|Service type||Limited express|
|Current operator(s)||JR Kyushu|
|Line(s) used||Kagoshima Main Line, Nagasaki Main Line|
|Rolling stock||787 series, 885 series EMUs|
|Operating speed||130 km/h (80 mph)|
Kamome (かもめ) is a limited express train operated by JR Kyushu in Japan. It operates between Hakata and Nagasaki on the Kagoshima Main Line and the Nagasaki Main Line. Kamome means seagull in Japanese.
The Kamome name (written as "鷗") was first used from 1 July 1937 on limited express trains operating between Tokyo and Kobe. This service continued until February 1943.
The name (written as "かもめ") was subsequently revived from 15 March 1953 for use on limited express services operating between Kyoto and Hakata. This service was discontinued in March 1975 with the completion of the Sanyō Shinkansen to Hakata.
The service in its current form commenced on 1 July 1976, coinciding with electrification of the Nagasaki Main Line (initially operating between Kokura and Nagasaki, later between Hakata and Nagasaki) using 485 series EMUs.
On 28 October 2020 JR Kyushu announced it would utilize a 6-car version of the N700S series for the isolated section of Shinkansen from Nagasaki, named Nishi Kyushu Shinkansen, with a cross platform interchange to a relay service called Relay Kamome at Takeo-Onsen to connect to Hakata. JR Kyushu also announced it would continue to use the name Kamome for the Nishikyushu Shinkansen service, which has been in use since 1961.
Stations in parentheses are not served by all trains.
The Shinkansen, colloquially known in English as the bullet train, is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan. Initially, it was built to connect distant Japanese regions with Tokyo, the capital, to aid economic growth and development. Beyond long-distance travel, some sections around the largest metropolitan areas are used as a commuter rail network. It is operated by five Japan Railways Group companies.
The Kyushu Shinkansen is a Japanese high-speed railway line between the cities of Fukuoka and Kagoshima in Kyushu, running parallel to the existing Kagoshima Main Line and operated by JR Kyushu. It is an extension of the San'yō Shinkansen from Honshu. The southern 127 km (79 mi) was constructed first because the equivalent section of the former Kagoshima Main Line is single track, and thus a significant improvement in transit time was gained when this dual track section opened on 13 March 2004, despite the need for passengers to change to a Relay Tsubame narrow gauge train at Shin-Yatsushiro for the remainder of the journey to Hakata. The northern 130 km (81 mi) section opened on 12 March 2011, enabling through-services to Shin-Osaka.
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