Kakamigahara, Gifu

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Kakamigahara

各務原市
Kakamigahara City Hall.jpg
Kakamigahara City Hall
Flag of Kakamigahara Gifu.svg
Flag
Emblem of Kakamigahara, Gifu.svg
Seal
Kakamigahara in Gifu Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Kakamigahara in Gifu Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
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Kakamigahara
 
Coordinates: 35°23′55.7″N136°50′54.3″E / 35.398806°N 136.848417°E / 35.398806; 136.848417 Coordinates: 35°23′55.7″N136°50′54.3″E / 35.398806°N 136.848417°E / 35.398806; 136.848417
Country Japan
Region Chūbu
Prefecture Gifu
Government
  MayorKenji Asano (since May 2013)
Area
  Total87.81 km2 (33.90 sq mi)
Population
 (1 January 2019)
  Total148,225
  Density1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
- Tree Pine
- Flower Azalea
Phone number058-383-1111
Address1–69 Nakasakura-machi, Kakamigahara-shi, Gifu-ken 504-8555
Website Official website

Kakamigahara (各務原市, Kakamigahara-shi) is a city located in southern Gifu Prefecture in Japan. As of 1 January 2019, the city had an estimated population of 148,225, and a population density of 1700 persons per km2, in 59,736 households. [1] The total area of the city was 87.81 km2 (33.90 sq mi).

Contents

Situated in the northern part of the Nōbi Plain, what is now Kakamigahara originally thrived as a post station on the Nakasendō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto, being called "Unuma-juku" at the time. In more recent history, the city developed due to the JASDF Gifu base. In addition, Kakamigahara grew as an industrial city and a commuter suburb of Gifu City and Nagoya.

The city of Kakamigahara has many large parks, the most notable among them being "Kakamigahara Kōen", which was originally made from a vacant lot owned by Gifu University. A city planning policy of making Kakamigahara into a "park city" has been undertaken by the municipality, and in 2005, the city received the Green City Prize from the prime minister.

Although the city was officially named Kakamigahara, it is also called Kakamihara, Kagamihara, or Kagamigahara by tradition.

Geography

Mountainous terrain runs from the northern to the eastern part of the city. The Kiso River flows through the southern part, forming the municipal and prefectural (Aichi-Gifu) border. A large portion of the city is situated on the Kakamigahara Plateau. Because the soil is very well drained, it was not traditionally suited to rice cultivation. With the exception of rest stops such as Unuma-juku or other roadside settlements, though, the area was largely wilderness until the Meiji period. The names of the Meitetsu train stations, Rokken, Nijukken, and the Ogase Reservoir are from that era. Beginning from the Meiji period, to take advantage of the large amount of wilderness and well-drained soil, military bases and training grounds were established. In addition, Gifu University's agricultural and engineering departments were established in the area, leading the growth of machine and textile factories. These industries, in addition to carrot production, which used the dry soil, became the main industries of the town. Part of the city is within the borders of the Hida-Kisogawa Quasi-National Park.

Rivers

Kiso, Sakai, Shin-Sakai, Daianji

Lakes

Ogase Reservoir

Mountains

Gongen, Igi, Mii, Kakami, Kakamigahara Alps

Adjacent cities and districts

North: Seki

East: Kamo District (Sakahogi-cho)

West: Gifu City, Hashima District (Kasamatsu-cho, Ginan-cho)

South: Ichinomiya, Konan, Inuyama, Niwa District ( Fusou-cho)

Aerial photograph from 1987 of Kakamigahara City Center: The JASDF Gifu Airbase is located on the south side of the city center. Kakamigahara city center area Aerial photograph.1987.jpg
Aerial photograph from 1987 of Kakamigahara City Center: The JASDF Gifu Airbase is located on the south side of the city center.
The banks of the Shin-Sakai River in spring Sinsakariv.JPG
The banks of the Shin-Sakai River in spring
Ogase Reservoir Ogase-Ike-Kakamigahara01.JPG
Ogase Reservoir

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Kakamigahara is 15.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1939 mm, with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.9 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3.9 °C. [3]

History

The area around Kakamigahara was part of traditional Mino Province. During the post-Meiji restoration cadastral reforms, the area was organised into Inaba District, Gifu in April 1897.

1 April 1963: Kakamigahara City was founded by amalgamating Naka, Sohara, Unuma, and Inaba.

1968: The Line Bridge was completed. Together with the Inuyama bridge, completed in 1925, these two bridges span the Kiso River and connect Kakamigahara City with Aichi Prefecture.

1969: The Aigi bridge was completed. This was the third bridge to span the Kiso, and connects the city to Aichi Prefecture. It was the first bridge to connect Kakamigahara to Konan City.

5 March 1986: The section of the Tokai-Hokoriku Expressway between Kakamigahara Junction and Mino Junction was opened. Furthermore, on 13 December 1998, the Tokai-Hokoriku Expressway was connected to the Meishin Expressway (Ichinomiya Junction).

28 March 2000: The twinning of the Inuyama Bridge was completed. Previously, Meitetsu trains had shared the bridge with automobiles, crossing the bridge in a manner similar to streetcars. After the twinning, the trains began to use the old Inuyama Bridge. This separation of trains and automobiles improved transportation across the river.

1 November 2004: Kawashima-cho (Hashima District), was incorporated in Kakamigahara City.

5 November 2006: The Shin-mei Ko-ami Bridge, connecting to Konan, is completed.

24 March 2013: Kakamigahara Bridge is completed. It connects the city hall area with Kawashima-chiku (formerly Kawashima-cho) of Konan City. With the completion of this bridge, there are now four routes from Kakamigahara City into Aichi Prefecture.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 76,595    
1975 91,991+3.73%
1980 114,036+4.39%
1985 123,446+1.60%
1990 129,852+1.02%
1995 133,933+0.62%
2000 135,044+0.17%
2005 148,315+1.89%
2010 149,704+0.19%
2016 148,490−0.14%
Source: city's official website

As of December 2013, about 3,000 residents of foreign nationality were registered in Kakamigahara City. The largest numbers are, in descending order, from Brazil, China, and the Philippines. [4]

Politics

Kakamigahara has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 24 members.

Economy

Kakamigahara City is second in Gifu Prefecture in terms of industrial production. The city has an aircraft factory operated by Kawasaki Heavy Industries Aerospace Company, located next to the JASDF Gifu Air Base, and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries also produces aircraft parts. The city also has many automobile-related factories, including parts makers and metalworking industries. In Sue-cho in the north of Kakamigahara City, an industrial park called Techno Plaza was established by the Gifu Prefectural government as a focal point for the research and development of robotics and virtual reality. With Waseda University's WABOT-HOUSE laboratory and Gifu University's Science and Technology Promotion Center as a nucleus, Techno Plaza is structured as an industrial and R&D center. Many ventures have moved into the park, including some companies that have made IPOs, such as Nippon Ichi Software, Inc.

Major employers

Educational institutions

Universities and colleges

High schools

The city has three public high schools operated by the Gifu Prefectural Board of Education.

Primary and secondary schools

Kakimigahara has 16 public elementary schools and eight public junior high schools operated by the city government. The city also operates one special-education school.

International schools

Transportation

Railways

Highways

Bridges

Other

Local attractions

Twin towns – sister cities

Kakamigahara is twinned with: [6]

Friendly city

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Meiden Kakamigahara Station Railway station in Kakamigahara, Gifu Prefecture, Japan

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Unuma Station Railway station in Kakamigahara, Gifu Prefecture, Japan

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Aigi Bridge

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Inuyama Bridge

The Inuyama Bridge is a bridge over the Kiso River in Japan. It is an laced steel truss bridge which connects Kakamigahara in the Gifu Prefecture with Inuyama in the Aichi Prefecture. Meitetsu Inuyama Line runs on it.

References

  1. Kakamigahara city official home statistics (in Japanese)
  2. National Land Image Information (Color Aerial Photographs), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
  3. Kakamigahara climate data
  4. https://www.city.kakamigahara.lg.jp/shisei/toukei/003317.html
  5. "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. Retrieved on 13 October 2015.
  6. "姉妹都市・友好都市・都市交流・連携協定". city.kakamigahara.lg.jp (in Japanese). Kakamigahara. Retrieved 10 December 2020.