Kalutara

Last updated

Kalutara
Sri Lanka adm-2 location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kalutara
Coordinates: 6°35′13″N79°57′37″E / 6.58694°N 79.96028°E / 6.58694; 79.96028 Coordinates: 6°35′13″N79°57′37″E / 6.58694°N 79.96028°E / 6.58694; 79.96028
Province Western Province
District Kalutara District
Divisional Secretariat Kalutara Division
Government
  Type Kalutara Urban Council
  ChairmanM. Ameer Nazeer
Population
 (2012)
   Urban
37,081 (Urban Council Area)
   Metro
159,697 (Kalutara Division Area)
Time zone UTC+5:30 (Sri Lanka Standard Time)

Kalutara (Sinhala : කළුතර, Tamil : களுத்துறை) or Kalutota is a major city in Kalutara District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. It is also the administrative capital of Kalutara District. It is located approximately 43 km (27 mi) south of the capital Colombo.The city holds a unique position for one of the four major rivers in Sri Lanka (Kalu River) which joins the sea at the center of the city. Kaluthara is known for making rope, baskets, and other articles from the fibre of the coconut palm. [1] The area also produces the Mangosteens, a fruit introduced from Malaysia in the 19th century. [2]

Contents

Etymology

Caltura Fort (1799), by James Welsh. 0032 Caltura (1796).jpg
Caltura Fort (1799), by James Welsh.

Once an important spice-trading center, the town's name is derived from the Kalu Ganga River ('Black River' in native Sinhala). In the 11th Century, the town was temporarily made a capital on the orders of a South Indian Prince. The region was later planted with coconut trees, whose by-products are used for both internal and external trade. The location also boast fortifications (Kalutara fort) dating back from the times when Portuguese, Dutch and British vied for control of the area.

The 38 m (125 ft) long Kalutara Bridge was built at the mouth of the Kalu Ganga River and serves as a major link between the country's western and southern border.

Administration

Kalutara is governed by an Urban Council with a chairman. The council has 20 (since 2018) members, elected by the local government election. The local board of Kalutara was established in 1878. Then in 1923, the local board was succeeded by the Urban District Council.

Demographic

Kalutara is Sinhalese majority city. Muslims are second largest group in the city. There are also small numbers of Sri Lankan Tamils and Indian Tamils. Others include Malay and Burger.

Ethnicity according to Kalutara urban area (2001)

Ethnicity in Kalutara Urban Area
PopulationPercent
Sinhalese
70.85%
Muslims
29.10%
Sri Lankan Tamils
0.50%
Indian Tamils
0.20%
Others
0.07%

Source: statistics.gov.lk

Attractions

Education

Kalutara has three national schools, eleven provincial schools, two semi-government schools and three international schools. It also has a branch of Open University of Sri Lanka and the JMC International College. A number of the schools and colleges are listed below:

Kalutara Public library is located near the High Court and one of the largest libraries of Sri Lanka.[ citation needed ]

Infrastructure

Rail

Kalutara has two railway stations, Kalutara North and Kalutara South. Kalutara South is closest to the heart of the Kalutara town. Kalutara south railway station is a major railway hub on the Coastal or Southern Rail Line (connecting Colombo through to Matara).

Road

Kalutara is located on the A2 highway connecting Colombo, via Galle through to Wellawaya via Matara. As a result a large number of bus services pass through the town. It is the main point for bus routes in Kalutara district.[ citation needed ]

See also

Related Research Articles

Galle City in Southern Province, Sri Lanka

Galle is a major city in Sri Lanka, situated on the southwestern tip, 119 kilometres (74 mi) from Colombo. Galle is the provincial capital and largest city of Southern Province, Sri Lanka and is the capital of Galle District.

Moratuwa suburb in Colombo District, Western Province, Sri Lanka

Moratuwa is a large suburb of Colombo, on the southwestern coast of Sri Lanka, near Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia. It is situated on the Galle–Colombo main highway, 18 km south of Colombo city centre. Moratuwa is surrounded on three sides by water, except in the north of the city, by the Indian Ocean on the west, the Bolgoda lake on the east and the Moratu river on the south. According to the 2012 census, the suburb had a population of 168,280.

Gampaha City in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka

Gampaha is an urban city in Gampaha District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. It is situated to the north-east of the capital Colombo. It is the sixth largest urban area in Western Province, after Colombo, Negombo, Kalutara, Panadura and Avissawella. Gampaha is also the second largest municipal centre in Gampaha district, after Negombo. Gampaha has a land area of 25.8 ha and is home to the offices of 75 government institutions.

Matara, Sri Lanka City in Southern, Sri Lanka

Matara is a major city in Sri Lanka, on the southern coast of Southern Province. It is the second largest city in Southern Province. It is 160 km (99 mi) from Colombo. It is a major commercial hub, and it is the administrative capital and largest city of Matara District.

Rahula College National school in Matara, Sri Lanka

Rahula College is a boys' school in Sri Lanka, located in Matara district. Though it was originally a private Buddhist school, now it is run by the Government of Sri Lanka as a National School. Rahula College has two sections - the Primary section, which serves students from Grade 1 to Grade 5, and the Secondary section, which serves students from Grade 6 to Grade 13.

Atamasthana (අටමස්ථාන) or Eight sacred places are a series of locations in Sri Lanka where the Buddha had visited during his three visits to the country. The sacred places are known as Jaya Sri Maha Bodhiya, Ruwanwelisaya, Thuparamaya, Lovamahapaya, Abhayagiri Dagaba, Jetavanarama, Mirisaveti Stupa and Lankarama. They are situated in Anuradhapura, the capital of the ancient Anuradhapura Kingdom.

Panadura City in Western Province, Sri Lanka

Panadura is a city in Kalutara District, Western Province in Sri Lanka. It is located approximately 27 km (17 mi) south of Colombo and is surrounded on all sides by water; the Indian Ocean, the Bolgoda Lake and river. Panadura is famed as the location of important events in the Buddhist revival movement of Sri Lanka.

Matugama Town in Sri Lanka

Mathugama is a semi urban town surrounded by mountains. It is an electorate of the Kalutara district, in Western Province, Sri Lanka. The town is located 64 km to the south of Colombo. Matugama is also spelled as Mathugama.

Sir Cyril de Zoysa was a Sri Lankan industrialist, Senator and a philanthropist. The President of the Senate of Ceylon from 1960 to 1965, he was a leader in the Buddhist revival movement in Ceylon in the 20th century. He was distantly related to Sri Lankan tycoon Sir Ernest de Silva.

Aluthgama Town in Sri Lanka

Aluthgama is a coastal town in Kalutara District in the Western Province of Sri Lanka. It is approximately 63.5 kilometres (39.5 mi) south of Colombo and 68 kilometres (42 mi) north of Galle. Aluthgama is situated on the southern bank of the Bentota Ganga (River) mouth

Kottawa Suburb in Western Province, Sri Lanka

Kottawa is one of main suburbs in Colombo and is administered by the Maharagama Urban Council. It is located 21 km (13 mi) from the centre of Colombo.

Kalutara Chaitya

The Kalutara Chaitya is a Stupa located immediately south of the Kalutara Bridge in the Kalutara District of Sri Lanka.

Kalutara may refer to:

Kataragama Place in Sri Lanka

Kataragama is a pilgrimage town sacred to Buddhist, Hindu and indigenous Vedda people of Sri Lanka. People from South India also go there to worship. The town has the Kataragama temple, a shrine dedicated to Skanda Kumara also known as Kataragama deviyo. Kataragama is located in the Monaragala District of Uva province, Sri Lanka. It is 228 km ESE of Colombo, the capital of Sri Lanka. Although Kataragama was a small village in medieval times, today it is a fast-developing township surrounded by jungle in the southeastern region of Sri Lanka.

Asokaramaya Buddhist Temple is a Buddhist temple in Kalutara, Sri Lanka. It was built during the 1870s to shelter disciples of Aluthgama Sangharatne who came to hear the monk's sermons. A wealthy local resident funded the temple's construction and subsequent expansion.

Ruhunu Kumari is a daytime passenger train that runs between Colombo and Matara in Sri Lanka.

Methodist Church in Sri Lanka

The Methodist Church of Sri Lanka and in is a Protestant Christian denomination in Sri Lanka. Its headquarters is in Colombo and was established on 29 June 1814. It is a member of the World Council of Churches, the Christian Conference of Asia, the National Christian Council of Sri Lanka and the World Methodist Council.

Dharga Town Place in Western Province, Sri Lanka

Dharga Town is a town located in Kalutara District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. Governed by the Beruwala Pradeshiya Sabhawa, Dharga Town is close to Aluthgama and the tourist town Bentota.

Kalutara Bodhiya

Kalutara Bodhiya is a Bodhi tree located in Kalutara, Western Province of Sri Lanka. Situated on the Galle Colombo main road, by the side of Kalu River just south to the Kalutara city, it is believed to be one of the 32 saplings of the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. A Buddhist temple Kalutara Viharaya and a modern Stupa, Kalutara Chaitya are located in close proximity to this sacred fig. One of the most venerated religious place in Sri Lanka, hundreds of Buddhists and foreign tourists visit this religious place daily.

Lahugala Town in Ampara District, Sri Lanka

Lahugala is a small town in Ampara District, Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. The town is located on Colombo-Batticaloa main road approximately 14 km (8.7 mi) away from Pothuvil town.

References

  1. "Kalutara | Geography & History". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  2. Gunawardana, C. A. (2003). Encyclopedia of Sri Lanka. New Delhi: Sterlin Publishers Privet Limited. p. 165. ISBN   81-207-2536-0.
  3. "Discovering the Kalutara Bodhiya – A Sacred Tree Rooted in History"