Kaikōura (New Zealand electorate)

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Kaikoura electorate boundaries used since the 2002 election. Kaikoura electorate, 2014.svg
Kaikōura electorate boundaries used since the 2002 election.

Kaikōura (or Kaikoura before 2008) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning a single MP to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Kaikōura is Stuart Smith of the National Party, who won the 2014 election.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Stuart Tayler Smith is a New Zealand politician who was elected to the New Zealand parliament at the 2014 general election as a representative of the New Zealand National Party.

Contents

Population centres

The Kaikōura electorate covers the north-eastern South Island, from Cook Strait in the north to the Ashley River in the south. At over 21,000 km2 (8,100 sq mi), it is New Zealand's fourth-largest general electorate by area. Its main towns are Blenheim and Kaikoura; other towns include Picton, Havelock, Cheviot, Hanmer Springs, Culverden, Amberley and Ashley. [1] The electorate boundaries were not changed in either the 2007 or 2013/14 boundary reviews. [2] [3]

Cook Strait strait between the North and South Islands of New Zealand

Cook Strait is a strait that separates the North and South Islands of New Zealand. It connects the Tasman Sea on the northwest with the South Pacific Ocean on the southeast, and runs next to the capital city, Wellington. It is 22 kilometres (14 mi) wide at its narrowest point, and is considered one of the most dangerous and unpredictable waters in the world.

Ashley River (New Zealand) river in New Zealand

The Ashley River / Rakahuri is in Canterbury Region of New Zealand. It flows generally southeastwards for 65 kilometres (40 mi) before entering the Pacific Ocean at Waikuku Beach, Pegasus Bay north of Christchurch. The town of Rangiora is close to the south bank of the Ashley River. The river's official name was changed from Ashley River to the dual name Ashley River / Rakahuri by the Ngai Tahu Claims Settlement Act 1998.

Blenheim, New Zealand Main urban area in Marlborough, New Zealand

Blenheim is the most populous town in the region of Marlborough, in the north east of the South Island of New Zealand. It has an urban population of 31,600. The surrounding area is well known as the centre of New Zealand's wine industry. It enjoys one of New Zealand's sunniest climates, with warm, relatively dry summers and cool, crisp winters.

History

Kaikōura is one of the original 60 electorates drawn ahead of the change to Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) voting in 1996. It was made up by merging all of the old Marlborough seat with a large portion of Rangiora. Like the two electorates it replaced, Kaikōura is a safe seat for the National Party, returning a National MP at every election since it was created.

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

Marlborough is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the Marlborough region at the top of the South Island. It existed from 1938 to 1996, and was represented by five Members of Parliament.

The first representative in 1996 was Doug Kidd, who was previously the MP for Marlborough. He retired at the end of the parliamentary term and was succeeded by Lynda Scott in the 1999 election. Scott served for two parliamentary terms before retiring from politics and returning to the medical profession in 2005. [4]

Sir Douglas Lorimer Kidd is a former New Zealand politician. He was an MP from 1978 to 2002, representing the National Party. He served for three years as Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Lynda Marie Scott is a former New Zealand politician of the National Party.

1999 New Zealand general election

The 1999 New Zealand general election was held on 27 November 1999 to determine the composition of the 46th New Zealand Parliament. The governing National Party, led by Prime Minister Jenny Shipley, was defeated, being replaced by a coalition of Helen Clark's Labour Party and the smaller Alliance. This marked an end to nine years of National Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election.

The 2005 election was won by Colin King, who served for three parliamentary terms. [5] In December 2013, King was deselected as National's candidate for Kaikoura, losing a selection challenge by Stuart Smith, [6] who won the general election in September 2014 with a preliminary majority of 11,510 votes. [7] Based on preliminary election results, Steffan Browning of the Green Party who became a list MP in 2011, was the highest ranked Green candidate who was not returned to parliament. [8] [9] When final results were released, the Green Party had gained an additional seat, and Browning was confirmed as a list MP. [10]

2005 New Zealand general election general election

The 2005 New Zealand general election on Saturday 17 September 2005 determined the membership of the 48th New Zealand Parliament. One hundred and twenty-one MPs were elected to the New Zealand House of Representatives: 69 from single-member electorates, including one overhang seat, and 52 from party lists.

Colin McDonald King is a New Zealand politician who first entered Parliament in 2005. In late 2013, he lost the National Party selection process for the Kaikōura electorate for the 2014 general election.

2014 New Zealand general election

The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.

Members of Parliament

Key

  National     Labour     Green   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Doug Kidd
1999 election Lynda Scott
2002 election
2005 election Colin King
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election Stuart Smith
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Kaikōura electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Marian Hobbs
1999 election Ian Ewen-Street
2002 election
2011 election Steffan Browning
2014 election

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Kaikōura [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

The incumbent is the current holder of an office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the Hungarian presidential election, 2017, János Áder was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Stuart Smith 20,59452.18−5.0020,92552.60+0.15
Labour Janette Walker10,40126.35+3.6311,58729.13+12.09
NZ First Jamie Arbuckle4,20110.64−5.443,5618.95−0.87
Green Richard McCubbin2,8657.26−1.041,9634.93−4.22
Conservative David Greensdale2180.55−2.441350.34−4.31
ACT Richard Evans2100.53+0.271510.38−0.01
Democrats John McCaskey1310.33−0.20140.04−0.06
Independent Charlotte Osmaston530.13
United Future John Truman Foster510.13230.06−0.20
Opportunities  8652.17
Ban 1080  1190.30
Legalise Cannabis  1170.30−0.11
Māori  920.23−0.13
Outdoors  400.10
People's Party  100.03
Mana  40.01
Internet  30.01
Informal votes381172
Total Valid votes39,46539,781
National holdMajority10,55325.83−8.63

2014 election

2014 general election: Kaikōura [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Stuart Smith 20,85757.18−3.0720,77056.45+1.04
Labour Janette Walker8,28722.72−2.986,26917.04−2.81
Green Steffan Browning 3,0288.30−3.123,3669.15−2.94
NZ First Steve Campbell1,8965.20+5.203,6129.82+3.27
Conservative Howard Hudson1,0892.99+2.991,7094.65+0.85
Ban 1080 Glen Tomlinson5661.55+1.551870.51+0.51
Democrats John McCaskey1940.53−0.32360.10−0.02
ACT Richard Evans1320.36−1.021440.39−0.72
Money Free Party Ted Howard720.20+0.20
Internet Mana  1690.46+0.33 [lower-alpha 1]
Legalise Cannabis  1510.41−0.07
Māori  1310.36−0.07
United Future  960.26−0.64
Civilian  130.04+0.04
Focus  80.02+0.02
Independent Coalition  80.02+0.02
Informal votes353122
Total Valid votes36,47436,791
Turnout 34,29279.84+5.58
National holdMajority12,57034.46−0.08

2011 election

2011 general election: Kaikōura [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Colin King 19,96160.25+2.4718,90955.41+3.57
Labour Liz Collyns8,51625.70-0.666,77519.85-8.33
Green Steffan Browning 3,78411.42+3.423,78611.09+4.08
ACT Richard Evans4571.38+0.123791.11-1.98
Democrats John McCaskey2830.85+0.54420.12+0.04
Libertarianz Ian Hayes1310.40+0.40230.07+0.05
NZ First  2,2366.55+1.98
Conservative  1,2963.80+3.80
United Future  3060.90-0.03
Legalise Cannabis  1650.48+0.18
Māori  1470.43-0.13
Mana  450.13+0.13
Alliance  190.06-0.003
Informal votes1,045284
Total Valid votes33,13234,128
National holdMajority11,44534.54+3.13

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,958 [14]

2008 election

2008 general election: Kaikoura [15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Colin King 20,37457.77+6.6518,47951.83+6.81
Labour Brian McNamara9,29726.36-11.3010,04628.18-7.86
Green Steffan Browning 2,8238.00+2.462,4997.01+1.24
Kiwi Al Belcher1,1273.20+3.206181.73+1.73
NZ First Linda Waimarie King9592.72+2.721,6314.58-1.29
ACT Dave Tattersfield4431.26+0.461,1013.09+1.63
United Future Coralie Christie1310.37-1.013310.93-1.90
Democrats John S. J. McCaskey1120.32+0.32310.09+0.02
Progressive  2850.80-0.81
Bill and Ben  2230.63+0.63
Māori  2010.56+0.18
Legalise Cannabis  1070.30+0.10
Family Party  410.12+0.12
Alliance  210.06-0.06
Workers Party  120.03+0.03
RONZ  80.02+0.002
Libertarianz  60.02-0.01
Pacific  60.02+0.02
RAM  40.01+0.01
Informal votes292160
Total Valid votes35,26635,650
National holdMajority11,07731.41+17.95

2005 election

2005 general election: Kaikoura [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Colin King 17,75551.6815,63645.02
Labour Brendon Burns 13,08038.0712,51536.04
Green Steffan Browning 1,9275.612,0055.07
United Future Robin Westley4811.409812.82
Progressive John Maurice4301.255581.61
ACT Pat O'Sullivan2750.805051.45
Māori Brett Cowan1740.511330.38
Independent Ted Howard1700.49
Alliance Greg Kleis640.19400.12
NZ First  2,0365.86
Destiny  1390.40
Legalise Cannabis  680.20
Christian Heritage  430.12
Democrats  240.07
One NZ  130.04
99 MP  100.03
Libertarianz  90.03
RONZ  70.02
Direct Democracy  40.01
Family Rights  30.01
Informal votes335147
Total Valid votes34,35634,729
National holdMajority4,67530.3013.61

2002 election

2002 general election: Kaikoura
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Lynda Scott 15,16547.63+9.568,53626.51-6.51
Labour Brendon Burns 12,09637.9912,63639.25+4.16
Green Ian Ewen-Street 2,3137.26-1.912,2206.90+0.20
United Future Julee Smith-Mischeski6442.02+1.06 [lower-alpha 2] 1,8595.77
Christian Heritage Don Moore6392.01-1.025081.58-1.46
ACT Ted Howard4581.441,8735.82-0.77
Progressive Philippa Main3651.155701.77
Independent Desmond J Bell1610.51+0.14
NZ First  2,8258.77+5.18
ORNZ  8212.55
Alliance  1970.61-7.78
Legalise Cannabis  1250.39-0.33
One NZ  170.05+0.01
Mana Māori  40.010.00
NMP  30.01+0.01
Informal votes30398
Total Valid votes31,84132,194
National holdMajority3,0699.64+5.01

1999 election

1999 general election: Kaikoura
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Lynda Scott 12,21438.0710,68833.02-3.18
Labour Brian McNamara10,72833.4411,35735.09+12.06
Green Ian Ewen-Street 2,9419.17-6.47 [lower-alpha 3] 2,1686.70
Alliance Lindsay Mehrtens2,0406.362,7178.39-4.94
NZ First Chris Rivers1,3004.051,1613.59-10.70
ACT Graham James Hewett1,2343.852,1346.59+0.78
Christian Heritage Don Moore9713.039853.04
Future NZ Julee Smith-Mischeski3070.963241.00
McGillicuddy Serious Rodney Hansen1760.55-0.53810.25-0.12
Independent Desmond Joseph Bell1200.370.00
Natural Law Anne Brigid480.15-0.13880.27-0.06
Legalise Cannabis  2340.72-0.39
United NZ  1860.57-0.02
South Island  1030.32
Libertarianz  640.20+0.19
Animals First  480.15+0.02
One NZ  120.04
Mana Māori  40.010.00
People's Choice  40.01
Mauri Pacific  30.01
Freedom Movement  20.01
NMP  10.00
Republican  10.00
Informal votes578292
Total Valid votes32,07932,365
National holdMajority1,4864.63-12.9

1996 election

1996 general election: Kaikoura [17] [18] [19]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Doug Kidd 13,85841.0912,28036.20
Labour Marian Hobbs 7,94623.567,81323.03
NZ First Tom Harrison5,33215.814,84914.29
Alliance Ian Ewen-Street 5,27515.644,52213.33
ACT Peter King-Talbot7312.171,9705.81
McGillicuddy Serious Rodney Hansen3651.081250.37
Independent Desmond Joseph Bell1240.37
Natural Law Anne Brigid940.281120.33
Christian Coalition  1,4964.41
Legalise Cannabis  3781.11
United NZ  1990.59
Progressive Green  800.24
Animals First  430.13
Green Society  250.07
Conservatives  80.02
Advance New Zealand 60.02
Superannuitants & Youth  50.01
Libertarianz  50.01
Asia Pacific United 30.01
Mana Māori  30.01
Ethnic Minority Party 00.00
Te Tawharau 00.00
Informal votes29195
Total Valid votes33,72533,921
National win new seatMajority5,91217.53

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.
  2. Percentage change calculated as a candidate for the Future New Zealand Party in the 1999 election
  3. Percentage change calculated as a candidate for the Alliance Party in the 1996 election

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References

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  2. "Kaikōura: Electoral Profile". New Zealand Parliament. 30 September 2012. Archived from the original on 21 January 2016. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  3. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 10. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  4. "Dr Lynda Scott not seeking re-election" (Press release). New Zealand National Party. Scoop. 21 July 2004. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
  5. "Colin King". New Zealand Parliament. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  6. "Kaikoura MP deselected by National". Stuff.co.nz . 17 December 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  7. "Election Results – Electorate Status". Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 25 April 2009. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  8. "Provisional List of Successful Candidates – 2014 General Election – Preliminary Results". Electoral Commission. 21 September 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  9. Bell, Cathie (20 September 2014). "National's Stuart Smith wins Kaikoura". The Marlborough Express . Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  10. Rutherford, Hamish (4 October 2014). "National loses majority, Greens pick up one". Stuff.co.nz . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  11. "Official Count Results – Kaikōura (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  12. "Official Count Results – Kaikōura". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  13. "Official Count Results – Kaikōura". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  14. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  15. "Official Count Results – Kaikōura". Electoral Commission. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  16. "Official Count Results – Kaikoura". Electoral Commission. 1 October 2005. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  17. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Kaikoura, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  18. "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  19. "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.