Kalajoki

Last updated
Kalajoki
Town
Kalajoen kaupunki
Kalajoki stad
KalajokiBeaches1.jpg
Sandy beaches of Kalajoki
Himanka.vaakuna.svg
Coat of arms
Kalajoki sijainti Suomi.svg
Location of Kalajoki in Finland
Coordinates: 64°16′N023°57′E / 64.267°N 23.950°E / 64.267; 23.950 Coordinates: 64°16′N023°57′E / 64.267°N 23.950°E / 64.267; 23.950
CountryFlag of Finland.svg  Finland
Region Northern Ostrobothnia
Sub-region Ylivieska sub-region
Charter 1865
Town privileges 2002
Government
   Town manager Jukka Puoskari
Area
 (2018-01-01) [1]
  Total2,391.30 km2 (923.29 sq mi)
  Land922.16 km2 (356.05 sq mi)
  Water1,469.15 km2 (567.24 sq mi)
Area rank 84th largest in Finland
Population
 (2020-12-31) [2]
  Total12,416
  Rank 82nd largest in Finland
  Density13.46/km2 (34.9/sq mi)
Population by native language
[3]
   Finnish 98.8% (official)
   Swedish 0.2%
  Others1%
Population by age
[4]
  0 to 1419.7%
  15 to 6463.2%
  65 or older17.1%
Time zone UTC+02:00 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate [5] 19%
Website www.kalajoki.fi

Kalajoki is a coastal town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Oulu and is part of the Northern Ostrobothnia region.

Contents

The town has a population of 12,416 (31 December 2020) [2] and covers an area of 2,391.30 square kilometres (923.29 sq mi) of which 1,469.15 km2 (567.24 sq mi) is water. [1] The population density is 13.46 inhabitants per square kilometre (34.9/sq mi).

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

History

The first reference to Kalajoki can be found from the beginning of 16th century and it got the status of a parish in 1525, it was designated as a regional parish in 1545. This status ended with the abolishment of the parish form of organization in the early 1860s. Kalajoki was a significant market place and controlled the whole region's tar trading. By the end of 19th century the meaning of tar was diminishing as a good and the importance of Kalajoki was reduced thereafter.

The tar trade was a derivative of the forestry industry, and Kalajoki has long been the location of forestry activities. There are still sawmills in operation in the city today.

In addition to tar trading, Kalajoki has long been a farming community, producing a variety of agricultural products, including wheat and rye. There are many farms still operating in the city, and there is a weekly market during the spring and summer months where local farmers and merchants sell their products.

Government

There were many attempts to reorganize Kalajoki as a city, which would confer additional authorities on the municipality. The first attempt was in 1865, and there were several subsequent attempts throughout the 20th century. Kalajoki was finally reorganized as a city in 2002.

Just like any municipality in Finland, the city of Kalajoki is composed of several sub-units, called a kylä. The following compose the city of Kalajoki: Vasankari, Plassi, Mehtäkylä, Pohjankylä, Pitkäsenkylä, Etelänkylä, Kääntä, Tynkä, Rahja, Kurikkala, Kärkinen, Typpö, Rautio.

Every four years, the voters of Kalajoki elect a city council of 35 members which meets monthly. The Council then elects a governing council of nine members that meets more regularly to transact the business of the city. As of the most recent municipal election in 2004, 19 members of the city council are from the Centre Party, 6 are from the local Pro Kalajoki Party, 4 are from the centre-right National Coalition Party, 3 are from the Left Alliance, 2 are from the centre-left Social Democratic Party, and one member is from the Christian Democrats Party.

The next municipal elections will be held throughout Finland in 2012.

The municipality of Rautio was consolidated with Kalajoki in 1973. The neighboring municipality of Himanka was consolidated with Kalajoki on January 1, 2010. [6]

Tourism

Kalajoki is a well known tourist attraction place in Finland due to long sandy beaches (sea) and related activities.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Kalajoki is twinned with:

People born in Kalajoki

Related Research Articles

Kokkola Town in Central Ostrobothnia, Finland

Kokkola is a town and municipality of Finland. The town is located in the Central Ostrobothnia region. The town has a population of 47,774 and covers an area of 2,730.80 square kilometres (1,054.37 sq mi) of which 1,286.61 km2 (496.76 sq mi) is water. The population density is 33.08 inhabitants per square kilometre (85.7/sq mi). Neighbour municipalities are Halsua, Kalajoki, Kannus, Kaustinen, Kronoby, Lestijärvi, Larsmo and Toholampi.

Alavieska Municipality in Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland

Alavieska is a municipality of Finland.

Askola Municipality in Uusimaa, Finland

Askola is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the Uusimaa region. The municipality has a population of 4,876 and covers an area of 218.03 square kilometres (84.18 sq mi) of which 5.61 km2 (2.17 sq mi) is water. The population density is 22.95 inhabitants per square kilometre (59.4/sq mi). Monninkylä is the largest village of municipality in terms of population. Neighbouring municipalities are Myrskylä, Mäntsälä, Pornainen, Porvoo and Pukkila.

Eura Municipality in Satakunta, Finland

Eura is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Satakunta region. The municipality has a population of 11,489 and covers an area of 630.20 square kilometres (243.32 sq mi) of which 51.33 km2 (19.82 sq mi) is water. The population density is 19.85 inhabitants per square kilometre (51.4/sq mi).

Pirkkala Municipality in Pirkanmaa, Finland

Pirkkala is a municipality of Finland. It is located some 10 kilometres (6 mi) south-west from Tampere in the Pirkanmaa region. The municipality has a population of 19,794 and covers an area of 104.04 square kilometres (40.17 sq mi) of which 22.66 km2 (8.75 sq mi) is water. The population density is 243.23 inhabitants per square kilometre (630.0/sq mi), which make it the most densely populated municipality in Finland, which does not use the title of town or city. Also, Pirkkala is currently the fastest-growing municipality in the Pirkanmaa region. The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Ylivieska Town in Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland

Ylivieska is a town and municipality of Northern Ostrobothnia region, Finland. It has a population of 15,307, and it serves as the administrative centre for Kalajokilaakso and Pyhäjokilaakso, an area with about 90,000 inhabitants.

Vihti Municipality in Uusimaa, Finland

Vihti is a small municipality located in the Uusimaa region of province of Southern Finland, approximately 50 kilometres (30 mi) northwest of the capital city Helsinki. Its seat is Nummela. The municipality has a population of 29,146 and covers an area of 567.06 square kilometres (218.94 sq mi) of which 45.02 km2 (17.38 sq mi) is water. The population density is 55.83 inhabitants per square kilometre (144.6/sq mi). There are several significant road connections through Vihti, the most notables being Pori Highway between Pori and Helsinki, Hanko Highway between Hanko and Hyvinkää, and Vihti Road between Vihti and Helsinki.

Huittinen Town in Satakunta, Finland

Huittinen is a town and municipality in Finland. It is located in the Satakunta region, 63 kilometres (39 mi) southeast of Pori and 75 kilometres (47 mi) southwest of Tampere. The town has a population of 9,935 and covers an area of 539.59 square kilometres (208.34 sq mi) of which 6.97 km2 (2.69 sq mi) is water. The population density is 18.65 inhabitants per square kilometre (48.3/sq mi).

Himanka Former municipality in Central Ostrobothnia, Finland

Himanka is a former municipality of Finland. Himanka was consolidated with the neighboring town of Kalajoki on January 1, 2010.

Humppila Municipality in Tavastia Proper, Finland

Humppila is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the Tavastia Proper region. The municipality has a population of 2,177, which make it the smallest municipality in Tavastia Proper in terms of population. It covers an area of 148.61 square kilometres (57.38 sq mi) of which 0.65 km2 (0.25 sq mi) is water. The population density is 14.72 inhabitants per square kilometre (38.1/sq mi).

Ingå Municipality in Uusimaa, Finland

Ingå is a municipality of Finland.

Kaarina Town in Southwest Finland, Finland

Kaarina is a small town and municipality of Finland.

Kannus Town in Central Ostrobothnia, Finland

Kannus is a town and municipality and city of Finland.

Kerava Town in Uusimaa, Finland

Kerava is a town and municipality in Finland. It is located in the province of Southern Finland and is part of the Uusimaa region. Its neighboring municipalities are Vantaa, Sipoo and Tuusula.

Muhos Municipality in Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland

Muhos is a municipality of Finland.

Nivala Town in Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland

Nivala is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the Northern Ostrobothnia region. The town has a population of 10,500 (31 December 2020) and covers an area of 536.88 square kilometres (207.29 sq mi) of which 8.92 km2 (3.44 sq mi) is water. The population density is 19.89 inhabitants per square kilometre (51.5/sq mi). Neighbouring municipalities are Haapajärvi, Haapavesi, Sievi, and Ylivieska. The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Orivesi Town of Orivesi in Pirkanmaa, Finland

Orivesi is a town and a municipality of Finland. It is part of the Pirkanmaa region. The municipality has a population of 9,017 and covers an area of 960.09 square kilometres (370.69 sq mi) of which 160.53 km2 (61.98 sq mi) is water. The population density is 11.28 inhabitants per square kilometre (29.2/sq mi). The municipality official language is monolingually Finnish.

Ulvila Town in Satakunta, Finland

Ulvila is a town and municipality of Finland. It is one of the six medieval cities of Finland, as well as the third oldest in the country. Its position as city it had since the 14th century, was taken over by Pori in the 16th century.

Viitasaari Town in Central Finland, Finland

Viitasaari is a town and municipality of Finland.

Raseborg Town in Uusimaa, Finland

Raseborg is a town and municipality of Finland. It was created on January 1, 2009, when the municipalities of Ekenäs, Karis and Pohja were consolidated into a single town.

References

  1. 1 2 "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Joulukuu 2020" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland . Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  6. Uusitalo, Heikki (29 April 2008). "Kalajoki ja Himanka virallistivat liittonsa". Kaleva.plus (in Finnish). Kaleva Kustannus Oy. STT. Retrieved 13 March 2009.[ permanent dead link ]