The Nichinan Line is a railway line in south-eastern Kyushu, Japan, operated by Kyushu Railway Company. It connects Minami-Miyazaki Station in Miyazaki, Miyazaki to Shibushi Station in Shibushi, Kagoshima.

Okinoerabujima Island within Ryukyu Islands

Okinoerabujima, also known as Okinoerabu, is one of the Satsunan Islands, classed with the Amami archipelago between Kyūshū and Okinawa.

Satsunan Islands A geopolitical name for a group of islands that forms the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands

The Satsunan Islands is a geopolitical name for a group of islands that forms the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands. The whole island group belongs to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

The outline of the History of Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan is described herein.

References

Coordinates: 31°24′N130°31′E / 31.400°N 130.517°E / 31.400; 130.517