Kala Wewa

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General View of Kala Wewa General View of Kala Wewa.jpg
General View of Kala Wewa

Kala Wewa (Sinhala:කලා වැව) built by the King Datusena in 460 A.D, is a twin reservoir complex (Kala Wewa & Balalu Wewa) which has a capacity of 123 million cubic meters. This reservoir complex has facilitated with a stone made spillway and three main sluices. From the central major sluice, a 40 feet wide central conveys water to feed thousands of acres of paddy lands and ends at the historical capital Anuradhapura city tank Tissa Wewa meandering over 87 km (54 mi) at a slope of 6 inches per mile and is another wonder of primeval hydraulic engineering facility in ancient Ceylon.

Contents

History

This reservoir was built by the King Dhathusena who ruled the country during 455 – 473 CE in the 5th century. [1]

Tamil invaders who arrived from South India ruled the north part of the country during the period from 429 to 455 AD. King Dhathusena defeated the invaders and united the country and then he wanted to rebuild the irrigation system by constructing several tanks, canals, etc., in and round the kingdom of Anuradhapura.

After completion of construction of Kala Wewa, the king built another tank called Balalu Wewa (Sinhala : බලලු වැව) nearby and connected the two tanks together making the biggest tank in Sri Lanka. [2] King Mahinda II who ruled the country during 777 – 797 CE expanded the tank further. Water of the tank was transferred to the Thisa Wewa (Sinhala : තිසා වැව) in Anuradhapura by an ancient 54 miles (86.9 km) long canal called Jaya Ganga alias Yodha Ela (Sinhala : යෝධ ඇල) which has a fine slope of one foot per mile [2] but according to some historians it is one inch per mile. [3]

Legends

King Dhathusena was very keen on information with regard to a spot very suitable to construct a tank to be the massive one in the history of Sri Lanka. There are some folklore on how the king was able to find a place for the tank he imagined. There was a man called Kadawara who left his family and went to live in the jungle due to his wife's unbearable and repeated insults and disrespects towards him. After some years in the jungle he was well accustomed with wild animals and lived with a flock of deer. One day a hunter suddenly noticed this strange man living with animals in the jungle; went to the palace and told the king that it seems that this strange man lives in the forest in order to guard an unknown treasure there. King sent his army to catch him. Kadawara was caught and brought to the palace. When the king questioned him of the treasure, Kadawara revealed his true story and told real reason for his leaving the city and living in the jungle. Then king asked him of any interesting thing he had seen while living in the jungle. Kadawa said, "No sir, I have not seen anything interesting but in a brook somewhere in the jungle, water is being blocked by the flora called Kala that has been grown across that stream. According to this legend, it was the spot wherein the king created the Kala Wewa. [3]

Renovation

First restoration to the tank is done by King Parakramabahu I in the 12th century. [4] The tank was renovated several times in the past as in the period of British Governor Sir William Henry Gregory (1872–1877 [1] and Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon (1883–1890). [5] After the British rule in the country and in 1958, the tank's bund was reconstructed connecting the tank with Balalu Wewa. [6] [3]

Size

Its circumference is 40 miles (64.4 km) and has a total area of 7 square miles (18.1 km2) at full capacity. [1] Length of the dam is 22,572 feet (6,879.9 m) and the height is 48 feet (14.6 m). [7]

Attraction

There is a 12 meter high standing statue of Buddha created by same ruler. This statue is named after the village it is situated so it is called Avukana Buddha statue (Sinhala : අව්කන බුදු පිළිමය) and it can be seen over-looking at the tank near by. [2]

Purpose

The reservoir served as one of largest irrigation tanks in ancient time. While supplying water also for the small tanks in rural areas on the way, the canal Jaya Ganga carried water from Kala Wewa and stored enough water in the Thisā Wewa for the population of then capital city of Anuradhapura.well

Being one of main storages in the Mahaweli Irrigation Scheme since 1976, the tank serves to the population in the North Central Sri Lanka. [6] It is used for fresh water fishing and the flora, specially the grasses in its valley, is the main sources of silage for the herds of cattle in the area. [1]

Route

The way to Anuradhapura via Dambulla reaches Kekirawa in the Kekirawa Divisional Secretariat and from there the distance to the tank is 6 miles (9.7 km). [2]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Things To Do - Excursions: Kala Wewa". The Elephant Corridor. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Kala Wewa". KirigalPoththa. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  3. 1 2 3 Senevirathna, Wasantha (4 Apr 2012). "Kalawewa". Divaina (in Sinhala). Colombo 13, Sri Lanka. Upali Newspapers Limited. p. 1. ..සැතපුමකට අගලක් වැනි බැස්මක් සහිත..CS1 maint: location (link)
  4. "Kurunegala, Yapahuwa and Kalawewa". TourismSriLanka.org. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  5. "Ancient Sinhalese Irrigation". mysrilankaholidays.com. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  6. 1 2 "Kala Wewa". Mahaweli Authority of Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 8 April 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  7. LankaLibrary Forum :: View topic - Kala Wewa (Reservoir) - 470 AD

Coordinates: 8°01′N80°31′E / 8.017°N 80.517°E / 8.017; 80.517