Kaikōura (or Kaikoura before 2008) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning a single MP to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Kaikōura is Stuart Smith of the National Party, who won the 2014 election.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Stuart Tayler Smith is a New Zealand politician who was elected to the New Zealand parliament at the 2014 general election as a representative of the New Zealand National Party.
The Kaikōura electorate covers the north-eastern South Island, from Cook Strait in the north to the Ashley River in the south. At over 21,000 km2 (8,100 sq mi), it is New Zealand's fourth-largest general electorate by area. Its main towns are Blenheim and Kaikoura; other towns include Picton, Havelock, Cheviot, Hanmer Springs, Culverden, Amberley and Ashley. The electorate boundaries were not changed in either the 2007 or 2013/14 boundary reviews.
Cook Strait is a strait that separates the North and South Islands of New Zealand. It connects the Tasman Sea on the northwest with the South Pacific Ocean on the southeast, and runs next to the capital city, Wellington. It is 22 kilometres (14 mi) wide at its narrowest point, and is considered one of the most dangerous and unpredictable waters in the world.
The Ashley River / Rakahuri is in Canterbury Region of New Zealand. It flows generally southeastwards for 65 kilometres (40 mi) before entering the Pacific Ocean at Waikuku Beach, Pegasus Bay north of Christchurch. The town of Rangiora is close to the south bank of the Ashley River. The river's official name was changed from Ashley River to the dual name Ashley River / Rakahuri by the Ngai Tahu Claims Settlement Act 1998.
Blenheim is the most populous town in the region of Marlborough, in the north east of the South Island of New Zealand. It has an urban population of 31,600. The surrounding area is well known as the centre of New Zealand's wine industry. It enjoys one of New Zealand's sunniest climates, with warm, relatively dry summers and cool, crisp winters.
Kaikōura is one of the original 60 electorates drawn ahead of the change to Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) voting in 1996. It was made up by merging all of the old Marlborough seat with a large portion of Rangiora. Like the two electorates it replaced, Kaikōura is a safe seat for the National Party, returning a National MP at every election since it was created.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
Marlborough is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the Marlborough region at the top of the South Island. It existed from 1938 to 1996, and was represented by five Members of Parliament.
The first representative in 1996 was Doug Kidd, who was previously the MP for Marlborough. He retired at the end of the parliamentary term and was succeeded by Lynda Scott in the 1999 election. Scott served for two parliamentary terms before retiring from politics and returning to the medical profession in 2005.
Sir Douglas Lorimer Kidd is a former New Zealand politician. He was an MP from 1978 to 2002, representing the National Party. He served for three years as Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Lynda Marie Scott is a former New Zealand politician of the National Party.
The 1999 New Zealand general election was held on 27 November 1999 to determine the composition of the 46th New Zealand Parliament. The governing National Party, led by Prime Minister Jenny Shipley, was defeated, being replaced by a coalition of Helen Clark's Labour Party and the smaller Alliance. This marked an end to nine years of the Fourth National Government, and the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government which would govern for nine years in turn, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election.
The 2005 election was won by Colin King, who served for three parliamentary terms.In December 2013, King was deselected as National's candidate for Kaikoura, losing a selection challenge by Stuart Smith, who won the general election in September 2014 with a preliminary majority of 11,510 votes. Based on preliminary election results, Steffan Browning of the Green Party who became a list MP in 2011, was the highest ranked Green candidate who was not returned to parliament. When final results were released, the Green Party had gained an additional seat, and Browning was confirmed as a list MP.
The 2005 New Zealand general election on Saturday 17 September 2005 determined the membership of the 48th New Zealand Parliament. One hundred and twenty-one MPs were elected to the New Zealand House of Representatives: 69 from single-member electorates, including one overhang seat, and 52 from party lists.
Colin McDonald King is a New Zealand politician who first entered Parliament in 2005. In late 2013, he lost the National Party selection process for the Kaikōura electorate for the 2014 general election.
The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.
National Labour Green
|1996 election||Doug Kidd|
|1999 election||Lynda Scott|
|2005 election||Colin King|
|2014 election||Stuart Smith|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Kaikōura electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Marian Hobbs|
|1999 election||Ian Ewen-Street|
|2011 election||Steffan Browning|
|2017 general election: Kaikōura|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
The incumbent is the current holder of an office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the 2017 Hungarian presidential election, János Áder was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.
|NZ First||Jamie Arbuckle||4,201||10.64||+5.44||3,561||8.95||−0.87|
|United Future||John Truman Foster||51||0.13||—||23||0.06||−0.20|
|Total Valid votes||39,465||39,781|
|2014 general election: Kaikōura|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Steve Campbell||1,896||5.20||+5.20||3,612||9.82||+3.27|
|Ban 1080||Glen Tomlinson||566||1.55||+1.55||187||0.51||+0.51|
|Money Free Party||Ted Howard||72||0.20||+0.20|
|Total Valid votes||36,474||36,791|
|2011 general election: Kaikōura|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||33,132||34,128|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,958
|2008 general election: Kaikoura|
|NZ First||Linda Waimarie King||959||2.72||+2.72||1,631||4.58||-1.29|
|United Future||Coralie Christie||131||0.37||-1.01||331||0.93||-1.90|
|Democrats||John S. J. McCaskey||112||0.32||+0.32||31||0.09||+0.02|
|Bill and Ben||223||0.63||+0.63|
|Total Valid votes||35,266||35,650|
|2005 general election: Kaikoura|
|United Future||Robin Westley||481||1.40||981||2.82|
|Total Valid votes||34,356||34,729|
|2002 general election: Kaikoura|
|United Future||Julee Smith-Mischeski||644||2.02||+1.06||1,859||5.77|
|Christian Heritage||Don Moore||639||2.01||-1.02||508||1.58||-1.46|
|Independent||Desmond J Bell||161||0.51||+0.14|
|Total Valid votes||31,841||32,194|
|1999 general election: Kaikoura|
|NZ First||Chris Rivers||1,300||4.05||1,161||3.59||-10.70|
|ACT||Graham James Hewett||1,234||3.85||2,134||6.59||+0.78|
|Christian Heritage||Don Moore||971||3.03||985||3.04|
|Future NZ||Julee Smith-Mischeski||307||0.96||324||1.00|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Rodney Hansen||176||0.55||-0.53||81||0.25||-0.12|
|Independent||Desmond Joseph Bell||120||0.37||0.00|
|Natural Law||Anne Brigid||48||0.15||-0.13||88||0.27||-0.06|
|Total Valid votes||32,079||32,365|
|1996 general election: Kaikoura|
|NZ First||Tom Harrison||5,332||15.81||4,849||14.29|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Rodney Hansen||365||1.08||125||0.37|
|Independent||Desmond Joseph Bell||124||0.37|
|Natural Law||Anne Brigid||94||0.28||112||0.33|
|Advance New Zealand||6||0.02|
|Superannuitants & Youth||5||0.01|
|Asia Pacific United||3||0.01|
|Ethnic Minority Party||0||0.00|
|Total Valid votes||33,725||33,921|
|National win new seat||Majority||5,912||17.53|
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