Kansai International Airport

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Kansai International Airport

関西国際空港

Kansai Kokusai Kūkō
Kix aerial photo.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Operator Kansai Airports [1]
(Orix and Vinci Airports)
Serves Greater Osaka Area
Location Izumisano, Sennan, & Tajiri
Osaka Prefecture
Opened4 September 1994(27 years ago) (1994-09-04)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation  AMSL 5 m / 17 ft
Coordinates 34°26′03″N135°13′58″E / 34.43417°N 135.23278°E / 34.43417; 135.23278 Coordinates: 34°26′03″N135°13′58″E / 34.43417°N 135.23278°E / 34.43417; 135.23278
Website www.kansai-airport.or.jp/en/index.asp
Map
Osaka geolocalisation.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
RJBB
Location in Osaka Prefecture
Japan location map zoom Tokai, Hokuriku, and Kansai.png
Airplane silhouette.svg
RJBB
Location in Kansai region
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
RJBB
Location in Japan
Asia laea location map.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
RJBB
Location in Asia
Runways
Direction LengthSurface
mft
06R/24L3,50011,483Asphalt concrete
06L/24R4,00013,123Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passenger movements27,987,564
(Increase2.svg 11%)
International passenger movements21,138,928
(Increase2.svg 13%)
Aircraft movements185,174
(Increase2.svg 5%)
Freight volume in tonnes824,485
(Increase2.svg 14%)
International Freight volume in tonnes814,704
(Increase2.svg 15%)

Kansai International Airport (関西国際空港, Kansai Kokusai Kūkō, commonly known as Kankū (関空))( IATA : KIX, ICAO : RJBB) is the primary international airport in the Greater Osaka Area of Japan and the closest international airport to the cities of Osaka, Kyoto and Kobe. It is located on an artificial island (Kankūjima (関空島)) in the middle of Osaka Bay off the Honshu shore, 38 km (24 mi) southwest of Ōsaka Station, [4] located within three municipalities, including Izumisano (north), [5] Sennan (south), [6] and Tajiri (central), [7] in Osaka Prefecture.

Contents

Kansai opened on 4 September 1994 to relieve overcrowding at the original Osaka International Airport, referred to as Itami Airport, which is closer to the city of Osaka and now handles only domestic flights. It consists of two terminals: Terminal 1 and Terminal 2. Terminal 1, designed by Italian architect Renzo Piano, is the longest airport terminal in the world with a length of 1.7 km (1+116 mi). The airport serves as an international hub for All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines, and Nippon Cargo Airlines, and also serves as a hub for Peach, the first international low-cost carrier in Japan.

In 2016, 25.2 million passengers used the airport making it the 30th busiest airport in Asia and 3rd busiest in Japan. The freight volume was 802,162 tonnes total, of which 757,414 t were international (18th in the world), and 44,748 t were domestic. [8] The 4,000 m × 60 m (13,120 ft × 200 ft) second runway was opened on 2 August 2007. As of June 2014, Kansai Airport has become an Asian hub, with 780 weekly flights to Asia and Australasia (including freight 119), 59 weekly flights to Europe and the Middle East (freight 5), and 80 weekly flights to North America (freight 42). [9]

Kansai was named Best Airport Staff in Asia, World's Best Airport Staff and World's Best Airport for Baggage Delivery in 2020. [10] [11]

History

3rd floor boarding lobby, within the longest airport terminal in the world Kansai International Airport02n4n4272.jpg
3rd floor boarding lobby, within the longest airport terminal in the world

In the 1960s, when the Kansai region was rapidly losing trade to Tokyo, planners proposed a new airport near Kobe and Osaka. The city's original international airport, Itami Airport, located in the densely populated suburbs of Itami and Toyonaka, was surrounded by buildings; it could not be expanded, and many of its neighbours had filed complaints because of noise pollution problems. [12]

After the protests surrounding New Tokyo International Airport (now Narita International Airport), which was built with expropriated land in a rural part of Chiba Prefecture, planners decided to build the airport offshore. The new airport was part of a number of new developments to revitalize Osaka, which had been losing economic and cultural ground to Tokyo for most of the century. [13]

Initially, the airport was planned to be built near Kobe, but the city of Kobe refused the plan, so the airport was moved to a more southerly location on Osaka Bay. There it could be open 24 hours per day, unlike its predecessor in the city.

Construction

Satellite photo of Kansai Airport (lower-right island) in Osaka Bay. Kobe Airport is being built on the unfinished island near the middle of the photo. Central Osaka is in the upper-right corner, along with Osaka International. Wfm kansai overview.jpg
Satellite photo of Kansai Airport (lower-right island) in Osaka Bay. Kobe Airport is being built on the unfinished island near the middle of the photo. Central Osaka is in the upper-right corner, along with Osaka International.
Airport Map Kansai Airport Map.png
Airport Map

An artificial island, 4 km (2+12 mi) long and 2.5 km (1+12 mi) wide, was proposed. Engineers needed to overcome the extremely high risks of earthquakes and typhoons (with storm surges of up to 3 m or 10 ft). The water depth is 18 m on top of 20 m of soft Holocene clay which holds 70% water. [14] [15] [16] [17] A million sand drains were built into the clay to remove water and solidify the clay. [16] [17]

Construction started in 1987. The sea wall was finished in 1989 (made of rock and 48,000 tetrapods). Three mountains were excavated for 21 million cubic metres (27 million cubic yards),[ citation needed ] and 180 million cubic metres (240 million cubic yards) was used to construct island 1. [15] 10,000 workers and 10 million work hours over three years, using eighty ships, were needed to complete the 30-or-40-metre (100 or 130 ft) [15] layer of earth over the sea floor and inside the sea wall. In 1990, a three-kilometer bridge was completed to connect the island to the mainland at Rinku Town, at a cost of $1 billion.[ citation needed ] Completion of the artificial island increased the area of Osaka Prefecture just enough that it is no longer the smallest prefecture in Japan (Kagawa Prefecture is now the smallest).[ citation needed ]

The bidding and construction of the airport was a source of international trade friction during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone responded to American concerns, particularly from Senator Frank Murkowski, that bids would be rigged in Japanese companies' favour by providing special offices for prospective international contractors, [18] which ultimately did little to ease the participation of foreign contractors in the bidding process. [19] Later, foreign airlines complained that two-thirds of the departure hall counter space had been allocated to Japanese carriers, disproportionately to the actual carriage of passengers through the airport. [20]

The island had been predicted to sink 5.7 m (18 ft 8 in) by the most optimistic estimate as the weight of the material used for construction compressed the seabed silts. However, by 1999, the island had sunk 8.2 m (26 ft 11 in) – much more than predicted. The project became the most expensive civil works project in modern history after twenty years of planning, three years of construction and US$15bn of investment. Much of what was learned went into the successful artificial islands in silt deposits for New Kitakyushu Airport, Kobe Airport, and Chūbu Centrair International Airport. The lessons of Kansai Airport were also applied in the construction of Hong Kong International Airport. [21]

In 1991, the terminal construction commenced. To compensate for the sinking of the island, adjustable columns were designed to support the terminal building. These are extended by inserting thick metal plates at their bases. Government officials proposed reducing the length of the terminal to cut costs, but architect Renzo Piano insisted on keeping the terminal at its full planned length. [22] The airport was opened on 4 September 1994. [23]

On 17 January 1995, Japan was struck by the Great Hanshin earthquake, the epicenter of which was about 20 km (12 mi) away from KIX and killed 6,434 people on Japan's main island of Honshū. Due to its earthquake engineering, the airport emerged unscathed, mostly due to the use of sliding joints. Even the glass in the windows remained intact. On 22 September 1998, the airport survived a typhoon with wind speeds over 60 m/s (130 mph). [24]

On 19 April 2001, the airport was one of ten structures given the "Civil Engineering Monument of the Millennium" award by the American Society of Civil Engineers. [25]

As of 2008, the total cost of Kansai Airport was $20 billion including land reclamation, two runways, terminals and facilities. Most additional costs were initially due to the island sinking, expected due to the soft soils of Osaka Bay. After construction the rate of sinking was considered so severe that the airport was widely criticized as a geotechnical engineering disaster. The sink rate fell from 50 cm (20 in) per year during 1994 to 7 cm (3 in) per year in 2008. [26]

Operation

Kansai International Airport with the terminal building in the background KIX airport.jpg
Kansai International Airport with the terminal building in the background
4th floor ticketing hall, illustrating the terminal's airfoil roof Kansai International Airport01n4272.jpg
4th floor ticketing hall, illustrating the terminal's airfoil roof

Opened on 4 September 1994, the airport serves as a hub for several airlines such as All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines, and Nippon Cargo Airlines. It is the international gateway for Japan's Kansai region, which contains the major cities of Kyoto, Kobe, and Osaka. Other Kansai domestic flights fly from the older but more conveniently located Osaka International Airport in Itami, or from the newer Kobe Airport.

The airport had been deeply in debt, losing $560 million in interest every year. Airlines had been kept away by high landing fees (about $7,500 for a Boeing 747), the second most expensive in the world after Narita's. In the early years of the airport's operation, excessive terminal rent and utility bills for on-site concessions also drove up operating costs: some estimates before opening held that a cup of coffee would have to cost US$10. [27] Osaka business owners pressed the government to take a greater burden of the construction cost to keep the airport attractive to passengers and airlines. [28]

On 17 February 2005, Chubu Centrair International Airport opened in Nagoya, just east of Osaka. The opening of the airport was expected to increase competition between Japan's international airports. Despite this, passenger totals were up 11% in 2005 over 2004, and international passengers increased to 3.06 million in 2006, up 10% over 2005. Adding to the competition was the opening of Kobe Airport, less than 25 km (16 mi) away, in 2006 and the lengthening of the runway at Tokushima Airport in Shikoku in 2007. The main rationale behind the expansions was to compete with Incheon International Airport and Hong Kong International Airport as a gateway to Asia, as Tokyo area airports were severely congested. Kansai saw a 5% year-on-year increase in international traffic in summer 2013, largely supported by low-cost carrier traffic to Taiwan and Southeast Asia overcoming a decrease in traffic to China and South Korea. [29]

The airport authority was allotted 4 billion yen in government support for fiscal year 2013, and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and Ministry of Finance have agreed to reduce this amount in stages through fiscal year 2015, although local governments in the Kansai region have pressed for continued subsidies. [30]

Kansai has been marketed as an alternative to Narita Airport for international travelers from the Greater Tokyo Area. By flying to Kansai from Haneda Airport and connecting to international flights there, travelers can save the additional time required to get to Narita: up to one and a half hours for many residents of Kanagawa Prefecture and southern Tokyo.

Expansion

Second phase of Kansai International Airport under construction Kansaiviewfromplane.JPG
Second phase of Kansai International Airport under construction

The airport was at its limit during peak times, owing especially to freight flights, so a portion of Phase II expansion—the second runway—was made a priority. [31] Thus, in 2003, believing that the sinking problem was almost over, the airport operators started to construct a 4,000 m (13,000 ft) second runway and terminal.

The second runway opened on 2 August 2007, but with the originally planned terminal portion postponed. This lowered the project cost to JPY¥910 billion (approx. US$8 billion), saving ¥650 billion from the first estimate. [32] The additional runway development, which was opened in time for the IAAF world athletics championships in Osaka, has expanded the airport size to 10.5 square kilometres (2,600 acres). The second runway is used for landings and when there are incidents prohibiting take off use of runway A. The new runway allowed the airport to start 24-hour operations in September 2007. [33] [34]

A new terminal building opened in late 2012. [35] There are additional plans for several new aprons, a third runway (06C/24C) with a length of 3,500 m (11,483 ft), a new cargo terminal and expanding the airport size to 13 km2 (5 sq mi). However, the Japanese government has currently postponed these plans for economic reasons.

Relationship with Itami Airport

Kansai Airport in 2006 Kansai International Airport 3.JPG
Kansai Airport in 2006

Since July 2008, Osaka Prefecture governor Toru Hashimoto has been a vocal critic of Itami Airport, arguing that the Chuo Shinkansen maglev line will make much of its domestic role irrelevant, and that its domestic functions should be transferred to Kansai Airport in conjunction with upgraded high-speed access to Kansai from central Osaka. [36] In 2009, Hashimoto also publicly proposed moving the functions of Marine Corps Air Station Futenma to Kansai Airport as a possible solution for the political crisis surrounding the base. [37]

In May 2011, the Diet of Japan passed legislation to form a new Kansai International Airport Corporation using the state's existing equity stake in Kansai Airport and its property holdings at Itami Airport. The move was aimed at offsetting Kansai Airport's debt burden. [38]

The merger of the Itami and Kansai airport authorities was completed in July 2012. Shortly following the merger, Kansai Airport announced a 5% reduction in landing fees effective October 2012, with additional reductions during overnight hours when the airport is underutilized, and further discounts planned for the future, including subsidies for new airlines and routes. As of October 2012 these moves were intended to bring Kansai's fees closer to the level of Narita International Airport, where landing fees were around 20% lower than Kansai's, and to improve competitiveness with other Asian hubs such as Incheon International Airport in South Korea. [39]

Since its formation, the new operating company has also made efforts toward international expansion, bidding for operating concessions at Yangon International Airport and Hanthawaddy International Airport in Myanmar. [40]

KIAC conducted a public tender to sell the operating rights for Kansai and Itami Airport in May 2015. Orix and Vinci SA were the sole bidder for the 45-year contract, at a price of around $18 billion. [41] The new operating company, Kansai Airports, took over on 1 April 2016. [42] It is 80% owned by Orix and Vinci, with the remaining 20% owned by Kansai-based enterprises such as Hankyu Hanshin Holdings and Panasonic. [43]

Typhoon Jebi

On 4 September 2018, the airport was hit by Typhoon Jebi. The airport had to pause operations after seawater surges inundated the island; runways were hit, and the water reached up to the engines of some aircraft. [44] The situation was further exacerbated when a large tanker crashed into the bridge that links the airport to the mainland, effectively stranding the people remaining at the airport. [45] All flights at the airport were cancelled until 6 September, at which date Prime Minister Shinzō Abe announced the airport would partially resume domestic operations. [46] [47]

Train services to the airport resumed from 18 September 2018 after repair works to the Kansai Airport Line and Nankai Airport Line were completed, with the airport resuming regular operations on 1 October 2018. Repairs to the damaged section of the Sky Gate Bridge R were finally completed on 8 April 2019, restoring traffic both to and from the mainland completely.

Terminals

Kansai International Airport's roof Curved Airfoil Roof of KIX.jpg
Kansai International Airport's roof
Terminal 1 Interior Escalator Kansai International Airport Terminal 1 Interior1 2014.jpg
Terminal 1 Interior Escalator

Terminal 1

The main KIX passenger terminal, Terminal 1, is a single four-storey building designed by Renzo Piano Building Workshop (Renzo Piano and Noriaki Okabe), and has a gross floor space of 296,043 square metres (3,186,580 sq ft). As of 2018, at a total length of 1.7 km (1.1 mi) from end to end, Terminal 1 is the longest airport terminal in the world. [48] It has a sophisticated people mover system called the Wing Shuttle, which moves passengers from one end of the pier to the other.

The terminal's roof is shaped like an airfoil. This shape is used to promote air circulation through the building: giant air conditioning ducts blow air upwards at one side of the terminal, circulate the air across the curvature of the ceiling, and collect the air through intakes at the other side. Mobiles are suspended in the ticketing hall to take advantage of the flowing air.

The ticketing hall overlooks the international departures concourse, and the two are separated by a glass partition. During Kansai's early days, visitors were known to throw objects over the partition to friends in the corridor below. The partition was eventually modified to halt this practice.

On June 23, 2017, at the terminal's promotion space, a game experience area known as "Nintendo Check In" opened. In this game experience area, guests arriving at Terminal 1 can play Nintendo Switch games free of charge. There is a statue of Mario at the experience area, along with Super Mario Cappy caps from Super Mario Odyssey for passengers to take photos with. There also Amiibo figurines on display there. In the northern and southern arrival routes of Terminal 1, there are decorations of Nintendo characters like Mario, Luigi, Princess Peach, and others welcoming arriving passengers. [49]

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 departures lobby KIX Terminal2.JPG
Terminal 2 departures lobby
Terminal 2 Restricted area shops Kansai International Airport Terminal 2 Restrict area shops 201407.jpg
Terminal 2 Restricted area shops

Terminal 2 is a low-cost carrier (LCC) terminal designed to attract more LCCs by providing lower landing fees than Terminal 1. It is exclusively occupied by Peach, Spring Airlines and Jeju Air. Other LCCs serving Kansai, such as Jetstar Airways, Jetstar Japan, and Cebu Pacific Air, use the main Terminal 1. [50]

Peach requested that Terminal 2 have a simplified design in order to minimize operating costs. [51] The terminal is a single-story building, thus eliminating the cost of elevators. Passageways to aircraft have no air conditioning. [52] The terminal also has no jet bridges, having one boarding gate for domestic departures and one boarding gate for international departures. In case of rain, passengers are lent umbrellas to use as they walk to the aircraft. [53]

Terminal 2 is not directly connected to Terminal 1 or to Kansai Airport Station. Free shuttle buses run between the two terminals, and between Terminal 2 and the railway and ferry stations. It is also possible to walk between the terminals through the KIX Sora Park, a four-hectare park located adjacent to Terminal 2. [54]

Statistics

See source Wikidata query and sources.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinations
9 Air Guangzhou [55]
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo [56]
AirAsia X Honolulu, [57] Kuala Lumpur–International, Taipei–Taoyuan [58]
Air Busan Busan, Seoul–Incheon [59]
Aircalin Nouméa
Air Canada Seasonal: Vancouver
Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Dalian, Hangzhou, [60] Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin [61]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Macau Macau
Air New Zealand Seasonal: Auckland
Air Seoul Seoul–Incheon [62]
All Nippon Airways Beijing–Capital, Dalian, Fukuoka, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Ishigaki, Miyako, Naha, Qingdao, Sapporo–Chitose, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Haneda
Seasonal: Asahikawa, Memanbetsu
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon
Seasonal: Saipan
Beijing Capital Airlines Hangzhou
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong, Taipei–Taoyuan
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines Kaohsiung, Tainan, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Dalian, [63] Hangzhou, Kunming, Nanchang, [64] Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Xi'an, Yanji, [65] Yantai
China Southern Airlines Changchun, [66] Changsha, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Harbin, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Wuhan, Zhengzhou
China United Airlines Lianyungang [67]
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: Seattle/Tacoma [68]
Eastar Jet Busan, [69] Seoul–Incheon
EgyptAir Seasonal charter: Cairo [70]
Emirates Dubai–International
EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan
Finnair Helsinki
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, [71] Haikou, [72] Lianyungang, [73] Shenzhen, [74] Xi'an [75]
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang [76]
HK Express Hong Kong
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Japan Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Honolulu, Ishigaki, Los Angeles, Sapporo–Chitose, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Haneda
Japan Transocean Air Naha
Jeju Air Busan, Cheongju, [77] Guam, [77] Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon
Seasonal: Muan [78]
Jetstar Cairns
Jetstar Asia Airways Clark, [79] Manila, Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan
Jetstar Japan Fukuoka, Hong Kong, Kochi, [80] Kumamoto, [81] Manila, Naha, Sapporo–Chitose, Shimojishima, [82] Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita
Jin Air Busan, [83] Seoul–Incheon
Juneyao Airlines Changsha, [84] Changzhou, [85] Harbin, [85] Nanjing, [86] Qingdao, [87] Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou, [85] Wuhan [85]
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon
Loong Air Hangzhou [88]
Lufthansa Munich [89]
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
Okay Airways Changsha, [90] Hangzhou, [91] Linyi, [92] Tianjin
Peach Aviation Amami Oshima, Fukuoka, Hong Kong, Ishigaki, Kagoshima, Kaohsiung, Kushiro, [93] Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Naha, Niigata, [94] Sapporo–Chitose, Sendai, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita
Philippine Airlines Cebu, Manila
Philippines AirAsia Manila [95]
Qantas Sydney [96] [97]
Scoot Bangkok–Don Mueang, Kaohsiung, Singapore
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Qingdao, [98] Urumqi
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
Shenzhen Airlines Beijing–Capital, [99] Nanchang, [100] Nantong, [101] Shenzhen, Wuxi
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Xi'an, [102] Zhangjiajie [103]
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Spring Airlines Chongqing, Dalian, [104] Guangzhou, [105] Luoyang, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, [106] Tianjin, Wuhan, Xiamen, [107] Xi'an, [108] Yangzhou
StarFlyer Tokyo–Haneda
Starlux Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan [109]
Thai AirAsia X Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang [110]
Tianjin Airlines Tianjin
Tigerair Taiwan Kaohsiung, [111] Taipei–Taoyuan
Turkish Airlines Istanbul [112]
T'way Airlines Busan, [113] Daegu, Guam, [114] Jeju, [113] Muan, Seoul–Incheon
United Airlines Guam, San Francisco
VietJet Air Hanoi, [115] Ho Chi Minh City [116]
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang, [117] Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
West Air Chongqing, Zhengzhou [118]
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Hangzhou, [119] Qingdao, [120] Xiamen

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
Air China Cargo Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong
ANA Cargo Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Dalian, Naha, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Cargo Seoul–Incheon
Cargolux Italia Milan-Malpensa, Hong Kong
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong, Seoul–Incheon
China Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Los Angeles, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
China Postal Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
DHL Aviation
operated by Air Hong Kong
Hong Kong
EVA Air Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan, Anchorage
FedEx Express Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Memphis, Oakland, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Singapore, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita
Garuda Cargo Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk, Seoul-Incheon [121]
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha, Hong Kong
SF Airlines Changsha, [122] Wuhan [123]
Sichuan Airlines Cargo Nantong
Silk Way West Airlines Baku, Seoul–Incheon
Suparna Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
UPS Airlines Anchorage, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Tokyo–Narita

Ground transportation

Rail

Kansai International Airport is connected only by the Sky Gate Bridge R, a road/railroad bridge to Rinku Town and the mainland. The lower railroad level of the bridge is used by two railroad operators: JR West and Nankai Electric Railway.

JR West operates the Haruka limited express train services for Kansai Airport Station from Tennōji, Shin-Ōsaka, and Kyoto Station. JR West also offers "Kansai Airport Rapid" services for Kansai Airport Station from Ōsaka, Kyōbashi Station, and several stations on the way. Various connections, such as buses, subways, trams, and other railroads, are available at each station.

Nankai operates the rapi:t , a limited express train service to Namba Station on the southern edge of downtown Osaka. Osaka Metro connections are available at Namba and Tengachaya Station.

Bus

Kansai Airport Transportation Enterprise [124] and other bus operators offer scheduled express bus services, called "Airport Limousines", for Kansai International Airport.

Parking

Two six story parking structures, called P1 and P2, are located above a railroad terminal station, while the other two level parking facilities, called P3 and P4, are situated next to "Aeroplaza", a hotel complex.

The airport is only accessible from the Sky Gate Bridge R, a part of Kansai Airport Expressway. The expressway immediately connects to Hanshin Expressways Route 5, "Wangan Route", and Hanwa Expressway.

Because of the damage sustained during Typhoon Jebi in September 2018, in which two road spans on the southern (airport-bound) side were dislodged and partially crushed by a tanker that had come unmoored in the storm, both lanes of traffic have been rerouted onto the northern (shore-bound) side, and customers are urged to use public transit whenever possible, especially during peak hours.

Ferry service

In July 2007, high-speed ferry service began. OM Kobe operates "Bay Shuttle" between Kobe Airport and KIX. The journey takes about thirty minutes.

Other facilities

Kensetsu-to, the headquarters of Peach Aviation and the Kansai International Airport Land Development Co., Ltd. Kansai International Airport Kensetsu-to.JPG
Kensetsu-to, the headquarters of Peach Aviation and the Kansai International Airport Land Development Co., Ltd.
Sky Gate Bridge to the mainland Sky gate bridge01s3200.jpg
Sky Gate Bridge to the mainland

See also

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Ürümqi Diwopu International Airport

Ürümqi Diwopu International Airport is an airport serving Ürümqi, the capital of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in northwestern China. It is located in Diwopu township of Xinshi district, 16 km (10 mi) northwest of downtown Ürümqi. A hub for China Southern Airlines and as a focus city for Hainan Airlines, the airport handled 23,027,788 passengers in 2018, making it the 19th busiest airport in China by passenger traffic.

Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport airport serving the city of Xiamen, China

Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport is the airport serving the city of Xiamen in Fujian Province, China. It is the main base of XiamenAir and TAECO, an aircraft maintenance provider. The airport is located on the north side of Xiamen Island. Construction of a new terminal started in October 2011 and was completed in 2014.

Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport Airport serving Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples Republic of China

Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport is the principal airport serving Hangzhou, a major city in the Yangtze River Delta region and the capital of Zhejiang Province, China. The airport is located on the southern shore of Qiantang River in Xiaoshan District and is 27 km (17 mi) east of downtown Hangzhou. Architecture firm Aedas designed Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport.

Kushiro Airport Airport in Japan

Kushiro Airport is an airport in Japan, located 9 nautical miles west northwest of Kushiro, Hokkaidō.

Haikou Meilan International Airport Airport

Haikou Meilan International Airport is the airport serving Haikou, the capital of Hainan Province, China. It is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) southeast of the city center and was opened in 1999, replacing the old Dayingshan Airport located along what is now the city's Guoxing Avenue. The airport is operated by Regal International Airport Group.

Khabarovsk Novy Airport Airport in Russia

Khabarovsk Novy Airport is an airport located at the eastern part of Khabarovsk, Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. Khabarovsk Novy Airport was the main hub for the Russian airline Dalavia, which was shut down by the government due to large debts. Vladivostok Air replaced the role of Dalavia, and Khabarovsk was "upgraded" into a secondary hub for Vladivostok Air. Vladivostok Air was later merged into Aurora.

<i>Air Traffic Controller</i> (video game) Video game series

Air Traffic Controller is a simulation computer game series, developed by TechnoBrain, that simulates the operation of an airport. The games simulate the job of an air traffic controller. The player's mission is to direct planes onto the correct ILS, land them on the runway, taxi them to the correct gate, and to direct takeoffs.

Itami Airport

Osaka International Airport, often referred to as Itami Airport is the primary regional airport for the Kansai region of Japan, including the major cities of Osaka, Kyoto and Kobe. Classified as a first class airport, it is the airport closest to Kyoto, 36 kilometres (22 mi) southwest as the crow flies of Kyoto Station.

New Chitose Airport Largest civil airport serving Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

New Chitose Airport is an international airport located 2.7 NM south-southeast of Chitose and Tomakomai, Hokkaidō, Japan, serving the Sapporo metropolitan area. By both traffic and land area, it is the largest airport in Hokkaidō.

Peach, officially Peach Aviation Limited, is a Japanese budget airline. Its head office is at Kansai International Airport and in Tajiri, Osaka Prefecture.

Kunming Changshui International Airport Airport serving Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples Republic of China

Kunming Changshui International Airport is the primary airport serving Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province, China. The airport is located 24.5 km (15.2 mi) northeast of the city center in a graded mountainous area about 2,100 m (6,900 ft) above sea level. The airport opened at 08:00 (UTC+8) on June 28, 2012, replacing the old Kunming Wujiaba International Airport, which was demolished. As a gateway to Southeast and South Asia, Changshui Airport is a hub for China Eastern Airlines, Kunming Airlines, Lucky Air, Sichuan Airlines and Ruili Airlines.

Jetstar Japan Co., Ltd. is a Japanese low-cost airline headquartered in Narita, Chiba. Initially planned to commence flights in late 2012, it launched ahead of schedule on 3 July 2012. The airline serves destinations across the Asia-Pacific region, using a fleet of Airbus A320 aircraft.

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Further reading