Kanggye

Last updated
Kanggye

강계시
Korean transcription(s)
   Chosŏn'gŭl 강계시
   Hancha 江界市
   McCune-Reischauer Kanggye-si
   Revised Romanization Ganggye-si
Fabrica Procesamiento Madera Kanggye (2).jpg
Factory in Kanggye
DPRK2006 Chagang-Kanggye.PNG
Map of Chagang showing the location of Kanggye
Kanggye
North Korea adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kanggye
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 40°58′N126°36′E / 40.967°N 126.600°E / 40.967; 126.600
CountryFlag of North Korea.svg  North Korea
Province Chagang Province
Administrative divisions 34 tong, 2 ri
Area
  Total263.667 km2 (101.802 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
  Total251,971
  Dialect
P'yŏngan
Time zone UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

Kanggye (Korean pronunciation:  [kɐŋ.ɡje] ) is the provincial capital of Chagang, North Korea and has a population of 251,971. Because of its strategic importance, derived from its topography, it has been of military interest from the time of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910).

Contents

History

During the Korean War, after being driven from Pyongyang, Kim Il Sung and his government temporarily moved the capital to Kanggye after first moving temporarily to Sinuiju. [1] [2]

Geography

Kanggye is located at the merging point of four rivers, including the Changja River.

Climate

Kanggye has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwa).

Climate data for Kanggye (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)−5.1
(22.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
7.1
(44.8)
16.4
(61.5)
22.7
(72.9)
27.2
(81.0)
28.8
(83.8)
28.7
(83.7)
23.6
(74.5)
16.2
(61.2)
5.5
(41.9)
−2.6
(27.3)
14.0
(57.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)−12.7
(9.1)
−7.3
(18.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
9.2
(48.6)
15.6
(60.1)
20.3
(68.5)
23.2
(73.8)
22.7
(72.9)
16.4
(61.5)
8.6
(47.5)
−0.5
(31.1)
−9.1
(15.6)
7.2
(45.0)
Average low °C (°F)−18.7
(−1.7)
−13.6
(7.5)
−5.1
(22.8)
2.7
(36.9)
9.2
(48.6)
14.8
(58.6)
19.1
(66.4)
18.3
(64.9)
11.1
(52.0)
2.7
(36.9)
−5.2
(22.6)
−14.2
(6.4)
1.8
(35.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)9.6
(0.38)
12.1
(0.48)
21.1
(0.83)
44.4
(1.75)
83.7
(3.30)
129.7
(5.11)
206.7
(8.14)
153.6
(6.05)
72.4
(2.85)
44.8
(1.76)
29.4
(1.16)
16.1
(0.63)
823.6
(32.43)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)5.34.56.08.010.812.516.112.57.77.47.26.7104.7
Average snowy days8.87.57.51.80.00.00.00.00.00.86.19.542.0
Average relative humidity (%)77.972.667.965.068.173.679.880.378.274.077.479.374.5
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration [3]

Administrative divisions

Kanggye is divided into 34 tong (neighbourhoods) and two ri (villages):

  • Changja-dong
  • Ch'ungsŏng-dong
  • Hyangro-dong
  • Hŭngju-dong
  • Kangsŏ-dong
  • Koyŏng 1-dong
  • Koyŏng 2-dong
  • Konggwi-dong
  • Kong'in-dong
  • Mansu-dong
  • Nammun-dong
  • Namsan-dong
  • Namch'ŏn-dong
  • Naeryong-dong
  • Oeryong-dong
  • Puch'ang-dong
  • Pukmun-dong
  • Rodongja-dong
  • Ryu-dong
  • Sinmun-dong
  • Sŏsan-dong
  • Sŏkcho-dong
  • Sŏkhyŏn-dong
  • Such'im-dong
  • Taeŭng-dong
  • Tŏksan-dong
  • Tongbu-dong
  • Tongmun-dong
  • Ŭijin-dong
  • Ŭnjŏng-dong
  • Yahak-tong
  • Yŏnju-dong
  • Yŏnp'ung-dong
  • Yŏnsŏk-tong
  • Sinhŭng-ri
  • Tuhŭng-ri

Transportation

Kanggye is a transportation hub, connected to other cities by road, rail and air. It lies at the junction of the Kanggye and Manp'o Lines. In addition, highways connect it to Pyongyang and other locations. The city is located near a military and civilian dual-purpose air station.

Kanggye has a trolleybus system, opened on April 17, 1992. [4] It is served by a fleet of at least 5 trolleybuses.

Broadcasting

Local radio station called "Kanggye Broadcasting(강계방송)"(originally founded in 1947 as a local broadcasting station for North Pyongan Province, became a local broadcasting station for Chagang Province in 1949),operated by the Chagang province broadcasting committee(자강도 방송위원회), is located, which airs programs that considers topics such as ideology education or local weather information. [5]

Culture

Kanggye University of Education, Kanggye University of Technology, and the Kanggye University of Medicine are located in the city.

Places of tourist interest include Inphung Pavilion and Mount Ryonhwa.

Industry

From 1945, the manufacturing industry developed rapidly.

Kanggye has a mining industry producing copper, zinc ore, coal and graphite.

Kanggye hosts one of the main timber processing factories of Chagang province and North Korea.

Kanggye Timber Processing Factory

Fabrica Procesamiento Madera Kanggye (3).jpg

Kanggye Timber Processing Factory is a small state-run factory located in Kanggye City. At the start of operations, it produced only two kinds of furniture (dining tables and sterilized chopsticks) through manual labour. Over time it has developed into a comprehensive modernized furniture producer, producing woodwork with a hundred and dozens of modern facilities in production.

Amongst machinery in use are three- and four-faced automatic planes, all-purpose polishers, joining machines, and grooving saws.

Meanwhile, the factory has directed an effort into the programme of modernizing the drying job, which is an important part of the woodworking process. By making technical innovations (such as replacing a boiler-induced drying process drying ovens and using fuels other than coal) the factory increased production and lowered manpower.[ citation needed ]

No.26 General Plant

The No.26 factory is the largest underground military facility in Korea. The plant manufactures ammunition which has been exported to Libya, Syria, Iran, Iraq and Egypt. It employs more than 20,000 workers and can produce 126,000 mortar rounds and 1.76 million rounds of rifle ammunition per year. On November 30 1991, up to a thousand people were killed after a massive explosion at the plant. [6] Other sources put the number of fatalities at six times that amount or more based on the claims of survivors of the incident. [7]

See also

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Paek Nam-nyong is a North Korean writer. He was born on 19 October 1949 in Hamhŭng. During the Korean War, his father was killed. At the age of 11, his mother died. After high school, he went to Kanggye, operated a lathe in a rural steel factory for a decade. Paek started to write stories in his free time, and got his works published. From 1971 to 1976, he majored in Korean Literature at Kim Il Sung University part time. After graduation, he became a professional writer in Chagang Province Writers Union. Invited by the Central Committee of the Writers Union, he moved to Pyongyang, joined the elite group of writers called April 15th Literary Production Unit.

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References

  1. Mossman, Billy (June 29, 2005). United States Army in the Korean War: Ebb and Flow November 1950-July 1951. University Press of the Pacific. p. 51.
  2. Sandler, Stanley (1999). The Korean War: No Victors, No Vanquished . The University Press of Kentucky. p.  108.
  3. "30 years report of Meteorological Observations in North Korea" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. pp. 232–281. Archived from the original on 21 December 2020. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  4. "Kanggye". transphoto.org. Retrieved 2020-10-16.
  5. "강계방송". Encyclopedia of Korean Culture . Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  6. "The Kanggye explosion: a man-made disaster in North Korea - North Korea News". NK News. 12 January 2018.
  7. "Remembering the Kanggye Tractor Factory incident of 1991". DailyNK.com / Unification Media Group. 13 February 2020.

Further reading

Coordinates: 40°58′N126°36′E / 40.967°N 126.600°E / 40.967; 126.600