Kalgoorlie

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Kalgoorlie–Boulder
Western Australia
Kalgoorlie.jpg
Kalgoorlie Court House, Hannan Street
Australia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kalgoorlie–Boulder
Coordinates 30°44′56″S121°27′57″E / 30.74889°S 121.46583°E / -30.74889; 121.46583 Coordinates: 30°44′56″S121°27′57″E / 30.74889°S 121.46583°E / -30.74889; 121.46583
Population29,849 (2018) [1]  (44th)
 • Density397.46/km2 (1,029.4/sq mi)
Established1893
Elevation468 m (1,535 ft)
Area75.1 km2 (29.0 sq mi) [2] (2011 urban)
Time zone AWST (UTC+8)
Location595 km (370 mi) E of Perth
LGA(s) City of Kalgoorlie–Boulder
State electorate(s) Kalgoorlie
Federal Division(s) O'Connor
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
25.2 °C
77 °F
11.6 °C
53 °F
265.6 mm
10.5 in

Kalgoorlie is a city in the Goldfields–Esperance region of Western Australia, located 595 km (370 mi) east-northeast of Perth at the end of the Great Eastern Highway. It is sometimes referred to as Kalgoorlie–Boulder, as the surrounding urban area includes the historic townsite of Boulder and the local government area is the City of Kalgoorlie–Boulder.

Contents

The name "Kalgoorlie" is derived from the Wangai word Karlkurla or Kulgooluh, meaning "place of the silky pears". [3] The city was established in 1893 during the Western Australian gold rushes. It soon replaced Coolgardie as the largest settlement on the Eastern Goldfields. Kalgoorlie is the ultimate destination of the Goldfields Water Supply Scheme and the Golden Pipeline Heritage Trail. The nearby Super Pit gold mine was Australia's largest open-cut gold mine for many years.

At June 2018, Kalgoorlie–Boulder had an estimated urban population of 29,849, [1] a decline from the recent peak of 32,966 in 2013. [1]

History

The Centenerary Plaque of 1993, on the wall of the Town Hall in Kalgoorlie Plaque on Town Hall wall.jpg
The Centenerary Plaque of 1993, on the wall of the Town Hall in Kalgoorlie
Since 1897, a tree has marked the spot where gold was found on 14 June 1893. Hannan's Tree Kalgoorlie.jpg
Since 1897, a tree has marked the spot where gold was found on 14 June 1893.

In the winter of 1893, prospectors Patrick (Paddy) Hannan, Tom Flanagan, and Dan Shea were travelling to Mount Youle, when one of their horses cast a shoe. During the halt in their journey, the men noticed signs of gold in the area around the foot of what is now the Mount Charlotte gold mine, located on a small hill north of the current city, and decided to stay and investigate. On 17 June 1893, Hannan filed a Reward Claim, leading to hundreds of men swarming to the area in search of gold, and Kalgoorlie, originally called Hannan's Find, was born. [4]

Hannan Street in September 1930; the Exchange Hotel is at the centre, with the Palace Hotel on the right. KalgoorliePanoramaSep1930 WEFretwellCollection.jpg
Hannan Street in September 1930; the Exchange Hotel is at the centre, with the Palace Hotel on the right.

The population of the town was 2,018 (1,516 males and 502 females) in 1898. [5]

The mining of gold, along with other metals such as nickel, has been a major industry in Kalgoorlie ever since, and today employs about one-quarter of Kalgoorlie's workforce and generates a significant proportion of its income. The concentrated area of large gold mines surrounding the original Hannan's find is often referred to as the Golden Mile, and was sometimes referred to as the world's richest square mile of earth.

In 1901, the population of Kalgoorlie was 4,793 (3,087 males and 1,706 females) which increased to 6,790 (3,904 males and 2,886 females) by 1903. [6]

The 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) narrow-gauge Government Eastern Goldfields Railway line reached Kalgoorlie station in 1896, and the main named railway service from Perth was the overnight sleeper train The Westland , which ran until the 1970s. In 1917, a 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge railway line was completed, connecting Kalgoorlie to Port Augusta, South Australia, across 2,000 kilometres (1,243 mi) of desert, and consequently the rest of the eastern states. The standardisation of the railway connecting Perth (which changed route from the narrow-gauge route) in 1968 completed the Sydney–Perth railway, making rail travel from Perth to Sydney possible; the Indian Pacific rail service commenced soon after. During the 1890s, the Goldfields area boomed as a whole, with an area population exceeding 200,000, composed mainly of prospectors. The area gained a reputation for being a "wild west", notorious for its bandits and prostitutes. This rapid increase in population and claims of neglect by the state government in Perth led to the proposition of the new state of Auralia, but with the sudden diaspora after the Gold Rush, these plans fell through.

Places, famous or infamous, for which Kalgoorlie is noted include its water pipeline, designed by C. Y. O'Connor and bringing in fresh water from Mundaring Weir near Perth, its Hay Street brothels, its two-up school, the goldfields railway loopline, the Kalgoorlie Town Hall, the Paddy Hannan statue/drinking fountain, the Super Pit, and Mount Charlotte lookout. Its main street is Hannan Street, named after the town's founder. One of the infamous brothels also serves as a museum and is a major national attraction.

Kalgoorlie and the surrounding district were served by an extensive collection of suburban railways and tramways, providing for both passenger and freight traffic. [7]

In 1989, the Town of Kalgoorlie and Shire of Boulder formally amalgamated to create the City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder, adjoining the two towns into what is now the fifth most populous city in Western Australia. [8]

On 20 April 2010, Kalgoorlie was shaken by an earthquake that reached 5.0 on the Richter scale. The epicentre was 30 km north east of the town. [9] The quake caused damage to a number of commercial hotels and historic buildings along Burt Street in Boulder. The entire Burt St. precinct was evacuated until 23 April. Work in the Superpit and many other mines around Kalgoorlie was stopped. Two people suffered minor injuries as a result of the quake. [10]

Kalgoorlie panorama.jpg
Panorama of Kalgoorlie, with the Airport visible behind and Boulder present behind the headframe

Population

According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 29,873 people in the Kalgoorlie - Boulder Significant Urban Area:

Geography

Climate

Kalgoorlie has a semi-arid climate (Bsk) with hot summers and mild winters. The average annual rainfall is 260 mm (10 in) on an average of 68 days and, while the average rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year, there is considerable variation from year to year.

January is the hottest month, with an average maximum temperature of 33.6 °C (92.5 °F), but temperatures above 40.0 °C (104.0 °F) occur nearly once a week when hot, dry, north to northeasterly winds arrive. Such high temperatures are usually followed by a cool change from the south, and occasionally with a thunderstorm.

By contrast, winters are cool, with July average maximum and minimum temperatures being 16.5 °C (61.7 °F) and 4.8 °C (40.6 °F), respectively. Cold, wet days with a maximum below 12.0 °C (53.6 °F) occur about once every winter. The lowest maximum temperature recorded is 7.2 °C (45.0 °F), on 19 July 1961. Overnight temperatures fall below freezing about four times in a typical winter. Such events occur on clear nights following a day of cold southerly winds.

Climate data for Kalgoorlie
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)46.5
(115.7)
44.9
(112.8)
44.5
(112.1)
38.9
(102.0)
33.4
(92.1)
27.6
(81.7)
28.7
(83.7)
32.0
(89.6)
36.8
(98.2)
40.9
(105.6)
42.9
(109.2)
45.0
(113.0)
46.5
(115.7)
Average high °C (°F)33.6
(92.5)
32.1
(89.8)
29.5
(85.1)
25.2
(77.4)
20.6
(69.1)
17.5
(63.5)
16.7
(62.1)
18.6
(65.5)
22.3
(72.1)
25.8
(78.4)
28.9
(84.0)
31.9
(89.4)
25.2
(77.4)
Average low °C (°F)18.2
(64.8)
17.8
(64.0)
16.0
(60.8)
12.6
(54.7)
8.7
(47.7)
6.2
(43.2)
5.0
(41.0)
5.5
(41.9)
8.0
(46.4)
11.0
(51.8)
14.0
(57.2)
16.5
(61.7)
11.6
(52.9)
Record low °C (°F)8.8
(47.8)
8.5
(47.3)
5.7
(42.3)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
−3.4
(25.9)
−2.4
(27.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.1
(37.6)
5.5
(41.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)23.6
(0.93)
31.2
(1.23)
24.0
(0.94)
21.3
(0.84)
26.5
(1.04)
28.9
(1.14)
24.9
(0.98)
21.4
(0.84)
14.0
(0.55)
14.8
(0.58)
17.8
(0.70)
16.4
(0.65)
264.8
(10.43)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2mm)3.94.54.35.37.18.79.27.55.64.34.13.868.3
Source: [12]

Industry and commerce

Kalgoorlie-Boulder is a regional centre and has a Chamber of Commerce [13] and a Chamber of Minerals and Energy. [14]

Mining

Since 1992, Kalgoorlie has been home to the Diggers & Dealers conference, held annually in August. It is Australia's premier international mining conference. [15]

The Fimiston Open Pit (Super Pit) is an open-cut gold mine about 3.6 km (2.2 mi) long, 1.6 km (1.0 mi) wide, and over 600 m (1,969 ft) deep. Originally consisting of a large number of underground mines, including the Paringa, Oroya, Brown Hill, Chaffers, and Hainault mines, they were consolidated into a single open pit mine in 1989. [16] [17] A visitor centre overlooks the mine, which operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The mine blasts at 1:00 pm every day, unless winds would carry dust over the town. Each of the massive trucks carries 225 tonnes of rock and the round trip takes about 35 minutes, most of that time being the slow uphill haul. Employees must live in Kalgoorlie; there's no fly-in, fly-out operation. The current life of mine plan covers operation until 2035, with investigations for mine extension ongoing. [18]

Culture

Kalgoorlie-Boulder has a dynamic and diverse cultural scene. [19] [20]

Arts

Kalgoorlie-Boulder has many arts organisations and practising artists. [21]

Sports

Kalgoorlie-Boulder's location, being roughly 600 km from Perth, enjoys high levels of participation in Australian rules football, netball, basketball, rugby league, soccer, field hockey, and cricket. Other popular sports in Kalgoorlie include tennis, lawn bowls, roller derby, rugby union, and swimming.

Soccer is popular with the Goldfields Soccer Association running the sport in the Kalgoorlie-Boulder region.

Kalgoorlie also has an international squash tournament held every year at the YMCA.

In a statewide sense, the semiprofessional Goldfields Giants basketball team competes in the State Basketball League, and were league champions in 2007 and 2008.

The Goldfields Titans play in the Western Australia Rugby League Harvey Norman Premiership state rugby league competition. Home games are at the Oasis playing fields on Saturday afternoons.

Horse racing is also very popular in the city, and Kalgoorlie-Boulder is home to the internationally recognised[ citation needed ] annual "Race Round".

Attractions

York and Oriental Hotels, c. 1900 Kalgoorlie Orient and York.jpg
York and Oriental Hotels, c. 1900

Given the wealth of its yesteryear, Kalgoorlie features many elaborate heritage buildings that have been retained. Kalgoorlie-Boulder – the largest settlement for many hundreds of kilometres, with many employees at the Super Pit – is the centre of the area's social life. Of particular interest is the Kalgoorlie-Boulder Racecourse, a horse racing venue. Also well known in the area are the Kalgoorlie Skimpies, ladies employed by each pub who walk around in their underwear or burlesque outfits to attract punters and who expect a fee in return. [22] Two grass sports ovals and a cinema showing recent international releases are in the area.

Historic hotels

Kalgoorlie has historical hotels still in operation:

Many hotels have been put to private use, including:

Hotels that have disappeared from the city include:

Suburbs

Kalgoorlie Town Hall Kalgoorlie Town Hall.jpg
Kalgoorlie Town Hall

The Kalgoorlie-Boulder metropolitan area consists of the following suburbs: [30]

Known as the home of the Super Pit, it is one of Kalgoorlie-Boulder's historical suburbs featuring many buildings and landmarks dating as far back as 1882. It was once the central business district for the Town of Boulder, but since amalgamation with Kalgoorlie, it is now more of a historical local centre. Boulder has its own post office, town hall and many hotels along its main thoroughfare, Burt Street. A significant refurbishment has been commenced as part of the 'Royalties for Regions' initiative.

A new housing suburb located next to the Kalgoorlie-Boulder Airport, which was recently expanded.

This area derives its name from the golf course that once occupied the area. It was released to provide affordable property to a growing population in Kalgoorlie-Boulder. Fairways features a private primary school, church, caravan park and small business.

Adeline was originally constructed around 1970 by the State Housing Commission. The suburb was built on the "Radburn concept", with houses facing away from the street and common pathways linking homes. The area has been plagued by antisocial problems. In 2003, a significant urban renewal project was commenced, including the renaming of the suburb to Golden Grove and re-aligning of homes. The project has seen some success but has yet to fully eliminate antisocial problems within the area. [31]

See Broadwood.

The Kalgoorlie street in Hannans dedicated to Tom Flanagan in September 1981 Flannagan Parade Kalgoorlie.jpg
The Kalgoorlie street in Hannans dedicated to Tom Flanagan in September 1981

Located in Kalgoorlie's far north. Hannans was the first suburb to have its own independent shopping centre ("Hannans Boulevard") which includes a Coles Supermarket. The area also has a primary school and an 18-hole golf course. The original course was not formally grassed but was recently refurbished. Several surrounding golf clubs joined together to form one club known as 'The Goldfields Golf Club'. A dam has been constructed to service what is now a luxury desert golf course and club. Alongside the golf course project has been the development and release of Greenview estate. It lies on the western border of Hannans. This ongoing project has been designed as an environmentally friendly estate, and will eventually consist of over 2000 homes, apartments and facilities such as parks and schools. As one of Kalgoorlie's highest growth areas there has been a proposal for a new alternative route, out of the suburb onto the Kalgoorlie Bypass, to avoid traffic problems on the already heavily used Graeme Street which is a direct route to the city centre. Other developments include 'Karkurla Rise' and 'Karkurla View' which have added an additional 400 homes to the area.

The central business district. Hannan Street, named after Paddy Hannan, is Kalgoorlie's main street and stretches the length of the suburb. The western side of the suburb consists of housing and some light industry. The eastern side contains retail chains, banks, the police station, court house, restaurants, hotels, tourist attractions, schools, university, and a TAFE.

One of Kalgoorlie's oldest suburbs. Much like other older suburbs, almost every street is parallel with Hannan Street in Central Kalgoorlie. Streets are noticeably wide. It houses North Kalgoorlie Primary School, small businesses, a medical practice, a hotel, tavern and a non-maintained 18-hole golf course.

Much smaller today than it originally was before the Super Pit expansion, Mullingar is located at the far east end of Lamington, between the northern Goldfields railway and Goldfields Highway.

Officially O'Connor is the south-east section of the suburb of Somerville. Much of the area is increasingly now known as O'Connor. It is home to a primary school (O'Connor Primary School), a private high school (Goldfields Baptist College), and shopping facilities. It also houses the city's only recreation centre.

A narrow suburb following Piccadilly street between Central Kalgoorlie and Lamington. It features the city's regional hospital, small businesses, a hotel, sporting arena and two grassed ovals.

Somerville marks the end of Great Eastern Highway that stretches between Kalgoorlie-Boulder and Perth. Much of the area is now referred to locally as O'Connor. Somerville contains a residential area, schools, retail shops, light industry and some horse stables. In the past it also contained market gardens.

Stretching from Boundary Street, Kalgoorlie to Holmes Street, Golden Grove and bordering with Central Kalgoorlie, O'Connor and Golden Grove, South Kalgoorlie is mostly residential but also contains the Kalgoorlie-Boulder Racecourse, schools, some light industrial and small businesses. The suburb was expanded in the mid-1990s to include a sub-division named "Sport of Kings" on Maxwell Street, using a surplus of land from the racecourse.

A residential-only subdivision within Fairways estate along Burt Street.

Kalgoorlie's main industrial area, it is the first suburb as you approach Kalgoorlie on the Great Eastern Highway. It features the city's airport, as well as small, medium, and heavy industrial areas. Currently under expansion further west (ANZAC Drive Industrial Estate).

The western tip of Lamington was built in the 1980s. It includes one shop, sporting facilities and an arboretum nature reserve.

This small existing area features mostly housing with one small primary school. It is also home to the Mount Charlotte gold mine (past production of about 5,000,000 ounces of gold), the Cassidy Shaft and Nanny Goat Hill (Mt Gleddon). Kalgoorlie Consolidated Gold Mines, owner of the Super Pit to the south on the Golden Mile, from 2015 mined the Hidden Secret orebody, between 215 metres (705 ft) and 440 metres (1,440 ft) below the surface of Williamstown, using Mount Charlotte's Cassidy Shaft as access. [33] [34]

Transport

Rail

The town is located on the main East-West rail corridor across Australia. The Transwa Prospector operates once to twice daily passenger train services from Kalgoorlie to Perth. The Indian Pacific train also stops here, operating weekly in each direction.

Buses

Town bus services are provided by TransGoldfields, there are three town routes as well as school services. Transwa also operates road coaches that service the town.

Air

Commercial air services connect Kalgoorlie-Boulder with Melbourne and Perth, operating out of the Kalgoorlie-Boulder Airport. Airlines that provide regular flights include Alliance Airlines, Qantas, QantasLink and Virgin Australia. There is a locally owned and operated charter company with a flight school, Goldfields Air Services. [35]

Road

Kalgoorlie is linked to Perth by the Great Eastern Highway, and is also on the Goldfields Highway.

Media

Radio

Radio Services available in Kalgoorlie:

Television Television services available include:

The programming schedule is mainly the same as the Seven, Nine and Ten stations in Perth with variations for news bulletins, sport telecasts such as the Australian Football League and National Rugby League, children's and lifestyle programs and infomercials or paid programming.

GWN7 maintains a newsroom in the city. The GWN7 bureau provides coverage of the surrounding area for the station's nightly 30-minute news program, GWN7 News, at 5:30pm on weeknights.

A Foxtel subscription television service is available via satellite.

Newspapers

The local newspaper for the Kalgoorlie-Boulder and Goldfields region is The Kalgoorlie Miner .

Newspapers from Perth, including The West Australian and The Sunday Times , are also available, as well as national newspapers such as The Australian and The Australian Financial Review .

Education

There are 10 primary schools, four high schools and one university in the Kalgoorlie-Boulder area.

Primary schools

High schools

Universities

Notable people

Notable people from or who have lived in Kalgoorlie include:

Images

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017–18: Population Estimates by Significant Urban Area, 2008 to 2018". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 22 April 2019. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2018.
  2. "2011 Census Community Profiles: Kalgoorlie – Boulder". ABS Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics . Retrieved 15 September 2016.
  3. Eastern Goldfields Historical Society, Kalgoorlie http://www.kalgoorliehistory.org.au/kalgoorlie.html Retrieved 4 July 2016
  4. Raymond Radclyffe, Wealth and Wildcats, Carlisle, Western Australia: Hesperian (1898, reprinted 2004), p.15.
  5. "Population of Western Australia". Western Mail . Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia. 22 April 1898. p. 23. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  6. "West Australia". Kalgoorlie Western Argus . Western Australia: National Library of Australia. 9 June 1903. p. 32. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
  7. Railways and roads of Kalgoorlie Singleton, C.C. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, March/April 1954 pp33-36/40-44
  8. "Media Statements – Report into Kalgoorlie-Boulder council amalgamation released". www.mediastatements.wa.gov.au. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  9. "Government to help Kalgoorlie quake victims". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 22 April 2010.
  10. Burke, Louise; O'Connell, Ronan; Pownall, Angela (20 April 2010). "Earthquake strikes Goldfields". Yahoo7. The West Australian. Retrieved 22 April 2010.
  11. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Kalgoolie-Boulder (Significant Urban Areas)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 August 2019. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg CC-BY icon.svg Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  12. "Kalgoorlie climate statistics".
  13. Industry, Kalgoorlie-Boulder Chamber of Commerce &. "Kalgoorlie-Boulder Chamber of Commerce & Industry Inc". www.kalgoorliecci.asn.au.
  14. "The Chamber of Minerals and Energy of Western Australia". www.cmewa.com.
  15. Diggers and Dealers 2010 – The Song Remains The Same ABC Rural , author: Babs McHugh , published: 2 August 2010, accessed: 26 October 2010
  16. "History of the Super Pit". KCGM. Kalgoorlie , WA. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  17. Mulligan, David, ed. (1996). Environmental Management in the Australian Minerals and Energy Industries. Sydney: UNSW Press. p. 322. ISBN   9780868403830 . Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  18. "KCGM About Us".
  19. Kalgoorlie-Boulder Pure Gold, Arts and Cultural Experience, 2015 http://www.kalgoorlietourism.com/Arts-Culture-Experience-Kalgoorlie Archived 13 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ABC, The multicultural faces of Kalgoorlie-Boulder, 5 May 2014, http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2014/05/05/3998198.htm.
  21. Web, Design Sense Graphics &. "Artgold Inc". www.artgold.net.au.
  22. The Western Australian on a famous Skimpie retrieved 7 July 2012
  23. Le Souef, Leslie (1934), The Cornwall Hotel, Boulder owned by one of the Jordans best friends Jack Osmetti. Looted and destroyed by fire. This hotel will be well remembered by the Walsh, Pitman-Coulter, Treffene murder cases , retrieved 22 March 2012
  24. Damage to the Cornwall Hotel from riots, 1900, retrieved 22 March 2012
  25. "Nando's restaurants near Kalgoorlie".
  26. "Kalgoorlie Miner" Fire Guts Top Floor of Commercial. 4 November 1978. p1.
  27. Kalgoorlie Miner "Famous old Hotel being pulled down". 1 February 1980. p3.
  28. http://au.news.yahoo.com/thewest/galleries/a/-/article/7085110/image/1/kalgoorlie-earthquake/ Archived 5 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  29. Kalgoorlie Miner "Oriental Hotel demolition starts amid protests". 29 June 1972. p1.
  30. Greater Perth street directory (54th ed.), Ausway Digital, 2012, retrieved 26 January 2014 The Melway Perth suburban map has a series of maps at the rear of Kalgoorlie suburbs K1 to K6, Western Australia. Dept. of Land Information (2006), Travellers atlas of Western Australia (9th ed.), Dept. of Land Information, ISBN   978-1-921048-13-5 the travellers atlas has K2 to K7 – each of these map series are almost identical and show suburb boundaries.
  31. "HOMESWEST HOUSING, KALGOORLIE, ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOUR" (PDF). Government Western Australia. 11 March 2003. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  32. Aerial Surveys Australia; HRRC (1969), Aerial photograph of Kalgoorlie looking south west across the cemetery, the suburb of Piccadilly and the town, 18 Dec. 1969 [picture] , retrieved 26 January 2014
  33. Lucas, Jarrod (16 July 2015). "Super Pit to reveal Hidden Secret". The West Australian. Perth, WA. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  34. "Underground Mining". KCGM. Kalgoorlie Consolidated Gold Mines. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  35. "Home". Goldfields Air Services.
  36. "College Facilities". Goldfields Baptist College. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  37. 1 2 Lucas, Jarrod (5 May 2018). "Mystery remains unsolved as Victoria Cross hero's family searches for forgotten daughter". ABC News. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  38. 1 2 "KEMP, MR DEAN, RETIREMENT" (PDF). Western Australia Hansard. 23 August 2001. p. 2923. Retrieved 17 February 2008.
  39. "Family Notices". Western Argus . 32 (1646). Western Australia. 8 September 1925. p. 15. Retrieved 4 September 2020 via National Library of Australia.
  40. "Rica Erickson". State Library of Western Australia. 1 September 2001. Retrieved 17 February 2008.
  41. "Brian Hayes". BBC Press Office. 1 June 2004. Archived from the original on 24 January 2007. Retrieved 17 February 2008.
  42. "Kyle, Sir Wallace Hart". Australian Dictionary of Biography.
  43. "Lindrum, Walter Albert (1898–1960)". Australian Dictionary of Biography: Online. Retrieved 17 February 2008.
  44. Helen Wolfenden (4 October 2005). "From Kalgoorlie ward to Nobel award". ABC Radio Goldfields Esperance WA. Archived from the original on 10 March 2008. Retrieved 17 February 2008.
  45. https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/11883015?searchTerm=Nankiville
  46. Trinca, Mathew. "del Piano, James Andrew (Jim) (1916 - 1981)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
  47. "George Negus Tonight:Tim Rogers". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 17 February 2008.
  48. Hunter, Brooke (2 July 2014). "Jenny Talia F.O.C.U.S. Interview". femail.com.au. Archived from the original on 2 July 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  49. "Olympic Landcare Project". Kalgoorlie-Boulder Urban Landcare Group. Archived from the original on 11 March 2008. Retrieved 17 February 2008.
  50. "WTF is Kev??". Kevin Bloody Wilson official site. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 17 February 2008.

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The Goldfields Football League is an Australian rules football league based in the Goldfields region of Western Australia. Founded in 1896 as Hannans District Football Association, the league enjoyed a seat and full voting rights on the Australian National Football Council until 1919. The first clubs to play Australian football were formed within the region, and the league helped popularise the sport in the region, helping to establish the sport and supplant Rugby in popularity. The GFL was known as the Goldfields Football Association (GFA) from 1901–07 and 1920–25, and as the Goldfields National Football League (GNFL) from 1926–87.

City of Kalgoorlie–Boulder Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Kalgoorlie–Boulder is a local government area in the Goldfields–Esperance region of Western Australia, about 550 kilometres (342 mi) east of the state capital, Perth. The City covers an area of 95,575 square kilometres (36,902 sq mi), and its seat of government is the town of Kalgoorlie; all but 244 of the city's population live in either Kalgoorlie or Boulder.

Kalgoorlie railway station

Kalgoorlie railway station is the most eastern attended station in Western Australia, located at the eastern terminus of the Eastern Goldfields Railway. It serves the city of Kalgoorlie. Beyond Kalgoorlie, the line continues east as the Trans-Australian Railway.

ABC Goldfields-Esperance is an ABC Local Radio station based in Kalgoorlie. The station broadcasts to the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia, including the towns of Esperance, Coolgardie, Kambalda and Norseman.

Western Australian gold rushes

In the latter part of the nineteenth century, discoveries of gold at a number of locations in Western Australia caused large influxes of prospectors from overseas and interstate, and classic gold rushes. Significant finds included:

Australian rules football has been played in the Goldfields region of Western Australia since the late 1890s, when the Western Australian gold rush brought an influx of immigrants from Victoria and South Australia, bringing the sport with them.

Hannan Street, Kalgoorlie Road in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia

Hannan Street is the main street in the goldfields town of Kalgoorlie, Western Australia, and the easternmost section of Great Eastern Highway. It is 3.2 kilometres (2 mi) long and named after one of the founding fathers of the town, Paddy Hannan.

Trams in Kalgoorlie

The Kalgoorlie tramway network served the Western Australian city of Kalgoorlie from 1902 until 1952.

Thomas Flanagan (prospector) Irish gold prospector in Australia

Thomas "Tom" Flanagan was a gold prospector who in 1893, together with fellow Irishmen Paddy Hannan and Dan Shea, found the first gold in what would turn out to be the richest goldfield in Australia, in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia.

Mullingar, Western Australia Suburb of Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Western Australia

Mullingar is a locality in the Eastern Goldfields region of Western Australia. It is a suburb of Kalgoorlie-Boulder. At the 2016 census, Mullingar had a population of 305 people, down from 343 in 2011.

Hannans, Western Australia Suburb of Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Western Australia

Hannans is a residential suburb of Kalgoorlie-Boulder, a city in the Eastern Goldfields region of Western Australia. At the 2016 census it had a population of 2,546 people, up from 2,483 in 2011. Hannans is named after Paddy Hannan, the prospector whose discovery of gold in 1893 led to the initial rush. The name Hannans originally referred to the Kalgoorlie townsite, and it was only much later in the city's history that it was applied to the current suburb.

Lamington, Western Australia Suburb of Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Western Australia

Lamington is a residential suburb of Kalgoorlie-Boulder, a city in the Eastern Goldfields region of Western Australia. It had a population of 2,112 people at the 2011 census, down from 2,278 in 2011.

Boulder railway station

Boulder railway station was part of the Boulder loopline, a railway that commenced at the Kalgoorlie railway station and travelled south for the purpose of transporting workers to the mines on the Golden Mile in Kalgoorlie-Boulder in Western Australia.

References

Further reading

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Kalgoorlie-Boulder travel guide from Wikivoyage