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|Kansai Main Line|
KiHa 120 diesel car on a rural section in March 2007
|Other name(s)||Yamatoji Line (Kamo - JR Namba)|
|Owner|| JR Central |
|Termini|| Nagoya |
|Line length||179.6 km (111.6 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC, overhead line |
(Nagoya–Kameyama, Kamo–JR Namba)
|Operating speed||120 km/h (75 mph) (Nagoya–Kawarada, Nara–Tennoji)|
95 km/h (59 mph)
(Kawarada–Nara, Tennoji–JR Namba)
The Kansai Main Line (関西本線, Kansai-honsen, also called the "Kansai Line") is a railway line in Japan, which connects Nagoya Station with JR Namba Station in Osaka. It is jointly run by the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) and West Japan Railway Company (JR West), with the boundary between both companies being located at Kameyama Station in Kameyama, Mie.
The section from Kamo Station west to JR Namba Station is electrified and a part of the JR West "Urban Network", and is nicknamed the Yamatoji Line. The JR Central section from Nagoya to Kameyama is also electrified.
Despite its name, for much of its length it is a very local line with mainly single track sections and no regular express services. The line was originally built in the 1890s by Kansai Railway (later under the Japanese Government Railways and Japanese National Railways) as an alternate route from south Osaka to Nara and Nagoya, but competition from the Kintetsu lines and declining ridership forced the line to become two commuter lines to Osaka and Nagoya respectively, with a less-used section in the middle.
Formerly a Kasuga express train ran from Nagoya to Nara, but this service was discontinued in March 2006.
The Osaka Railway Co. opened the Minato-Machi (now Namba) to Nara section between 1889 and 1892. The company merged with the Kansai Railway Co. in 1900.
The Nara Railway Co. opened the Nara to Kizu section in 1896. It merged with the Kansai Railway Co. in 1905.
The Kansai Railway Co. opened the Nagoya to Kizu section between 1890 and 1897, completing the line. The company was nationalised in 1907.
The Minato-Machi to Tennoji section was duplicated in 1903 and extended to Kashiwabara in 1908. The Nara to Kizu section was duplicated in 1914, and the Kashiwabara to Nara section between 1923 and 1926. In 1944 the Oji to Nara section was returned to single track and the materials recycled for the Japanese war effort. The section was re-duplicated in 1961.
The Tomita to Kuwana section (except for the bridge over the Inabegawa) was duplicated in 1973, and the Kuwana to Yatomi section between 1977 and 1980. The Yokkaichi to Tomidahama section was duplicated in 1993.
The Minato-Machi to Nara section was electrified in 1973, and extended to Kizu in 1984, and Kamo in 1988.
The Nagoya - Hatta section was electrified in 1979, and extended to Kameyama in 1982.
CTC signalling was commissioned between Kizu and Kameyama in 1983, and extended to Nagoya in 2001.
Freight services ceased in 1987, and in 1994 Minato-Machi Station was renamed JR Namba to coincide with the opening of the JR line to Kansai Airport. In 1996 Namba Station and the approach line were relocated underground to eliminate a number of level crossings. Plans to extend the line from Namba to Osaka Station have not eventuated as yet.
|No.||Station||Japanese||Semi Rapid||Rapid||Rapid Mie||Transfers||Location|
|Nagoya||名古屋||S||S||S||Nakamura-ku, Nagoya||Aichi Prefecture|
|Kanie||蟹江||S||||||||Kanie, Ama District|
|Asahi||朝日||S||||||||Asahi, Mie District|
|Kawano||河曲||S||S||Ise Railway Ise Line||Suzuka|
All stations between Kameyama and Kamo featured passing double tracks.
|Kameyama||亀山||JR Central: ||Kameyama||Mie Prefecture|
|Iga-Ueno||伊賀上野||Iga Railway Iga Line (Ninja Line)|
|Tsukigaseguchi||月ケ瀬口||Minamiyamashiro, Soraku District||Kyoto Prefecture|
|Kasagi||笠置||Kasagi, Soraku District|
The Osaka Loop Line is a railway loop line in Japan operated by the West Japan Railway Company. It encircles central Osaka.
The Yamatoji Line is the common name of the western portion of the Kansai Main Line. The line is owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company, and starts at Kamo Station in Kyoto Prefecture and ends at JR Namba Station in Naniwa-ku, Osaka.
The Hanwa Line is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area, owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company. The 61.3 km line runs between Osaka and Wakayama, Japan and has a 1.7 km branchline in a southern Osaka suburb. The name is taken from the second syllable of Osaka and the first syllable of Wakayama.
Kintetsu Railway Co., Ltd., referred to as Kintetsu (近鉄), is a Japanese passenger railway company, managing infrastructure and operating passenger train service. Its railway system is the largest in Japan, excluding Japan Railways Group. The railway network connects Osaka, Nara, Kyoto, Nagoya, Tsu, Ise, and Yoshino. Kintetsu Railway Co. Ltd. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Kintetsu Group Holdings Co., Ltd.
The Osaka Line is a railway line in Japan owned by Kintetsu Railway, connecting Osaka and Mie Prefecture via Nara Prefecture. The line is the longest double-tracked railway of non-JR operators. Together with the Nagoya Line, this line forms the route for Kintetsu limited express services connecting Osaka and Nagoya in competition with the Tokaido Shinkansen.
The Nagoya Line is a railway line owned and operated by the Kintetsu Railway, a Japanese private railway company, connecting Nagoya and Ise Nakagawa Station in Matsusaka, Mie Prefecture via Kuwana, Yokkaichi, Suzuka, Tsu municipalities along the Ise Bay. The official starting-point of the line is Ise-Nakagawa and the terminus is Nagoya; however, operationally trains run "down" from and "up" towards Nagoya.
The Katamachi Line, officially nicknamed the Gakkentoshi Line, is a commuter rail line and service in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area of Japan, owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company. The line connects Kizu Station in Kyoto Prefecture and Kyōbashi Station in Osaka.
The Nara Line is a commuter rail line in the Osaka–Kobe–Kyoto metropolitan area, operated by the West Japan Railway Company. Its official termini are Kizu Station in Kizugawa and Kyōto Station in Kyoto, within Kyoto Prefecture; however, all trains continue past Kizu on the Yamatoji Line to Nara Station in Nara, Nara Prefecture.
The Nankai Main Line is one of the two main railway lines of Japanese private railway company Nankai Electric Railway, together with Kōya Line. The route is from Namba Station in south downtown of Osaka to Wakayamashi Station in Wakayama via Sakai, Izumiōtsu, Kishiwada, Kaizuka, Izumisano, Sennan, Hannan and Misaki municipalities. The proper name is with the company's name, "the Nankai Main Line", not simply "the Main Line" often seen in other Japanese private railways. Lines of the Nankai Main Lane and the connecting lines excluded the Kōya Line and the Airport Line are named generically "the Nankai Line". The line is shown with a pictogram of waves, or distinguished with blue from conifer or green Kōya Line.
The Yamada Line is a railway line of the Japanese private railway company Kintetsu Railway, connecting Ise-Nakagawa Station and Ujiyamada Station in Japan. The line runs parallel to parts of the JR Central Kisei Main Line and Sangū Line.
The Domyoji Line is a single-tracked, 2.2 km short railway line operated by Kintetsu Railway, connecting Dōmyōji Station in the city of Fujiidera and Kashiwara Station in Kashiwara, both in Osaka Prefecture.
Nara Station is a railway station located in Nara, Japan. Operated by West Japan Railway Company, it is the main stop in the city of Nara on the Kansai Main Line, the terminus for the Sakurai Line, and Nara Line trains for Kyoto begin here and run on the Kansai Line to Kizu before diverging. Also, a limited number of Gakkentoshi Line trains terminate here via Kizu during early mornings and late nights.
The Kisei Main Line is a railway line that parallels the coastline of the Kii Peninsula in Japan between Mie Prefecture and Wakayama Prefecture. The name takes the kanji characters from the names of the old provinces of Kii (紀伊) and Ise (伊勢).
The Wakayama Line is a railway line that links Nara Prefecture to Wakayama Prefecture in Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company. It connects Ōji Station on the Yamatoji Line to Wakayama Station on the Hanwa Line and Kisei Main Line, with through train service to JR Namba via the Yamatoji Line and to Nara via the Sakurai Line.
The Sakurai Line is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company in Nara Prefecture. It connects Nara on the Yamatoji Line to Takada on the Wakayama Line, with some services continuing on the Wakayama Line to Ōji Station, and then to JR Namba on the Yamatoji Line. Starting on March 13, 2010, it is referred to by the nickname "Manyō-Mahoroba Line"" in reference to the large number of ancient landmarks along the line's route.
Taisho Station is a combined railway station and metro station located in Taishō-ku, Osaka, Japan. The station is served by the Osaka Loop Line and the Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line.
The Shima Line is a railway line in Mie Prefecture, Japan, operated by private railway operator Kintetsu Railway, connecting Toba Station in Toba with Kashikojima Station in Shima.
The Sangū Line is a railway line run by Central Japan Railway Company, connecting Taki Station with Toba Station in Japan.
The 321 series is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) commuter train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) in the Kansai Region of Japan.
The Naniwasuji Line is the tentative name for a planned underground heavy rail line, which will run north-south through Osaka City, primarily under the avenue Naniwa-suji. It has long been pursued by West Japan Railway Company and Nankai Railway in order to connect the Yamatoji Line and Nankai Main Line with Shin-Osaka Station, greatly enhancing both companies' connections to Kansai Airport and Wakayama Prefecture. As of 2017, construction is expected to begin within the next few years and last until spring 2031. Hankyu Railway has also announced tentative plans to build a new underground line connecting the Naniwasuji Line to Juso and possibly a Shin-Osaka Station of its own.
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